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King of America

The real story behind Martin Luther King, his communist connections, his philandery, and treasonous activities.

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King of America

  2. 2. _____________________________________________________________ A Yale researcher discovered a letter in the FBI archives that threatened to expose Martin Luther King's extramarital affairs and his association with Communists in an attempt to motivate King to commit suicide. [The letter appears to have been authored by J. Edgar Hoover. The FBI had extensive information on King’s personal life based on years of surveillance and phone taps.] ~CNN -- Posted: 2014 Nov 13 The following document is in response to the above communist style “disinformation” propaganda campaign. _____________________________________________________________ Thursday, November 13, 2014 Martin Luther King (MLK)...and His Communist Affiliations Posted by Charleston Voice Scanned & Posted by Charleston Voice Excerpted from COMMUNIST REVOLUTION in the STREETS by Gary Allen _____________________________________________________________ 2
  3. 3. KING OF AMERICA He is a winner of a Nobel "peace" prize, but he is continually at war with the white man. He presents himself as a Christian minister, but J. Edgar Hoover has called him the "most notorious liar in the country." Many are wondering what is behind the man whom some people call...“King of America” ________________________________________________________________________ Click here for Anarchy USA (1966) - YouTube – 76 min. Anarchy USA: In the Name of Civil Rights - A documentary demonstrating how the Communists Conspiracy was behind The Civil Rights Movement. G. Edward Griffin narrating. _____________________________________________________________ 3
  4. 4. THERE IS NO living American today who has been praised as uncritically, by the highest officials in the federal government, radio and television commentators and leading daily newspapers as the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King. King has been named Man Of the Year by national magazines and has been the recipient of a Nobel Peace Prize. His image as a noble crusader for "freedom" and "justice" through nonviolence makes him almost immune to criticism. Any factual information on Reverend King that would tend to muddy his shining image is simply ignored by most of the major vehicles of the mass media. The inference is that any criticism of King must be of a racist nature. But the legitimate criticisms of King have nothing to do with the Negro race which suffers the consequences of King’s actions. The American public is starting to look at the other side of the King’s coin, looking to see whether the coin may be minted in Moscow. Gil Green, at one time a top Communist functionary in the United States, explained the strategy for subverting the Negro in the South this way: the South, especially for the Negro youth, the church is the center of cultural and social activities. It is here that we must work. By building our units in the church organizations, we can also improve our work under the illegal conditions, as it will be easier to work in the church organizations. . . these can become legal covers for our work in the South. (Manning Johnson, Color, Communism and Common Sense, American Opinion, 1963, p. 17.) In order to understand King’s role in the revolutionary scheme of things it is necessary to investigate the beliefs and backgrounds of some of the individuals and organizations who have supported King while promoting him to the position of Number-One-Civil-Rights-Leader-in-America. The SCEF The first organization—and perhaps the one that has been, more than any other, responsible for elevating King to his current Olympian heights—is the Southern Conference Education Fund (SCEF). Yet most Americans have never heard of the SCEF. This organization is an outgrowth of an earlier one, the Southern Conference for Human Welfare. In 1944, a congressional 4
  5. 5. committee characterized the Southern Conference for Human Welfare in these terms: Careful examination of its official publication and its activities will disclose that the Conference is being used to further Soviet policy. Key posts are in most instances controlled by persons whose record is faithful to the line of the Communist Party. (Special Committee on Un-American Activities, Hearings on ClO Political Action Committee, March 29, 1944, p. 147.) Cited again in similar terms in 1947, the Southern Conference for Human Welfare did a quick-change act and reappeared in 1948 as the Southern Conference Educational Fund. Surprise. The organization maintained the same headquarters, the same address, the same telephone number, the same publication, the same executive director, and virtually the same slate of officers! (Activities of the SCEF,, Inc., LA, part 1, Joint Legislative Committee on Un-American Activities, State of Louisiana, 1968, p. 2.) The Senate Internal Security Subcommittee in 1954 described SCEF as "one of the Communist transmission belts" for the South—an organization through which the Communists send forth the Party line. (SCEF Hearings, Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. Senate, 1954, p. v.) Since SCEF’s leaders have been described as being "faithful to the line of the Communist Party," it is important that people know who they are and what connection they have with the civil rights movement. 5
  6. 6. IDENTIFIED COMMUNIST James Dombrowski is Executive Director, SCEF, named by government agency as Communist front. Dombrowski and SCEF have worked closely with King and helped to finance him The Executive Director of SCEF is Dr. James Dombrowski, a man who has approximately sixty citations from government investigating bodies of affiliation with various Communist fronts or Communist projects. Paul Crouch, who defected from Communism after serving for many years as the top U.S. Communist in the South, and who taught Revolution and subversion for the Communists in Moscow, testified before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee as follows: "Dr. Dombrowski told me on several occasions that he preferred to be called a Left Socialist rather than a Communist; that he could serve the revolutionary movement better under the Socialist label than the Communist label." (SCEF, p. 49.) Asked if that was a customary practice among top-flight Soviet operators, Crouch answered, "Yes sir." 6
  7. 7. Working with Dombrowski in SCEF is its Field Secretary, Carl Braden. In 1954 Braden was convicted and sentenced to fifteen years in prison for bombing the home of a Negro who had just moved into a white neighborhood and for attempting to place the blame on the Caucasian neighbors. Braden was released from jail when the Warren court declared all state sedition laws void. IDENTIFIED COMMUNIST Carl Braden is CP organizer in the South. Braden was sentenced to 15 years imprisonment for bombing home of Negro and attempting to place blame on whites. This is frequent Communist-style tactic. During Carl Braden’s trial for sedition, he and his wife Anne were identified as Communist agents by Alberta Ahearn, an undercover FBI agent who was surfaced from the Communist Party to testify in court against the Bradens. Alberta Ahearn later told a Senate Committee that Carl Braden was a southern district organizer for the Communist Party. (Ibid., p. 84—85.) Carl Braden was a national sponsor of the notorious Fair Play For Cuba Committee which spawned the assassinator of President John F. Kennedy, Marxist Lee Harvey Oswald. The President of SCEF is the Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth, an ex- convict who according to federal government files has been involved in 7
