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Using ESD to Foster Community-Initiated Nature Protection and Sustainable Development: A Case Study from Bazhu Village in Diqing TAP Yunnan China - RCE Greater Shangri-La

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Using ESD to Foster Community-Initiated Nature Protection and Sustainable Development: A Case Study from Bazhu Village in Diqing TAP Yunnan China - RCE Greater Shangri-La

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First RCE Thematic Conference: Towards Achieving the SDGs
5-7 December 2017
Okayama, Japan

First RCE Thematic Conference: Towards Achieving the SDGs
5-7 December 2017
Okayama, Japan

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Using ESD to Foster Community-Initiated Nature Protection and Sustainable Development: A Case Study from Bazhu Village in Diqing TAP Yunnan China - RCE Greater Shangri-La

  1. 1. Using ESD to Foster Community-Initiated Nature Protection and Sustainable Development: A Case Study from Bazhu Village in Diqing TAP Yunnan China Wan, Lu. Shangri-la Institute. Dec. 5, 20171
  2. 2. Where is Bazhu village? 2
  3. 3. Map of Nature Reserves in China Nature Reserves Development in China 3 National Level NRs Provincial Level NRs City and County Level NRs
  4. 4. Local Government Local Commu nity Nature Reserve Challenges faced by the Nature Reserve Management: Dilemmas for all Law enforcement Power distributed to many other departments Losing traditional livelihood, no longer subject to village conventions Focus on short- term economic growth Local Commu nityCommunity should be supported to: • enjoy the fruits of development • continually play an active role in ecological protection
  5. 5. Bazhu Village • Close to Baima Snow-mountain NR located in an area of 88km2 • Population of 1375 persons in 281 households • 99% of the villagers are ethnically Tibetan. 5
  6. 6. • 90% of the land in the Bazhu area is covered by forest: 86,814 km2. • Of this, about 20% of this area is secondary forest, while 80% consists of primitive forest. Bazhu Village 6
  7. 7. • Tibetan Buddhism forms the central belief of the Bazhu people; • The concept of living in harmony with nature is essential to their way of life. Bazhu Village Weshang and Rain Praying ceremony at the water source 7
  8. 8. • Many forests were destroyed in the early 90’s due to the problems related to changing ownership of forests during China’s Forestry Reform. • In 1996, Bazhu stopped logging companies from entering and saved their forest. Bazhu’s history in forest protection 8
  9. 9. Political aspects: Abundant natural resources and landscape make outside capital eager to invest - Villagers have little voice when facing external pressure to develop their land. Challenges faced by Bazhu village Ecological aspects: - Rise in demand for Matsutake mushroom lead to over-acquisition, damage to the woodland. - Hunting and illegal logging still exist Economic aspects: - limited livelihood and low income (rely on subsidies which are insufficient to raise the living standards of the community) Society / Culture aspects: - - Beliefs, indigenous knowledge and traditional culture decline under the influence of mainstream consumerism - Decline of youthful population 9
  10. 10. Sustainable Matsutake mushroom harvest training; supporting solar water heaters and solar insecticidal lamps; biodiversity investigations. beekeeping training, ecotourism reception training, handicrafts production training, small grants for Chinese herbal medicine cultivation; healthcare training, community garbage disposal development. Development of a school curriculum about local nature and culture heritage. record traditional song and dance, native plant knowledge, traditional farming and folk songs, traditional weaving establishment of a Community-based Protected Area, and the Community Learning Center; supporting the All Women Patrolling Team Five Interventions to achieve Sustainable Development in Bazhu village Eco-protection & sustainable management of natural resources Livelihood and quality of live improvement Traditional Culture & Indigenous Knowledge ESD education in School Enhancing capacity of community self-organization 10
  11. 11. Educational Goal for Bazhu Project 11 The community as a whole should: • Have an understanding of the concept and principles of sustainable development based on knowledge and belief system; • Maintain faith in the vision of sustainable development • Have the drive and ability to participate in decision-making to promote sustainability.
  12. 12. Multiple stakeholders Engaged in the Project 12 Bazhu Village Administrative Committee Bazhu Village Senior Citizens Association Bazhu Primary School Bazhu Monastery Bazhu Women Patrolling Team Community-based Organizations and Groups RCE Greater Shangri-la: Baima Snow-mountain Nature Reserve Southwest University Sichuan Mianyang Normal University Tibet University Shangri-la Vocational College National Experts from Chinese Academy of Sciences Support from outside institutions Bazhu Community Learning Center Bazhu Community Protected Area Youth River-care team Groups established under the support of Shangri-la Institute
