Kathy Trinder, Glasgow Caledonian University

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Learning from Digital Natives: Integrating Formal and Informal Learning

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Kathy Trinder, Glasgow Caledonian University

  1. 1. Learning from Digital Natives: Integrating formal and informal learning - rationale, e-tools, strategies and issues
  2. 2. Project Partners <ul><li>Prof. Allison Littlejohn, Project co-director </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Anoush Margaryan, Project co-director </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Jane Guiller, Project Research Fellow </li></ul><ul><li>Mrs. Kathryn Trinder, Project Research Fellow </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. David Nicol, Project Consultant </li></ul>
  3. 3. Learning from Digital Natives: Integrating formal and informal learning supported by e-tools <ul><li>Introduction to project </li></ul><ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Findings </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  4. 4. Learning from Digital Natives: Integrating formal and informal learning supported by e-tools <ul><li>Introduction to project </li></ul><ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Findings </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  5. 5. Learning from Digital Natives: Integrating formal and informal learning supported by e-tools <ul><li>HEA funded for 1 year </li></ul><ul><li>To explore barriers, enablers and benefits of integrating formal and informal learning using e-tools in the HE context, </li></ul><ul><li>two subject areas (social work and engineering) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>two different institutions (pre-1992: University of Strathclyde; post-1992: Glasgow Caledonian University) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Learning from Digital Natives: Integrating formal and informal learning supported by e-tools <ul><li>The study was guided by the following research questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What is the educational rationale for integrating formal and informal learning supported by e-tools? </li></ul><ul><li>What examples of such integration exist within research and practice worldwide? </li></ul><ul><li>What are students’ experiences of using e-tools to support their learning in both the formal and informal domain? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the staff’s experiences and perceptions of using e-tools to support learning within the educational domain? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the barriers and enablers to use of these technologies within higher education? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Integrating formal and informal learning supported by e-tools? <ul><li>What is our definition of formal and informal? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we want to integrate? </li></ul><ul><li>Should we integrate? </li></ul><ul><li>What do we mean by e-tools? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Integrating formal and informal learning supported by e-tools? <ul><li>What do we mean by e-tools? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Old’ technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>VLE, ‘Clydetown’, Library catalogues, computer labs… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile phones, laptops, Mp3 players, digi cameras… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Software / Web 2.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bebo, Myspace, Wikipedia, Google… </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Learning from Digital Natives: Integrating formal and informal learning supported by e-tools <ul><li>Introduction to project </li></ul><ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Findings </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  10. 10. Data collection <ul><li>Across 2 institutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strathclyde </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Glasgow Caledonian </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineers and Social Work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Staff </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineers and Social Work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers, Support , Managers </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. What are students’ experiences of using e-tools to support their learning in both the formal and informal domain? <ul><li>Data collection: </li></ul><ul><li>Questionnaire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>160 students </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8 students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10 staff </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Learning from Digital Natives: Integrating formal and informal learning supported by e-tools <ul><li>Introduction to project </li></ul><ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Findings </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  13. 13. Digital natives?
  14. 14. Which e-tools do students use? <ul><li>… hardware owned </li></ul>
  15. 15. Which e-tools do students use? <ul><li>… for recreation? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Which e-tools do students use? <ul><li>… for study? </li></ul>
  17. 17. “ Would you like to use your social network tools in your formal study?” <ul><li>“ Yes, maybe…” </li></ul>
  18. 18. What are students doing with social software tools? <ul><li>http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=sVxmuPTcRu0 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bebo.com/FlashBox.jsp?FlashBoxId=4185858386 </li></ul>
  19. 19. What are students doing? <ul><li>Socialising </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting each other </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing and creating resources </li></ul><ul><li>Organising </li></ul>
  20. 20. Digital immigrants? <ul><li>What e-tools are staff using? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Informal? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What would they like to use? </li></ul><ul><li>What do they think of ‘Social software’? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Learning from Digital Natives: Integrating formal and informal learning supported by e-tools <ul><li>Introduction to project </li></ul><ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Findings </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  22. 22. Conclusions <ul><li>What have we learnt from our ‘digital natives’? </li></ul><ul><li>What barriers are there to harnessing their informal processes? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the implications for us as practitioners, managers, institutions? </li></ul>
  23. 23. LDN <ul><li>http://www.academy.gcal.ac.uk/ldn/ </li></ul><ul><li>Kathryn Trinder </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>

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