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Sustainable Transportation in Melbourne


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Sustainable Transportation in Melbourne
Presented by Mr. Joseph Strzempka, Mr. Esteban Velez Vega, and Ms. Hao Yin
2018 ProSPER.Net Leadership Programme
12-16 November, 2018

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Sustainable Transportation in Melbourne

  1. 1. Sustainable Transportation in Melbourne A people centered approach Hao Yin, Joseph Strzempka & Esteban Velez
  2. 2. Sustainable transportation “The provision of services and infrastructure for the mobility of people advancing economic and social development to benefit today’s and future generations in a manner that is safe, affordable, accessible, efficient, and resilient, while minimizing carbon and other emissions and environmental impacts.” (Mobilizing Sustainable Transport for Development, 2016)
  3. 3. Target & Indicator 11.2 By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons 11.2.1 Proportion of population that has convenient access to public transport, by sex, age and persons with disabilities
  4. 4. (Mobilizing Sustainable Transport for Development, 2016)
  5. 5. CONTEXT City of Melbourne and Surrounding Suburbs Population: 5,000,000 Topography: Flat (20m variation) Urban density: 500/km2 Weather: High 26c - Low 6c , 140 days of rain Population age: Median 36 / 30 to 39 ride 16.6kms (longest commuting) Average commuting distance: Women - 14.6 Men - 17.8
  6. 6. Mode Share source: City-of-melbourne-bicycle-plan-2016-2020
  7. 7. Commuting trends More than 1.3 million Melburnians, or 74% of the commuting population, are relying solely on car to get to work (2016) source: Australian bureau of statistics
  8. 8. Existing Infrastructure Trams: 245 kilometres, 500 trams on 28 routes, and 1,813 tram stops. Trains: 16 rail lines Buses: almost 300 routes Bike Share: 51 docks Roads: The city's total road length is 21,381 km Taxis: 4,660 licensed - 443 wheelchair-accessible Car hailing: 500 vehicles
  9. 9. Mortality rate
  10. 10. Identified Challenges Car culture and social norms and behaviors Suburban sprawl and low-density First Mile Last Mile (FMLM) Issues Interconnectivity Growing population Air pollution Greenhouse gases
  11. 11. Planning Projects 1. The West Gate Tunnel: Victorian Government invests $6.7 billion major road project. 2. Metro Tunnel: Victorian Government $11 billion major public transport project. 3. City Road Master Plan 4. Last Kilometre Freight Plan 5. A Strategy for the Docklands Transport Network 6. CBD and Docklands Parking Plan 2008–2013
  12. 12. Cycling Bicycle Plan: Investing in new and upgraded bicycle routes; Keep bike lane clear; Traffic calming measures: maximum 40 km/h; Minimum distance overtaking cycling: 1 meter for roads with speed limits 60km/h; Bike Sharing Schemes: with helmets, 51 docking stations
  13. 13. Transport Strategy 1. Integrate transport and land use planning 2. Go anywhere, anytime public transport for inner Melbourne 3. Optimise the transport effectiveness of inner Melbourne’s roads 4. Create pedestrian friendly high-mobility public transport streets in the central city 5. Make Melbourne a cycling city 6. Foster innovative, low-impact freight and delivery in central Melbourne.
  14. 14. Transport Sustainability Framework
  15. 15. Short Term Solutions
  16. 16. Short Term Solutions CRITERIA Easy / fast to implement Low capital investment High social acceptance
  17. 17. SHORT TERM SOLUTION #1 SHIFT Public-Private Associations to incentivize public and non-motorized transport use
  18. 18. PPA for Incentivizing Public and Non-Motorized Transport Use Provide preferential tax treatment to firms demonstrating City of Melbourne desired mode share before 2030 Data collection (and sharing) through bicycle RFID, pedometers/personal fitness trackers, Myki usage (use of ICT and IOT) Provide strategies and incentives for corporations/ institutions to foster public and non-motorized transportation. Eg. Private BSS & car sharing groups. Government leadership in incentivizing public and non-motorized transport use. Eg. 30 days of NMT, 1 free paid leave day.
  19. 19. PPA for Incentivizing Public and Non-Motorized Transport Use (Existing Example)
  20. 20. SHORT TERM SOLUTION #2 AVOID Public sector demonstrating effective telecommuting strategies
  21. 21. Promote Telecommuting in the Public Sector Allow for 4+1 or 3+2 work weeks (4/3 days in office 1/2 days telecommute) where viable Reduces traffic congestion Improved efficiency and quality of life for employees Symbolic action - Public Sector acting as signaler - Nearly 240,000 public employees in Victoria
  22. 22. SHORT TERM SOLUTION #3 IMPROVE Non-motorized transport CBD experience
  23. 23. Non-motorized Transport CBD Experience Reduce speed limit in CBD from 40km/h to 30km/h and from 60km/h and 50km/h to 40km/h Lower speed limits in these areas will save lives and prevent and reduce the amount of casualty accidents every year. A pedestrian hit by a vehicle travelling at 50km/h is four times more likely to be killed or seriously injured than if hit at 40km/h. ( Increased pedestrian street crossing time Experiment with additional pedestrian-only zones Public service campaigns to raise awareness and promote safe use of shared-use roadways Increased fines and policy enforcement for private vehicle infractions
  24. 24. Long Term Solutions
  25. 25. LONG-TERM SOLUTION #1 SHIFT TOD: transit-oriented development First-mile/last mile transportation Create multiple city centres Nightingale model (example)
  26. 26. Transit Oriented Development (TOD) - Urban planning trend that promotes vibrant, livable, sustainable communities through the creation of compact, walkable, pedestrian-oriented, mixed-use communities centered around high quality public transport systems. ● Promote corporations to move to the suburbs ● FMLM (multimodal transport systems) ● Regulate land use (mix used) ● Building guidelines (bicycle facilities, handicapped accesibility)
  27. 27. LONG-TERM SOLUTION #2 IMPROVE Public Sector Fleet Transition to Electric Vehicles
  28. 28. Public Sector Fleet Transition to Electric Vehicles Replace government fleet with EVs when up for replacement Purchase green energy for offices (including charging stations) Contract with domestic car manufacturers to build domestic EV industry Symbolic action - Public Sector acting as signaler - Nearly 240,000 public employees in Victoria
  29. 29. LONG-TERM SOLUTIONS #3 AVOID Plan Melbourne 2050
  30. 30. Plan Melbourne 2050
  31. 31. Conclusions The first barrier to overcome are social norms and behaviors Melbourne must bridge immediate needs with long-term Plan Melbourne 2050 The increasing population, and diversity of the population, creates unique challenges More sustainable transport will require a shifting use, improving efficiency, and avoiding unnecessary transport
  32. 32. Thank You!