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Promotion of Sustainable Organic Farming in Mekong Delta in Vietnam


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Promotion of Sustainable Organic Farming in Mekong Delta in Vietnam
Case Study Session
Dr. Pham Thi Hoa, RCE Southern Vietnam
12th Asia-Pacific Regional RCE Meeting
4-6 June, 2019, Hangzhou, China

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Promotion of Sustainable Organic Farming in Mekong Delta in Vietnam

  1. 1. Promotion of sustainable organic farming in Mekong Delta in Vietnam RCE Southern Vietnam Dr. Pham Thi Hoa
  2. 2. 1. Background information – Project objectives,… 2. Project methodology 3. Findings on the situation of organic farming in Mekong delta. 4. Research for more technical solutions which can effectively used in organic farming 5. Information dissemination Presentation outline
  3. 3. 1. Background Information
  4. 4. *From 2018, Vietnamese government start implementing many institutional supports for organic agriculture development to meet the increasing demand for organic products. However, the country still puts priorities on conventional farming to ensure food security. However, organic farming in Vietnam is still underdeveloped. Many farmers still hesitate to invest in organic farming due to high costs, strictly requirements different (to get certification), and under-established output market.
  5. 5. Current situation raise up the need for The regional center of Expertise on Education for Sustainable Development in Southern Vietnam (RCE Southern Vietnam) implementing the project: “Promotion of sustainable organic farming in Mekong Delta in Vietnam”
  6. 6. 2. Project Methodology
  7. 7.  The project main goal is to promote sustainable organic farming in the provinces in Southern Part of Vietnam.  In specific, the project aims to propose suitable farming models for sustainable organic agriculture that can be applied in different conditions of Mekong Delta.
  8. 8.  The project achievement will provide necessary information for local stakeholders and government agencies to develop their plans and policy to develop the organic agriculture of the province.  This project also aim at building capacity for the farmers related to organic agriculture technique
  9. 9. Project Methodology Field trip Experts Consultancy Laboratory Experiments Case study & Desktop review Workshop, capacity building seminar
  10. 10. To understand about the potentials for sustainable organic agriculture in Southern provinces in Vietnam, several field trips to the agriculture sites in Mekong Delta, as well as several focus group interviews with provincial stakeholders were conducted. Project methodology (cont.)
  11. 11. 3. Findings on the status of organic farming in Mekong delta
  12. 12.  At present, almost provinces in Mekong Delta as well as Ho Chi Minh City still apply the conventional agriculture activities.  With the support of local and regional planning policies, the general trend for agricultural development in several agricultural areas (such as Hochiminh City and Long An province) is high-tech farming orientation, funded by government or provincial budget under the project "Application of high technology associated with restructuring of agriculture”.
  13. 13. Currently, Long An Province has funded 14 models of high-tech vegetable production farms, with a total area of over 630 hectares. Farmers were instructed to produce safe vegetables in accordance with VietGAP or Global standards. The vegetables are produced in green houses, in combination with automatic irrigation systems and use of plant protection drugs in the correct dosage and proper time of isolation.
  14. 14. VietGap or GlobalGap are the main standards applied by many farms and agriculture companies in Mekong Delta For example: the Thạnh Lợi Agricultural service cooperatives in Long An province is currently producing both VietGap Dragonfruit and GlobalGap Lime in their farming sites.
  15. 15. Similarly, the Biotechnology Center Of Ho Chi Minh City also develops their researches to support the high-technology agriculture models following the policy of the city government. Their scientists are currently performing the selection of genetically modified plants with good characteristics and qualities for improving agricultural production.
  16. 16. Currently, some companies/farms in Mekong Delta are maintaining their organic farming business despite many difficulties, such as: lacking of government planning for organic agriculture; less developed of output market, technical know-how is limited, low productively, cross contamination from adjacent conventional farms 2nd finding: Some organic agriculture models available in Mekong Delta
  17. 17. 1st case: Mono plantation of organic vegetable. There is a show-case for organic farming funded by private fertilizer company, display the high potential for organic farming model in the locality. At the Muoi-Hai Co-operative in Long Khe Commune, Long An Province, Mr. Le Van Giau – the farm owner, confirmed that his organically grown vegetables field can archive as good productivity as conventional cultivation method. However, the cost for organic field was surplus the non-organic field