  8. 8. seven Communist-front activities since 1960. The interlocking structure which pervades the entire civil rights movement is demonstrated here by the fact that Shuttlesworth serves as a link between the Communist SCEF and Martin Luther King’s organization, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Shuttlesworth is Vice President of King’s organization. REVEREND FRED SHUTTLESWORTH, an ex-convict arrested for bootlegging is President of SCEF, serves as link between Communist front and King’s SCLC by virtue of fact Shuttlesworth is also Vice President of SCLC The Reverend Shuttlesworth replaced Aubrey Williams as President of SCEF. Williams until his recent death was also Chairman of the National Committee to Abolish the House Un-American Activities Committee, (sic), a Communist front of which Martin Luther King is a leading member. The Chairman of this Committee is Frank Wilkinson, who has been identified, in sworn testimony by an undercover FBI agent, as a member of the Communist Party. Williams was Lyndon Johnson’s boss in the National Youth Administration in the nineteen-thirties. In 1945 the United States Senate rejected Williams’ appointment as administrator of the Rural Electrification Administration after his affiliations with the Communist apparatus had been placed in the record. In April of 1954, at hearings held in New Orleans by the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, Aubrey Williams was 8
  9. 9. identified as a Communist Party member by one witness who had been in the Party and was identified by another witness at the time as one who accepted Communist Party discipline. (Activities, Part I, pp. 13, 14.) Despite this, President Johnson visited Williams in his home just after the assassination of President Kennedy! 100062 OCT 1 1954 LOUISVILLE DIV. POLICE IDENTIFIED COMMUNIST Anne Braden is, like husband Carl, a Communist organizer for the South. Carl Braden was released from prison when Warren Supreme Court declared all state sedition laws void. When the New Orleans Police raided the Communist SCEF headquarters in 1961, they seized a large amount of photostats of correspondence, cancelled checks, and other documentation showing that King had been working very closely with the Communist SCEF. A letter from King to Communist Anne Braden dated October 7, 1959, urges Anne and her husband Carl, the Communist Party organizer in the South, to become permanently associated with his organization. Another letter dated September 28, 1960, from Carl Braden to fellow Communist, James Dombrowski, states that King is anxious for leadership and staff meetings between SCLC and SCEF so they can work together more effectively. (Activities, Part II, p. 81.) Another communique between these two Communists indicates that Braden was running the press releases for King’s organization. (Ibid.) 9
  10. 10. The New Orleans Police also discovered in the files of the Communist SCEF a photograph of King speaking at an SCLC meeting. Three persons in the background of the photo are the three Communists who run SCEF, Carl and Anne Braden and James Dombrowski. Among other evidence linking King with this Communist organization is a cancelled check made out to Dr. Martin Luther King, dated March 7, 1963. Some of the folks want me to come over to Albany, Ga., and see is we can start something there as we have done hare— contact between the white (censored) and Negro ministers. The group in Eufaula is working on opening the library step by step and is getting better acquainted with each other. They are laying plans for other projects, once they get the library opened--or even while they are (censored) working on it. _____________________________________________________________ Yesterday I saw Martin King, Wyatt Walker, and Jim Wood in Atlanta. They hope that everybody from SCEF can attend their annual meeting in Shreveport from Oct. 11 to l3. I thought perhaps you might be able to go, as I don’t see how I can make it. I gave them some pointers on how to (censored) construct their news releases so that they will be used. They can't understand why our releases are used and theirs are not - They are all very anxious to have the meeting of SCEF and SCLC leadership and staff so that we can all work together more effectively. People at the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee are also most anxious to work with us and to seek our help in working out a program, Jane Stembridge is looking forward to a session with Anne during the SNOC meeting Oct. 14 to 16. That summarizes work to date. Must be off to Albany and Tallahassee Francis end Betty Walter join in warmest best wishes to you and the staff. Affectionately, Carl BRADEN LETTER of September 28, 1960 to fellow Communist James Dombrowski reveals that Martin Luther King wants to work closely with the Communists of SCEF. The letter was picked up by the New Orleans Police in a raid on SCEF headquarters. Highlander Folk School _____________________________________________________________ 10
  11. 11. The second organization that helped propel Martin Luther King into his reign as recent monarch of the civil rights movement was the Highlander Folk School of Monteagle, Tennessee. Highlander had its charter revoked by a Tennessee court after State Police raided the school and made arrests for illegal possession of liquor, public drunkenness and disorderly conduct. The school was reopened as the Highlander Center in Knoxville, with Martin Luther King as a sponsor. The Highlander School is closely connected with the Communist SCEF and has served as a training school for the Communists in the fields of civil rights and labor agitation for over thirty years. The Highlander Folk School was founded in 1932 by Myles Horton and Don West, who was joined later that year by James Dombrowski upon the latter’s return from Russia. Paul Crouch, for over twenty years the top Communist official in the southern United States, testified before a United States Senate Committee, "the Highlander Folk School is operated ostensibly as an independent labor school, but actually is working in close cooperation with the Communist Party." (SCEF, p. 47.) Myles Horton, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Jim Stokely, a writer from Newport, Tennessee. Highlander integration workshop 11
  12. 12. MEMBER OF YOUNG COMMUNIST LEAGUE, Myles Horton, founder of Communist training operation known as Highlander Folk School and located in Tennessee. Before founding the Highlander Folk School, Myles Horton—a member of the Young Communist League—was operating Commonwealth College in Mena, Arkansas. Commonwealth College was controlled by the Peoples Institute of Applied Religion, which had been organized by the Communist Party. (William Nolan, Communism Versus The Negro, Chicago, Henry Regnery Co., 1951, pp. 129—131.) The purpose of Commonwealth College was to prepare people to infiltrate and influence the churches in the strongly religious South, indoctrinating them with Marxism expressed in religious jargon. Commonwealth College was dosed by the state of Arkansas because it showed a lack of discretion. Among other odd practices, it flew the hammer and sickle flag of Russia. The best known meeting ever to take place at the Highlander Folk School occurred over the Labor Day weekend in 1957. Assembled for a three-day training session in civil disobedience were the key civil rights leaders in the South, including representatives of the Communist Party and many individuals with long records of service to the Communist cause. A famous visitor was folk singer Pete Seeger, an identified Communist, who provided entertainment for the assembled "socially conscious" citizens that weekend. Seeger has been active in the civil rights movement for many years and composed the modem lyrics to the song, "We Shall Overcome," the battle hymn of the civil rights street Revolutionaries and their companions of the New Left. 12
