Jonathan Renaudon-Smith, Ink Media

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Low Cost Personal or Public Learning Devices

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  • See the video of Jonathan giving this presentation at:

    http://handheldlearning.blip.tv/file/450134/

    More video's on the subject of learning using mobile and ubiquitous technologies can be found at:

    http://handheldlearning.blip.tv

    :-)

    http://www.handheldlearning.org
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Jonathan Renaudon-Smith, Ink Media

  1. 1. Low cost personal or public learning devices – looking towards 2012 Jonathan Renaudon-Smith
  2. 2. 4 out of 5 people in the world have never touched a computer Inclusive access is an issue everywhere
  3. 3. ICT for the next 1 billion <ul><ul><li>How many products or initiatives do you know about in this space? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In fact there are x listed on infoDEV – ICT4D and counting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Just as well because it took the entire computer industry many years to equip the first billion; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The relatively affluent first billion space is saturated with competing devices and offerings, the race is now on for the 4/5ths – growing the Total Available Market (TAM); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competition is there currently and ultimately helps the end user - all can live side by side - real production and distribution limiting factors here; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Convergence? Surely not one ideal device – diversity and choice - different tasks - different peoples – different pockets; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leapfrog strategies in education possible. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Challenges with laptops in UK schools now <ul><li>Still expensive for universal access; </li></ul><ul><li>Functionality exceeds typical requirements; </li></ul><ul><li>Prone to e.g. hard disk failures, virus infection etc with associated headaches of data recovery for the school; </li></ul><ul><li>Extra technical staff often needed to cope; </li></ul><ul><li>Various makes and models in school with different software, working today or not – can alienate teachers. </li></ul><ul><li>All causes TCO to spiral upwards; </li></ul><ul><li>Real TCO not always obvious e.g. training for unfamiliar systems/interfaces or to make repairs or offers of low cost licenses which may cost more later or the cost of ever increasing specs; </li></ul>
  5. 5. Total Cost of Ownership <ul><li>Made up of five elements: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Initial cost </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Software and licensing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance & upgrades </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Replacement cost </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The LCC potentially reduces all of them: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low initial cost and dropping </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Free & Open Source Software (FOSS) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance free – some offer local swap outs not repairs and machine effectively virus free with no writeable on board memory? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Training should be minimised if familiar software environment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Built to last – no more 3 year replacement cycles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Change examples… <ul><li>Better equity of access with costs typically between $170 and $400; </li></ul><ul><li>Schools can choose either 1:1 access or school based mobile clusters (personal or public); </li></ul><ul><li>Most are personal productivity tools – not generic PC replacements; </li></ul><ul><li>This gives true x-curricular opportunities – the tools are placed where they are most needed – no moving classes to PC suite; </li></ul><ul><li>No maintenance overhead or data recovery (where there is no hard disk in the device); </li></ul><ul><li>Some preset config. - increases teacher confidence; </li></ul><ul><li>Screen size of these devices supports extended working and is mostly mature technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Should offer excellent battery life – no more charging in lessons </li></ul>
  7. 7. Educational content perspective <ul><li>Browser based content from web, network or cluster cache; </li></ul><ul><li>Local storage via usb/MP3 player devices; </li></ul><ul><li>Edu games option when combinations of machines are used; </li></ul><ul><li>Applications can be added via USB or SDRAM cards or e.g. ROM reflashed; </li></ul><ul><li>Free Web storage increasing. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Where will the jobs be? <ul><li>Currently low labour rates in Far East and India enjoyed by developed nations; </li></ul><ul><li>Political commentators suggesting that China will lift prices – Push; </li></ul><ul><li>Pull - Developing nations want knowledge economies and jobs – political pressure to re-distribute manufacturing or at least assembly; </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous content development and training; </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling plastics from spent computers. </li></ul>
  9. 9. To watch for… <ul><li>System in Package (or System on a Chip) will reduce computer sizes dramatically; </li></ul><ul><li>Add to that the advances in flexible screen displays and gradual improvement in manufacturing costs of flexible displays; </li></ul><ul><li>How about roll up screens for classroom walls in Africa, world class content and no more projector bulbs! </li></ul>
  10. 10. To watch for… <ul><li>. </li></ul>Thin film flexible solar panels (student bags, car dashboards, window sills, jackets, cheap mobile phone chargers?)
  11. 11. Thank you Jonathan Renaudon-Smith [email_address] www.ink-media.com “ the future has arrived - it's just unevenly distributed” science fiction writer William Gibson

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