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Project 5: The role of local leaders in reducing
vulnerability and increasing adaptation: case study
of flood disaster man...
Contents
1 Background
2 Flooding situation
3 Policy implication
4
1. Kangsa
2. Jabang
3. Bangkalalak
4. Mentulud
5. Berumbai
Bangkalalak, Lumadan, Beaufort
Social;
Resource
; Village
Map
Berumbai Bangkalalak Kangsa Jabang Mentulud
Geography
(Unit: m)
Distance from
river
300 300 300 1000 1000
Between house 20...
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
House People Adults Children Elderly Disable Pregnant
Numbers
Mentulud
Jabang
Kangsa
Bangka...
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%
Berumbai Bangkalalak Kangsa Jabang Mentulud
Incomeproportion
Low <600 RM
Medum 600-1000 RM
High >1...
4
3
1
• Children and pregnant mother
What is the main cause of severe flooding?
2
Why the place is
vulnerable?
• Rain wate...
Flooding situation
Rainfall and discharge gages of Sungai
Padas
Ref: Deforestation effect to the runoff
hydrograph at Sung...
 Boat
 Land transportations: cars,
vans, motorcycles
 Accessibility: only by road or
helicopterLogistic
Evacuation
faci...
Logistic
 Boat: yes
 Land transportations: cars, vans,
motorcycles
 Accessibility: only by road or helicopter
 Sewerag...
Logistic
Water transportation: Boat
1
Accessibility: only by road
or helicopter
Land transportations: cars,
vans, motorcyc...
9
Information
• Ketua Kampong
• JKK
• Mass Media (TV)
Action Plan
• Warning system near Masjid
Financial assistance
• H...
Major flood history
Timeline history
History 10
Survey of case study
Recovered woods are used for reconstructing houses. (Place: Kampung Berumbai)
11
Survey of case study
During the flood period, villagers choose to stay in house, even though the ground floor is
covered b...
Survey of case study
Fishing is the main source of income in Kampung Berumbai.
13
14
1
House adaptation: raised up the
level of the houses
2Prepare boats for most of the houses
3
Identify the nearest reli...
Survey of case study
Food and living material is stored in a specific house higher than the depth of flood water
(1.0~1.5m...
Strategy: Flood mitigation
Raise the road level-National Road is built higher than ground that will keep available in
floo...
1
3
4
5
2
Temporary shelters and relief
center supporting basic living
conditions
Food, clean water and medical
supply
Sel...
Regular survey on geographic
features and social needs
(database)
18Identifying local leadership in flood disaster managem...
Flooding situation
Conflict Tree
FLOODS
EFFECTS
• Reduce the lifetime of
building
• Economic losses
• Destruction of infra...
20Action Projects
• Relief Centre
• Roads and
Infrastructures
• Awareness
• Allocation of
emergency
logistics
• Cooperatio...
Survey of case study 21
Survey of case study 22
Survey of case study 23
Survey of case study 24
AzazeAishah
Hairy
Syamsul Riduan Wildan
Dou
Tian
Thank you
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The role of local leaders in reducing vulnerability and increasing adaptation: Case study of flood disaster management in Beaufort, Sabah, Malaysia

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The ProSPER.Net Leadership Programme 2016 highlighted local sustainable challenges and solutions in Malaysia.

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The role of local leaders in reducing vulnerability and increasing adaptation: Case study of flood disaster management in Beaufort, Sabah, Malaysia

