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A Multi-Stakeholder Approach Towards the Preservation of Rimi (Kapok Tree) within RCE Zaria Region

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A Multi-Stakeholder Approach Towards the Preservation of Rimi (Kapok Tree) within RCE Zaria Region
Case Study Session
Mr Ahmad Muktar, RCE Zaria
9th African Regional RCE Meeting
5-7 August, 2019, Luyengo, Eswatini

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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A Multi-Stakeholder Approach Towards the Preservation of Rimi (Kapok Tree) within RCE Zaria Region

  1. 1. 2019/08/12 1 A multi-stakeholder approach towards the preservation of Rimi (Kapok tree) within RCE Zaria Region Centre for Spatial Information Science Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. A Multi-stakeholder Approach towards the Preservation of Rimi (Kapok tree) within RCE Zaria Region Presented at 9th African RCE Meeting held between 5th – 7th August 2019 at University of Eswatini, Eswatini Presented by: Ahmad Muktar Centre for Spatial Information Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria – Nigeria. A multi-stakeholder approach towards the preservation of Rimi (Kapok tree) within RCE Zaria Region Centre for Spatial Information Science Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Motivation  Zaria is known by its tall trees, like long avenue of gigantic poplars (rimi) running across the horizon from north to south, stretching from the south end of one detached mount to the end of another…Clapperton's report,1966  Rimi adon gari usumanu na Zaria….. Mamman Shata Meaning Kopak the beauty of a town A multi-stakeholder approach towards the preservation of Rimi (Kapok tree) within RCE Zaria Region Centre for Spatial Information Science Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. RCE Zaria Region  Zaria It is located 11.11 latitude and 7.72 longitude  The area is made up of two Local Government Area Zaria & Sabon gari.  Zaria covers approximately 563Km2 land area. A multi-stakeholder approach towards the preservation of Rimi (Kapok tree) within RCE Zaria Region Centre for Spatial Information Science Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Environmental Characteristics  Zaria is a major city in Kaduna State in Northern Nigeria.  An important Centre of the Northern Agricultural industry and the hub for the collation, distribution and marketing of agricultural produce.  It is also home to many of Nigeria’s important National educational, Research and Training institutions.  With a population of over 1 million people.  Most people engage in informal economic activities.  One of the preferred destinations for education and attractive choice for people leaving the rural areas for better opportunities.  Zaria is experiencing high rates of growth in terms of increase in population and rapid expansion. A multi-stakeholder approach towards the preservation of Rimi (Kapok tree) within RCE Zaria Region Centre for Spatial Information Science Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Rationale for the Project • The plant specie is gradually fading out of the area with little or no effort towards replanting. • There’s the need to review and re-implement the old law proclaimed by the then Emir Aliyu Sani Sidi against cutting of the Kopak tree. • There is the need to educate people to have a change of attitude towards the tree especially due to the superstitious beliefs of the people towards the tree. A multi-stakeholder approach towards the preservation of Rimi (Kapok tree) within RCE Zaria Region Centre for Spatial Information Science Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Objectives • Identify the existing tree population. • Create community awareness on the effect of vegetation on the region with more emphasis on the decreasing numbers of Kapok tree in the region. • Mobilize traditional rulers and youth within the community to preserve the remaining trees and chart way forward for drafting a policy guide on sustainable use of the environment.
  2. 2. 2019/08/12 2 A multi-stakeholder approach towards the preservation of Rimi (Kapok tree) within RCE Zaria Region Centre for Spatial Information Science Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. The Challenges  It has been observed that over the years people are fond of cutting down the trees with no effort for plant replacements.  People are taken away by economic importance of trees while paying less attention to the environmental consequences.  Lack of clear understanding of SDG goals.  The historical landmark associated with the ancient city is gradually fading out.  This activity directly hinders the attainment of Goal 13 and 15 of the SDG. A multi-stakeholder approach towards the preservation of Rimi (Kapok tree) within RCE Zaria Region Centre for Spatial Information Science Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Kopak tree (Ceiba pentandra)  Kopak tree is a large deciduous tree.  