Prosperity without Growth

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Cupp seminar presentation by Professor Marie Harder, May 2011, University of Brighton

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Prosperity without Growth

  1. 1. Prosperity without Growth: why Community Engagement is just beginning… CUPP International Seminar May 17 th 2011 Brighton Marie Harder Prof. of Sustainable Waste Management
  2. 2. Contents: <ul><li>My starting point – recycling </li></ul><ul><li>The EC’s view of CSOs in R&D </li></ul><ul><li>The Stiglitz Report </li></ul><ul><li>SDC’s “Prosperity Without Growth?” </li></ul><ul><li>One view of “Big Society” </li></ul><ul><li>The MASIS Report and FP7’s MML strand </li></ul>
  3. 3. Incentivizing Householders… <ul><li>How can householders </li></ul><ul><li>be incentivized to recycle </li></ul><ul><li>MORE? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Councils working in partnership with us
  5. 5. Vouchers given to Householders <ul><li>Community competitions </li></ul><ul><li>School communities </li></ul><ul><li>Leisure vouchers </li></ul><ul><li>Shop vouchers </li></ul>
  6. 6. Posters for School Projects
  7. 7. Measuring recycling…
  8. 8. Rewards for Schools & Parishes!
  9. 9. Anomalies…!! <ul><li>Variations of kerbside tonnages in some Lewes rounds affiliated with specific schools </li></ul>RRF Incentives 7 th Sept 2006
  10. 10. ISLAND SCHOOL COMMUNITY SCHEMES Conclusion <ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>These types of school schemes can be effective, with the town of Lewes increasing recycling overall by 17%. </li></ul><ul><li>Community spirit seems to be an important element for greatest success. </li></ul>RRF Incentives 7 th Sept 2006
  11. 11. <ul><li>Three-way competition schemes </li></ul>RRF Incentives 7 th Sept 2006
  12. 12. Points worth noting….. <ul><li>‘ Community strength’ made a difference to recycling schemes </li></ul>
  13. 14. Points worth noting….. <ul><li>‘ Community strength’ made a difference to recycling schemes </li></ul><ul><li>EU thinks CSO input is important to balance R&D; FP7 has new funding mechanisms to encourage this e.g. BSG: CSO, MMLA </li></ul>
  14. 16. Points worth noting….. <ul><li>‘ Community strength’ made a difference to recycling schemes </li></ul><ul><li>EU thinks CSO input is important to balance R&D; FP7 has new funding mechanisms to encourage this e.g. BSG: CSO, MMLA </li></ul><ul><li>Co-production of knowledge: values impact can be measured </li></ul>
  15. 17. The ‘well-being paradox’
  16. 18. The ‘well-being paradox’ <ul><li>GDP Economics </li></ul><ul><li>is NOT a good measure of </li></ul><ul><li>the ‘progress’ of society </li></ul>
  17. 19. Stiglitz Report… <ul><li>Report by the Commission on the </li></ul><ul><li>Measurement of Economic </li></ul><ul><li>Performance and Social Progress </li></ul><ul><li>Professor Joseph E. STIGLITZ, Chair, Columbia University </li></ul><ul><li>Professor Amartya SEN, Chair Adviser, Harvard University </li></ul><ul><li>Professor Jean-Paul FITOUSSI, Coordinator of the Commission, IE </li></ul><ul><li>“… to consider what additional information might be required for the production of more relevant indicators of social progress” </li></ul>
  18. 20. Stiglitz Report… and UK govt… <ul><li>Part I: Classical GDP issues : measures of economic performance have to become more relevant to well-being by: shifting them from production to income and consumption (R1); emphasising the household perspective (R2) and distribution of income (R4); and accounting for wealth (R3) and non-market economic activities (R5); </li></ul><ul><li>Part II: Quality of Life . Well-being has dimensions beyond material living standards requiring measures covering issues such as health, education and environmental conditions, where objective and subjective aspects are captured (R6-R7) and cross-cutting issues are addressed (R8-R9-R10); </li></ul><ul><li>Part III: Sustainable Development and Environment . The essential ability to maintain and improve well-being over time requires new measures reflecting the importance of maintaining environmental ‘stocks’ and in particular our proximity to dangerous levels of environmental damage. </li></ul>
  19. 21. Stiglitz Report… and UK govt… <ul><li>The UK Government’s 2010 Budget Report also highlights this issue, noting: “ There is widespread acknowledgment that GDP is not the ideal measure of well-being. </li></ul><ul><li>The Government is committed to developing broader indicators of well-being and sustainability… </li></ul><ul><li>… with work currently under way to review how the Stiglitz, Sen, and Fitoussi report should affect the sustainability and well-being indicators collected by Defra, and with the ONS and the Cabinet Office leading work on taking forward the report’s agenda across the UK.” </li></ul>
