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Keynote presentation on SDGs and Cities


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Keynote presentation on SDGs and Cities
Dr. Kazuhiko Takemoto (UNU-IAS)
2018 ProSPER.Net Young Researchers' School
5 March 2018

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Keynote presentation on SDGs and Cities

  1. 1. SDGs and Cities March 5, 2018 Kazuhiko (Kazu) Takemoto Director of UNU-IAS 2018 ProSPER. Net Young Researchers’ School
  2. 2. Contents 1. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for Cities 2. Efforts toward Achieving SDGs 3. Actions for Sustainable Cities 2
  3. 3. 3 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (Sep. 2015) 17 Goals and 169 Targets were adopted at the UN General Assembly (Sep. 2015)
  4. 4. 4 Background of the SDGs Following-up remaining issues of the MDGs Serious Consideration of Planetary Boundaries Policy making process with a wide range of stakeholders Steffen et al. (2015)
  5. 5. SDGs for Cities Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable • Goals focusing on issues related to cities such as settlements, transportation, disasters, environment, culture and natural heritage in a cross-sectoral manner (Evolved greatly from the MDGs) • Many other goals are linked to SDG 11 (Examples: health and well-being (Goal 3), education (Goal 4), gender (Goal 5), water and sanitation (Goal 6), employment (Goal 8), etc.) • Encourage all stakeholders engaged in urban activities ― Cities provide a platform for the partnership among Government, citizens and local industries. 5
  6. 6. 1. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for Cities 2. Efforts toward Achieving SDGs 3. Actions for Sustainable Cities 6
  7. 7. 7 International Actions Global Asia and the Pacific Region  Holding of the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) at the UN headquarters in July every year.  A voluntary review for 43 countries including Japan took place in July 2017  The next HLPF will review SDG6 (Clean water and Sanitation), SDG7 (Affordable and Clean Energy), SDG11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities), SDG12 (Responsible Consumption and Production) and SDG15 (Life on Land) in July 2018 in NY  Development of a regional roadmap and support towards implementation of SDGs and capacity-building by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). The UNU-IAS is supporting the development of guidelines for partnership.  Regional follow-up review by the Asia-Pacific Forum on Sustainable Development (APFSD) (APFSD 2018 will take place late this March)  The Guidelines for Partnership will be launched then.
  8. 8. 8 Countries in Asia  Inter-ministry cooperation, reinforcement of organization  Clarifying responsibility of implementation (mapping) - India  Establishment of a coordinating agency - Japan, Indonesia, Philippines, Turkmenistan, Armenia, China  Establishment of a specialized agency - Sri Lanka  Reflecting SDGs to domestic law - Indonesia, Pakistan  Including SDGs to national development plan or national policy - China, Philippines, Azerbaijan  implementation plan for SDGs has been developed in each countries (出典)ESCAP資料を基に作成
  9. 9. 9 National Level: Case in Japan  SDGs Promotion Headquarters (established in May 2016) • Chaired by the Prime Minister, and consists of all Ministers. • Japan has committed itself to achieving SDGs by mobilizing policies and measures by all Ministries.  G7 Ise-Shima Summit (May 2016) • The heads of G7 states committed themselves to taking the lead in achieving the SDGs.
  10. 10. 10 Round Table on SDGs • Established under the SDGs Promotion Headquarters in September 2016. • This round table has contributed to developing the “SDGs Implementation Guiding Principles” as the platform to reflect a wide range of views from multi-stakeholders. Members from the stakeholders Toshio Arima Global Compact Network Japan Tetsuo Kondo UNDP Masaki Inaba Ugoku/Ugokasu (NGO) Norihiro Takahashi Government Pension Investment Fund Ren Onishi Moyai Support Center for Independent Life (NPO) Kazu Takemoto UNU-IAS Fumiko Kasuga National Institute for Environmental Studies / Future Earth Akihiko Tanaka Tokyo University Norichika Kanie Keio University Kaoru Nemoto UNIC Kaori Kuroda NN Net/CSO Network Japan Masaya Futamiya Japan Federation of Economic Organizations Yasuko Kono National Liaison Committee of Consumers' Organizations Masaya Yoshida Japanese Trade Union Confederation
