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The Role of Citizen Science in the Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

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The Role of Citizen Science in the Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
Case Study Session
Dr Wisdom Dlamini, RCE Eswatini
9th African Regional RCE Meeting
5-7 August, 2019, Luyengo, Eswatini

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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The Role of Citizen Science in the Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

  1. 1. 2019/08/12 1 University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” The role of Citizen Science in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Wisdom Mdumiseni D. Dlamini, Ph.D. Department of Geography, Environmental Science and Planning Faculty of Science and Engineering University of Eswatini 9th African Regional Centre of Expertise Meeting “Accelerating Progress towards the Achievement of Sustainable Development Goals in Africa” University of Eswatini, Luyengo Campus, Eswatini 5th - 7th August 2019 University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” FROM MDGS TO SDGS 2000 - 2015 2015 - 2030 University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” THE POST-2015 PROCESS: TWO STRANDS INTO ONE Sustainable development This concept gained traction during the Rio Summits in 1992 and 2012. 1992: Rio Earth Summit 2012: Rio+20 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Served as a framework for global action and cooperation on development in 2000-2015. 2000-15: UN Millennium Declaration & MDGs Post-2015 process Brought together the two strands & extended public participation in defining the new agenda. 2012–15: UN-led global conversation WorldWeWant and MY World 8.5 million people engaged in deciding what should go in the post-2015 agenda, and how the agenda should be implemented University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” SDGS’ FEATURES  3 pillars: environmental + social + economic = sustainable development  Universal = concern all countries  Holistic = work across pillars  Transformative = human rights-based, governance, local dimension, inclusive (‘leave no one behind’)  New global partnership = new actors, including the private sector and private citizens  Focus on people and participation!!! University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” SDGS: STRUCTURED AROUND 5 PRINCIPLES  People  Prosperity  Peace  Partnership  Planet University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” 17 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS
  2. 2. 2019/08/12 2 University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” No goal stands in isolation, nor are they a check list ACTING ON THE SDGS University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” “Tracking progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) requires high-quality, timely and accessible data, often in areas where very little data exists today.” - Sarah West and Rachel Pateman, 2017 (Stockholm Environment Institute) University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” AND WHAT ABOUT THE EARTH’S CITIZENS ? University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” WHAT IS CITIZEN SCIENCE? • AKA crowd science, crowd-sourced science, civic monitoring, volunteer monitoring, networked science, participatory monitoring/research and even “street science”. • “Scientific research conducted, in whole or in part, by amateur or non-professional scientists or ordinary citizens”. • “the active participation of the public in scientific research” University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” = citizen science * * volunteer monitoring cyber- infrastructure crowd-sourcing public participation in science scientific collaboration online communities (Wiggins, 2014)
  3. 3. 2019/08/12 3 University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” Citizen Science A growing worldwide phenomenon which describes the contribution of citizens to generate scientific information and knowledge. University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” BRIEF HISTORY OF CITIZEN SCIENCE • Known by other names throughout history • Term first entered into Oxford English dictionary in 2014 • Dramatic growth between 1997 and present in publications featuring citizen science. University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” Set research questions Develop methods and materials Collect or process data Analyse data Share findings • Contributory • Collaborative • Co-created University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” THE RISE AND RISE OF CITIZEN SCIENCE University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” Lukyanenko et al., 2019 University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” An increasing number of Citizen Science apps … some extremely successful and useful … some with issues consideringdata access and … some with a very limited lifetime
  4. 4. 2019/08/12 4 University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” Use and re-use citizen science data University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” Source: OGC IMIS IoT Pilot: http://www.opengeospatial.org/projects/initiatives/imisiot University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa”
  5. 5. 2019/08/12 5 University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa”
  6. 6. 2019/08/12 6 University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” FIRST DETECTIONS OF FALL ARMYWORM REPORTED BY NON-SCIENTISTS 631 farmers trained on ID by 2018 University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” • Trade in live, freshwater crayfish for ornamental markets, as well as for aquaculture • Intentionally introduced for aquculture in Swaziland (main source) • Red claw crayfish (Cherax quadricarinatus) sighted in Sand River Dam and in tributaries of the Crocodile River that flow through the Nkomaziregion of Mpumalanga. • Devastating indigenous aquatic life in these areas. • Infected with non-indigenous temnocephalan flatworm parasite – dire consequencesfor aquatic and other life forms. University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” Fehri, 2017Water Monitoring in Tunisia
  7. 7. 2019/08/12 7 University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” ROLE OF CITIZENS IN SDG AGENDA… • Defining national and subnational targets and metrics, • Monitoring (local) progress and • Implementing (local) action University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” CITIZENS CAN CONTRIBUTE TO SDG ACHIEVEMENT BY… ● …raising awareness about the 2030 agenda through local campaigns and creative approaches, including in remote areas and with marginalized populations; ● …enhancing technical expertise; ● …facilitating spaces for dialogue and action through participatory forms of engagement during planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the Agenda at local and national level; ● …monitoring SDG progress through citizen driven qualitative and quantitative data collection; ● …facilitating knowledge sharing and transfer and leveraging local expertise; ● …complementing essential basic services where they are lacking or where they are insufficient; ● …modeling behaviors to inspire others and enhance willingness to contribute to SDGs locally. 38 University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” CITIZEN ACTION ADDS VALUE TO PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS BY… ● … widening inclusive spaces for engagement, including for remote and marginalized populations, as well as for youth and women; ● …enhancing capacities and developing skills; ● …building trust as well as ‘bridging social capital’ between diverse people who are not used to interacting with each other; ● …developing a sense of opportunity and ownership for local challenges, leveraging collective engagement; ● …strengthening local governance and accountability through increased people’s participation; ● …building resilience and preparedness, enhancing knowledge and a sense of responsibility for one’s community; ● … building an enabling environment for volunteerism as a form of civic engagement. 39 University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” THINGS TO NOTE • What participants are required to do must be very clear • Why you want that data must be clearly explained • Participants must feel ‘useful’ and valued • Even failed experiments should give participants something to report – as ‘failures’ can add valuable information to the protocol development. • The increasing role of technology (4IR) University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” • Tools? - Some open source, open APIs • Documentation? - Plenty • Support? - Blogs, forums, online resources… • Connectivity? - slowly improving…4G • Hardware? - IoT • Available datasets? - Open data • Open (+Citizen) Science + Open Data + Open-source Tools = Sustainability Opportunities!!! CITIZEN SCIENCE OPPORTUNITIES… University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” • Stir up interest in sustainability issues • General appreciation of sustainable development by future decision-makers and citizens • Improve participation in sustainability initiatives including Citizen Science 42 THE INCREASING NEED FOR ESD…
  8. 8. 2019/08/12 8 University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” University of Eswatini “The University of Choice in Africa” Thank You / Ngiyabonga wdlamini@uniswa.sz http://www.uniswa.sz/academics/science/gep/staff/wmdlamini

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