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The Contribution of RCEs for the Implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda

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The Contribution of RCEs for the Implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda
Case Study Presentation
Dr. Salim Lardjane, RCE Brittany
Europe Regional Meeting 2019
13-14 September, 2019, Heraklion, Greece

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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The Contribution of RCEs for the Implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda

  1. 1. The contribution of RCEs for the implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda K. Schulla, W. Leal Filho, S. Lardjane* J. H. Sommer, A. L. Salvia, C. Borgemeister *RCE Brittany, Université Bretagne Sud, France
  2. 2. Introduction • Taking into account the importance of partnerships for sustainability, this research deals with the extent to which the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the 17 SDGs are being implemented by multi- stakeholders networks, specifically among the Regional Centers of Expertise (RCE) on Education for Sustainable Development (ESD).
  3. 3. Methodology •A survey was developed and conducted (April- July 2018) using a list-based sampling frame of 159 RCEs, from all over the world. •The survey was voluntary and anonymous and consisted of 25 ques[ons divided into four sec[ons:
  4. 4. Methodology 1.RCEs and their involvement with the SDGs, 2.network links within regions and countries, 3.network links in the interna[onal context, and 4.barriers, challenges and opportuni[es.
  5. 5. Methodology •There were in total 31 replies to the survey, belonging to the four RCEs con[nental groups, respec[vely 14 from Europe, 8 from Africa and Middle East, 5 from Asia-Pacific, and 4 from the Americas.
  6. 6. Methodology •The results are structured according to : a) RCEs involvement with the SDGs in a regional, na[onal, and interna[onal context; b) RCEs clustering according to similari[es in dealing with the SDGs; and c) challenges for RCEs dealing with the SDGs.
  7. 7. Involvement •Based on self-percep[on, 87 percent of the RCEs believe that they are strongly involved with the SDGs.
  8. 8. Involvement •The core focus of RCEs, Educa[on for Sustainable Development (ESD), is explicitly men[oned in Goal 4, Target 4.7. •The results of the survey indicate that Goal 4 was used by more than 80 percent of the respondents and that 10 percent of the respondents deal with Goal 4 only.
  9. 9. Involvement •Survey results show that all RCEs are currently involved with projects and ac[ons for SDGs, ranging from 1 to 14 for each respondent. •The ini[a[ves consist of research for SDGs (45 percent of the respondents), development projects (71 percent), adver[sing campaigns (39 percent), but also lectures at universi[es, and SDG books, designed for teaching and community development.
  10. 10. Involvement •No strong involvement in na[onal processes for SDGs was iden[fied in this survey. •Only 39 percent of RCEs par[cipate in local governments’ ac[ons towards the 2030 Agenda or consulta[on processes to na[onal/local governments. • Only 23 percent are part of na[onal commieees.
  11. 11. Involvement •RCEs collabora[on in the interna[onal arena is mainly within the RCEs global network. •About 61 percent of RCEs collaborate within the global RCE network and the RCE coordina[on Centre at UNU-IAS in Japan, and within con[nental clusters. •Further collabora[ons are with interna[onal networks and organisa[ons such as UNESCO, UNDP, Copernicus Alliance, ESD Expert-Net, Erasmus+ Program, Learning Ci[es, and so on.
  12. 12. Three types of RCEs •Hierarchical clustering and factor map analyzes enabled the grouping of the RCEs par[cipa[ng in the study in three clusters. •Cluster 1 is the biggest with 55 percent of respondents. It contains RCEs focused mainly on ESD, that is, Goal 4, Target 4.7.
  13. 13. Three types of RCEs •Addi[onal parts of their work include Goals 13 (Climate Ac[on), 14 (Life below Water) and 15 (Life on Land). • These RCEs are equally distributed among con[nents and affiliated to diverse organisa[ons, but mainly to educa[onal ins[tu[ons and non-profits ones.
  14. 14. Three types of RCEs •They mostly operate in development projects for SDGs, in horizontal or bilateral collabora[ons. •They favor the boeom-up approach to deal with SDGs and consider the networks informality as a factor which fosters collabora[on.
