University of SulaimaniaSchool of ScienceDepartment of Biology2nd Class Year                                  23r d   La b...
Objectives:  - This lecture gives knowledge about the medically and    ecologically important insect group (order Diptera)...
Suborders Nematocera and Brachycera• In nematocerous families, the antennae are  usually composed of many segments and are...
Dipterans Larvae• Larval Diptera are legless (apodous) and found in  a variety of terrestrial and aquatic habitats.• Most ...
Suborder: Nemtocera•   Family: TIPULIDAE (Crane flies)•   Family: SIMULIIDAE (Black flies)•   Family: CHIRONOMIDAE (Midges...
Family: Tipulidae (crane flies)
Family: Simuliidae (black flies)
Family: Chironomidae (Midges)
Culex pipiens ,Larvae
Anophels. sppLarva & Pupa
Anophels. spp Adult-female
Culex        Anopheles
Phlebotomus papatasi ((sand fly
Suborder: Brachycera• Family: TABANIDAE Tabanus sp. (horse fly)• Family: MUSCIDAE Musca domestica (House  flies)• Family: ...
Family: TABANIDAE Tabanus sp. (horsefly)
Family: MUSCIDAE Musca domestica (House flies)
Sarcophagidae  (Flesh fly)
Family: CALLIPHORIDAE        (Blowfly)
Family: GLOSSINIDAEGlossina palpalis     Tsetse fly
Family: OESTRIDAEDermatobia hominis  (Human Bot fly)
Family: DROSOPHILIDAEDrosophila melanogaster((fruit flies
References:   • David, B. V. and Ananthakrishnan, T. N. (2004). General     and Applied Entomology. 2nd ed. Tata McGraw-hi...
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Insect classification lab23

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Insect classification lab23

  1. 1. University of SulaimaniaSchool of ScienceDepartment of Biology2nd Class Year 23r d La b. Pterygotes - Neopteran Insects: Order Diptera Lecturer: Farhad A. Khudhur
  2. 2. Objectives: - This lecture gives knowledge about the medically and ecologically important insect group (order Diptera), Mosquitoes and flies. Their classifications and identification keys. - Focusing on the most common and important families of dipteran insects. Scientific content: Order Diptera - General descriptions - Classification: Suborder: Nematocera Suborder: Brachycera
  3. 3. Suborders Nematocera and Brachycera• In nematocerous families, the antennae are usually composed of many segments and are filiform, plumose, or pectinate• whereas brachycerous flies typically have the first flagellomere enlarged and the remaining flagellomeres stylate or aristate• The mouthparts of adult flies are vestigial or well developed of two general types: – (1) piercing and sucking, as seen in simuliids, culicids, and asilids, and – (2) lapping and sucking (Sponging), as seen in tipulids and most brachycerous groups.• Pupa: Most brachyceran have puparim (Coactate), while nematocerance have different forms of pupae (some groups have obtect pupa or coma shape pupa).
  4. 4. Dipterans Larvae• Larval Diptera are legless (apodous) and found in a variety of terrestrial and aquatic habitats.• Most larvae are free-living and crawl or swim actively in: – water (e.g., Simuliidae, Culicidae, Chironomidae) – sediments (e.g.,Tipulidae, Psychodidae, Tabanidae), – wood (e.g., Tipulidae), – fruit (e.g., Drosophilidae), – decaying organic material (Muscidae, Sarcophagidae).• Other larvae inhabit the tissues of living organisms (e.g., Oestridae).
  5. 5. Suborder: Nemtocera• Family: TIPULIDAE (Crane flies)• Family: SIMULIIDAE (Black flies)• Family: CHIRONOMIDAE (Midges)• Family: CULICIDAE (mosquitoes) – Anopheles sp., – Culex pipiens , – Aedes aegypti (Yellow fever mosquito)• Family: PSYCHODIDAE - Phlebotomus papatasi (sand fly)
  6. 6. Family: Tipulidae (crane flies)
  7. 7. Family: Simuliidae (black flies)
  8. 8. Family: Chironomidae (Midges)
  9. 9. Culex pipiens ,Larvae
  10. 10. Anophels. sppLarva & Pupa
  11. 11. Anophels. spp Adult-female
  12. 12. Culex Anopheles
  13. 13. Phlebotomus papatasi ((sand fly
  14. 14. Suborder: Brachycera• Family: TABANIDAE Tabanus sp. (horse fly)• Family: MUSCIDAE Musca domestica (House flies)• Family: SARCOPHAGIDAE (Fleshfly)• Family: CALLIPHORIDAE (Blowfly)• Family: OESTRIDAE Dermatobia hominis• Family: GLOSSINIDAE Glossina palpalis• Family: DROSOPHILIDAE Drosophila melanogaster (fruit flies)
  15. 15. Family: TABANIDAE Tabanus sp. (horsefly)
  16. 16. Family: MUSCIDAE Musca domestica (House flies)
  17. 17. Sarcophagidae (Flesh fly)
  18. 18. Family: CALLIPHORIDAE (Blowfly)
  19. 19. Family: GLOSSINIDAEGlossina palpalis Tsetse fly
  20. 20. Family: OESTRIDAEDermatobia hominis (Human Bot fly)
  21. 21. Family: DROSOPHILIDAEDrosophila melanogaster((fruit flies
  22. 22. References: • David, B. V. and Ananthakrishnan, T. N. (2004). General and Applied Entomology. 2nd ed. Tata McGraw-hill Publishing Co. Ltd. New Delhi. India. 1184 p. • Elzinga, Richard J. (1997). Fundamentals of Entomology. 4th ed. New Jersey, Prentice-Hall, Inc. 475 pp. • Gillot, Cedric. (2005). Entomology. 3rd ed. Springer, Dordrecht. The Netherlands. 831 pp. • Grzimek’s Animal Life Encyclopedia, 2nd edition. Volume 3, Insects, edited by Michael Hutchins, Arthur V. Evans, Rosser W. Garrison. • Markle, Sandra. (2008). Mosquitoes: tiny insect troublemakers. Minneapolis, USA. Lerner Publications Company. 48 p. • Resh, Vincent H. & Cardé, Ring T. (2003). Encyclopedia of Insects. USA. Academic Press, Elsevier Science, 1266 pp.

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