  13. 13. IDENTIFIED COMMUNIST Pete Seeger who wrote the lyrics for the battle song of the civil rights and New Left movements, “We Shall Overcome,” photographed as he entertained trainees at Highlander, Labor Weekend, 1957. IDENTIFIED COMMUNIST Pete Seeger who wrote the lyrics for the battle song of the civil rights and New Left movements, “We Shall Overcome,” photographed as he entertained trainees at Highlander, Labor Weekend, 1957. _____________________________________________________________ 13
  14. 14. MARTIN LUTHER KING (actually M. L. King, Jr.) (1), above, is seen in 1957 photo at Highlander Folk School (for Communist training) with (2) Abner W. Berry of the Central Committee of the CPUSA, (3) Aubrey Williams, president of the Communist front, the Southern Conference Educational Fund, and (4) Myles Horton, director of the school. Located at Monteagle, Tennessee, the school was closed down by the state of Tennessee; but an offspring is now thriving at Knoxville. 14
  15. 15. Martin Luther King, Jr. speaking at Highlander's 25th Anniversary, August-September, inside Highlander Library (Source) From FBI FOIA Vault PDF File: 1958 newspaper reports on Highlander Folk School in which is revealed that Hillary Clinton's role model, Eleanor Roosevelt, was a donor to the Highlander School. _____________________________________________________________ Since the individuals involved with SCEF and the Highlander School form a virtual honor roll of Communists, one wonders why King has continued to work with and accept support from these individuals and has publicity defended them against all attacks. It could be that King is naive. However, many Americans find it is difficult to believe that a man could build an organization the size of King’s and obtain the immense influence and prestige that King has-in the highest circles of government- and be naive. American citizens should ask themselves why-since all of this information is publicly available-have not Life, Look, Time and Newsweek and CBS, NBC and ABC informed the American public of these facts? 15
  16. 16. King's judgment, however, have not been restricted merely to associations with the Communists and SCEF and Highlander Folk School. In 1955, King hired Bayard Rustin as a secretary and "advisor." King has described Rustin as "a brilliant, efficient and dedicated organizer and one of the best and most persuasive interpreters of nonviolence." (Washington Post, August 11, 1961) One of Rustin’s interpretations of "nonviolence" was given in Richmond, Virginia in September 1963, when he suggested "that more bloody Negro suffering should be encouraged so that squeamish northern Negroes would be horrified into line … (Richmond News Leader, September 27, 1963.) What is there in Rustin’s background that qualifies him for the position of advisor to the learned Dr. King? Rustin has publicly admitted that he was for many years a paid organizer for the Young Communist League, the predecessor to the current Communist W. E. B. DuBois Clubs. The purpose of the Young Communist League was to recruit young people into the Communist Party. Rustin has also served as Field Secretary for CORE. During World War II he became a pacifist and served 28 months-for draft evasion-in federal prisons at Ashland, Kentucky and Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. ("Allen-Scott Report", August 16, 1963) In February 1957, while on the payroll of Martin Luther King, Rustin attended the National Convention of the Communist Party USA, ostensibly as a "non-Communist" observer. Following the convention Rustin signed a statement, which was reproduced in the Communist newspaper, The Worker, formerly Daily Worker, stating: The sessions of the convention were democratically conducted with vigorous discussion of all matters brought to the floor. There were many indications that no individual or group was in a position to control the convention. (Daily Worker, February 25, 1957, p. 1.) Perhaps Bayard Rustin too is naive. Rustin, however, is obviously not naive about all things. If you happen to be browsing through the arrest files of the Pasadena Police Department and come across arrest record No. 33914 you will find that Rustin was arrested and pleaded guilty in 1953 to homosexual activities with two other men in an automobile. (Congressional Record, August 7, 1963.) 16
  17. 17. Bayard Rustin, according to liberal columnists Evans and Novak, "has never disguised his doctrinaire Socialist view that the root of the Negro’s misery is the American economic system." (Philadelphia Inquirer, November 24, 1965.) Rustin never makes any pretense of hiding his Marxist beliefs or his desire to institute them through political power. He has written: The Negro struggle for equality in America is essentially revolutionary. . . but the term revolutionary as I am using it does not connote violence; it refers to the qualitative transformation of fundamental institutions, more or less rapidly, to the point where the social and economic structure which they comprise can no longer be said to be the same.... We can only conclude that we are talking about the refashioning of our political economy.... How are these radical objectives to be achieved? The answer is simple, deceptively so: through political power. Neither the Civil Rights movement nor the country’s 20 million black people can win political power alone. We need allies-a coalition of progressive forces which will become the effective political majority of the United States. I speak of the coalition which staged the March On Washington, passed the Civil Rights Act, and laid the basis for the Johnson landslide-Negroes, trade unionists, liberals and religious groups. (Commentary, February 1965.) 17
  18. 18. Rustin is probably best known for his work in organizing the "March On Washington" in 1963. In fact, A. Philip Randolph, the leader of the march, claimed, "Mr. Rustin is Mr. March on Washington himself". Randolph, a former Socialist party candidate for political office, has had a long career as an active fronter for the Communists. At the time of the March On Washington, co-sponsored by Walter Reuther and the United Auto Workers, Young Communist Leaguer Bayard Rustin and Socialist A. Philip Randolph had their pictures on the cover of Life magazine. Life, however, neglected to mention that both of these men had dedicated their lives to rebuilding Uncle Sam in the image of Karl Marx. Although Rustin officially left King’s employ in 1960, he has remained with King as an "advisor" and participates in most of King’s SCLC functions. Rustin accompanied King to Norway for King’s acceptance of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964, and was also with King when he deplaned in Los Angeles following the Watts Rebellion in August 1965. Rustin had been with King at the SCLC convention in Jackson, Mississippi. In 1960, when Rustin ceased to be a full-time advisor to Dr. King, he was replaced later in the year by a man sometimes known as Hunter Pitts O’Dell. O’Dell sometimes operates under the names of Jack H. O’Dell; at other times, John Vesey or Ben Jones. O’Dell does, however, know what he is doing. Information received by the House Committee on Un-American Activities revealed that O’Dell was in fact the district organizer for the Communist Party in New Orleans. (St. Louis Globe Democrat, October 26, 1962.) It was later revealed that O’Dell had been elected to the National Committee of the Communist Party. At the time that it was revealed O’Dell was an officer in the Communist Party; he was on King’s payroll as an advisor and served in the top administrative slot in King’s organization. When an individualistic newspaper pointed this out, Dr. King "fired" O’Dell. Dr. King explained that O’Dell "may have had some connection in the past, but we were convinced that he had renounced them and had become committed to the Christian philosophy of nonviolence in dealing with America’s social injustices." (Richmond News Leader, September 27, 1963.) 18
