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The Unslumming Minna Project: A Path to Sustainable and Inclusive Urbanization

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The Unslumming Minna Project: A Path to Sustainable and Inclusive Urbanization
Abdul Husaini, RCE Minna
8th African RCE Meeting
8-10 August, 2018, Zomba, Malawi

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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The Unslumming Minna Project: A Path to Sustainable and Inclusive Urbanization

  1. 1. Outline Background Administrative structure of Nigeria Pattern of Urbanization in Nigeria. Factors responsible for ‘Negative’ urbanization RCEs as catalysts for sustainable urbanization Collaboration for sustainable urbanization. The un-slumming Minna project. Closing thoughts
  2. 2. Background to the Nigeria’s Urbnaization problem Nigeria’s population has doubled approximately every 25 years, from about 50m in 1965, to approaching 200m today, according to UN Population data. The demographic trajectory we are still on, is that it will double twice more this century, overtaking USA as No. 3 in population around mid-century, and coming to rest with China and India at the top, with over 900m by 2100. In the meanwhile, it will have transitioned from being a 70% rural economy in 1965, to becoming a 70% urban population
  3. 3. Administrative structure of Nigeria  Nigeria recognizes three tiers of government/governance;  the National (or Federal),  the States (36 Nos + FCT) and  Local Government Areas (774 Nos). • The LGAs sub-divide to the Ward level, but the city is merely a contiguous settlement within one or more LGAs. It has no specific jurisdiction, no Mayor, no ‘City Council’, per se. • Cities have no effective governance mechanism, which connects the Governor (as custodian of all urban lands, via the Land Use Act, 1978) to the local communities and informal land markets.
  4. 4. Urbanization pattern in Nigeria  Nigeria’s cities are growing, not only in size, but also in inequality,  80% living in informal, unplanned and mostly un- serviced urban communities (‘slums’),  This is the central problem; Nigeria’s urban, demographic ‘time-bomb’, growing in size and In governance terms, cities in Nigeria have several structural challenges, which makes them less able to cope with their rapid growth and demographic shift. A fundamental problem is that administratively, cities don’t exist in Nigeria.
  5. 5. Some of the many factors responsible for the ‘negative’ urbanization includes; i.Poverty ii.Low level of education iii.Corruption iv.Weak/absence of urban policy v.Lack of political will vi.Dearth of data for planning. Etc etc
  6. 6. Urbanization and Economic growth
  7. 7. The world urban population is expected to increase by 84 per cent by 2050, from 3.4 billion in 2009 to 6.3 billion in 2050. 70% of Global GDP is generated by cities. Economic development is the driving force behind urbanization, economic development without urbanization has never occurred anywhere, Urbanization is not only a consequence of, but also a requirement for economic development. An increase of income per capita has, in every country been accompanied by increase in urbanization. Some known facts about urbanization
  8. 8. ‘Non state’ actors and sustainable urbanization in Niger state: the Case of WCCD and RCE
  9. 9. 10 To manage a city, you are expected to understand the issues and lead by example
  10. 10. RCE movement as the catalyst for Minna being a foundation member of the World Council on City Data (WCCD) and one of the Local2030-Hubs for sustainability solutions
  11. 11. The first WCCD Local Data Hubs include Buenos Aires, Argentina; Cambridge, Canada; Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Haiphong, Vietnam; Johannesburg, South Africa; Los Angeles, California; Makati, Philippines and Minna, Nigeria.
  12. 12. These Local Data Hubs will focus on real action and results through four critical objectives: Showcasing Leadership. The Local Data Hubs will provide a platform to grow the network of data driven cities in the country and region. Demonstrating Results. Through annual reporting of WCCD ISO 37120 Certified Data, the Local Data Hubs will directly demonstrate year over year progress towards local, national and global goals Catalysing Action. The Local Data Hubs will use data to inform infrastructure investment, planning and decision making and track impacts over time. Enabling City-to-City Learning. The Local Data Hubs will support city-to-city learning and ‘solutions transfer’ across metropolitan areas, countries and globally
  13. 13. For more on WCCD and the local data hub: www.dataforcities
  14. 14. Collaboration is the key to sustainable urbanization.  Minna experience:  Collaboration among the following entities:  GIZ( German International Cooperation)  Nigerian Resilient Cities Network (NRCN)  Niger State Geographic Information System (NIGIS)  Community The objective of this collaboration is to contribute towards the attainment of the global goals
