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Achieving Sustainable Development Goals Facilitated by Smart Computing and Emerging Opportunities

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Achieving Sustainable Development Goals Facilitated by Smart Computing and Emerging Opportunities
Prof. Athula Ginige, Western Sydney University (School of Computing, Engineering and Maths)
Asia-Pacific Regional RCE Meeting 2018
25-27 September, 2018, Parramatta (Sydney), Australia

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Achieving Sustainable Development Goals Facilitated by Smart Computing and Emerging Opportunities

  1. 1. ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS FACILITATED BY SMART COMPUTING AND EMERGING OPPORTUNITIES P R O F E S S O R A T H U L A G I N I G E S C H O O L O F C O M P U T I N G , E N G I N E E R I N G A N D M A T H E M A T I C S W E S T E R N S Y D N E Y U N I V E R S I T Y A U S T R A L I A A . G I N I G E @ W E S T E R N S Y D N E Y . E D U . A U Professor Athula Ginige School of Computing, Engineering and Mathematics Western Sydney University Australia a.ginige@westernsydney.edu.au
  2. 2. Emerging Digitally Connected Society https://wearesocial.com/blog/2018/01/global-digital-report-2018
  3. 3. N’Eliya carrot farmers in the dumps: Bumper harvest, but prices low Source: The Sunday Times, April 22, 2012 A Case study: Smart Computing in Action Troubled farmers erect tomato Pandol for Poson Source: Ada Derana Wednesday 15th June 2011
  4. 4. Food Production Inputs and Suppliers Domestic and Export Markets Government Incentives Micro Finance Weather Root Cause – Uncoordinated Market
  5. 5. Conceptual Solution – GPS Parallel
  6. 6. Behavioral component Overall Information and Empowerment Flow model Reorganising Published Knowledge User Query Action Taking Actionable Information Aggregation Context Filter Context Addition Ontological SituationalIntrapersonal component Competence Sense of control Motivation Self-Efficacy Goals Interactional component Understanding users have about environment Decision making Identify Choices Autonomy to choose Engagement Communication Knowledge-base MBIS
  7. 7. Gyan Kisan
  8. 8. Crop Knowledge ENABLING ENVIRONMENT Market Information Information on Inputs and Suppliers Weather Information Government Incentives Proposal to SL Government - Closing the Loop Food Production Mobile based Information System Micro Financing Continuous Monitoring Dash Board for Agencies Policy Setting Aggregated Production Captured in Real Time Farmer Decision Making Govi Nena
  9. 9. Digital Agribusiness Ecosystem Research Institutes Micro Finance Input suppliers Buyers Knowledge Reorganisation Ontological and Situational Knowledgebase Mobile System – Context specific Actionable Information Farmer Empowerment and Action Capture and Aggregate action information Situational Knowledge CurrentCrop Production Prices and application Instructions Aggregated Location base Demand Market Demand Seed and Crop Information Seed use Aggregated Supply Credit Need Credit Supply
  10. 10. International Collaborative Research and Development Team Agriculture Ontology and Information flow model by University of Colombo and Ruhuna, Sri Lanka SRI LANKA Empowerment Model by Macquarie University Overall System Architecture and Query Engine by Western Sydney University, Australia Information Aggregation by University of California, Irwin, USA Mobile User Interface by University of Salerno, Italy Agriculture Crop Knowledge by Professor Jayasankar Telangana State Agriculture University , India
  11. 11. Hidden Hunger http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/howard-schiffer/end-hidden-hunger_b_8215624.html
  12. 12. Project Team 13 16 Researchers from 4 countries from Australia and Africa
  13. 13. Current Status Govi Nena – Sri Lanka Mobile app linked to Digital Agribusiness Ecosystem is now trialled in Gampaha District. Soon it will be trialled in few other districts. Gyan Kisan – Indian Mobile app linked to Digital Agribusiness Ecosystem is now trialled in Telangana State among conventional farmers and Karnataka state among organic farmers. In total nearly 10,000 farmers are involved in these trials. Early 2018 a small scale trial was conducted in South Africa using a modified version of the mobile system aiming to mitigate “Hidden Hunger” by empowering local farmers to diversify the crops they grow based on nutritional value. We have received funding to trial the African version now in Kenya and Nigeria. We are planning to start trials in Malawi, Fuji and Timor in January 2019.
