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Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Preparedness Encompassing Wellbeing of All, Everywhere, All the Time


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Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Preparedness Encompassing Wellbeing of All, Everywhere, All the Time
Dr Adbhesh Gangwar, RCE Srinagar
Asia-Pacific Regional RCE Meeting 2018
25-27 September, 2018, Parramatta (Sydney), Australia

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Preparedness Encompassing Wellbeing of All, Everywhere, All the Time

  1. 1. Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Preparedness encompassing well being of all, everywhere, all the time Dr. Abdhesh Kumar Gangwar RCE Srinagar, India
  2. 2. Indian Himalayan Region (IHR)
  6. 6. India States and Union Territories of India - 29 States - 07 Union territories 718 Districts (as on today) Second-level administrative division 100 Aspirational Districts 10 from Uttar Pradesh District Bahraich at the Bottom of the list
  7. 7.  Bahraich is one of the India's most backward districts  Population density of 706 inhabitants per sq km  Population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 46.08%  Sex ratio of 891 females for every 1000 males  Literacy rate of 51.1%  5 million children below 5 years die annually of
  8. 8. Bahraich District Jarwal Block 121 villages 78 Gram Panchayats 250,000 + Population (2011 Census) 234 Elementary Schools 700 Teachers 36,000 Students
  9. 9. Issues Climate Change - Extreme Weather Events Disasters - Floods Loss of livelihood - Poverty, Illiteracy - Quality Education Malnutrition - Stunted growth, Poor physical & mental development of children Migration of males - Social problems Gender discrimination Water, Sanitation & Hygiene
  10. 10. ‘Mehfuz’ & ‘Mustaidi’ Safety in School – Safe Schools Safety at Home – Safe Homes/ Villages School + Village = Unit of ESD Interventions Teacher – the change agent Village Governance & the Community involving Local Youth & Women
  11. 11. School School Management Committee School Development Plan Syllabus Curriculum DRR Awareness School Disaster Management Plan (SDMP) Mock Drills
  12. 12. Village Gram Panchayat (GP) Village Development Committee GP Development Plan DRR Awareness Village Contingency Plan (VCP) Mock Drills
  13. 13. DRR Awareness in Schools & Villages  Awareness about disasters  Dos & Don’ts  Mock drills  Hands on training on evacuation, fire safety, first aid, emergency response  School Disaster Management Plans (SDMP)  Reconstruction & Retrofitting  Schools - DRR Resource Centers  Psycho-social Care & Support
  14. 14.  Psychosocial care & support  Disaster related awareness/preparedness  Climate change adaptation  Natural resource management  Activity based, participatory and joyful teaching and learning methodology, child rights in general and under disaster conditions  Developing locale specific education & communication material Trainings Teachers Gram Panchayat Members Local Youth & Women
  15. 15. Multimedia mobile exhibition
  16. 16. Networking & Coordination  With District, State & National Disaster Management Authorities  With Local, National and International NGOs  With State Government Departments - Education, Social Welfare, Fire and Emergency Services, Army, Police  Academic Institutions and Experts
  17. 17. Advocacy  Government Agencies  Local Governance  NGOs  Civil Society  Policy Makers  Politicians  Youth Leaders
  18. 18. Achievements 234 elementary schools 36,000 students 700 teachers 78 Gram Panchayats 121 villages 250,000 + population DRR Preparedness & Psycho Social Care and Support amongst 250,000 people 234 ‘School Disaster Management Plan’ (SDMP) 121 ‘Village Contingency Plan’ (VCP)
  19. 19. Other Benefits Quality of Life Quality of Environment WASH Menstrual Hygiene Women Empowerment Open Defecation Free Environment Smokeless and Fuel Efficient Cook Stoves Improved Agriculture & Animal Husbandry Mushroom Cultivation Bee Keeping Poly Green Houses
  20. 20. SDGs & Targets SDG 1 – No Poverty; 1.5: By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters SDG 2 – No Hunger; 2.2: By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons SDG 3 – Good Health; 3.2: By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age SDG 4 – Quality Education; 4.2: By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education so that they are ready for primary education
  21. 21. Recommendations 1.Mainstreaming is important and must. 2.Right from the beginning our programmes were in partnership with Departments of Education and Panchayati Raj. 3.Gram Panchayats were involved actively giving them the ownership. 4.DRR was made part of School Development Plan and Gram Panchayat Development Plan. 5.Local youth and women were actively involved. 6.Becoming part of the community, seeing their problems as the community people see and face them ensures our acceptance and success of the programme.
  22. 22. RCE Srinagar Immediate and long term objectives: Motivation of social action groups that understand the local environmental issues and play active role for eco-friendly development of the area through participation in planning and monitoring Education for sustainable development (ESD) is integrated in the curriculum and teachers are oriented for an effective and participatory delivery. Students are involved in action projects both at school and higher education levels and the attitude towards environmental consciousness inculcated Research that targets on sustainable alternatives to improve local economy reaches to the common man. Locally suitable technologies to address to the challenges of pollution, waste management, sustainable tourism and livelihoods Local capacities are build to respond to climate change impact and natural disasters
  23. 23. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES 1.Addressing core environmental issues through awareness and sensitisation 2. Strengthening ESD initiatives 3. Research & documentation for traditional wisdom and appropriate technologies 4. Solutions for Sustainable Livelihoods through ESD 5. Building local capacity to combat climate change and natural disasters
  24. 24. GOVERNANCE / MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE General Body - All members of RCE Srinagar will be members of the General Body which will meet annually to review the overall progress of RCE and to elect the Chair of the Steering Committee Steering Committee - comprising of 6-8 members with adequate representation from partner organisations, both government and the NGOs. Main decision making body that will meet quarterly to discuss and decide on the course of action for RCE. Will be responsible for Monitoring and Evaluation and reporting the progress of RCE to UNU
  25. 25. Thematic Core Groups- There will be three core groups to address the 3 themes of the RCE. Each group will have 3-4 members Core Group- ESD: ESD in Education System – headed by Kashmir University and School Education Departments Core Group- Climate Change: Disaster Preparedness and Climate Change Mitigation/Adaptation – headed by IMPA/ District Disaster Management Authority Core Group- Sustainable Livelihoods: Sustainable Livelihoods - SKUAST
  26. 26. Increase Your Handprint Decrease Your Footprint
  27. 27. Striving to have Green Earth Blue Sky Climate Smart and Disaster Resilient Community
  28. 28. Thank You