  19. 19. In all candor it must be said that Dr. King cribbed a bit on the commandment "Thou shall not bear false witness" when he said that he had "fired" O’Dell. Really what he did was transfer O’Dell to another office. Wherever King travels, North or South, East or West, he finds police brutality under every bed, If King is correct, virtually all policemen everywhere are by nature a brutal and vicious lot. When King arrived in Los Angeles with his "advisor" Bayard Rustin, as the flames of four days of insurrection were dying down, King blamed the riots on police brutality. Mayor Sam Yorty of Los Angeles contradicted King. Said he: For some time there existed a world wide subversive campaign to stigmatize all police as brutal. The cry of brutality has been shouted all over the world by Communists, dupes and demagogues irrespective of the facts. Such a campaign has been vigorously pushed here in Los Angeles. (Los Angeles Times, August 18, 1965, p. 3.) Why are the police a special target of the Communists and for the Reverend King? The local police comprise America’s first line of defense. They deal with the Communist Revolutionaries at the local level and are responsible for the protection of the lives and property of local citizens. The Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, in its report, A Communist Plot Against The Free World Police, states: Our police are among the foremost guardians of freedom and thus a major target of the Communists. A smear campaign attempted to discredit the leaders among the rank and file.... The Communist press specializes in playing up and discrediting all police action against rioters and mobs. The May 1950 issue of Political Affairs, the theoretical journal of the Communist Party, declared: A specific movement against police brutality is urgently necessary. .. There must be a public investigation into every police department and into the brutal conduct of police officers by Citizens’ Committees. Clearly, this fight against police brutality cannot be handled on a simple case to case basis. The magnitude of the issue requires the most rapid building of the broadest front of Negro organizations. 19
  20. 20. In other words, the Communists are demanding civilian police review boards. Coincidentally, King always demands police review boards. Maybe it is advice that he gets from Hunter Pitts O’Dell, Bayard Rustin or Wyatt Tee Walker. Could it be that Dr. King is naive? Among other occasions on which King has shown poor judgment is King’s use of the mailing plates of the National Guardian newspaper in a campaign to solicit funds for the SCLC. The National Guardian was characterized by the House Committee on Un-American Activities as "...a virtual official propaganda arm of Soviet Russia." (Guide to Subversive Organizations, Washington, DC, 1961, p. 193.) In June 1964, King sent a telegram to Jesse Gray, a Communist who had been leading riots and rent strikes in New York. In the telegram King told Gray, "You have my absolute support. - . ." The Communists considered that telegram so important that they put it on the front page of their newspaper, The Worker. (The Worker, June 2, 1964, p. 1.) One month following King’s promise of "absolute support," Gray called for "guerrilla warfare" in the United States and said that he needed "One hundred skilled black revolutionaries who were ready to die." (New York Times, July 20, 1964.) The Communists praise, consistently, only those who are doing the work of the Communist Party. Manning Johnson, a Negro who left the Communist Party after discovering that the Reds only intended to enslave the colored people, had this to say to a government body concerning King: The Communists are praising King to the highest and they are daily quoting some of his speeches which express more or less what they say.... I wonder who is giving him the Party Line. (Subversion in Racial Unrest, Joint Legislative Committee, State of Louisiana, 1957, p. 205.) The admiration verges on idolatry: • Benjamin J. Davis., the late Communist National Secretary, called King "a brilliant and great practical leader." (The Worker November 10, 1963, p. 3.) 20
  21. 21. • The Worker itself praised King’s "great inspirational leadership." (September 15, 1964, p. 2) • King is "courageous and sagacious" according to William Patterson, a Negro member of the National Committee of the Communist Party. (November 25,. 1965, p. 4.) • Patterson said in The Worker on that same date, "Millions of white and Negro Americans should rally to Dr. King’s call …” Just as the Communists and their sympathizers are always in favor of any legislation that lessens the power of local government and promotes the increase in power of the federal government, so in the realm of law enforcement the Revolutionaries would like to replace the local police with a national police force which they could control-as they already control many appointed officials and elected, vote-hungry politicians in high offices. That is why Communists work to tie the hands of local police officials-through establishing police review boards -so that when disturbances do break out the power of the police to control them is restrained. Whether it is a .protest march in the South or a riot in the North the cry is always for federal troops. The idea of a national police force is not new. Other countries have had them. In Germany they were called the Gestapo. Martin Luther King, the Nobel Peace Prize winner, has built his career upon the term "nonviolence." Yet King has admitted in his own book, Why We Can’t Wait, and in an article written for Saturday Review, that inciting people to violence is the key to success of the civil rights march. He states: Long years of experience indicate to us that Negroes can achieve this goal when four things occur: 1. Nonviolent demonstrators go into the streets to exercise their Constitutional rights. 2. Racists resist by unleashing violence against them. 3. Americans of conscience in the name of decency demand federal intervention and legislation. 21
  22. 22. 4. The Administration, under mass pressure, initiates measures of immediate intervention and remedial legislation. (ML King, Jr., "Behind the Selma March", Saturday Review, April 3, 1965, pp. 16, 17; 57.) In other words, if you can provoke people into attacking you while television cameras grind away and flashbulbs pop, the mass media will make your march a success. King, in another book, has stated his affirmative attitude toward Marx and Marxism. King says that in studying Marx: "It challenged me-to a growing concern about social justice ...I was deeply concerned about the gulf between superfluous wealth and abject poverty, and my reading of Marx made me ever more conscious of this gulf.... Marx bad revealed the danger of the profit motive as the sole basis of an economic system... In so far as he pointed to weaknesses of traditional capitalism, contributed to the growth of a definite self-consciousness in the masses, and challenged the social conscience of the Christian churches, I responded with a definite ‘Yes!" (Stride Toward Freedom, New York, Ballantine Books, 1958, pp. 74-75.) The Reverend King says that he did not accept Marxist views on religion, but it is obvious that he did accept the basic fundamental tenet of Communism-the class war. It is very difficult to find a public cause upon which King and the Communist Party have any differences. King has called upon the President to free Morton Sobell, the Soviet spy serving thirty years in prison for stealing our atomic secrets; he has called for the admission of Communist China to the UN, petitioned Congress to abolish the Committee on Un-American Activities and the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee-the only congressional bodies empowered to investigate Communism-joined the Communists in publicly denouncing the conviction of Communists Carl Braden and Frank Wilkinson for contempt of Congress, called for the pardon of Communist Julius Scales, convicted of violating the Smith Act by advocating the violent overthrow of the United States government; and he has demanded the withdrawal of the United States troops which-despite an official "no-win" policy at the top-are attempting to 22