  14. 14. Smart Computing and SDGs Scientific Knowledge Actionable Information User Empowerment Situational Knowledge Economic Optimisation Societal Empowerment Environment Sustainability
  15. 15. Thesis Completed L. N. C. De Silva, Holistic Information Flow Model to Enhance Livelihood Activities of Sri Lankan Farmers, PhD, 2016, University of Colombo Tamara Ginige, An Empowerment Framework for Developing Mobile-based Applications: Empowering Sri Lankan farmers in their Livelihood Activities, PhD, 2017, Macquarie University W.A.Indika, User Centered Ontology for Sri Lankan Farmers, PhD, 2017, University of Colombo Pasquale Di Giovanni, Enhancing Ubiquitous Computing Environments Through Composition of Heterogeneous Services, PhD, 2015, University College Dublin Maneesh Mathai, Context Based Content Aggregation For Social Life Networks, Masters of Computer Science (Honours), 2013, Western Sydney University
  16. 16. Published Papers from the Project Overall System ◦ Ginige A, Walisadeera A, Ginige T, De Silva L, Di Giovanni P, Mathai M, Goonetillake J, Wikramanayake G, Vitiello G, Sebillo M, Tortora G, Richards D, Jain R, 2016, Digital knowledge ecosystem for achieving sustainable agriculture production : a case study from Sri Lanka, International Conference on Data Science and Advanced Analytics, pp 602-611. ◦ Ginige A, 2016, Digital knowledge ecosystems : empowering users through context specific actionable information, Multi Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems, pp 57-65. ◦ Digital Knowledge Ecosystem to Reduce Uncertainty and Coordination Failure in Agricultural Markets-Study of “Govi Nena” Mobile-Based Information System L Sugathadasa, A Ginige, G Wikramanayake, J Goonetillake, L De Silva, Agribusiness and Information Management 8 (1), 11-16 ◦ Ginige, A., Silva, L. D., Ginige, T., Giovanni, P. D., Walisadeera, A. I., Mathai, M., . . . Jain, R. (2014, 29 September - 2 October 2014). Towards an Agriculture Knowledge Ecosystem: A Social Life Network for Farmers in Sri Lanka. Paper presented at the 9th Conference of the Asian Federation for Information Technology in Agriculture - 2014, Perth, Australia. ◦ Architecture for social life network to empower people at the middle of the pyramid, A Ginige, T Ginige, D Richards - International United Information Systems Conference, 2012 Context Modelling ◦ Mathai, M., & Ginige, A. (2014). Task Oriented Context Models for Social Life Networks Software Technologies (pp. 306- 321): Springer Berlin Heidelberg. ◦ Mathai, M., & Ginige, A. (2013). Context based Content Aggregation for Social Life Networks. Paper presented at the 8th International Conference on Software Paradigm Trends (ICSOFT-PT 2013), Reykjavik, Iceland. User Empowerment ◦ Ginige, T., Richards, D., & Hitchens, M. (2014). Cultivation planning application to enhance decision making among Sri Lankan farmers Knowledge Management and Acquisition for Smart Systems and Services (pp. 180-194): Springer. ◦ Ginige, T., & Richards, D. (2013). Design and Evaluation of a Mobile-based Cultivation Planning Application for empowering Sri Lankan Farmers. Paper presented at the 24th Australasian Conference on Information Systems, Melbourne, Australia. ◦ Ginige., T., & Richards., D. (2012). A model for Enhancing Empowerment in Farming using Mobile based Information System. Paper presented at the 23rd Australasian Conference on Information Systems (ACIS 2012), Geelong.