  15. 15. Three types of RCEs •Cluster 2, consis[ng of Thriving RCEs, contains 19 percent of respondents. •They are mostly located in Europe and affiliated to educa[onal ins[tu[ons. Their focus is on Goals 17 (Partnership), 4 (Educa[on), 16 (Ins[tu[ons), and 11 (Sustainable Ci[es and Communi[es). •They contribute at the na[onal level in consul[ng na[onal/local government for the SDGs.
  16. 16. Three types of RCEs •These RCEs are characterized by long-term financial stability. •Collabora[ons between network partners are horizontal, bilateral or ver[cal depending on the funding scheme.
  17. 17. Three types of RCEs •Cluster 3 corresponds to Versa[le (Polyvalent) RCEs. •About 26 percent of respondents belong to this cluster. •Fily percent of them are located in Europe. •They are affiliated to diverse organiza[ons.
  18. 18. Three types of RCEs •Their ac[ons for SDGs cover most of the Goals, and range from research and adver[sing/ campaigning to development projects. •They operate in horizontal or bilateral collabora[ons but also as leaders of the ac[ons for the SDGs.
  19. 19. Three types of RCEs •They contribute to na[onal commieees and local government ac[ons. •These RCEs are more ac[ve in coopera[ng with interna[onal organisa[ons. • Their approach towards the SDGs is a combina[on of boeom-up and top-down, and they consider the 2030 Agenda as a method to measure impact. •Funding remains a challenge.
  20. 20. Challenges •Due to the [meline of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, about 70 percent of RCEs agree that changes are needed for adap[ng to the SDGs.
  21. 21. Challenges •Governance challenges are related to issues such as ver[cal outreach, horizontal outreach, equal partnership and access in the decision process, and structural changes. •Lack of autonomy from the hos[ng organisa[on is considered as an obstacle only by 19 percent of RCEs.
  22. 22. Horizontal Outreach •The necessity to expand the network with new partners for SDGs is stressed by 74 percent of RCEs.
  23. 23. Horizontal Outreach •Another iden[fied challenge is to engage exis[ng partners in long term commitments for SDGs. •The results of our survey indicate that RCE partners deal independently with the SDGs in 65 percent of the cases, those not involved are 13 percent, and 19 percent might get involved in the future.
  24. 24. Vertical Outreach •Ver[cal outreach requires a stronger involvement of RCEs in the country processes and Voluntary Na[onal Reports. •Ver[cal integra[on is considered crucial for the implementa[on of the 2030 Agenda, depending on poli[cal will at central level, resources and capaci[es to deal with Targets and Indicators, and the degree of involvement of non-state actors.
  25. 25. Structural Changes •Only 10 percent of RCEs perceive changes in leadership and governance structures to be necessary for the SDG process.
  26. 26. Structural Changes •A majority of RCEs believe in a boeom-up approach led by their networks to be most effec[ve for SDGs implementa[on. •About one third of the respondents believe in a top-down approach, preferably led by na[onal or interna[onal organisa[ons. •Forty-five percent of RCEs prefer to use a focus- oriented approach for selected Goals, when they intersect with their thema[c issues.
  27. 27. Finances • The results of the survey iden[fy the lack of financial resources for the SDGs as the biggest challenge. • Establishing long term financial mechanisms and the need for addi[onal resources are considered a major challenge by 94 percent of the respondents.
  28. 28. Recommandations •Increase horizontal outreach by extending the network with new influencing partners with interest in SDGs related issues. •Increase the parPcipaPon of the business sector for joint commitments for the SDGs.
  29. 29. Recommandations •Increase partner's access to network decision making processes, engaging the exisPng partners in long term commitments for the SDGs. •Increase verPcal outreach by bigger parPcipaPon in SDG naPonal processes, such as naPonal commiSees for SDGs and the preparaPon of VNRs (Voluntary NaPonal Reports).
  30. 30. Recommandations •Encourage collaboraPons for SDGs with other RCEs through RCEs global network. •Establish collaboraPon with internaPonal organisaPons acPve in SDG processes. •Encourage joint financial commitments among the network partners for the SDGs.
  31. 31. Reference The contribu-on of Regional Centers of Exper-se for the implementa-on of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Kalterina Shulla, Walter Leal Filho, Salim Lardjane, Jan Henning Sommer, Amanda Lange Salvia, Chris[an Borgemeister. Journal of Cleaner Produc/on Vol. 237 (2019). heps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/ar[cle/pii/ S0959652619326691

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