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City on Science - Feb 2020

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City on Science - Feb 2020

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Exploration of research on effects e-cigarette use and quality of life among college students in Louisville, KY.

City on Science reviews and discusses local research to increase the scientific knowledge and curiosity of the people of the Louisville Metropolitan Area. Our goal is to develop a collaborative agenda of future research topics and questions that matter to the community.

Exploration of research on effects e-cigarette use and quality of life among college students in Louisville, KY.

City on Science reviews and discusses local research to increase the scientific knowledge and curiosity of the people of the Louisville Metropolitan Area. Our goal is to develop a collaborative agenda of future research topics and questions that matter to the community.

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City on Science - Feb 2020

  1. 1. Differences in quality of life among college student electronic cigarette users NIH.GOV LINK
  2. 2. AGENDA • What did we learn? • What did we want to learn? • How did we learn it? • What’s next?
  3. 3. What Did We Learn?
  4. 4. WHAT DID THE STUDY FIND? PURPOSE To explore an association between e-cigarette use and Quality of Life (QOL) among college students. Findings indicate that lower quality of life appears to be connected to tobacco use. CONCLUSIONS 5 Slide by Rayna Mandadi – Meyzeek Middle School
  5. 5. Demographics sample size N = 1,132 college students 6 REPRESENTED: MORE • WHITE • FEMALE • HETEROSEXUAL UNDER REPRESENTED: • FRESHMAN Slide by Rayna Mandadi – Meyzeek Middle School
  6. 6. 7Slide by Rayna Mandadi – Meyzeek Middle School
  7. 7. 8Slide by Rayna Mandadi – Meyzeek Middle School
  8. 8. E-CIGARETTES E-cigarettes create aerosol. A battery powers the device and heats up liquid that usually contains nicotine, flavoring and other additives. Users inhale this aerosol into their lungs. E-cigarettes can also be used to deliver cannabionids such as marijuana, and other drugs. 9 E-CIGARETTES ARE ALSO CALLED: • VAPE PENS • E-CIGS • TANK SYSTEMS • MODS Slide by Rayna Mandadi – Meyzeek Middle School
  9. 9. KNOW THE RISKS E-CIGARETTES & YOUTH DON’T MIX! BRAIN RISKS • Until about age 25, the brain is still growing and e- cigarettes cause long-term harm to brain development. ADDICTION • E-cigarette use is linked to alcohol and other substance use, such as marijuana. BEHAVIOR RISKS • E-cigarette use is linked to alcohol and other substance use, such as marijuana or cocaine. AEROSOL & OTHER RISKS • Harmful chemicals such as Nicotin • Benzene (usually found in car exhaust) • Flavorings such as diacetyl • Ultrafine particles such as tin thst can cause lung disease 10 Slide by Rayna Mandadi – Meyzeek Middle School
  10. 10. GROWTH IN E-CIGARETTE USE FACTS • E-cigarette industry is now a 2.5 billion dollar business. • As of 2014, the e-cigarette industry spent $125 million a year to advertise their products. • E-cigarette use grew dramatically between MIDDLE and HIGH SCHOOL students. In 2018, 1 in 5 high school students used e-cigarettes. • Flavored e-cigarettes are very popular among youth and young adults. APPEAL TO YOUNG PEOPLE Youth and young adults cite a variety of reasons for using e- cigarettes. These include: • Use by a friend or family member • Taste • The belief that e-cigarettes are less harmful than other tobacco products • Curiosity • Novelty 11 Slide by Rayna Mandadi – Meyzeek Middle School
  11. 11. RESOURCES REFERENCES Source: MMWR, Reasons for Electronic Cigarette Use Among Middle and High School Students Source: MMWR, Notes from the Field: Use of Electronic Cigarettes and Any Tobacco Product Among Middle and High School Students – United States, 2011-2018. Source: https://e- cigarettes.surgeongeneral.gov/resources.html AD FROM SURGEON GENERAL’S WEBSITE 12 Slide by Rayna Mandadi – Meyzeek Middle School
  12. 12. Findings indicate that lower quality of life appears to be connected to tobacco use.
  13. 13. E-cigarette use appears to be connected to psychological distress.
  14. 14. 10 unit increase in physical health, psychological well being, OR social relationships significantly reduced odds of being a cigarette user.
  15. 15. What Did We Want to Learn?
  16. 16. Explore an association between e-cigarette use and Quality of Life among college students.
  17. 17. How did we learn it?
  18. 18. World Health Organization (WHO) Quality of Life BREF Survey Physical Health Psychological Social Relationships Environment WHO Quality Of Life BREF Survey
  19. 19. Self Reported Demographic Information
  20. 20. Self Reported Cigarette and E-Cigarette Use in Last 30 Days
  21. 21. What’s Next?
  22. 22. Now that we know this, what else do we want to know?
  23. 23. WHAT DID WE WANT TO LEARN? I WANT TO LEARN: Data shows use of e-cigarettes among middle and high school students increased dramatically in the recent years. • Study the impact of social platforms in increase in the use of e-cigarettes in youth. 24 Most students’ health problems associated with asthma, etc. are not usually tied to smoking due to age. • Collect the self-reported symptoms related to e-cigarettes among youth on social media platforms to study the effects. I WANT TO LEARN: Slide by Rayna Mandadi – Meyzeek Middle School
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