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Water Exploration and Conservation with Renewable Energy to Accomplish Sustainable Water Supply in Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia


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Case Study presentation: Water Exploration and Conservation with Renewable Energy to Accomplish Sustainable Water Supply in Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Dr. Nanung Fitriyanto, RCE Yogyakarta
11th Global RCE Conference
7-9 December, 2018
Cebu, the Philippines

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Water Exploration and Conservation with Renewable Energy to Accomplish Sustainable Water Supply in Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

  1. 1. Water Exploration and Conservation with Renewable Energy to Accomplish Sustainable Water Supply in Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia The 11th Global RCE Conference Cebu, the Philippines 7-9 December, 2018
  2. 2. Organization
  3. 3. Model of Activities
  5. 5. Current Projects conducted by RCE members: 1. Zero Waste Integrated Farming PIAT 2. ESD-based community development at Kemadang village, Gunung Kidul District, Yogyakarta, Indonesia 3. ESD implementation through herbal medicine development at Yogyakarta 4. Community based Reforestation Development at Central Java 5. ESD implementation on community forest development at Gunung Kidul District 6. ESD on Disaster Adaptation and Mitigation, Community Empowerment in area affected by Merapi Eruption 7. Synergy for Technopreneurship Education in Developing Green Economy
  6. 6. Dusun Population Family Gabug 591 171 Wuni 382 111 Kr. Tengah 645 199 Jurug 303 93 Nglumbung 749 209 Jati 795 173 Jambu 620 239 4085 1095 Giricahyo Village, Purwosari District, Gunung Kidul Regency
  7. 7. Clean Water Supply for Giricahyo Village Giricahyo Village had suffered drought for decades. The only water resources for the village was a rainwater pond which was used for washing, cooking, and human & animal drinking.
  8. 8. • Topography Hills with karst rocks which dominated by land which cannot be used for agricultural production. • Community income View number for agriculture at rainy season and handling livestock. Mostly people working at the other places at dry season. Some of them, permanently leave from the village. • Economic Level Community with low income with minimum access for transportation to another places. • Access for clean water  full in rainy season, however at dry season they have to buy. • The community have tried to lift up the water from Plawan Cave but failed due to luck of technology and due to the law aspect social conflict. • Lack of initiation Lack of willingness from Village Office to develop the region. Characteristics of the Giricahyo Village
  9. 9. Water Resources Research-based Community Services for SD 9
  10. 10. • Underground clean water resource was found by students.
  11. 11. Further observations were conducted using different approaches and instruments to find out the site of water resource and to measure water debit. (Involving undergraduate and graduate students for final thesis)
  12. 12. Plawan Cave Underground Water resources Efisiensi pemanfaatan Air 107 m Underground river was located in a cave below Dusun Gabuk, Giricahyo Village which was 107 meters below ground level and 2 meters in diameter, with a water supply of 30 liters / second (dry season).
  13. 13. Methodology of Approach • Approach methodology to the community: - Socialization through social institutions in the community, or event door to door from one family to another. - Involvement of relevant government agencies at socialization events. - Students are directly involved in the activity process (be the part of the community). - Interpersonal approach to community key persons. • Community Involvement Local community in every activity. • Institution establishment Water management in village level.
  14. 14. UGM’s community services 14  TRIDHARMA (Three Main Roles) of HE in INDONESIA : Education, Research and Community Service  all higher education institutions in Indonesia must carry out programs of community service.  UGM has a special program of community service involving lecturers (as supervisors) and students who have different scientific back- grounds/disciplines  A Student’s Community Service (SCS) that is conducted through a Community Empowerment Learning (CEL)  called as SCS-CEL Program.
  15. 15. What is SCS-CEL Program? 15  Program: A compulsory subject for the undergraduate students. The GMU deploys about 6000 SCS-CEL students per year  Based on paradigm of Empowerment, in order to raise student’s emphaty and care  Conducted through principles of : win-win solution, co- creation, co-finance/ co-funding, flexible, sustainable, research based community services  The program should be based on research/study using multidisciplinary approaches.  The output and outcome of the program can be measured in order to ensure the sustainable improvement/development  The program should be supported by a collaboration/ partnership between UGM and local government, industry, or other institutions.
  16. 16. Development of Sustainable Power and Water Supply for Remote Areas and Disaster Response and Reconstruction in Indonesia Research-based Community Services for SD 16 Project work – challenges and solutions  Mini-grid hybrid power and water system for remote areas, disaster response and reconstruction:  Research & experiments on prototype system  Site visits, in depth interview from remote locations  Opportunity to realize Engineering Sustainable Development  Desperate local community for water supply solution  Discussion with villagers, traditional leaders, local government etc  Considering many options: purifying water, lifting up water from underground river, reverse osmosis desalination plant, etc.  Understanding and Involvement of local community are key points for maintaining sustainability of the project
  17. 17. Program Implementation Research-based Community Services for SD 17 • The project implementation is designed to be incorporated into the Student Community Services program run periodically by Gadjah Mada University, known as Student Community Services – Community Empowerment Learning (SCS - CEL) • Students are deployed for 2 months in a rural area, 3 periods of SCS - CEL for this program: • July - August 2008 : Preparation & Socialization • July - August 2009 : Solar Water Pumping System Installation • July – August 2010 : Water Distribution System and Quality Improvement
  18. 18. Research-based Community Services for SD 18 System Installation Activities
  19. 19. Program Implementation Physical Instalation Social Instalation Water Lift Installation Conservation of sub catchment area Community Development Data base, Law Enforcement and Community relationship Water quality and public healt
  20. 20. Approaches to Form the Water Supply Management Body Identification and recognition on local problem and potency Forming water management organization Determine legal status for the organization Trainings on management and water supply operation Program implementation and maintenance The forming process of the water supply organization involved the members and leaders of seven-village communities
  21. 21. Research-based Community Services for SD 21 Social Preparation and Education
  22. 22. Triple Bottom Line of Sustainable Development Social Issues and Organization in Local Community 22
  23. 23. Power Plants for Water Raising Electrical generator with 55kVA using biofuel Solar panel
  24. 24. Water Reservoirs • Reservoir capacity is 60m3 • Distribution to 7 villages are supported by 26 outlet points (Perwira, 2007)
  25. 25. Water Distribution Map
  26. 26. Parameters Before After Water price Rp 26.000/m3 Rp 6.000/m3 Basic need Clean water Education Water management Individually Organized by a system Water supply Unreliable Consistent supply Comparison Analysis
  27. 27. Operation of SPAM Giricahyo
  28. 28. Main page of National Newspaper “Kompas” Septeber 17th 2018 The Sustainability
  29. 29. Conclusion 29 • Academic institutions have much to offer in participating in the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals program • Implementing Sustainable Development by combining Education, Research, and Community Services in an integrated and holistic approach, along with concrete actions • To ensure sustainable outcomes, involving local communities from the beginning of the projects in the system design, during the project construction by using local labor, and after building the project is finished by maintaining good communication is the key to successful project implementation
  30. 30. TERIMA KASIH