Wordpress Setup Basics for Dummies by Haneef Puttur
How to Login
Adding Pages / Posts
Adding Navigation / Menu
If you are using WordPress as a blog, then you will end up using posts for
majority of your site’s content. Posts are content entries listed in reverse
chronological order on your blog’s home page. Due to their reverse
chronological order, your posts are meant to be timely. Older posts are
archived based on month and year. As the post gets older, the deeper the
user has to dig to find it.You have the option to organize your posts based
on categories and tags.
Pages are meant to be static “one-off” type content such as your about page, privacy
policy, legal disclaimers, etc. While the WordPress database stores the published date of
the page, pages are timeless entities. For example, your about page is not suppose to
expire. Sure you can go back and make updates to it, but chances are you will not have
about page 2012, about page 2013 etc. Because there is no time and date tied to pages,
they are not included in your RSS feeds by default. Pages are not meant to be social in
most cases thus does not include social sharing buttons, or comments.
CATEGORIES /TAGS / SLUGS
Categories are meant for broad grouping of your posts. Categories are there to
help identify what your blog is really about. It is to assist readers finding the right
type of content on your site. Categories are hierarchical, so you can sub-categories.
Tags are meant to describe specific details of your posts.Think of these as your
site’s index words.They are the micro-data that you can use to micro-categorize
your content.Tags are not hierarchical.
Slugs is the user friendly and URL valid name of a post. Most common usage of this
feature is to create a permalink for each post.
A WordPress Widget is a small block that performs a specific function. You
can add these widgets in sidebars also known as widget-ready areas on
your web page.
WordPress widgets were originally created to provide a simple and easy-to-
use way of giving design and structure control of the WordPress theme to
the user. Widgets can be easily dragged and dropped into a specific widget
area. You can find the list of available widgets and widget areas by going to
the Appearance » Widgetssection in your WordPress dashboard.
A plugin is a piece of software containing a group of functions that can be
added to a WordPress website. They can extend functionality or add new
features to your WordPress websites. WordPress plugins are written in the
PHP programming language and integrate seamlessly with WordPress. In the
WordPress community, there is a saying that goes around: “there’s a plugin
for that”. They makes it easy for users to add features to their website without
knowing a single line of code. There are thousands available for free to
download at the official WordPress plugin directory.
In WordPress, a theme is a collection of templates and stylesheets used to define the
appearance and display of a WordPress powered website.
They can be changed, managed, and added from the WordPress admin area
under Appearance » Themes. There are several free and paid WordPress Themes available.
WordPress.org has a large collection of free ones in their Themes Directory.
Each one comes with a different design, layout, and features. A user needs to choose the one
that suits their taste and requirements for their website. There are those that are designed to
serve specific kind of websites, e.g. WordPress Photography Themes are designed for
photographers and photography websites.
A sidebar inWordPress is referred to a
widget-ready area used byWordPress
themes to display information that is not a
part of the main content. It is not always a
vertical column on the side. It can be a
horizontal rectangle below or above the
content area, footer, header, or any where
in the theme.
Navigation Menus, or simply Menus, are a
WordPress theme feature which allows
users to create navigation menus by using
built-in Menu Editor located inWordPress
admin area under Appearance » Menus.
Users can add posts, pages, and custom
links to a menu using drag and drop
Permalinks are the permanent URLs of your individual blog post or page on yourWordPress
site. Permalinks are also referred to as pretty links. By default,WordPress URLs use the
query string format which look something like this:
However by going to Settings » Permalinks option page, you can modify the settings to
change these query strings into human readable strings. Example:
There are various different formats that you can use. Day and name, mon and name,
numeric, post name, and other. Any format that is not the default one is SEO friendly. It just
comes down to your preference after that.
A user role defines permissions for users to perform a group of tasks. In a default WordPress installation
there are some predefined roles with a predefined set of permissions. Each roles has a certain number
of set tasks it is allowed to perform that are known as “capabilities”.
These roles are
Administrator (When a user installsWordPress, it creates a new user with the username and password
defined during the installation – All permission with update blog version)
Editor (Can write, edit, publish, and delete posts which includes posts written by other users and can
also moderate, approve, and delete comments. )
Author (Can upload files, write, edit, publish and delete their own articles)
Contributor (Can edit and delete their own posts, but they can not edit or delete published posts. )
Subscriber (Cand maintain their profile on aWordPress website, but they can not write or publish