  13. 13. 13 Bazhu Community Learning Center: The Key to the Process of Change The Bazhu Community Learning Center started its operations from 2007, it is equipped with a training room, library, dining room, and few dorm rooms.
  14. 14. Functions of the Community Learning Center: • A place for workshops, meetings, events, and other community activities. • A forum for community members to communicate and discuss community affairs. • A window to show the nature and cultural heritage of Bazhu to visitors. • A “museum” to record indigenous knowledge and the community’s nature protection work and development towards sustainability. Bazhu Community Learning Center: The Key to the process of Change 14
  15. 15. 15 Young community leaders in Community Learning Center: Elected by villagers, and responsible for maintenance of the center. These leaders also play a important role in coordinating community members in project design and implementation.
  16. 16. 16 Examples of work done by Bazhu Community Learning Center Tibetan embroidery workshop for women
  17. 17. 17 Examples of work done by Bazhu Community Learning Center Kids from Bazhu Primary School carrying out a watershed investigation at the bank of the Bazhu River and water testing in the Community Learning Center.
  18. 18. 18 Examples of work done by Bazhu Community Learning Center Recording of local Biodiversity (setting up infrared cameras in the wood, with NR staff)
  19. 19. 19 Recording of Guozhuang Dance, songs and ballad Examples of work done by Bazhu Community Learning Center
  20. 20. 20 Traditional farming tools and supplies exhibition Examples of work done by Bazhu Community Learning Center
  21. 21. Community Learning Center developed as a mechanism to support community-based learning and action towards Sustainable Development; Forest patrolling strengthened; development of the community-based nature protection mechanism: Bazhu Community Protected Area; Indigenous knowledge including traditional farming skills, Pulu weaving and Guozhuang dancing and recorded and introduced to young members and visitors. Youth River-care team established; Bazhu River, forests, traditional culture and the village itself becomes content of kids daily learning for them to understand about their village, environmental protection and sustainable development; Young people come back to their village and take volunteering work in the Community Learning Center. Economic income greatly increased; Awareness and knowledge of women’ healthcare promoted; Garbage collection established; Biodiversity of Bazhu recorded; Mechanism of sustainable matsutake collection is established in two pilot villages; illegal logging and hunting greatly decreased; Wet wood consumption reduced. Eco-protection & natural resources sustainable management Livelihood and quality of live improvement Traditional Culture & Indigenous Knowledge ESD education in School Enhancing capacity of community self-organization 21
  22. 22. • The average economic income in Bazhu increased from RMB 750 (USD 113) per capita in 2005 to RMB 3840 (USD 581) in 2011. • Nearly 60% of the increased income is from national subsidies especially subsidies for ecological protection forest. • More than 40% of increased income is generated from eco-tourism, Chinese herbal medicine planting, bee-keeping and eco-farming which was carried under the support from the project 22
  23. 23. 23 • The drought in 2010 hit a wide range of Yunnan Province, resulting 7.42 million people and 4.59 million large livestock in the province suffered from shortage of drinking water. • Although Diqing Prefecture was not one of the most serious affected areas, but many villages located at mountainside just like Bazhu village experienced severe water shortage.
  24. 24. 24 Three innovations that ESD theories had built to the community development and eco-protection work I. Learning at three levels: Individual level: individual social learning and practices; Institutional level: collective empowerment to build a long-term mechanism in the community; Social level: broader social promotion and scaling up to a broad range of communities. II. Drawing wisdom from indigenous knowledge, believe system and traditional culture Concentrate on the methodology of combining modern science and technology with traditional knowledge and practice to realize new knowledge, skills and ecological ethics for sustainability. III. Holistic approach: support the community to solve problems of different aspects rather than focusing one aspect, as all these issues are linked.
  25. 25. Local Government Local Commu nity Nature Reserve Local Commu nity Nature Reserve Local Government Thank you for your attention! Lwan@shangrilainstitute.org www.shangrilainstitute.org

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