  23. 23. stop the Communist capture of South Vietnam. As the Indianapolis Star on July 8, 1965, stated, "If King is not a Communist he might as well be; for he is doing for them exactly what they themselves propose and have advocated for years." For King’s positions are all official Communist or Communist-front positions. Of course, that doesn’t necessarily make King a Communist. Maybe he’s naive. Return to Southern History Related Posts  Liberation Theology: a Cancer in our Clergy  The Communist Plan to Conquer America to be by Inciting Anarchy via Black Racism & Anti-Gentilism  When It All Goes South - by Alabama YouTube  JULIAN BOND of the Radical Left - THE MAN UNDER THE HOOD NAACP Chairman of the Board  FBI Whistleblower: “U.S Is Reviving Terror Scare With ISIS To Promote The Terror War Industry” Read more at kingking-of-america.html#bGzr3i7F7Gt4v0jk.99 _____________________________________________________________ CONTIUNE 23
  24. 24. ________________________________________________________________ Civil Rights: Tool of Communist Deception(1) Ezra Taft Benson An address delivered on September 29, 1967, at General Conference ___________________________________________________________________________ Anarchy USA (1966) - YouTube – G. Edward Griffin narrating. 76 min. G. Edward Griffin Hidden Agenda, Vol. 4 - Anarchy USA: In the Name of Civil Rights USA: A documentary demonstrating how Communists were behind the Civil Rights Movement. ________________________________________________________________ "There is no grievance that is a fit object of redress by mob law. In any case that arises. . . one of two positions is necessarily true; that is, the thing is right within itself, and therefore deserves the protection of all law and all good citizens; or, it is wrong, and therefore to be prohibited by legal enactments; and in neither case, is the interposition of mob law, either necessary, justifiable or excusable." (Abraham Lincoln, January 27, 1838; Collected Works 1:113) In the Book of Mormon the Prophet Nephi exclaims: "O Lord, I have trusted in thee, and I will trust in thee forever. I will not put my trust in the arm of flesh; for I know that cursed is he that putteth his trust in man or maketh flesh his arm." (2 Nephi 4:34) Prophesying of our day, Nephi said, "They have all gone astray save it be a few, who are humble followers of Christ; nevertheless, they are led, that in many instances they do err because they are taught the precepts of men." (2 Nephi 28:14) Yes, it is the precepts of men versus the revealed word of God. The more we follow the word of God the less we are deceived, while those who follow the wisdom of men are deceived the most. 24
  25. 25. Increasingly, the Latter-day Saints must choose the reasoning of men [or] the revelations of God. This is a crucial choice, for we have those within the Church today who, with their worldly wisdom, are leading some of the members astray. President J. Reuben Clark warned that, "The ravening wolves are amongst us, from our own membership, and they, more than any others, are clothed in sheep's clothing, because they wear the habiliments of the Priesthood. . . We should be careful of them." (Conference Report, April 1949, p. 163) In 1942, President Heber J. Grant, J. Reuben Clark, and David O. McKay warned us about the increasing threat to our Constitution, caused by the revolutionists who, the First Presidency said, were "using a technique that is as old as the human race--a fervid, but false solicitude for the unfortunate, over whom they thus gain master, and then enslave them. They suit their approaches to the particular group they seek to deceive." (First Presidency, Conference Report, April 1942, p. 90) That timely counsel about a "fervid, but false solicitude for the unfortunate" could have saved China and Cuba if enough people knew what the communist "master of deceit" really had in mind when they promised agrarian reform. Such timely counsel could help save our country from communism, as the same "masters of deceit" are showing the same false solicitude for the unfortunate in the name of civil rights. Now there is nothing wrong with civil rights--it is what's being done in the name of civil rights that is alarming. There is no doubt that the so-called Civil Rights movement as it exists today is used as a communist program for revolution in America, just as agrarian reform was used by the communists to take over China and Cuba.(2) This shocking statement can be confirmed by an objective study of communist literature and activities and by knowledgeable Negroes and others who have worked within the communist movement.(3) As far back as 1928, the communists declared that the cultural, economic, and social differences between the races in America could be exploited by them to create the animosity, fear, and hatred between large segments of our people that would be necessary beginning ingredients for their revolution.(4) 25
  26. 26. Briefly, the three broad objectives were--and are--as follows:  Create Hatred  Trigger Violence  Overthrow Established Government 1. Create Hatred. Use any means to agitate blacks into hating whites and whites into hating blacks. Work both sides of the split. Play up and exaggerate real grievances. If necessary, don't hesitate to manufacture false stories and rumors about injustices and brutality. Create martyrs for both sides. Play upon mass emotions until they smolder with resentment and hatred. 2. Trigger Violence. Put the emotional masses into the streets in the form of large mobs, the larger the better. It makes no difference if the mob is told to demonstrate "peacefully" so long as it is brought into direct confrontation with the antagonist. Merely bringing the two emotionally charged groups together is like mixing oxygen and hydrogen. All that is needed is one tiny spark. If the spark is not forthcoming from purely spontaneous causes, create it.(5) 3. Overthrow Established Government. Once mob violence becomes widespread and commonplace, condition those who are emotionally involved to accept violence as the only way to "settle the score" once and for all. Provide leadership and training for guerrilla warfare. Institute discipline and terrorism to insure at least passive support from the larger inactive segment of the population. Train and battle-harden leadership through sporadic riots and battles with police. Finally, at the appointed time, launch an all-out simultaneous offensive in every city.(6) Police and national guard units will never be adequate to handle such widespread anarchy--especially if a large part of our men and equipment are drained away in fighting a foreign war. In self-defense, larger numbers are brought into fighting on both sides. The appearance of a nationwide civil war takes form. In the confusion, potential anti-communist leaders of both races are assassinated, apparently the accidental casualties of race war. Time the attack to coincide with large-scale sabotage of water supplies, power grids, main railroad and highway arteries, communication centers, and government buildings. With fires raging in every conceivable part of town, with wanton looting going on in the darkness of a big city, without routine police protection, without water to drink, without electrical refrigeration, without 26
