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Moving toward Low Carbon Agriculture through ESD: Case Study of Kampong Cham Province, Cambodia

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Moving toward Low Carbon Agriculture through ESD: Case Study of Kampong Cham Province, Cambodia
Case Study Session
Dr. Jeeranuch Sakkhamduang, RCE Greater Phnom Penh
12th Asia-Pacific Regional RCE Meeting
4-6 June, 2019, Hangzhou, China

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Moving toward Low Carbon Agriculture through ESD: Case Study of Kampong Cham Province, Cambodia

  1. 1. Moving toward Low Carbon Agriculture through ESD: Case study of Kampong Cham Province, Cambodia RCE Greater Phnom Penh and Institute of Environmental Rehabilitation and Conservation (ERECON) the 12th AP-RCE Conference, Hangzhou, China 4-6 June 2019
  2. 2. Content  Introduction of RCE Greater Phnom Penh  Project’s rational, aims and activities  Outcomes of the 1st and 2nd year  Roles of stakeholders  Lessons learned and key message
  3. 3. RCE Greater Phnom Penh  RCE Greater Phnom Penh (RCE-GPP) was officially acknowledged by UNU- IAS in December 2009  It works in Phnom Penh, Cambodia and with its six surrounding provinces such as Kampong Cham, Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Speu, Kandal, Prey Veng andTakeo  The activities has been being focused on promoting Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) in the area of Greater Phnom Penh, especially regarding the Food,Agriculture and Environmental Education
  4. 4. Project’s rational  Insufficient agricultural extension service in Cambodia is one of the factors lead to unsustainable agricultural practices  Unsustainable agricultural practices lead to several environmental problems, one of those is the release of greenhouse gas from burning farm residues, transportation of agricultural inputs and etc.  To enhance ability of extension officers and farmers to tackle the mentioned problems, Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is the key approach of the project  RCE GPP is implementing Project on Promoting Sustainable Agricultural Conditions for Poverty Reduction in Kampong Cham Province from October 2017-September 2020  The project aims to promote sustainable agricultural conditions through various forms of education for change agents (agricultural extension officers) and farmers in the province
  5. 5. Project Aims  Aims: ◦ Setting up the conditions to promote sustainable agriculture in the province ◦ PDA and DOA officers as well as farmers gain knowledge and technique of sustainable farming with cyclic use of natural resources ◦ Capacity of PDA and DOA officers for promotion of sustainable agriculture is built up ◦ Poverty level is lowered among farmers by reducing the purchase amounts of chemical fertilizer and pesticide, and income, environmental and health issues are improved through producing better agricultural products ◦ ESD and SDGs are widely recognized and achieved
  6. 6. Kampong Cham Province  Project area covers ten districts of Kampong Cham Province
  7. 7. Project Activities Learning • Technical training for agricultural extension officers and 500 district groups farmers • Workshop for 1,000 general farmers Collaboration • MoA signing between key stakeholders • Project evaluation by stakeholders and external experts Outreaches • Guidebooks on sustainable farming practices • District model farms as a showcase of sustainable farming practices • Center for promoting sustainable agricultural practices in provincial and district levels • Conditions for sales of low chemical inputs agricultural products
  8. 8. Outcomes of the 1st and 2nd year (1) 1.Technical training in Cambodia and Thailand for PDAFF and DDAFF officers under the theme of “Improving Soil Fertility” and “Pellet Compost and Irrigation Techniques” were conducted 2. Guidebooks on sustainable farming with cyclic use of natural resources are under process of editing by experts in agricultural field 3. MOA signing among PDAFF, DDAFF, Royal University of Agriculture (RUA) and Kampong Cham National School of Agriculture (KCNSA) ◦ Collaboration between academic experts and PDAFF/DAFFs ◦ Dispatch of experts from RUA and KCNSA to support training/workshops ◦ Internship for students at PDAFF/DDAFFs etc.
  9. 9. 4. Making PDAFF and DDAFFs the center for promoting sustainable agriculture 5.Workshops for District Group for Promoting Sustainable Agriculture (DG) under the topic of “Improving Soil Fertility” was conducted for 500 DG members in 10 districts. Outcomes of the 1st and 2nd year (2)
  10. 10. 6. District Model Farm (DMF), 20 DMF were established in 10 districts 7.Workshop for general farmers under the topic of “Improving Soil Fertility” was conducted for 1,000 farmers in 10 districts 8. Annual evaluation of project was conducted on August 2018 Outcomes of the 1st and 2nd year (3)
  11. 11. Image of dissemination of knowledge and technique ActivityStakeholders Monitoring PDAFF and DDAFF officersTechnical training Workshop Model farmers and DG farmers ERECON, RUA and KPCNSA General farmers ERECON, PDAFF and DDAFF officers ERECON, PDAFF and DDAFF officers Model farmers and DG farmers ERECON, PDAFF and DDAFF officers RUA and KPCNSA Model farmers, DG farmers and General farmers Workshop Stakeholders Feedback Feedback Revise/ improve Revise/ improve JAPAN JAPAN JAPAN JAPAN
  12. 12. Roles of stakeholders  ERECON, executes and facilitates the project  RUA and KPCNSA, providing experts to support trainings/workshops, arrange students for internship  KPCPDAFF, supports the premise for constructing the center for promoting sustainable agriculture, PDAFF and DOAFF officers disseminating knowledge and techniques, involve the concept, practices, knowledge from the project to sub-national policy  Farmers, applying knowledge and transfer to other farmers JAPAN RUA KPCNSA ERECON Farmer KPCPDA RCE Greater Phnom Penh
  13. 13. Projects SDGs andTargets End poverty in all its forms everywhere End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture 4.7 All learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, through education for sustainable development Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns 13.3 Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning
  14. 14. Lessons Learned from the 1st and 2nd year  From the first year of the project, the main challenge is the low literacy level of famers  It makes the stakeholders to improve conventional outreaches from pamphlet/handout to demonstration and practice which can engage more farmers and make them more understand the content/message  Closely monitoring or farm visit is vital to encourage farmers to practice more of sustainable agriculture practices
  15. 15. Lessons Learned from the 1st and 2nd year ActivityStakeholders Monitoring PDAFF and DDAFF officersTechnical training Workshop Model farmers and DG farmers ERECON, RUA and KPCNSA General farmers ERECON, PDAFF and DDAFF officers ERECON, PDAFF and DDAFF officers Model farmers and DG farmers ERECON, PDAFF and DDAFF officers RUA and KPCNSA Model farmers, DG farmers and General farmers Workshop Stakeholders Feedback Feedback Revise/ improve Revise/ improve Image of dissemination of knowledge and technique University students from KPCNSA
  16. 16. Key Message  To promote sustainable agriculture that leads to responsible consumption and production and low- carbon agriculture, smallholder farmer is the fundamental of the change which leads to the goals  Education for sustainable development is indispensable for smallholder farmers to change their conventional agricultural practice to sustainable farming practices
  17. 17. Thank you very much for your attention!

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