The Unslumming Minna Project: A Path to Sustainable and Inclusive Urbanization
Administrative structure of Nigeria
Pattern of Urbanization in Nigeria.
Factors responsible for ‘Negative’
RCEs as catalysts for sustainable
Collaboration for sustainable
The un-slumming Minna project.
Background to the Nigeria’s Urbnaization problem
Nigeria’s population has doubled approximately
every 25 years, from about 50m in 1965, to
approaching 200m today, according to UN Population
The demographic trajectory we are still on, is that it
will double twice more this century, overtaking USA
as No. 3 in population around mid-century, and
coming to rest with China and India at the top, with
over 900m by 2100.
In the meanwhile, it will have transitioned from
being a 70% rural economy in 1965, to becoming a
70% urban population
Administrative structure of Nigeria
Nigeria recognizes three tiers of
the National (or Federal),
the States (36 Nos + FCT) and
Local Government Areas (774 Nos).
• The LGAs sub-divide to the Ward level, but the city is
merely a contiguous settlement within one or more
LGAs. It has no specific jurisdiction, no Mayor, no ‘City
Council’, per se.
• Cities have no effective governance mechanism, which
connects the Governor (as custodian of all urban lands,
via the Land Use Act, 1978) to the local communities
and informal land markets.
Urbanization pattern in Nigeria
Nigeria’s cities are growing, not only in size, but also
80% living in informal, unplanned and mostly un-
serviced urban communities (‘slums’),
This is the central problem; Nigeria’s urban,
demographic ‘time-bomb’, growing in size and In
governance terms, cities in Nigeria have several
structural challenges, which makes them less able
to cope with their rapid growth and demographic
shift. A fundamental problem is that
administratively, cities don’t exist in Nigeria.
Some of the many factors responsible for the
‘negative’ urbanization includes;
ii.Low level of education
iv.Weak/absence of urban policy
v.Lack of political will
vi.Dearth of data for planning. Etc etc
The world urban population is expected to increase
by 84 per cent by 2050, from 3.4 billion in 2009 to 6.3
billion in 2050.
70% of Global GDP is generated by cities.
Economic development is the driving force behind
economic development without urbanization has
never occurred anywhere,
Urbanization is not only a consequence of, but also
a requirement for economic development.
An increase of income per capita has, in every
country been accompanied by increase in
Some known facts about urbanization
‘Non state’ actors and sustainable
urbanization in Niger state: the Case of
WCCD and RCE
To manage a city, you are expected to
understand the issues and lead by example
RCE movement as the catalyst for Minna
being a foundation member of the World
Council on City Data (WCCD) and one of
the Local2030-Hubs for sustainability
The first WCCD Local Data Hubs include Buenos
Aires, Argentina; Cambridge, Canada; Dubai,
United Arab Emirates; Haiphong, Vietnam;
Johannesburg, South Africa; Los Angeles, California;
Makati, Philippines and Minna, Nigeria.
These Local Data Hubs will focus on real action and
results through four critical objectives:
Showcasing Leadership. The Local Data Hubs will
provide a platform to grow the network of data
driven cities in the country and region.
Demonstrating Results. Through annual reporting of
WCCD ISO 37120 Certified Data, the Local Data
Hubs will directly demonstrate year over year
progress towards local, national and global goals
Catalysing Action. The Local Data Hubs will use
data to inform infrastructure investment, planning
and decision making and track impacts over time.
Enabling City-to-City Learning. The Local Data Hubs
will support city-to-city learning and ‘solutions
transfer’ across metropolitan areas, countries and
For more on WCCD and the local data hub:
Collaboration is the key to sustainable urbanization.
Collaboration among the following entities:
GIZ( German International Cooperation)
Nigerian Resilient Cities Network (NRCN)
Niger State Geographic Information System (NIGIS)
The objective of this collaboration is to contribute
towards the attainment of the global goals
Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among
Target 3: Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of
outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies
and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies
and action in this regard.
