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Synchronous link converter var compensator (SLCVC)


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this is basically a review of a research paper about the synchronous link converter var compensator.

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Synchronous link converter var compensator (SLCVC)

  1. 1. Synchronous link converter var compensator By Humayun Liaqat 12063122-071 University of Gujrat (Pakistan)
  2. 2. Introduction • The traditional methods of reactive volt-ampere compensation consisting of switched capacitor or fixed capacitor and phase controlled reactor coupled with passive filters are increasingly being replaced by new approaches utilizing the concept of Synchronous Link Converters.
  3. 3. Introduction • several ter- minologies such as ‘Var Generators’ • 1) ‘Advanced Static Var Generators • 2), Synchronous Solid State Var Compensators • 3) ‘PWM Inverter Var Compensator’
  4. 4. Operating Principle • The main converter is operated with selective harmonic elimination technique, so as to eliminate 5th, 7th, and 11th harmonics. Hence the switching frequency of the main compensator devices is 450Hz. The switching instants are fixed and the fundamental component of the compensator current is controlled by controlling the magnitude of dc link voltage rather than controlling the modulation index. The auxiliary converter is operated in current controlled mode and provides on line elimination of the higher order harmonics generated by the main compensator
  5. 5. CONTROL STRUCTURE • Var supplied by the compensator is proportional to the magnitude of the dc link voltage. The var demand of the load obtained from the var calculator is used to set the reference dc link voltage command.
  6. 6. SIMULATION STUDIES • Detailed simulation studies are carried out to predict the performance of the proposed compensator. A dedicated computer program is developed for the purpose and simulation results are presented. The value of the dc link capacitance is 400pF and the hysteresis window height is kept 1.0 Amp. The values of the two inductors are L, = 20mH; Lo = 12mH.
  7. 7. PROPOSED SLCVC AS VAR GENERATOR • The control strategy discussed in the previous section maintains a sinusoidal current by controlling +h,e auxiliary converter switching. As a result, the load non- linearities if present also get compensated by the auxiliary compensator. Therefore, when the source is supplying a nonlinear load, auxiliary compensator has to compensate load harmonics in addition to the harmonics generated by the main compensator.
  8. 8. Experimental Verification • The proposed control strategy is experimentally verified by operating the SLCVC as a load compensator. Dur- ing testing, the load current of each phase is maintained at (0.5 i j6.O)Amp and the reference dc link voltage is changed from 150V to 18OV. Figures 12 and 13 depict the compensator performance for this condition.
  9. 9. CONCLUSIONS • A simplified control scheme of a high power low distortion SLCVC is proposed. Superior performance characteristics are obtained by effectively combining high power low frequency and low power high frequency switching devices. Detailed simulation studies are carried out to demonstrate the effectiveness of the scheme.
  10. 10. REFERENCES 1. V. R. Kanetkar, M. S. Dawande, and G. K. Dubey. "Recent Advances in Synchronous Link Converters." IETE Baok Seties, Power Eiectmnies end Drives edited by G. K. Dubey and C. R. Kasarbada, IETS , 1994 2. Laszlo Gyugi, "Reactive Power Generation and Control by Thyristor Circuits." IEEE Ilnns. Ind. Appl. , vol. IA-15, DO. 5, pp 521-532, Sept. /Ocl. 1979.
  11. 11. 3. C. W. Edwards, K. E. Mattern, E. J. Stacey, P. R. Nannen, and J. Cubernick. "Advanced Static Var Generator Employing GTO Thyristors." IEEE fins. Power Delivery. vol. PWRD-3, no. 4, pp 1622-1627. Oct. 1988. 4. G. Joos. L. T. Moran, and P. D. Ziogas, '"Perfixmance Analysis of a PWM Inverter VAR Compensator," IEEE %na. Power Electmmcs. , vol. PE-6, no. 3, pp 380-391. Jul. 1991.