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Hidden Crisis Malawi – UPGro: A social and natural science approach to enabling sustainable use of groundwater for the benefit of the poor

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Hidden Crisis Malawi – UPGro: A social and natural science approach to enabling sustainable use of groundwater for the benefit of the poor
Chikondi Shaba, RCE Zomba
8th African RCE Meeting
8-10 August, 2018, Zomba, Malawi

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Hidden Crisis Malawi – UPGro: A social and natural science approach to enabling sustainable use of groundwater for the benefit of the poor

  1. 1. Hidden Crisis Malawi UPGro: A social and natural science approach to enabling sustainable use of groundwater for the benefit of the poor Chikondi Shaba MScAnalyticalChemistry(UB) NEFAmbassadorMalawi
  2. 2. The problem • The new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) • set a much stronger focus on sustainability and performance of water services • highly ambitious goals to achieve universal access to safe and reliable water for all by 2030 1 • Poor functionality of water points threatens to undermine progress • Lack of knowledge of the reasons - difficult to recommend improvements and take corrective action. • Currently, there is no single accepted definition for functionality • although organisations are working towards this as a means of tracking progress towards the SDGs. 1. UN Water. 2013. A Post-2025 Global Goal on Water
  3. 3. Hidden Crisis unravelling current failures for future success in rural groundwater supply THE BIG IDEA • Millions of pounds of investment by water users, charities and tax-payers are wasted each year by water points failing soon after construction. • Getting a more complete understanding of how to keep water flowing from boreholes will reduce waste and improve water services for Africa’s poorest communities.
  4. 4. Hidden Crisis unravelling current failures for future success in rural groundwater supply RESEARCH AIM / HYPOTHESIS • The underlying causes of rapid failure of approximately a third of African rural groundwater sources are complex and multi- faceted • But with interdisciplinary approaches • Understood • diagnosed • ultimately anticipated and mitigated
  5. 5. Three different survey phases (2016-18) • Survey 1 – A rapid survey of 200 hpb • To establish data on the different levels of functionality performance. • Survey 2 – A detailed survey of 50 hpb • To provide detailed physical and social science datasets • Data collated by detailed community discussions, deconstructing the water point to examine the construction and hydrogeological properties. • Longitudinal Studies – 6 -12 water points in Uganda and Malawi to monitor temporal changes in: • The use and performance of hand-pump boreholes • useor perceptions • the capacity of community management; • Groundwater and rainfall levels
  6. 6. Survey 1 • Location map of sampling sites of Survey 1 Malawi • Chosen by a stratified three-stage random sampling design.
  7. 7. Survey 1: Survey methods • At each HPB field tests were used to assess • water quality • Microbiology • Yield of the supply • Users perception of the HPB functionality performance • Experience and capacity of community management arrangements.
  8. 8. Survey 1 Results, Malawi Working No Flow 74% Figure 2 – Functionality assessed as working or not working Good yield Poor yield No Flow 66% Figure 3 –Functionality assessed as working with sufficient yield (10 L/min) Fully functioning good yield, unreliable poor yield poor yield , poor reliability No Flow but worked in last year Abandoned - no flow in last year 55% Figure 4 –Functionality performance – sufficient yield (>10 L/min) and reliability (<30 days downtime in the last year).
  9. 9. Survey 2: What we did Geology BH Component analysis Water Chemistry
  10. 10. What we found • We are heading towards data analysis stage however, during data collection stage, we found a few interesting things that may have an impact on functionality of BHs Vandalism Poor water quality Poor maintenance Silting up of BHsPoor downhole conditions Governance problems
  11. 11. What happens next • We are yet to do data analysis, compile results, make reports and disseminate the findings • As for me – I am still involved in the study • I am a full time lecturer in the Department of Chemistry at University of Malawi • Hoping to have a successful NEF Africa Science Week this September • PhD on my mind
  12. 12. Malawi country team • Sella Jumbo WaterAid Malawi • Mr Prince Mleta Deputy Director of Water Resources for the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Water Development • Evance Mwathunga University of Malawi • Theresa Mkandawire University of Malawi • Sembeyawo Banda University of Malawi • Patrick Makuluni University of Malawi

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