  27. 27. transportation or radio or TV, the public will panic, lock its door in trembling fear, and make it much easier for the small but well-led and fully disciplined guerrilla bands to capture the power-centers of each community. Overthrow the government! After complete control is consolidated, (and that may take many months, as in Cuba), only then allow the people to discover that it was a communist revolution after all. If communism comes to America, it will probably not happen quite like that. Even though this is the basic formula used in so many other countries now part of the communist empire, there is one very important difference. In China, in Cuba, and in Algeria the segment of the population which the communists used as the "battering ram" of their revolution of force and violence was the makority segment.(7) In America, though, the Negro represents only 10 percent of the population. In any all-out race war which might be triggered, there isn't a chance in the world that communist-led Negro guerilla units could permanently hold on to the power centers of government, even if they could capture them in the first place. It would be a terribly bloody affair, with all Americans suffering mightily, but with Negroes paying the highest toll in human life. And the communists know this better than anyone else. They do not really expect to take America with a "War of National Liberation," (which is their term for internal conquest through force and violence), unless the aggressive revolutionary force can be broadened to include, not only the minority of Negros, but migratory farm laborers, the poor, the unemployed, those on welfare, other minority groups, students, the so- called "peace movements," and anyone who can be propagandized into mob action against established government. But unless and until they manipulate an overwhelming majority of the population into at least sympathizing with their revolutionary activities, they will use violence, anarchy, and sabotage, not as a means of seizing power, but merely as a support operation or a catalyst to an entirely different plan. In such countries as Czechoslovakia, the communists have used an entirely different method of internal conquest. Instead of the force and violence of a bloody revolution (a "War of National Liberation") parliamentary and political means were used to bring about a more peaceful transition to communism. The communist sympathizers call this alternate plan a "Proletarian Revolution."(8) The plan is as follows: Using unidentified communist agents and non- 27
  28. 28. communist sympathizers in key positions in government, in communications media, and in mass organizations--such as labor unions and civil rights groups-- demand more and more government power as the solution to all civil rights problems. Total government is the objective of communism. Without calling it by name, build communism piece by piece through mass pressures for presidential decrees, court orders, and legislation which appear to be aimed at improving civil rights and other social reforms. If there is social, economic, or educational discrimination, then advocate more government programs and control. And what if riots come? Then more government housing, government welfare, government job training, and finally, federal control over police. Thus, the essential economic and political structure of communism can be built entirely "legally" and in apparent response to the wishes of the people who have clamored for some kind of solution to the problems played-up, aggravated or created outright by communists for just that purpose. After the machinery of communism is firmly established, then allow the hidden communists one-by- one to make their identities known. Liquidate first the anti-communists and then the non-communist sympathizers who are no longer needed in government. The total state mechanism can now openly and "peacefully" be transferred into the hands of communists. Such is the so-called Proletarian Revolution. Such has happened in other once free countries. It has already started here. The communists are not entirely certain whether force and violence or the use of government or a combination of both would be best for the internal conquest of America. At first, there was talk of splitting away the "Black Belt," those Southern states in which the Negro held a majority, and calling that a Negro Soviet Republic. But, as conditions changed and more Negroes migrated to the Northern states, they applied this same strategy to the so-called "ghetto" areas in the North. It now seems probable that the communists are determined to use force and violence to its fullest, coupled with a weakening of the economy and military setbacks abroad, in an effort to create as much havoc as possible to weaken America internally, and to create the kind of psychological desperation in the minds of all citizens that will lead them to accept blindly government measures which actually help the communists in their take-over. Some wonder if it can happen here. Just take a good look at what has been going on around us for the past few years. IT IS HAPPENING HERE! If it is to be prevented from running the full course, we must stop pretending that it 28
  29. 29. doesn't exist. Let us consider some suggestions for our survival. The hour is late. The communist program for revolution in America has been in progress for many years and is far advanced. While it can be thwarted in a fairly short period of time merely by exposure, the evil effects of what has already been accomplished cannot be removed overnight. The animosities, the hatred, the extension of government control into our daily lives--all this will take time to repair. The already-inflicted wounds will be slow in healing. But they can be healed; that is the important point. ________________________________________________________________ Click here for Anarchy USA (1966) - YouTube – 76 min. Anarchy USA: In the Name of Civil Rights - A documentary demonstrating how the Communists Conspiracy was behind The Civil Rights Movement. G. Edward Griffin narrating. ________________________________________________________________ 1. First of all, we must not place the blame upon Negroes. They are merely the unfortunate group which has been selected by professional communist agitators to be used as the primary source of cannon fodder. Not one in a thousand Americans--black or white--really understands the full implications of today's civil rights agitation. The planning, direction, and leadership come from the communists, and most of those are white men who fully intend to destroy America by spilling Negro blood, rather than their own. 2. Next, we must not participate in any so-called "backlash" activity which might tend to further intensify inter-racial friction. Anti-Negro vigilante action, or mob action, of any kind fits perfectly into the communist plan. This is one of the best ways to force the decent Negro into cooperating with militant Negro groups. The communists are just as anxious to spearhead such anti-Negro action as they are to organize demonstrations which are calculated to irritate white people. 3. We must insist that duly authorized legislative investigating committees launch an even more exhaustive study and expose the secret communists who are directing the Civil Rights movement. The same needs to be done with 29