  18. 18. Although the area for organic cultivation performed by Mr. Giau still in the experimenting stage, but there is a potential for this farm to play as demonstrational model for organic and semi- organic agriculture promotion in Long An Province.
  19. 19. 2nd case: Mono-culture of organic rice and fish Vien Phu Production and Trading Joint Stock Company is one of the pioneers in organic agriculture in Vietnam, with 180 ha of paddy field, 40 ha of fishery ponds, and 80 ha of vegetables in Ca Mau Province. The Hoa Sua Rice, their major product, was certificated as the organic product by USDA in 2014.
  20. 20. 3rd case: Agro-Forestry model Another model of successful organic farming also located in Ca Mau Province, that is The Wood Processing Import & Export Ca Mau Company. The company is utilizing the farming field for the wood growing and processing combining with the production of Cavendish banana.
  21. 21. 4nd case: Integrated mangrove- shrimp farming The eco-prawn from Minh Phu Seafood Corp. is also a organic-certificated product cultivated in Ca Mau Province. This farming model is called eco-prawn because the prawns are cultured in the ponds covered by the forest canopy. The shrimps develop naturally after seedling, and will be harvested by farmers and distributed by Minh Phu Company. The product was certificated by Naturland Association for Organic Agriculture.
  22. 22.  5nd: The Prawn-Rice rotational cropping  There is one special farming model in Ca Mau province is considered highly likely to be the next organic specialty of the Province
  23. 23. Prawn was raised on the same rice cultivation area. After a prawn crop, the aquaculture waste is converted and absorbed by the rice in the next cultivation. In contrast, after the rice crop, the decomposed straw creates the habitat and natural food source for prawns in the next crop.
  24. 24.  As a result, this model contributes to reducing production costs, increasing productivity and profitability. The rice prawn model also has the advantage of high survival rate of seed and low risk for both agro-products growing on that area.
  25. 25. With a large area preserved for agriculture and aquaculture and many successful organic models currently operating, Ca Mau can be considered a potential major point for developing organic farming center in Mekong Data.
  26. 26. The finding from agriculture models from Mekong Delta has revealed 3 key points required for a successful organic agriculture farm:  Suitable local natural conditions and resources.  Low-cost cultivation process with high productivity.  Stable output market for the product.
  27. 27. The current organic farms in Mekong Delta still have to face with many difficulties to maintain their business. Presently, there is no official support policy for organic agriculture in the provinces. Organic businesses have to raise their own funds, manage to perform their farming method and product output.
  28. 28. 4. Research for more technical solutions which can effectively used in organic farming
  29. 29. To promote stronger development of organic products, project also aims at researching for more technical solution which can be applied in organic farms, and can be adapted to local conditions
  30. 30. The research component covered the following topics:  Research and transfer methods to enhance the soil fertilities (from 2016-2017).  Research and transfer water treatment system for water re-circulation in farms (from 2016-2018).
  31. 31.  The model provided option for a low-cost treatment of soil in agricultural areas using biomass of locally abundant plants, for example water hyacinth, that can be harvested from the existing pond or river nearby.  This is an integrated solution, in which water hyacinth can absorbed water pollution, and later be used as soil conditioner. Unlocking Potential of Aquatic Plant and Macro-Algae as Soil Enhancer for Supporting Agriculture Sector Enhancing the soil fertilities in agriculture areas with aquatic plants and macro-algae
  32. 32. The project is performed to research on the ability of water hyacinth’s biomass utilization reasonably in wastewater treatment and soil improvement to reduce the harmful effects of this invasive plant to environment and develop the biological fertilizer sources from water hyacinth. After the treatment, the aquatic plant was harvested to be used as natural fertilizer and then as soil enhancer at the end of process. Evaluate the potential of water hyacinth as soil enhancer
  33. 33. 5. Information dissemination
  34. 34.  Project findings were disseminated in two workshop with local stakeholders and farmers.  The workshop brought experts in the field together, share project finding and discuss the potential as well as methodology for further developing of organic agriculture in Southern Provinces of Vietnam.
  35. 35. Organize training workshop for local people
  36. 36. With this project, we found that:  Feasible organic farming models are available at the places  But organic farming practice need even more support for the change in large scale taking place.
  37. 37. THE END