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"Future City Yokohama: Projects for De-carbonized Society"


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"Future City Yokohama: Projects for De-carbonized Society"
City of Yokohama
2018 ProSPER.Net Young Researchers' School
7 March 2018

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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"Future City Yokohama: Projects for De-carbonized Society"

  1. 1. Daisuke Nakayama Manager, Climate Change Policy Headquarters , City of Yokohama “FutureCity” Yokohama
  2. 2.  Yokohama is expected to continue to produce value of the economy, society, culture and environment through lively activities as a large city where many citizens and businesses gather.  Yokohama is responsible for returning the value created and solutions to solve urban problems to the world as a city that is supported by the supply of human resources, food, water, and energy from other regions in and outside of the country. Yokohama Innovation Social Value Health Culture Education Economic Value R&D Infrastructure Start-up Venture Environmental Value Water Green 3R Decarbonization Energy Other Regions in and outside of the country Energy Return of the Value and Solutions to Solve Urban Issues Creation of Sustainable Value Other Regions in and outside of the country 2 City of Yokohama in the Future Power of Citizen × Urban Resource = Simultaneous solution in Environment, Society and Economy Vision: Realization of Sustainability as a “Large City” Human Resource Supply of Management Resource Supply of Management Resource Human Resource
  3. 3. Population: 3.73million GDP: 12trillion yen Number of Office: 120thousand Number of Employee: 1.57million Product shipment amount: 4.3trillion yen Number of Tourist: 48.6million GHG Emission: 19.34million-tco2 Electricity Consumption 16billion-kwh Gas Consumption: 1billion m3 Number of House (Household): 1.58million Number of car: 1.32million Garbage amount: 100million-t 3 Situation of Yokohama – Key Numbers ●Proportion of Renewable Energy, CHP and Fuel Cell 11% (Electric power generation) ●Accumulation and Creation of Added Value ●Consumption and Emission by Urban Activity
  4. 4. 4 Situation of Yokohama - Challenges  In 2030, 70% of the urban infrastructure built during the high growth period has passed 40 years from operation.  Production age population declines and declining birthrate and aging population progresses. In 2030, the number of elderly people will exceed 1 million, of which 650,000 are over 75.  After the 2000s the situation of overdischarge has continued to Tokyo wards. (In 2016, 3860 people relocated to Tokyo Wards) Deterioration of Urban Infrastructure Progress of Declining Birthrate and Aging Population Sole Concentration to Tokyo
  5. 5. 5 Toward Climate Change Countermeasures and Simultaneous Solution of Economic and Social Challenge Yokohama City Action Plan for Climate Change Countermeasures (Established in 2011, Revised in 2014) Effectuation of Paris Agreement(2016) • 2℃ target and decarbonization in the latter part of 21st century. • Voluntary goal • PDCA Next Yokohama City Action Plan for Climate Change Countermeasures • Setting of GHG reduction targets based on the Paris Agreement etc. Yokohama City FutureCity Plan (Selected in 2011) SDGs(Sustainable Development Goals)adopted by UN(2016) • Simultaneous solution of environment, economy and society • Expectation to the city Next Yokohama City Future City Plan • Considering SDGs, plan formulation focusing on domestic and overseas transmission Creation of Yokohama's “large city model" that simultaneously solves climate change countermeasures and economic and social issues
  6. 6. 6 Efforts toward Smart City Yokohama Smart City Project (YSCP) Yokohama Smart Business Association (YSBA) City of Yokohama Private Companies PPP Cooperation SCADA EV FEMS /BEMS HEMS CEMS • In 2010, Yokohama was selected from METI as the "next generation energy and social system demonstration area" and YSCP was implemented. • We cooperated with 34 companies such as introduction of the system to homes and business buildings in order to optimize the balance of energy supply and demand in existing urban areas. • In order to develop and continue YSCP efforts from demonstration to implementation, we launched the Yokohama Smart Business Association in 2015,
  7. 7. Toward the Realization of Smart City ●Full Deployment of VPP (Virtual Power Plant) construction project ●Promotion and examination of local production of local consumption such as renewable energy ●”Yokohama Blue Carbon” - Focused on the characteristics of the city ●Flexibility of energy management CEMS Public Buildings VPP Private Buildings VPP EV VPP  Promote efficient energy management while trying to solve regional issues such as disaster prevention.  Creating an energy base utilizing city facilities such as sewage treatment plants and garbage incineration facilities. • Introduce self-contained distributed power source such as CGS and fuel cell, energy collaboration among multiple facilities • CGS implementation to Pacifico Yokohama • Taisei Corporation Technology Center • Tsunashima Sustainable Smart Town etc..  Demonstration experiment in cooperation with research institution, that the coastal area of the city is CO 2 absorption source.  Utilize CNCA Innovation Fund Electric generation amount approx. 3.8billionkWh※ / per year ※approx. 38% of electricity use in whole city facitilies
  8. 8. Electricity PV Storage batteries 10 or 15kWh Grid Power 3kWh Utilizing TEPCO EP Supply and demand balance adjustment Utilizing Yokohama City Disaster prevention power Substation equipment ・Normal times ・Emergency 【Schools】 School consumption ( Lighting, air conditioning, etc. ) VPP(Virtual Power Plant)Construction Project TEPCO EP utilizes the electricity of the battery as economical use in the range where 3 kWh is left in the normal state. 3 kWh of the remaining capacity will be used in emergency as power for disaster prevention by Yokohama City.
  9. 9. Smart City – Future Perspective CEMS Public Buildings VPPPrivate Buildings VPP Electric Vehicles VPP Image: convenience store Image: electric vehicles
  10. 10. • Accelerating Introduction of FCVs We are using 10 Toyota’s FCV “MIRAI” (at March 2018) as official car. • Deployment of Hydrogen Stations We have 6 hydrogen stations in the city (at March 2018) • Demonstration Project of utilization of hydrogen using Yokohama City Wind Power Plant(2015~2018) Yokohama Osanbashi Hydrogen station MIRAI (Yokohama City’s official car) Tsunashima Hydrogen station Transport Use Simple hydrogen filling trucks Water electrolysis equipment TOSHIBA Renewable energy electricity Hydrogen manufacturing Storage/compression hydrogenelectricity hydrogen Hydrogen storage tank Utilization of Hydrogen - As a foundation for the future
  11. 11. Cooperation with citizens and businesses ● Starbucks Coffee Japan × Turning off lights × LED ● WWF Japan × Turning off lights ● IKEA × Elderly in housing complex × LED “Nothing” is “Charming” Earth Hour IKEA presented LED to housing complex in Yokohama Solar power generation diffusion campaign ● Installation company × Home electronics mass retail store × PV
  12. 12. Cooperation with Overseas Cities Smart City Expo World Congress IUC Project Launch event Discussion Picture Diary of the Environment Barcelona, Spain Frankfurt, Germany San Diego, US Paris, France Vancouver Canada
  13. 13. Cooperation with International Networks / Organizations C40 / C40 Cities Award 2016 • Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy • C40 • ICLEI • CNCA (Carbon Neutral Cities Alliance) *“Yokohama Blue Carbon” Project got CNCA Innovation Fund • WWF Japan CNCA/ CNCA Innovation Fund Project Pitches
  14. 14. Smart Illumination Yokohama 2016 // Photo:AMANO STUDIO Conclusion