Professor Savapalan: Professor in Hydrology at the University of Illinois: A Professor that I interviewed on this topic He made this quote about the amount of water he received on his trip to Nigeria, Africa.
Can anyone image only using a bucket of water for a shower? Well Africa has quality issues that prevents the people from having enough clean water for every day use. In not only drinking water but for agricultural use as well.
Peter Gleick wrote an article called: Basic water requirements for human activities: Meeting basic needs. In it he quoted this.
Before water became main stream scientists new about how massive this will be.
These are the 2 aspects of this issue I am going to cover
Rainfed irrigation is a better solution for both drinking and agricultural usage because the water is better quality than the contaminated surface water and has very low cost for farmers.
However, water is not always present in Africa, they have wet and dry seasons, so farmers will have to time their cropping cycle around the wet season.
The UN Millennium Project is a project that started by the UN in 2000 and is to run till 2015. this project contains 8 goals that you can see here and 13 targets describing in more detail of what to fix in each of the 8 goals.
The target I worried about was target 10 in goal number 7 which states: quote.
The way the UN plans to reach the target goal is by developing policies in the developing country and by finding environmentally sound technologies to be used.
However, the UN Millennium Project is not on track to fulfill the 2015 goal. Here is a table of all the countries that are on track to fulfilling that goal, might fulfill the goal, and unlikely to fulfill the goal.
The evidence is outstanding on how many countries will not meet this 15 year plan. And if this outcome happens, the UN Millennium Project will fail and something else has to be done to solve this problem.
The other solution that 2 of my interviewers had in common was education. Parker Laubach a senior here at the University if Illinois in Environmental Engineering, and also a prior member of Engineers without Boarders like Professor Savapalan he also made a trip to Africa but visited in Cameroon, this is what he said about what type of education is needed in Africa.
Professor Savapalan discussed with me that the education that Africa needs is water management education.
In conclusion I talked about rainfed irrigation and how it’s beneficial for farmers because it is not contaminated and costs little money but the scheduling of the crop cycle will have to change.
Then we talked about the UN Millennium Project and how that is a great concept in theory but it may not fulfill it’s goal.
And lastly what everyday people think the best solution will be as being education.
sustainable water in africa
Water sustainability in Africa
By: Haley Davis
• Prof. Savapalan
• “…I was lucky to have a bucket of water for my
bath in the morning, that was all that I could
get. And even that water the children, in the
household that I was staying with, they had to
walk 5km to the river to fetch that water for
me so I could have a bath.”
• Peter Gleick
• “… Rapid population growth and inadequate
efforts to improve access to water ensure that
this problem will grow worse before it grows
better. This problem should be a far higher
priority for governments, water providers, and
international aid organizations than it appears
• Rainfed Irrigation
• UN Millennium Project
• Definition: is a type of irrigation that relies
upon the natural rain to be collected in well
Arguments for Rainfed irrigation
– Better solution than contaminated surface water
– Low cost
– Have to schedule crop seasons around the rain
UN Millennium Project Goals
hunger and poverty
Combat HIV/ AIDS,
malaria and other
Develop a global
Goal 7, Target 10
• This target plans to “Halve,…, the proportion
of people without sustainable access to safe
drinking water and basic sanitation”
• The Un plans to develop policies and find
environmentally sound technologies to reach
Possible Failure of UN Millennium
Countries on course to
2015 target and achieve
development based on
access to clean
performance that is
African average and
could meet the
Countries that fall
outside the African
limit and unlikely to
meet the 2015
Comoros, Egypt, Gabon,
South Africa (8)
Burkina Faso, Burundi,
Cape Verde, Cote
Gambia, Lesotho, Libya,
Morocco, Namibia, São
Tomé and Principé,
Tunisia, Zimbabwe. (13)
Angola, Benin, … ,
Tanzania, Zambia (42)
What else can we do?
• If the UN Millennium Project what else
can we do?
• Parker Laubach
• “not just education in the sense of teaching
people with a university, but education of how
can people live to support themselves…
maybe they just want clean water and to be
• Rainfed Irrigation
• UN Millennium Project