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CHALLENGES OF COMMUNITY BASED
ECO-TOURISM (CBET) SUSTAINABILITY
IN KOTA KLIAS, BEAUFORT SABAH: A
MULTI-STAKEHOLDER PERSPEC...
GROUP 4
1.DAYANI NAYANTHA - NCBT (SRI LANKA)
2.MOHAMAD ZOINOL ABIDIN ABD AZIZ - UTEM
(MALAYSIA)
3.NURULFAJAR ABD MANAP - U...
• Introduction
• Background
• Objectives
• Community Based Eco-Tourism (CBET)
• Sustainable Development Goals
• Stakeholde...
LOCATION (KOTA KLIAS)
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUGGESTION
SABAH
4
LOCATION (KOTA KLIAS)
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUGGESTION
LABUAN
BEAUFORT
5
ATTRACTIONS
 Culture
 Offers a rich Borneo cultural experience as they have come
from Sabah, Brunei and Philiphines
 Of...
•Homestay at Kota Klias started in 2002 due to the motivation
by MP to get extra income and as a part of Community Based
e...
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUGGESTION
OBJECTIVES
• To identify issues and challenges faced by the
stakeh...
•Community based tourism emphasizes on the empowerment of the local
communities
•An important tool for social-economic dev...
Community Based Eco Tourism (CBET)
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUGGESTION
• Steps in CBET implementation:...
Sustainable Development Goals
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUGGESTION
14
• 10 homestay operators
with 23 rooms
• Visitors
• The college students
doing research in eco-
tourism
• Families attendin...
• 10 homestay operators with 23 rooms
• Visitors
• The college students doing research in eco-
tourism
• Families attendin...
• 10 homestay operators with 23 rooms
• Visitors
• The college students doing research in eco-tourism
• Families attending...
CHALLENGES
Economic Environment Social / Culture Government
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUGGESTION
18
CHALLENGES
Economic
Env
iron
me
ntal
Soc
ial /
Cult
ure
Gov
ern
me
nt
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUGGEST...
CHALLENGES (ECONOMIC)
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUGGESTION
• Competition between local and external ope...
CHALLENGES
Eco
no
mic
alEnvironment
al
Soc
ial /
Cult
ure
Gov
ern
me
nt
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUGGE...
CHALLENGES (ENVIRONMENT)
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUGGESTION
• Soil erosion along the river bank
• liv...
24
CHALLENGES
Eco
nom
ical
Envi
ron
men
talSocial /
Culture
Gov
ern
men
t
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUGGES...
CHALLENGES (SOCIAL/CULTURE)
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUGGESTION
• Language barrier
• Traditional perfo...
CHALLENGES
Eco
nom
ical
Envi
ron
men
tal
So
cia
l /
Cu
ltu
re
Governme
nt
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUG...
CHALLENGES (LOCAL AUTHORITIES)
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUGGESTION
• Separate entities:
• less collabo...
CHALLENGES (LOCAL AUTHORITIES)
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUGGESTION
• Monitoring management:
• empoweri...
30
SUGGESTION
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUGGESTION
• ECONOMIC:
• training: handling international tourists...
32
33
SUGGESTION
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUGGESTION
• SOCIAL/CULTURE:
• training: communication skills, lan...
SUGGESTION
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUGGESTION
• LOCAL AUTHORITIES:
• schedule collaboration
meeting: ...
SUMMARY
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUGGESTION
• No conflicts between the river cruise operators
and home...
ACKNOWLEDGMENT
 INTRODUCTION
 STAKEHOLDERS
 CHALLENGES
 SUGGESTION
 ACKNOWLEDGM
ENT
• MOHE
• AKEPT
• ProSPER.NeT
• UM...
THANK YOU
38
Challenges of community based Eco-Tourism sustainability in Kota Klias, Beaufort, Sabah
Challenges of community based Eco-Tourism sustainability in Kota Klias, Beaufort, Sabah
Challenges of community based Eco-Tourism sustainability in Kota Klias, Beaufort, Sabah
Challenges of community based Eco-Tourism sustainability in Kota Klias, Beaufort, Sabah
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Challenges of community based Eco-Tourism sustainability in Kota Klias, Beaufort, Sabah

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The ProSPER.Net Leadership Programme 2016 highlighted local sustainable challenges and solutions in Malaysia.