  17. 17. Published Papers from the Project Cont Information Flow Model ◦ De Silva, L., Goonetillake, J., Wikramanayake, G., & Ginige, A. (2014, 8th - 10th December,). Towards an Agriculture Information Ecosystem. Paper presented at the 25th Australasian Conference on Information Systems,. ◦ De Silva, L. N. C., Goonetillake, J. S., Wikramanayake, G. N., & Ginige, A. (2013). Farmer Response towards the Initial Agriculture Information Dissemination Mobile Prototype. In B. Murgante, S. Misra, M. Carlini, C. Torre, H.-Q. Nguyen, D. Taniar, B. Apduhan, & O. Gervasi (Eds.), Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2013 (Vol. 7971, pp. 264-278): Springer Berlin Heidelberg. ◦ L. De Silva, J. S. Goonethilake, G.N. Wickramanayake, & A. Ginige. (2012). Towards using ICT to Enhance Flow of Information to aid Farmer Sustainability in Sri Lanka. Paper presented at the Australasian Conference on Information Systems (ACIS), Geelong Australia. Ontology Development ◦ Walisadeera, A. I., Ginige, A., & Wikramanayake, G. N. (2014). User centered ontology for Sri Lankan farmers. Ecological Informatics, 26, 140-150. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoinf.2014.07.008 ◦ Walisadeera, A. I., Ginige, A., & Wikramanayake, G. N. (2014). Conceptualizing Crop Life Cycle Events to Create a User Centered Ontology for Farmers. Paper presented at the International Conference on Computational Science and its Applications (ICCSA 2014), Poroto, Portugal. ◦ Walisadeera, A. I., Wikramanayake, G. N., & Ginige, A. (2013). Designing a Farmer Centred Ontology for Social Life Network. Paper presented at the 2nd International Conference on Data Management Technologies and Applications (DATA 2013), Reykjavík, Iceland. ◦ Walisadeera, A. I., Ginige, A., and Wikramanayake, G. N. 2017. "Design Approaches Emerging in Developing an Agricultural Ontology for Sri Lankan Farmers," International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications: Springer, pp. 743-758. ◦ Walisadeera, A., Ginige, A., Wikramanayake, G., Pamuditha Madushanka, A. L., and Shanika Udeshini, A. A. 2015. "A Framework for End-to-End Ontology Management System," in Computational Science and Its Applications -- Iccsa 2015, O. Gervasi, B. Murgante, S. Misra, M.L. Gavrilova, A.M.A.C. Rocha, C. Torre, D. Taniar and B.O. Apduhan (eds.). Springer International Publishing, pp. 529-544. ◦ Walisadeera, A. I., Wikramanayake, G. N., and Ginige, A. 2013. "An Ontological Approach to Meet Information Needs of Farmers in Sri Lanka," in: 1st International Workshop on Agricultural and Environmental Information and Decision Support Systems (AEIDSS 2013). Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.: Springer.
  18. 18. Published Papers from the Project Cont User Interface Design and User Response ◦ Silva, L. D., Goonetillake, J., Wikramanayake, G., Ginige, A., Ginige, T., Giovanni, P. D., . . . Tortora, G. (2014, August 25, 2014). Design Science Research Based Blended Approach for Usability Driven Requirements Gathering and Application Development. Paper presented at the Second International Workshop on Usability and Accessibility focused Requirements Engineering, Karlskrona, Sweden. ◦ Giovanni, P. D., Romano, M., Sebillo, M., Tortora, G., Vitiello, G., Ginige, T., . . . Ginige, A. (2013). Building Social Life Networks through Mobile Interfaces‒ the Case Study of Sri Lanka Farmers Organizational Change and Information Systems (pp. 399 - 408): Springer Berlin Heidelberg. ◦ Di Giovanni, P., Romano, M., Sebillo, M., Tortora, G., Vitiello, G., Ginige, T., . . . Ginige, A. (2012). User centered scenario based approach for developing mobile interfaces for Social Life Networks. Paper presented at the Usability and Accessibility Focused Requirements Engineering (UsARE), 2012 First International Workshop on. ◦ Harnessing Mobile Pervasive Computing to Enhance Livelihood Processes: Farmer Response to a Mobile Agriculture Information System, LNC De Silva, JS Goonetillake, GN Wikramanayake, A Ginige, International Conference on Green, Pervasive, and Cloud Computing, 641-655 Nutrition Monitoring ◦ Javadi, B., Calheiros, R.N., Matawie, K.M., Ginige, A., and Cook, A.: ‘Smart Nutrition Monitoring System Using Heterogeneous Internet of Things Platform’. Proc. 4th Asia-Pacific World Congress on Computer Science and Engineering 2017 (APWC on CSE 2017), Fiji 11- 13th December 2017

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