  20. 22. Points worth noting….. <ul><li>‘ Community strength’ made a difference to recycling schemes </li></ul><ul><li>EU thinks CSO input is important to balance R&D; FP7 has new funding mechanisms to encourage this e.g. BSG: CSO, MMLA </li></ul><ul><li>Co-production of knowledge: values impact can be measured </li></ul><ul><li>Nobel Prize economists say measuring GDP does not reflect ‘prosperity’; learn new ways; make new models </li></ul>
  21. 24. <ul><li>Existing economics support consumerism more than a rounded ‘Prosperity’ </li></ul><ul><li>What do we think ‘Prosperity’ is? </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly… localised. </li></ul><ul><li>(care of children, elderly parents, good neighbours/hood) </li></ul><ul><li>More money into local services; less consumerism </li></ul>
  22. 25. Points worth noting….. <ul><li>‘ Community strength’ made a difference to recycling schemes </li></ul><ul><li>EU thinks CSO input is important to balance R&D; FP7 has new funding mechanisms to encourage this e.g. BSG: CSO, MMLA </li></ul><ul><li>Co-production of knowledge: values impact can be measured </li></ul><ul><li>Noble Prize economists say measuring GDP does not reflect ‘prosperity’; learn new ways; make new models </li></ul><ul><li>Commission for Sustainable Development says: we need “Prosperity Without Growth”: new economy focussed on ‘flourishing’ – especially at community level </li></ul>
  23. 32. Points worth noting….. <ul><li>‘ Community strength’ made a difference to recycling schemes </li></ul><ul><li>EU thinks CSO input is important to balance R&D; FP7 has new funding mechanisms to encourage this e.g. BSG: CSO, MMLA </li></ul><ul><li>Co-production of knowledge: values impact can be measured </li></ul><ul><li>Nobel Prize economists say measuring GDP does not reflect ‘prosperity’; learn new ways; make new models </li></ul><ul><li>Commission for Sustainable Development says: we need “Prosperity Without Growth”: new economy focussed on ‘flourishing’ – especially at community level </li></ul><ul><li>One version of Big Society might actually have a use… </li></ul>
  24. 33. EU MASIS report <ul><li>Role of SIS? </li></ul><ul><li>Recontextualisation of science </li></ul><ul><li>Democratisation of science </li></ul><ul><li>Reflexivity of scientists </li></ul><ul><li>Governance of science </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening potential </li></ul><ul><li>Communication – two way! </li></ul><ul><li>New, EU, Model??? </li></ul>
  25. 34. SIS Funding more generally:
  26. 35. Mobilisation and Mutual Learning MML Actors probably involved:
  27. 36. Mobilisation and Mutual Learning MML
  28. 37. Points worth noting….. <ul><li>‘ Community strength’ made a difference to recycling schemes </li></ul><ul><li>EU thinks CSO input is important to balance R&D; FP7 has new funding mechanisms to encourage this e.g. BSG: CSO, MMLA </li></ul><ul><li>Co-production of knowledge: values impact can be measured </li></ul><ul><li>Leading economists say measuring GDP does not reflect ‘prosperity’; learn new ways; make new models </li></ul><ul><li>Commission for Sustainable Development says: we need “Prosperity Without Growth”: new economy focussed on ‘flourishing’ – especially at community level </li></ul><ul><li>One version of Big Society might actually have a use… </li></ul><ul><li>MASIS report says, maybe ‘science’ doesn’t belong only in uni’s… </li></ul>
  29. 38. In summary…. <ul><li>Our economy has to re-structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>community level will be more important </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Formal knowledge combined with informal knowledge is badly needed in this stage </li></ul><ul><li>The role of ‘science’ and its relationship to ‘society’ must surely change: EU may lead </li></ul><ul><li>Universities like Brighton have much to offer </li></ul><ul><li>The boundaries between educators, service providers, local authorities and civil society must surely start dissolving </li></ul><ul><li>I think…this transition is an inevitable consequence of the maturation of society/ humankind… are we there yet? </li></ul>
  30. 39. Prosperity without Growth: why Community Engagement is just beginning… CUPP International Seminar May 17 th 2011 Brighton Marie Harder Prof. of Sustainable Waste Management

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