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Challenges of community based Eco-Tourism sustainability in Kota Klias, Beaufort, Sabah

  1. 1. CHALLENGES OF COMMUNITY BASED ECO-TOURISM (CBET) SUSTAINABILITY IN KOTA KLIAS, BEAUFORT SABAH: A MULTI-STAKEHOLDER PERSPECTIVES
  2. 2. GROUP 4 1.DAYANI NAYANTHA - NCBT (SRI LANKA) 2.MOHAMAD ZOINOL ABIDIN ABD AZIZ - UTEM (MALAYSIA) 3.NURULFAJAR ABD MANAP - UTEM (MALAYSIA) 4.NOR OMAIMA HARUN - UMT (MALAYSIA) 5.ROOPAM SHUKLA - TERI UNIVERSITY (INDIA) 6.RAJENDRA KHANAL - UNIV OF TOKYO (JAPAN) 7.ZULKIPLI GHAZALI - UTP (MALAYSIA) DR SALFARINA ABDUL GAPOR (FACILITATOR)
  3. 3. • Introduction • Background • Objectives • Community Based Eco-Tourism (CBET) • Sustainable Development Goals • Stakeholders • Challenges • Suggestions OUTLINES 3
  4. 4. LOCATION (KOTA KLIAS)  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION SABAH 4
  5. 5. LOCATION (KOTA KLIAS)  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION LABUAN BEAUFORT 5
  6. 6. ATTRACTIONS  Culture  Offers a rich Borneo cultural experience as they have come from Sabah, Brunei and Philiphines  Offers traditional food demonstration such as Ambuyat  Environment  River cruising  Fire-flies (The best place in Sabah to watch – Kota Klias)  Monkey:  Long tailed macaques  Silver leaf langgur  Reptiles:  Salt crocodile water  Yellow ringed cat mangrove scale (Boigia dendrohila)  Monitor lizard  Birds  Eco-research on flora and fauna  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION 6
  7. 7. •Homestay at Kota Klias started in 2002 due to the motivation by MP to get extra income and as a part of Community Based eco-tourism (CBET) •Then in 2005 external operators came in to the Kota Klias 2002 • Local Homestay started 2005 • External Operators started 2016 • Sustainability ?  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION HISTORY (KOTA KLIAS) 7
  8. 8.  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION OBJECTIVES • To identify issues and challenges faced by the stakeholders • To recommend possible sustainable solutions that benefit the stakeholders • To identify the roles of local leaders in coordinating and promoting eco-tourism and homestay in Kota Klias 11
  9. 9. •Community based tourism emphasizes on the empowerment of the local communities •An important tool for social-economic development of rural communities, poverty reduction and heritage conservation •CBT labelled as a ‘tourism with soul’ and ‘communitarianism over commercialization’ •Several challenges arise when implementing the community-based tourism model •lack of knowledge •limited marketing skills Community Based Eco Tourism (CBET)  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION 12
  10. 10. Community Based Eco Tourism (CBET)  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION • Steps in CBET implementation: • Initiation • Sustenance • Up-scaling • Maximum support from external agents needed for initiation • Sustenance is achieved through increasing community participation, however the benefits rise slightly • Up-scaling is important to increase the benefits to the community 13
  11. 11. Sustainable Development Goals  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION 14
  12. 12. • 10 homestay operators with 23 rooms • Visitors • The college students doing research in eco- tourism • Families attending wedding • Small number of tourists to experience local culture and village stay experience • District officer • Land Revenue Department • District council, Beaufort • Forestry Department • Irrigation Department • Port Authority STAKEHOLDERS OF CBET IN KOTA KLIAS Sustainable eco-tourism Local home stay operator Government External operator  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION • 8 jetties with capacity ranging from 8 to 20 boats/ operators • OIB Klias: • 2005: 50 tourists / day. • 2011: 150 – 180 tourists / day 50 – 80 person / day. • Tourists European, Japanese, Chinese, Korean and some Malaysians. • Capitalizes: • Attractions at the mangrove, Probosis monkey, firefly, culture, local products etc. • Packages include lunch dinner at the jetty. 15
  13. 13. • 10 homestay operators with 23 rooms • Visitors • The college students doing research in eco- tourism • Families attending wedding • Small number of tourists to experience local culture and village stay experience • District officer • Land Revenue Department • District council, Beaufort • Forestry Department • Irrigation Department • Port Authority STAKEHOLDERS OF CBET IN KOTA KLIAS Sustainable eco-tourism Local home stay operator Government External operator • 8 jetties with capacity ranging from 8 to 20 boats/ operators • OIB Klias: • 2005: 50 tourists / day. • 2011: 150 – 180 tourists / day 50 – 80 person / day. • Tourists European, Japanese, Chinese, Korean and some Malaysians. • Capitalizes: • Attractions at the mangrove, Probosis monkey, firefly, culture, local products etc. • Packages include lunch dinner at the jetty.  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION 16
