Dr. Amjad Pervez, PSO, DirectorDr. Amjad Pervez, PSO, DirectorSyed Muzaffar Ahmed SSOSyed Muzaffar Ahmed SSODEVELOPMENT AND DISSEMINATIONOF PARC DEVELOPED RODENT PESTSCONTROL TECHNOLOGY FOR URBANAND AGRICULTURE STAKE-HOLDERS.Vertebrate Pest Control InstituteSouthern Zone Agricultural Research CentrePakistan Agricultural Research CouncilKarachi University Campus, Karachi-75270
• Vertebrate pests/deteriogens are of great concern world wide and inPakistan too. Among these, rodents are the most important pests at thegobal level. Rodents have three major impacts.• The first is the substantial damage they can cause to field and horticulturalcrops, forest plantations, and vegetation of range lands.• The second is the losses they cause post-harvest to stored food and feedproducts.• The third and often overlooked impact is on the health of small farmers andurban communities, and hence, influences productivity out put of humansand health-care costs. The loss of human health and lives cannot beassigned any price tag. Serious attempts have not been made to evaluatehealth risks in monetary terms. In poorer farming communities, if a rodentzoonotic causes disability to a poor farmers for a month at a key time then itmay lead to no crop, a late crop, or reduced crop yield. Each can lad to debttreadmill. Rodent are carriers of at least twenty severely debilitating humandiseases.WHAT ARE RODENT PESTS ?
Major rodent pest Species:Urban Situation:• House rat, Rattus rattus• Norway rat, Rattus norvegicus• House mouse, Mus musculusAgricultural area:• Rice Rat, Bandicota bengalensis• Short-tailed mole rat, Nesokia indica• Indian gerbil, Tatera indica• Soft -furred field rat , Millardia meltada• Field mouse , Mus booduga
Pest CropMeanDamageRs. MillionRats and mice Wheat 3.5% 1841.269Rats and mice Rice 8.0% 20.27.681Rats and mice Sugarcane 9.2% 140.604Porcupine Forestry 20.0% 120.00Porcupine Maize 0.4% 29.651PorcupinePotatoes othervegetable12.0% 231.259Rats Groundnuts 3.0% 214.612Rodents Food storage 3.0% 814.00SUMMARY OF LOSSES TO VARIOUS CROPS DUE TO RODENT PESTS
FARMERS AWARENESS THROUGH LITERATURE;• To aware the stake holder’s i.e urban and rural clientele,following advisory booklets /leaflets were distributedamong participants:-• Rat control in Paddy crops (Urdu)• Rat damage to sugarcane crops and their control (Urdu)• Commercialization of products and customize services invertebrate Pest Management (English).• Rat of wheat crops and their control (Urdu)• Ready to use “PARC Rat baits” (Urdu)
Farmer’s training and field demonstration activitieswere reported by local reporters in national andlocal news papers, such as• Daily Juriat, Karachi• The News, Karachi• Daily express, Karachi• Daily Sindh, Hyderabad• Daily Faisalo, HyderabadFlash in print media