  11. 11. SDGs Implementation Guiding Principles 11 • Developed by the SDGs Promotion Headquarters on 22 December 2016 • Vision: “Become a leader toward a future where economic, social and environmental improvements are attained in an integrated, sustainable and resilient manner while leaving no one behind” • Major principles: 1) Universality, 2) Inclusiveness, 3) Participatory approach, 4) Integrated approach, 5) Transparency and accountability • Follow-up: the first round of follow-up and review of the present Implementation Guiding Principles will be completed by 2019 Eight priority areas (Prosperity) 3. Creating Growth Markets, Revitalization of Rural Areas, and Promoting Science Technology and Innovation 4. Sustainable and Resilient Land Use, Promoting Quality Infrastructure (People) 1. Empowerment of All People 2. Achievement of Good Health and Longevity (Planet) 5. Energy Conservation, Renewable Energy, Climate Change Countermeasures and Sound Material-Cycle Society 6. Conservation of Environment, including Biodiversity, Forests and the Oceans (Peace) 7. Achieving Peaceful, Safe and Secure Societies (Partnership) 8. Strengthening the Means and Frameworks for the Implementation of the SDGs
  12. 12. 1. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for Cities 2. Efforts toward Achieving SDGs 3. Actions for Sustainable Cities 12
  13. 13. International Initiatives • Adopted at the Third United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (HABITAT III) (Quito, Ecuador; October 2016) • This is an international initiative to provide policies and measures toward sustainable cities. Guidelines for the comprehensive implementation and localization of the SDGs, including SDG11. • Aiming for sustainable cities and communities through international, regional, national and local partnerships. • Emphasized responsibilities and roles of local governments (= cities). The New Urban Agenda 13
  14. 14. Initiatives in Japan 14 • In the G7 Toyama Environment Ministers' Meeting (May 2016), the Parallel Session on "The Role of Cities" was held. G7 Summit Process
  15. 15. SDGs Implementation Guiding Principles (December 22, 2016) 15 Partnership Roles of Local Governments The Government of Japan will foster a participatory approach in which all stakeholders play a role in our efforts to build a sustainable society. Local governments and other local stakeholders are absolutely essential to the nationwide implementation of SDGs-related measures. The national government will therefore encourage local governments to incorporate the SDGs into their strategies and policies as much as possible. Government ministries will support the efforts of local governments through measures to promote partnership among various stakeholders in achieving the SDGs.
  16. 16. Education Medical Care Energy ICT Mobility Housing and Buildings Environment Response to Aging Society Others Social Value Environmental Value Economic Value Health Care/Medical Care/ Welfare/DRR/Education Job Opportunity/ Income/New Business Low Carbon Technologies/ Air and Water/Biodiversity/3R 16 Same concept as SDGs in the context of the integration of environmental, social, and economic dimensions: Future Cities
  17. 17. List of Future Cities ・Yokohama City (Kanagawa) ・Kitakyushu City (Fukuoka) ・Toyama City (Toyama) ・Kashiwa City (Chiba) ・Shimokawa Town (Hokkaido) ・Kesennuma City (Miyagi) ・Kamaishi City (Iwate) ・Iwanuma City (Iwate) ・Higashi-matsushima City(Miyagi) ・Minamisoma City (Fukushima) ・Shinchi Town (Fukushima) 17
  18. 18. Further Step: SDGs Future Cities 18 Future City Environmental model city Promotion Council for the “FutureCity” Initiative SDGs FutureCity Cities who are fully engaged in addressing SDGs will be designated by the Government this year!
  19. 19. 19 Role of Cities in Achieving SDGs 1. Cities are the administrative organizations closest to the citizens. They produce realistic and highly effective policies taking into account local circumstances such as the history, culture, society and economy, and have the capacity and responsibility to implement policies. → Enhancing the quality of life of residents 2. Their position stands between the Governmental Ministries and local communities including industries and citizens, and therefore, they can enhance partnership between stakeholders in implementing measures toward achieving SDGs. → Leaders for local vitalization 3. Initiatives and experience in advanced cities (pioneers) will be shared with local governments in Japan and overseas through SDGs as a “common language”. → Leaders for international cooperation
  20. 20. 20 Cities’ initiatives will contribute to the global sustainability through SDGs as a “common language”! Future City Environmental model city Promotion Council for the “FutureCity” Initiative SDGs FutureCity