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Transforming Australia: SDG Progress Report

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Transforming Australia: SDG Progress Report
Professor Rod Glover, Deputy Director - Enterprise, Monash Sustainable Development Institute, Australia-Pacific Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN), Monash University
Asia-Pacific Regional RCE Meeting 2018
25-27 September, 2018, Parramatta (Sydney), Australia

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Transforming Australia: SDG Progress Report

  1. 1. In partnership with: Supported by: Lord Mayor’s Charitable Foundation | HESTA | cbus | IFM | AustralianSuper | ACSI TRANSFORMING AUSTRALIA SDG PROGRESS REPORT
  2. 2. sdgtransformingaustralia.com2
  3. 3. sdgtransformingaustralia.com3 HOW WE PRODUCED THE REPORT  National Sustainable Development Council  Expert goal leads  Supported by philanthropy and industry super
  4. 4. sdgtransformingaustralia.com4 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS: 86 TARGETS, 144 INDICATORS
  5. 5. sdgtransformingaustralia.com5 WHERE WE ARE GOING WELL — ON TRACK  Life expectancy and most heath indicators (SDG3)  Further education qualifications and most education indicators (SDG4)  Increased participation of women in workforce (SDG8)  Long period of economic growth (SDG8)  Most crime is reducing (SDG16)  Open, dynamic and diverse society (SDG16)  Water efficiency (SDG6)  Sustainable fisheries (SDG14)
  6. 6. sdgtransformingaustralia.com6 WHERE WE ARE GOING BADLY — OFF TRACK  Newstart allowance below poverty line (SDG1)  Domestic violence and the gender pay gap (SDG5)  Energy and water affordability (SDG6 and 7)  Household debt, stagnant wages growth, underemployment (SDG8)  Inequality (SDG10)  Housing affordability and homelessness (SDG11)  Greenhouse gas emissions (SDG13)  Threatened species (SDG15)  Prison population increasing (SDG16)
  7. 7. sdgtransformingaustralia.com7 OUR ECONOMY Are we prepared for the future? sdgtransformingaustralia.com
  8. 8. sdgtransformingaustralia.com8 NATIONAL INCOME PER CAPITA 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 15,000 Dollars(AU$)percapita
  9. 9. sdgtransformingaustralia.com9 BUSINESS INVESTMENT IN R&D GOING BACKWARDS 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30 1.35 1.40 ProportionofGDP(%)
  10. 10. sdgtransformingaustralia.com10 POOR COLLABORATION BETWEEN INDUSTRY AND RESEARCH 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Japan Sweden United Kingdom Australia United States OECD - Total Singapore Canada Israel Korea Germany China %HERDfinancedbyindustry
  11. 11. sdgtransformingaustralia.com11 UNEMPLOYMENT DOWN, BUT UNDEREMPLOYMENT UP 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Proportionofthelabourforce(%) Unemployment rate Underemployment rate
  12. 12. sdgtransformingaustralia.com12 LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT RATE HAS RISEN SINCE 2012 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Longtermunemploymentratio(%)
  13. 13. sdgtransformingaustralia.com13 WAGES ARE ALMOST 25% HIGHER TODAY THAN IN 2000 0.0% 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% 25.0% 30.0% Cumulativepercentagechange(%) Persons
  14. 14. sdgtransformingaustralia.com14 COST OF LIVING PRESSURES ARE REAL – HOUSE PRICES 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Index(100=1986) Price index of established houses Household disposable income index
  15. 15. sdgtransformingaustralia.com15 COST OF LIVING PRESSURES ARE REAL — ELECTRICITY 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 Index(March2000=100) Electricity Consumer Price Index Wage Price Index
  16. 16. sdgtransformingaustralia.com16 WITH RISING HOUSEHOLD DEBT, LESS ROOM TO MOVE 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 %GDP
  17. 17. sdgtransformingaustralia.com17 OUR SOCIETY Moving forward unevenly sdgtransformingaustralia.com
  18. 18. sdgtransformingaustralia.com18 HEALTH — STRONG GAINS IN LIFE EXPECTANCY 60 65 70 75 80 85 Years 1970 2015
  19. 19. sdgtransformingaustralia.com19 ROAD TRAFFIC DEATHS HAVE DECLINED SUBSTANTIALLY 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Per100,000population
  20. 20. sdgtransformingaustralia.com20 A HIGH PROPORTION OF AUSTRALIANS ARE OBESE 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Japan Korea Denmark Germany Sweden Norway Canada United Kingdom Australia New Zealand United States Proportionofobesepersons(%) % Obese WHO Guideline