  15. 15. Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries. Target 3: Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard. Some of the Global goals and their Targets
  16. 16. Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable: Target 3: By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries. Target 8: Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning. Target 9: By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels
  17. 17. This collaboration led to the piloting of the 4P Urban Governance model in Minna
  18. 18. NRCN has designed a Governance-Model, known as 4P : Public-Private-People-Partnerships. The theory of change is that the ‘people’ or the social/civic component of cities can’t be an after-thought for effective governance. Economic development means that the public (government) and private (corporate) sectors cannot tie up deals with ‘social impact’ as a mere ‘bolt- on’. Civil society, the ‘people’, must be bona fide, full- partners integrate. It was based on this that the un-slumming Minna project was Conceived. The Concept
  19. 19. UnSlumming MINNA Project (NIGER STATE, NIGERIA)  UnSlumming MINNA is a project funded by the GIZ- SEDIN Programme, Nigeria, to apply the 4P (Public-Private- People Partnerships) urban governance model to upgrading a peri-urban community in the south-west growth zone of Minna city.  It is an inclusive and participatory multi-stakeholder approach.  Partners: Niger State Government; GIZ-SEDIN; NRCN (Nigeria Resilient Cities Network)
  20. 20. Un-planned expansión of the fringes of Minna  Gidan Kwano is one of four identified urban growth zones of Minna, the capital city of Niger State,Nigeria, home to RCE Minna and the WCCD Initiative.  It is a peri-urban community, opposite the Federal University of Technology (FUT) Minna, in the south-west growth zone of Minna.  It was formally established in 1988 as a resettlement scheme, with 102 family plots. Today it is a community of about 3,000, which serves as student and staff accommodation for the university as well as supporting MSMEs and local farmers.  The community has two distinct characteristics; the older, original settlement inhabitants (still largely poor, local farmers and traders), and the new investment property and university tenants. The older part of the community is of low quality buildings, lacking basic services (water, electricity, sanitation etc.), whilst the newer investments are of much higher quality.
  21. 21. Un-planned expansión of the fringes of Minna ( Cont) • The aim of the project is to ‘unslum’ the community generally, close the gap between the older and newer aspects of the community and create a more inclusive form of development. This will be achieved by attracting investment, which the older, indigenous community can access to improve their property and participate in the booming local university accommodation market.
  22. 22. Project Intervention(s) • Bridging formal and informal land markets and governance systems in slums; • Tools used: FGD (Focus Group Discussion); Community Mapping; Household Survey; Land Use Planning; • How it was implemented:  Community Engagement & Assessment;  Community Mapping & Household Survey;  Analysis & Planning.
  23. 23. • On-going. Very positive response from the community so far. Interest from the Niger State Government and proposal to extend the scope to other communities , in order to stimulate more orderly development and attract investment capital. • By taking hold of peri-urban growth zones, Niger State Government is hopeful that the eventual evolution of locked-in urban slums can be forestalled, as rural and peri-urban fringes are incorporated into the growing city of Minna. Positive outcomes arising from the intervention
  24. 24. Positive outcomes arising from the intervention • Creating an effective partnership platform between the planning authorities (Public), investment finance (Private) and local land owners (People) will enable a more inclusive and participative land and property market to emerge. • This will in turn support the hitherto local, land owning farmers to also transit to urban property owners, rather than being pushed out of their properties by urban market forces. Community Outreach on the project.
  25. 25. Learning Points for Sharing with the class • The power of planning with the people; • Economic empowerment of the locals that leaves around the university in Minna; • Ease of implementing planning proposals and development control capable of facilitating the achievement of the SDG; • Getting the buy-in of government to extend to other part of the city. Community Outreach on the project.
  26. 26. Closing thoughts:  RCEs, wherever they are, could and should provide the necessary leadership for change.  Government/politicians want solution, RCE should identify and promote solution to common problems e.g SENSA project by RCE Minna.  The youths should be given space guidance to express their talent.
  27. 27. Thank you ! Contact: abdulhusaini@yahoo.com www.rceminna.com.ng

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