  14. 14. • 10 homestay operators with 23 rooms • Visitors • The college students doing research in eco-tourism • Families attending wedding • Small number of tourists to experience local culture and village stay experience • District officer • Land Revenue Department • District council, Beaufort • Forestry Department • Irrigation Department • Port Authority STAKEHOLDERS OF CBET IN KOTA KLIAS Sustainable eco-tourism Local home stay operator Government External operator • 8 jetties with capacity ranging from 8 to 20 boats/ operators • OIB Klias: • 2005: 50 tourists / day. • 2011: 150 – 180 tourists / day 50 – 80 person / day. • Tourists European, Japanese, Chinese, Korean and some Malaysians. • Capitalizes: • Attractions at the mangrove, Probosis monkey, firefly, culture, local products etc. • Packages include lunch dinner at the jetty.  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION 17
  15. 15. CHALLENGES Economic Environment Social / Culture Government  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION 18
  16. 16. CHALLENGES Economic Env iron me ntal Soc ial / Cult ure Gov ern me nt  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION 19
  17. 17. CHALLENGES (ECONOMIC)  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION • Competition between local and external operators • Integration issues: Homestay operators + river cruise operators • Homestay operator’s readiness: resources utilisation, capabilities issues, training • Less promotion activities: Homestay operators 20
  18. 18. CHALLENGES Eco no mic alEnvironment al Soc ial / Cult ure Gov ern me nt  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION 22
  19. 19. CHALLENGES (ENVIRONMENT)  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION • Soil erosion along the river bank • livestock depletion: eco-system disturbance, noise, pollution • Development within the forest area • Tourist issues: over capacity, human intervention 23
  20. 20. 24
  21. 21. CHALLENGES Eco nom ical Envi ron men talSocial / Culture Gov ern men t  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION 25
  22. 22. CHALLENGES (SOCIAL/CULTURE)  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION • Language barrier • Traditional performance: skills, man power, champion, attire • Culture products experiences (foods, handy craft, etc.): less innovation and promotion 26
  23. 23. CHALLENGES Eco nom ical Envi ron men tal So cia l / Cu ltu re Governme nt  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION 27
  24. 24. CHALLENGES (LOCAL AUTHORITIES)  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION • Separate entities: • less collaboration • no sharing database • lack of commitment • less enforcement: guideline & SOP 28
  25. 25. CHALLENGES (LOCAL AUTHORITIES)  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION • Monitoring management: • empowering the related office: Tourism dept, DID • non effective management meeting: 3 months period, outdated issues, possible of incompletion • failure of participation adoption of local parties: conflict (weapon of the weak) • no integration of monitoring authorities parties: illegal operators • less accountability 29
  26. 26. 30
  27. 27. SUGGESTION  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION • ECONOMIC: • training: handling international tourists, homestay management, online promotion • Smart partnership: industry driven • ENVIRONMENT: • Enforcement of regulation: speed limit, limitation of tourist and trips, development within forest area 31
  28. 28. 32
  29. 29. 33
  30. 30. SUGGESTION  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION • SOCIAL/CULTURE: • training: communication skills, language • tourism department: groom potential groups for cultural performance, • village center: local foods, handy craft, culture performance 34
  31. 31. SUGGESTION  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION • LOCAL AUTHORITIES: • schedule collaboration meeting: homestay operators, river cruise operators, multi level authorities • SOP, guidelines: apply to all 35
  32. 32. SUMMARY  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION • No conflicts between the river cruise operators and homestay operators • Lack of collaboration and business integration between the two stakeholders • Homestay operators: dependency-trap; dependence on government assistance • The importance of the roles of local leader
  33. 33. ACKNOWLEDGMENT  INTRODUCTION  STAKEHOLDERS  CHALLENGES  SUGGESTION  ACKNOWLEDGM ENT • MOHE • AKEPT • ProSPER.NeT • UMS • UCTS • LABUAN CORPERATION • MAJLIS DAERAH BEUFORT • LOCAL RESIDENCES 37
  34. 34. THANK YOU 38

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