  21. 21. sdgtransformingaustralia.com21 TERTIARY QUALIFICATION LEVELS ARE HIGH AND RISING 20 25 30 35 40 45 2000 2005 2010 2015 Percentageage25-64withtertiaryeducation(%)
  22. 22. sdgtransformingaustralia.com22 LOW INVESTMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND CARE 0.0 0.3 0.5 0.8 1.0 1.3 1.5 1.8 2.0 2.3 Expenditure(%GDP)
  23. 23. sdgtransformingaustralia.com23 A LOT OF ANGST ABOUT DECLINING PISA SCORES 470 480 490 500 510 520 530 2003 2006 2009 2012 2015 PISAmeanscore Science Mathematics Reading
  24. 24. sdgtransformingaustralia.com24 BUT … WE’RE COLLABORATIVE PROBLEM SOLVERS 400 420 440 460 480 500 520 540 560 OECD Average Australia PISAScore Female Male
  25. 25. sdgtransformingaustralia.com25 INCOME INEQUALITY REMAINS RELATIVELY HIGH 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.35 0.40 Ginicoefficient(income)
  26. 26. sdgtransformingaustralia.com26 THE GENDER PAY GAP REMAINS SUBSTANTIAL 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Genderpaygap(%)
  27. 27. sdgtransformingaustralia.com27 WOMEN’S SUPERANNUATION 42% BELOW THAT OF MEN 00 100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 500,000 600,000 2011-12 2013-14 2015-16 Averagesuperannuationbalanceatretirementage(60-64) (AU$) MALE FEMALE Target for comfortable retirement ($545,000)
  28. 28. sdgtransformingaustralia.com28 NEWSTART BELOW THE POVERTY LINE 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 Ratio Newstart Pensioner
  29. 29. sdgtransformingaustralia.com29 AUSTRALIA ENJOYS LOW CRIME RATES 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Per100,000population
  30. 30. sdgtransformingaustralia.com30 …YET WE DON’T FEEL SAFE (WALKING HOME ALONE) 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Proportionofpopulationwhofeelsafe(%)
  31. 31. sdgtransformingaustralia.com31 … SO WE’RE SENDING MORE PEOPLE TO PRISON 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 Per100,000population Imprisonment rate (per 100,000)
  32. 32. sdgtransformingaustralia.com32 OUR ENVIRONMENT Still Australia’s Achilles’ heal sdgtransformingaustralia.com
  33. 33. sdgtransformingaustralia.com33 THE SCALE OF OUR EMISSIONS CHALLENGE REMAINS LARGE 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 MegatonsCO2-e 2017 projections
  34. 34. sdgtransformingaustralia.com34 THE SCALE OF OUR EMISSIONS CHALLENGE REMAINS LARGE 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 MegatonsCO2-e 2017 projections Trajectory to minus 5% target Trajectory to minus 26% target 26%
  35. 35. sdgtransformingaustralia.com35 AUSTRALIA HAS HIGH RECYCLING RATES 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Proportionrecycled(%)
  36. 36. sdgtransformingaustralia.com36 WE HAVE BECOME MUCH MORE WATER EFFICIENT 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 United Kingdom Israel Denmark Germany France Netherlands Australia Japan Spain OECD - Total United States Cubicmetrespercapita 2001 2011
  37. 37. sdgtransformingaustralia.com37 THE RISK OF SPECIES LOSS IS WORSENING 0.78 0.8 0.82 0.84 0.86 0.88 0.9 0.92 RedListIndexscore
  38. 38. sdgtransformingaustralia.com38 A FAIR GO FOR THE NEXT GENERATION sdgtransformingaustralia.com
  39. 39. sdgtransformingaustralia.com39 FOR MORE INFORMATION
  40. 40. sdgtransformingaustralia.com40 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Core Project Team John Thwaites Rod Glover Tahl Kestin Michael Reid Cameron Allen Council Members John Thwaites Tony Capon Rod Glover Mark Joiner Romilly Madew Sam Mostyn Tony Nicholson Sue Richardson Goal Leads Tony Nicholson (1, 10) Robyn Alders (2, 12) Tony Capon (3) Rod Glover (4, 9) Sam Mostyn (5, 17) Rob Skinner (6) John Thwaites (7, 13) Mark Joiner (8) Romilly Madew (11) Steven Chown (14, 15) Terri Soller (16) Partners National Sustainable Development Council Monash Sustainable Development Institute Sustainable Development Solutions Network Funders Lord Mayor’s Charitable Foundation HESTA cbus IFM AustralianSuper ACSI Contributors Australian Council of Superannuation Investors Brotherhood of St Laurence ClimateWorks Australia Green Building Council of Australia International Centre of Excellence for Water Resource Management Monash University QBE University of Canberra University of Sydney WaterAid Water Services Association of Australia Wave Consulting Yarra Valley Water
  41. 41. In partnership with: Supported by: Lord Mayor’s Charitable Foundation | HESTA | cbus | IFM | AustralianSuper | ACSI TRANSFORMING AUSTRALIA sdgtransformingaustralia.com

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