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Field Trip: Desa Wisata Rumah Domes


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Field Trip: Desa Wisata Rumah Domes
2019 ProSPER.Net Young Researchers' School
7 March 2019

Published in: Environment
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Field Trip: Desa Wisata Rumah Domes

  1. 1. History of the Earthquake On Saturday morning 27 May 2006, Indonesian citizen were mourning because a 6,7 SR earthquake shook Special Region of Yogyakarta. The earthquake that happened at 05:59 WIB had caused a great causality. Many resident houses were destroyed; many people lost their properties, government buildings were no exception. Schools and other public facilities were also destroyed, even thousands of people died because hit by the rubbles of the their houses, many had lost their family members; their parents and children. This disaster had caused an unbearable sadness. In a region of East Yogyakarta, Prambanan district; to be exact Sengir sub- village, Sumberharjo village; there was a small village in the slopes of a hill called Nglepen village that was also no exception to the disaster. The causality is even greater that the village could no longer be resided because of the earthquake. Because the land has collapsed because of landslide, the villagers immediately evacuated to safer places. The result of the disaster is not only that they lost their houses, but also the land was unable to be resided again. It was tragic. After four months long the villagers lived in emergency tents, there was delightful news from the government; the villagers would be relocated to a better place. Finally, on September 2006, the villagers got an aid from Non- Governmental Organization (NGO) from United States of America (USA), which is unique-shaped houses, Rumah Domes or igloo houses or commonly known as Rumah Teletubbies because it was shaped like the house of Teletubbies in a children’s show called Teletubbies. Also on September 2006, the house construction started. This Rumah Domes for Nglepen villagers were built on the land of Sumberharjo village. The construction of Rumah Domes finished on April 2007 and became official on 29 April 2007 by Minister for People’s Welfare, Prof. Dr. Alwi Shihab. After became official and given to the villagers, Rumah Domes could be resided by Nglepen villagers. Then on the behalf of NGO, this village was named NEW NGLEPEN. Because of its circular shaped roof, it was later known as Domes New Nglepen or Domes Teletubbies. History of Rumah Domes in General Rumah Domes is originated from United States of America, which is mean cupola or circle. That is why the shape of the house is circle. The houses made of concrete and have no roof. It was found by David South who is American. The finding of unique house was inspired by a house of potato sheds which is the shape is round. At a time, when tremendous earthquake
  2. 2. happened and destroyed all the resident’s houses and other buildings. It turns out that in the Eskimo Region the houses of round- shaped residents are not damaged and do not collapse. Then, by David South researched and developed to become a unique but earthquake-resistant, windproof, and fire-resistant Rumah Domes. Later on, Rumah Domes was developed by WANGO to help the victims of natural disasters in the world. WANGO means World Association of Non Govermental Organisations is Non Governmental Organization in USA. This organization provides special assistance in the form of Rumah Domes in the world and then named Domes For the World which means “ Rumah untuk dunia”. WANGO has built Rumah Domes in some countries in the world, among others in India, Canada, Indonesia, etc. Rumah Domes in Indonesia was built in the Special Region of Yogyakarta, precisely in Sub-village Sengir, Sumberharjo Village, District of Prambanan, Sleman Regency. Rumah Domes is the first in Asia. Built on an area of 2.8 ha, consists of 71 residential homes, 6 public MKC building, 1 Mosque building, 1 kindergarten building, and 1 House of Health building. The construction process began in September 2006 completed in April 2007 and inaugurated on April 29, 2007. Inaugurated by the Minister of Settlement at that time. April 30, 2007 began to be occupied by residents. Domes housing is then named DOMES NEW NGLEPEN by WANGO, because the inhabitants come from the NGLEPEN village. CONSTRUCTION PROCESS OF RUMAH DOMES Domes New Nglepen village started to build on September 2006, conducted by Mr. ich Crandall as the architecture in Indonesia. 1. Levelling the land Before building the house, the land must be levelled first for easier construction. 2. Building the foundation There are several steps in building the foundation  Creating a circle foundation with 7 m diameter for resident houses and MCK, 9 diameter for musola (a small building or room set for performing Islamic religious duty) and kindergarten.  After it is finished, the foundation is plaited with 12 mm length iron with spacing on each 20 mm in overall.
  3. 3.  The next step is pouring concrete with material mixture of sand and concrete with ratio 1:2. This mixture does not use stone at all.  After let it aside until it hardens and dry, then starts building the walls. 3. Building the walls There are several steps building the walls  Building the house structure Rumah Domes is built by using balloon mould. The balloon is pumped using compressor until it was stiff. There is also round- shaped balloon made of strong rubber that one mould can be used for 100 houses. This balloon is imported from USA because the balloon was not yet created in Indonesia.  Make a building bone Bones of this Domes house building using iron measuring 10 mm, with 40 cm webbing distance. The irons are plaiting in the matrix. Along with the mounting iron most of the house was installed also kosen-kosen (window or door frame) that made of wood.  The next step is casting house After iron and kosen finished, then proceed with the casting of the house wall, by plastered manually. The mix used is the same as the one used to make the floor.  Make room After the wall of the house is dry, the new balloon is taken in a way of blow out, then issued through the door. After that just make the room-barriers for the bedroom and so forth. This room is made of brick walls, which is given by iron bars.  Make the second floor (Ceiling) The second floor in Domes New Nglepen was made of the wooden board.  Finishing The last step is finishing. It is included: Wall painting, mounting tiles, and painting. To make a Domes house takes about 3 Weeks, it spend 200 iron bars, 200 sacks of cement and 4 trucks of sand. Total charges a Domes home about $ 4000. Domes house height 4.6m, wall thickness 10cm. One house is divided into 4 rooms. They are one living room, two bedrooms, and one kitchen
  4. 4. space. While the bathroom and WC apart from residential homes. MCK stands alone in the middle of the block, one building is divided into 8 rooms for 12 houses.