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The Cretan History: A Presentation

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The Cretan History: A Presentation
Mrs. Athina Kiriakaki-Sfakaki
Europe Regional Meeting 2019
13-14 September, 2019, Heraklion, Greece

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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The Cretan History: A Presentation

  1. 1. Iraklion Crete 13-16 September 2019.
  2. 2. Crete , and Cretan Civilizations. Heraklion September 13, 2019
  3. 3. CRETE, FROM THE CAVES TO THE PALACES AND TO THE 21st.c Iraklion 13.9.2019
  4. 4. CRETE……
  5. 5. MYTHOLOGY… --CRETE WAS MINOS ‘ WIFE… --CRETE WAS ONE OF THE NYMPHS OF THE GOD AMMON…. --CRETE..FROM CRIS,THE NAME OF THE SON OF DIAS AND NIMPH IDA… CRIS’ MOTHER’S NAME, IDA, THE NAME OF THE HIHTEST (2.154m) MOUNTAIN OF CRETE.
  6. 6. End of Neolithic Cretan period……2600 b.C DIKTI MOUNTAIN….CAVE TRAPEZA
  7. 7. IDA MOUNTAIN. CAVE…..
  8. 8. Idol of the Goddess Eileithyia. The Goddess of the Fertility….
  9. 9. Minoan period…….Copper age… prehellenic period of CRETE…………. 2600- 1450 b.C --The oldest very well organized cities… --Knosos, Festos, Malia, palaces, centers of Minoan social life, religion, economy……… --Minoan architecture…. --Workshops……ceramics, jwells, seal stones, metals and stone objects… --Agriculture products…..olives, olive oil, fruit, aromatic flowers and pants…… -- Milk products, meat, fishes, shells…..
  10. 10. KNOSOS….
  11. 11. KNOSOS….
  12. 12. FESTOS………
  13. 13. MALIA……
  14. 14. The bigest Minoan kernos beside the theater of the palace…… clay jars………
  15. 15. NEW PALATIAL MINOAN PERIOD 1700-1450 b.C
  16. 16. DISC OF FESTOS……
  17. 17. LINEAR A
  18. 18. LINEAR B ……..
  19. 19. Post Minoan…Mycenean period……..1450-1100 b.C Cretanmycenean civilization………….
  20. 20. HOMER : 7 CRETAN ANCIENT GREEK TOWN–STATES, UNDER IDOMENEAS AND MIRIONIS. ON THE WAR OF TROI…… 1.KNOSOS. 2.LIKTOS. 3.GORTIS. 4.MILITOS. 5.LIKASTOS. 6.FESTOS. 7. RITION.
  21. 21. Dorians….Ancient Greek…Hellenistic era 1100-69 b.C
  22. 22. ELEFTHERNA….
  23. 23. LAWS’ INSCREPTION OF GORTYS…. END 6th, BEGINNING OF 5th c. b.C
  24. 24. Roman Occupation…….First Byzantine period 67 b.C – 324 a.C
  25. 25. Mosaic of old Christian Basilika… HERSONISOS Mosaic of old Christian Basilika……ELOUNDA
  26. 26. Arabian Occupation……..824-961 a.C
  27. 27. HANDAX……. THE ARABYZANTINE FORTRESS...........................
  28. 28. NIKIFOROS FOKAS AGAINST THE ARABIANS….
  29. 29. Second Byzantine period……961-1204 a.C Crete was the 11th, between the 64 Regions of Byzantine State. 1204. Byzantine prince Alexios promissed Crete to the 4° crusade,they gave Crete to Vonifate of Momferate. Vonifate sold the island to the Venetian Errico Dandolo.....
  30. 30. Venetians ware buzzy on other colonies ….. Count of Malta Herico Pescatore attacked Crete… 1204 – 1210 a.C
  31. 31. Venetian Occupation 1210- 1669 a.C JAKOB TIEMBOLO, THE FIST DUKE OF CRETAN KINGDOM….
  32. 32. VENICE AND COLONIES…. CANDIA AND CANDIA .. LOTZIA..
  33. 33. ST. PETER ST. SALVADOR ST .EKATERINI SINAI ST. FRANCIS
  34. 34. St. EKATERINI. MICHAEL DAMASKINOS……. Adoration of the three magi.
  35. 35. VENETIAN FOUNTAINS…. MOROZINI SAKRENTO PRIOULI BEMBO.
  36. 36. GATE VOLTONE…………….MOROZINI’S FOUNTAIN
  37. 37. CANDIA….
  38. 38. Cretan war……1645- 1669 a.C
  39. 39. EFTENDAR…… ZOYLFIKAR…… VEZIR TSAMISI…
  40. 40. SEBIL ISMAIL, VALIDE TZAMISI , AND MOROZINI’S SEBIL…
  41. 41. Turkish Occupation…1669-1898 a.C 1862-1895… BIG OR NEW,ST. MINAS CHURCH. 1725.. OLD CURCH OF ST. MINAS
  42. 42. FOUNTAINS: HIMBRAHIM……………………...GENITSAR………………….…………..HAILALI
  43. 43. 1897…. THE CENTER AND ……………THE PORT OF HERAKLION
  44. 44. Freedom – Cretan Independent State……1898-1913 a.C 1898, 25 AUGUST ST. TURKISH SOLDIERS LEAVE CRETE… Crete joined to Mainland Greece…………..1913……
  45. 45. EL GRECO
  46. 46. THANK YOU!!

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