Some of the Global goals and their
Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive,
safe, resilient and sustainable:
Target 3: By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization
and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human
settlement planning and management in all countries.
Target 8: Support positive economic, social and environmental links
between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening
national and regional development planning.
Target 9: By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and
human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies
and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and
adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop
and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk
Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels
This collaboration led to the piloting of the 4P Urban
Governance model in Minna
NRCN has designed a Governance-Model, known as 4P :
The theory of change is that the ‘people’ or the social/civic
component of cities can’t be an after-thought for effective
governance. Economic development means that the
public (government) and private (corporate) sectors
cannot tie up deals with ‘social impact’ as a mere ‘bolt-
on’. Civil society, the ‘people’, must be bona fide, full-
It was based on this that the un-slumming Minna project
UnSlumming MINNA Project
(NIGER STATE, NIGERIA)
UnSlumming MINNA is a
project funded by the GIZ-
SEDIN Programme, Nigeria, to
apply the 4P (Public-Private-
People Partnerships) urban
governance model to
upgrading a peri-urban
community in the south-west
growth zone of Minna city.
It is an inclusive and
Partners: Niger State
Government; GIZ-SEDIN; NRCN
(Nigeria Resilient Cities
Un-planned expansión of the fringes of Minna
Gidan Kwano is one of four identified urban growth zones of
Minna, the capital city of Niger State,Nigeria, home to RCE
Minna and the WCCD Initiative.
It is a peri-urban community, opposite the Federal University
of Technology (FUT) Minna, in the south-west growth zone of
It was formally established in 1988 as a resettlement scheme,
with 102 family plots. Today it is a community of about 3,000,
which serves as student and staff accommodation for the
university as well as supporting MSMEs and local farmers.
The community has two distinct characteristics; the older,
original settlement inhabitants (still largely poor, local farmers
and traders), and the new investment property and university
tenants. The older part of the community is of low quality
buildings, lacking basic services (water, electricity, sanitation
etc.), whilst the newer investments are of much higher quality.
Un-planned expansión of the fringes of Minna ( Cont)
• The aim of the project is to ‘unslum’ the community
generally, close the gap between the older and
newer aspects of the community and create a
more inclusive form of development. This will be
achieved by attracting investment, which the
older, indigenous community can access to
improve their property and participate in the
booming local university accommodation market.
• Bridging formal and informal
land markets and governance
systems in slums;
• Tools used: FGD (Focus Group
Mapping; Household Survey;
Land Use Planning;
• How it was implemented:
Community Engagement &
Community Mapping &
Analysis & Planning.
• On-going. Very positive
response from the community
so far. Interest from the Niger
State Government and
proposal to extend the scope
to other communities , in order
to stimulate more orderly
development and attract
• By taking hold of peri-urban
growth zones, Niger State
Government is hopeful that the
eventual evolution of locked-in
urban slums can be forestalled,
as rural and peri-urban fringes
are incorporated into the
growing city of Minna.
Positive outcomes arising from the
Positive outcomes arising from the
• Creating an effective
between the planning
investment finance (Private)
and local land owners
(People) will enable a more
inclusive and participative
land and property market
• This will in turn support the
hitherto local, land owning
farmers to also transit to
urban property owners,
rather than being pushed
out of their properties by
urban market forces.
Community Outreach on the project.
Learning Points for Sharing with the class
• The power of planning
with the people;
• Economic empowerment
of the locals that leaves
around the university in
• Ease of implementing
planning proposals and
capable of facilitating
the achievement of the
• Getting the buy-in of
government to extend to
other part of the city. Community Outreach on the project.
RCEs, wherever they are, could and
should provide the necessary
leadership for change.
Government/politicians want solution,
RCE should identify and promote
solution to common problems e.g
SENSA project by RCE Minna.
The youths should be given space
guidance to express their talent.
Thank you !