  30. 30. militant anti-Negro groups. This is an effective way for the American people of both races to find out who are the false leaders among them.(9) 4. We must support our local police in their difficult task of keeping law and order in these trying times. Police should not be encumbered by civilian review boards,(10) or asked to be social workers. They have their hands full just trying to keep the peace. Recent soft-on-crime decisions of the Supreme Court which hamper the police on protecting the innocent and bringing the criminal to justice should be reversed. Persistent cries of "police brutality"(11) should be recognized for what they are--attempts to discredit our police and discourage them from doing their job to the best of their ability. Salaries should be adequate to hold on to and attract the very finest men available for police work. But, in questions of money, great care should be taken not to accept grants from the federal government. Along with federal money, inevitably there will come federal controls and "guidelines" which not only may get local police embroiled in national politics, but may even lead to the eventual creation of a national police force.(12) Every despotism requires a national police force to hold the people in line. Communism is no exception. Our local police should remain free from federal control. 5. Further encroachment of government should be stopped and the entire process reversed. The solution to most, if not all, of the current problems involving civil rights is less government, not more. 6. Lastly, we need a vast awakening of the American people as to the true nature of the communist blueprint for revolution. Considering the degree to which the controlling influences of the federal government and the communications media are now furthering this communist revolution, it is unrealistic to expect our present leaders or the networks to bring about this awakening. In fact, they may be expected to resist it. That means individual citizens must stand up and assume more than their share of the responsibility. The speaker's platform and distribution of literature, study clubs, home discussions--all must be pressed into service. All of us should read the new book, Communist Revolution in the Streets, written by Gary Allen, with an introduction by W. Cleon Skousen. Each of us must be willing to discuss the problem openly with our friends-- especially those of the Negro race. The success or failure of Americans of all races to meet this challenge may well determine the fate of our country. If we 30
  31. 31. fail, we will all lose our civil rights, black man and white man together, for we will live under perfect communist equality--the equality of slaves. As President David O. McKay has stated, "The position of this Church on the subject of communism has never changed. We consider it the greatest Satanical threat to peace, prosperity and the spread of God's work among men that exists on the face of the earth." (Conference Report, April 1966, p. 109) (13) He has also counseled that, "next to being one in worshipping God, there is nothing in this world upon which this Church should be more united than in upholding and defending the Constitution of the United States!" (President David O. McKay, The Instructor, 1956, p. 94) May we unite behind the Prophet in opposing the communist conspiracy and preserving our freedom and our divine Constitution, I pray. Notes 1. An address delivered on September 29, 1967, at the General Conference of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, in the Tabernacle, Salt Lake City, Utah, and printed in pamphlet form by Deseret Book Company. 2. "From the beginning of the so-called Negro Revolution and the insane antics identified with it. . . I had opposed all of the marches on Washington and other mob demonstrations, recognizing them as part of the Red techniques of agitation, infiltration, and subversion. That was included by the fact that invariably they were proposed, incited, managed, and led by professional collectivist agitators, whose only interest in the workers was to exploit them; backed by the proliferation of 'liberals' of position and influence who always run interference for them by 'explaining' and defending their course." (George S. Schuyler, Negro Journalist; Black and Conservative, p. 341) 3. Manning Johnson, now deceased, spelled out this blueprint in his book, Color, Communism and Common Sense (Western Islands, Belmont, Mass.). Leonard Patterson, Mrs. Julia Brown and Mrs. Lolabelle Holmes are currently active on lecture tours carrying this unhappy truth about the Civil Rights movement to as many of the American people as they can reach. 4. The two classic communist manuals explaining this diabolic plot are American Negro Problems, by John Pepper (1928) and Negroes in a Soviet America, by James Ford and James Allen (1935). Both originally were 31
  32. 32. published by the Communist party and now may be obtained as photographic reprints from American Opinion, Belmont Mass. 02178 [Note: The American Opinion magazine has been renamed, "The New American," and is published under authority of the John Birch Society, which has moved headquarters to Appleton Wisconsin] 5. "At this moment in history, the communists are ecstatic over their success in helping to retard our progress in improving racial relations in this country. . . The present dangerous decline in black-white relations in the United States could well lead us into a disastrous racial civil war, which is exactly what the communists want and are willing to gamble on at the present moment. A racial civil war in the United States could only breed one thing--anarchy. And once anarchy sweeps this country, the battle will be over to all intents and purposes. . . Certainly while the rest of the country was involved in trying to salvage itself from a civil war, the communists would remain intact as a functioning revolutionary cadre and would await the chance to seize power from a government incapable of governing or defending itself from internal tyranny." (Phillip Abbott Luce, ex-communist; The Intelligent Student's Guide To Survival, p. 60) 6. The Communists are counting on the premise that most Americans will discount the probability of a guerilla war in their country. The notion of a guerilla war in the United States is so outrageous and improbable to Americans that they would receive it as the product of a deranged mind. The Communists are fully aware of this and are counting heavily on the fact that most of our citizens will be mentally, as well as physically, unprepared. The shock effect of the initial onslaught will work in favor of the guerillas." (Phillip Abbott Luce, Road to Revolution: Communist Guerilla Warfare in the U.S.A., p. 13) 7. There is nothing more odious than the majority. It consists of a few powerful men who lead the way; of accommodating rascals and submissive weaklings; and of a mass of men who trot after them without in the least knowing their own minds." (Johann Wolfgang Goethe, 1749-1832; Great Quotations, p. 624) 8. For a detailed understanding of this phase of communist strategy, the student is urged to research the Party's official pronouncements on the subject of Proletarian Revolution. Perhaps the easiest and best place to begin, however, is with one of the actual textbooks used to teach communist cadres in Czechoslovakia. It is entitled, About the Possible Transition to Socialism by 32
