Prior to Containerisation MULTIPLE HANDLINGAll cargoes other than bulk commodities were moved package by packageand piece by piece with multiple handling, resulting in damage, pilferage andtime loss.
What is ContainerisationIt is a system of inter-modal cargo transportusing standard ISO containers that can beloaded on containerships , railroad cars/trainsand trucksAt the beginning containers were made of Steel frameswith either Aluminium , Steel or Fibre Glass.The 3 common standard lengths 20’ ( 6.1M) , 40’ ( 12.2M )or 45’ (13.7M)Container capacity of Ships, Yards , Terminals aremeasured in TEU = Twenty foot Equivalent Units or FEU =Forty foot Equivalent Units .
Pictorial flowchart Shipper books WHL advises port depot to shipment with WHL release empty to Shipper Port depot releases Released empty is taken At Shipper’s premises empty to Shipper to Shipper’s premises shipment stuffed into Contr. laden box taken to vsl side Stuffed laden box upon for loading Stuffed laden box returned return to port is stacked inAt Shipper’s premises to port by Shipper CYshipment stuffed intoContr. laden box is loaded to vsl Ship sails out with the shipment
Types of ContainersThe exterior dimensions of all containers conforming to ISOstandards are 20 feet long x 8 feet wide x 8 feet 6 inches high or 9feet 6 inches high for high cube containers. VENTILATED CONTAINER 20’ Ideal for cargo requiring ventilation BULK CONTAINER 20’ For bulk cargoes
Types of Containers ..contd. TANK CONTAINER 20 For transportation of liquid chemicals and food stuffs DRY FREIGHT CONTAINER 20 and 40 General purpose container HIGH CUBE CONTAINER 40 and 45 96" High - For over height and voluminous cargo
Types of Containers ..contd.. OPEN TOP CONTAINER 20 and 40 Removable tarpaulin for top loading of over height cargo FLAT RACK 20 and 40 For over width and heavy cargo PLATFORM 20 and 40 For extra length and heavy cargo
Types of Containers ..contd… INSULATED CONTAINER 20 and 40 For additional insulation of sensitive cargo REEFER CONTAINER 20 and 40’ & 40’HQ For Temperature controlled cargo. cooling, freezing or heating of foods or chemicals