  1. 1. Project 5: The role of local leaders in reducing vulnerability and increasing adaptation: case study of flood disaster management in Bangkalalak, Beaufort, Sabah, Malaysia Group member: Nor Aishah Hamzah (University of Malaya, Malaysia) Mohd Hairy Ibrahim (Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia) Syamsul Herman Mohammad Afandi (Universiti Putra Malaysia) Riduan Yunus (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia) Wildan Fajar Bachtiar (Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia) Yi Dou (National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan) Xu Tian (Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China) Azaze @ Azizi Abdul Adis (Universiti Malaysia Sabah) 2016. 8.13
  2. 2. Contents 1 Background 2 Flooding situation 3 Policy implication 4
  3. 3. 1. Kangsa 2. Jabang 3. Bangkalalak 4. Mentulud 5. Berumbai Bangkalalak, Lumadan, Beaufort
  4. 4. Social; Resource ; Village Map
  5. 5. Berumbai Bangkalalak Kangsa Jabang Mentulud Geography (Unit: m) Distance from river 300 300 300 1000 1000 Between house 200 150 50 100 50 Boats 43 20 70 23 5 Insurance Life X X X X X Property X X X X X Perception of risk Very dangerous Dangerous X X X Moderate X X Not risky Table 1 Related Information of case study Background 1
  6. 6. 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 House People Adults Children Elderly Disable Pregnant Numbers Mentulud Jabang Kangsa Bangkalalak Berumbai Figure 1 The Demography of case study 20 20 10 10 20 10 10 10 10 15 40 40 50 50 30 20 20 20 20 20 10 10 10 10 15 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Berumbai Bangkalalak Kangsa Jabang Mentulud Percentage Education Pesticides Food Electricity Clothes and Transportation Figure 2 The Expenditure of case study Background 2
  7. 7. 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Berumbai Bangkalalak Kangsa Jabang Mentulud Incomeproportion Low <600 RM Medum 600-1000 RM High >1000 RM Figure 2 The Income proportion of case study Agriculture Small Business Fishing Government sectors Tourism Berumbai Bangkalalak Kangsa Jabang Mentulud Figure 3 The Source of Income Background 3
  8. 8. 4 3 1 • Children and pregnant mother What is the main cause of severe flooding? 2 Why the place is vulnerable? • Rain water • Irrigation and drainage • Water from Tenom (up lands) to Padas River • High tide and high volume inland water Areas most affected • Jabang, Kangsa, Berumbai • Flood season is November to January People affected • Nearness to river and rise in water level Poultry/plants affected Flooding situation 4
  9. 9. Flooding situation Rainfall and discharge gages of Sungai Padas Ref: Deforestation effect to the runoff hydrograph at Sungai Padas catchment (Dinor, et al., 2007) Flood in Beaufort in 2014. http://www.therocket.com.my/en/solving-sabahs-flood- issues/ Kampung Bangkalalak River Bank Hotel Mechanism of flood caused by heavy rainfall in river upstream. 5
  10. 10.  Boat  Land transportations: cars, vans, motorcycles  Accessibility: only by road or helicopterLogistic Evacuation facilities 6  Temporary shelters: Public Hall / Gazetted Evacuation Centre  Distance: 1-3 km Logistics Before Flood
  11. 11. Logistic  Boat: yes  Land transportations: cars, vans, motorcycles  Accessibility: only by road or helicopter  Sewerage: not functioning for 2-3 weeks  Clean water supply: rain water  Temporary shelters: Hall - 2 but only 1 used  Distance: 1-3 km 7 Evacuation facilities Hygiene Electricity  in order Safety  Biological: Crocodiles and snakes  Physical threat: fast water flow/ debris Medical  Diseases: no outbreak Food supplies NGO and self support Communication  Only mobile phones / no landlines During Flood
  12. 12. Logistic Water transportation: Boat 1 Accessibility: only by road or helicopter Land transportations: cars, vans, motorcycles Evacuation facilities Temporary shelters: Public Halls Distance: 1-3 km2 8After Flood
  13. 13. 9 Information • Ketua Kampong • JKK • Mass Media (TV) Action Plan • Warning system near Masjid Financial assistance • House: self repairs / rebuilt • Sufficient food and medical assistance • Help (basic needs) on time: after 3-4 days • 10% of household on Flood Financial Assistance of RM500 • Coping with after effect: NGOs – school & food • Getting back to norm - self recover - approx 2-3 weeks Information and Action Plan
  14. 14. Major flood history Timeline history History 10
  15. 15. Survey of case study Recovered woods are used for reconstructing houses. (Place: Kampung Berumbai) 11
  16. 16. Survey of case study During the flood period, villagers choose to stay in house, even though the ground floor is covered by flood (1.0~1.5m depth of flood water). 12
  17. 17. Survey of case study Fishing is the main source of income in Kampung Berumbai. 13
  18. 18. 14 1 House adaptation: raised up the level of the houses 2Prepare boats for most of the houses 3 Identify the nearest relief center and access to evacuation 4Monitoring and early warning system 5 Sufficient storage of food, water, and medical supply near house 6 Construct barriers (e.g. plant trees) surrounding houses to protect from flood debris Identifying adaptation flood strategies
  19. 19. Survey of case study Food and living material is stored in a specific house higher than the depth of flood water (1.0~1.5m). 15
  20. 20. Strategy: Flood mitigation Raise the road level-National Road is built higher than ground that will keep available in flood. 16
  21. 21. 1 3 4 5 2 Temporary shelters and relief center supporting basic living conditions Food, clean water and medical supply Self-study during flood for students Volunteer system to help elders, and the disables Promote disaster insurance service for life, health, and property 17Identifying coping strategies for floods
  22. 22. Regular survey on geographic features and social needs (database) 18Identifying local leadership in flood disaster management Before flood: promote disaster awareness and education, e.g. regular practice for flood disaster During flood: keep in touch with villagers on living situation and needs, report to federal government, and cooperate with NGOs and volunteers After flood: fair distribution on compensation materials and subsidies
  23. 23. Flooding situation Conflict Tree FLOODS EFFECTS • Reduce the lifetime of building • Economic losses • Destruction of infrastructures • Loss of time • Disease • Deforestation CAUSES • Raise of Sea Level • Location (downstream of Sungai Padas) • Amount of rainfall 19
  24. 24. 20Action Projects • Relief Centre • Roads and Infrastructures • Awareness • Allocation of emergency logistics • Cooperation for Early Warning Systems • Maintenance of river and drainage system Local Government Local Community Federal Government NGOs • The location of relief center is not appropriate: land issue • Late response by local government • Early warning system is not integrated • Dire need of drinking water Why?
  25. 25. Survey of case study 21
  26. 26. Survey of case study 22
  27. 27. Survey of case study 23
  28. 28. Survey of case study 24
  29. 29. AzazeAishah Hairy Syamsul Riduan Wildan Dou Tian Thank you

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