Kapok has a broad straight trunk and almost horizontally spreading branches  Trunk and branches are supported by prickly buttresses at the base  Giant in nature, usually reaches a height of about 30-70 m.  Produces large quantities of clustered flowers, yellowish white to rose, silky and densely hairy on the outer surface.  Long (10-30 cm) capsule of fruits hanging from branches  Fruits are rich in fibre.  The tree has a high yield of up to 700kg/ha of fibre. A multi-stakeholder approach towards the preservation of Rimi (Kapok tree) within RCE Zaria Region Centre for Spatial Information Science Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. History & Beliefs • The tree existence dates back as far as the Zazzau Emirate Kingdom. • There are different versions of stories about the existence of the tree. • Late Emir of Zazzau Alu Dan Sidi made a proclamation and forbid cutting of kopak tree. Village residents believe that:  Cutting the tree brings misfortunes to the individual as such they require fortification before cutting.  Poor yield on every farm that is close to the tree  Serve as host to spirits. A multi-stakeholder approach towards the preservation of Rimi (Kapok tree) within RCE Zaria Region Centre for Spatial Information Science Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Economic Importance of Kopak • Rimi trees produce fibres that were used for making, pillows, cushions and mattresses. • It serves as early warning system • The wood of the tree was used for making canoes and for military purposes such as lifidi (quilted armour for horses). • Rimi trees also served some strategic military functions. • They were used as spy posts against the approach of enemies. • Plank wood are produced for construction. A multi-stakeholder approach towards the preservation of Rimi (Kapok tree) within RCE Zaria Region Centre for Spatial Information Science Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Economic Importance of Kopak cont. • Economic activities taking place under the trees A multi-stakeholder approach towards the preservation of Rimi (Kapok tree) within RCE Zaria Region Centre for Spatial Information Science Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Milestone Existing Status of Rimi • Four Districts which include Samaru, Tudunwada, Sabongari and Zaria have been mapped. • Some few population of rimi tree are found across the four districts. • Some of the Rimi trees that have been removed within Zaria and Tudunwada districts have been identified. • Existing population on the existing rimi tree have been identified within Zaria and Tudun wada districts. • Traditional rulers and youth were mobilized and engaged in the process
  3. 3. 2019/08/12 3 A multi-stakeholder approach towards the preservation of Rimi (Kapok tree) within RCE Zaria Region Centre for Spatial Information Science Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Existing Status of Rimi Milestone cont. A multi-stakeholder approach towards the preservation of Rimi (Kapok tree) within RCE Zaria Region Centre for Spatial Information Science Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Threats to Rimi • Urban Development and expansion of the city • Economic value derived from products • Believes and tradition Rimi tree marked to be removed for road expansion at Rimin Kwakwa neighborhood. A multi-stakeholder approach towards the preservation of Rimi (Kapok tree) within RCE Zaria Region Centre for Spatial Information Science Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Proposed activities towards conservation • Identify and map the existing kopak tree within the RCE Zaria region. • Engage with the traditional rulers to re-introduce the previous policy that banned people from cutting the Kopak tree. • Create campaign on social media targeting local groups from the area. A multi-stakeholder approach towards the preservation of Rimi (Kapok tree) within RCE Zaria Region Centre for Spatial Information Science Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Proposed activities/Institutions towards preservation of Rimi Buy-in of traditional rulers 1 4 2 Non Governmental OrganizationsGovernment Research institutions A multi-stakeholder approach towards the preservation of Rimi (Kapok tree) within RCE Zaria Region Centre for Spatial Information Science Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Conclusion • There is the need for Zazzau emirate council to re-affirm the old law by Emir Alu Dan Sidi that forbid the cutting of Rimi to safeguard the remaining 114 Rimi trees and others within Zaria. • Government and Research institutions to include Kopak trees in their tree planting campaign. A multi-stakeholder approach towards the preservation of Rimi (Kapok tree) within RCE Zaria Region Centre for Spatial Information Science Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Thank you for Listening

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