  33. 33. Means of the Revolutionary Use of Parliament, written by Jan Kozak, official Historian of the Czech Communist Party and member of the National Assembly. Reprints of the pertinent parts of this textbook may be obtained from the U.S. Printing Office in the form of a government pamphlet entitled, The New Role of National Legislative Bodies in the Communist Conspiracy, published by the House Committee on Un-American Activities, December 30, 1961. 9. It is the proper duty of a representative body to look diligently into every affair of government and to talk much about what it sees. It is meant to be the eyes and the voice, and to embody the wisdom and will of its constituents. . . The informing function of Congress should be preferred even to its legislative function." (Woodrow Wilson, quoted by Justice Frankfurter at the October 1952 Term of the Supreme Court) 10. "A questionable move currently being championed in some localities is the establishment of civilian review boards to hear complaints against law enforcement officers. . . When carefully considered, it is clear this drive for external boards is an ill-advised maneuver. It amounts to the usurpation of authority rightfully belonging to the police commander. It is a practice which could damage effective law enforcement and reduce the orderly processes of community life to petty bickering, suspicion, and hatred. The police executive cannot become a mere pawn of bureaucratic committees. He must have full responsibility for the performance, discipline, and control of his officers. . . Such panels represent a backward step for law enforcement toward ineptness and mediocrity. Moreover, one of the major weaknesses of these boards is their inherent political overtones." (J. Edgar Hoover, FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, January 1, 1965) 11. "We know there is a calculated and deliberate attempt by some groups to inflame hostility against law enforcement by charging 'police brutality' without cause. To a large degree they have succeeded. The term is bandied about in all media of communication without serious consideration as to its true meaning or its harmful effect on a profession which is charged with enforcing the basic rules of civilized living." (J. Edgar Hoover, FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, June 1, 1966) 12. "America has no place for, nor does it need, a national police force. It should be abundantly clear by now that in a democracy such as ours effective 33
  34. 34. law enforcement is basically a local responsibility. In the great area of self- government reserved for States, counties, and cities, the enforcement of the laws is not only their duty but also their right. Law-abiding citizens and local officials should vigorously oppose concerted attacks against law enforcement and the devious moves to negate local authority and replace it with Federal police power. . . Since local law enforcement represents the first line of defense of our social order, it becomes a primary target of those who challenge established authority." (J. Edgar Hoover, FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, February 1, 1968) 13. Statement concerning the position of the Church on Communism, made by President David O. McKay at the general priesthood session of the 136th Annual Conference of the Church held in the Salt Lake Tabernacle, Saturday, April 9, 1966, at 7:00 p.m., read by Robert R. McKay. The full text is as follows: In order that there may be no misunderstandings by bishops, stake presidents, and others regarding members of the Church participating in non-church meetings to study and become informed on the Constitution of the United States, Communism, etc., I wish to make the following statements that I have been sending out from my office for some time and that have come under question by some stake authorities, bishoprics, and others. Members are free Church members are at perfect liberty to act according to their own consciences in the matter of safeguarding our way of life. They are, of course, encouraged to honor the highest standards of the gospel and to work to preserve their own freedoms. They are free to participate in non-church meetings that are held to warn people of the threat of Communism or any other theory or principle that will deprive us of our free agency or individual liberties vouchsafed by the Constitution of the United States. Church is politically neutral The Church, out of respect for the rights of all its members to have their political views and loyalties, must maintain the strictest possible neutrality. We have no intention of trying to interfere with the fullest and freest exercise of the political franchise of our members under and within our Constitution, which the Lord declared he established "by the hands of wise men whom [he] raised up unto this very purpose" (D&C 101:80) and which, as to the principles thereof, the Prophet Joseph Smith, dedicating the Kirtland 34
  35. 35. Temple, prayed should be "established forever." (D&C 109:54.) The Church does not yield any of its devotion to or convictions about safeguarding the American principles and the establishments of government under federal and state constitutions and the civil rights of men safeguarded by these. Communism greatest threat to peace and the spread of God's word to men The position of this Church on the subject of Communism has never changed. We consider it the greatest satanical threat to peace, prosperity, and the spread of God's work among men that exists on the face of the earth. In this connection, we are continually being asked to give our opinion concerning various patriotic groups or individuals who are fighting Communism and speaking up for freedom. Our immediate concern, however, is not with parties, groups, or persons, but with principles. We therefore commend and encourage every person and every group who is sincerely seeking to study Constitutional principles and awaken a sleeping and apathetic people to the alarming conditions that are rapidly advancing about us. We wish all of our citizens throughout the land were participating in some type of organized self- education in order that they could better appreciate what is happening and know what they can do about it. Citizens should educate themselves Supporting the FBI, the police, the congressional committees investigating Communism, and various organizations that are attempting to awaken the people through educational means is a policy we warmly endorse for all our people. Communism's atheism and hate The entire concept and philosophy of Communism is diametrically opposed to everything for which the Church stands—belief in Deity, belief in the dignity and eternal nature of man, and the application of the gospel to efforts for peace in the world. Communism is militantly atheistic and is committed to the destruction of faith wherever it may be found. The Russian Commissar of Education wrote: "We must hate Christians and 35
  36. 36. Christianity. Even the best of them must be considered our worst enemies. Christian love is an obstacle to the development of the revolution. Down with love for one's neighbor. What we want is hate. Only then shall we conquer the universe." On the other hand, the gospel teaches the existence of God as our Eternal and Heavenly Father and declares: ". . . him only shalt thou serve." (Matt. 4:10.) Communism debases and destroys Communism debases the individual and makes him the enslaved tool of the state, to which he must look for sustenance and religion. Communism destroys man's God-given free agency. No member of this Church can be true to his faith, nor can any American be loyal to his trust, while lending aid, encouragement or sympathy to any of these false philosophies, for if he does they will prove snares to his feet. ________________________________________________________________________ Continued 36
  37. 37. ________________________________________________________________________ "There is no doubt that the so-called Civil Rights movement as it exists today is used as a communist program for revolution in America, just as agrarian reform was used by the communists to take over China and Cuba." Ezra Taft Benson October 1967 General Conference address: "Civil Rights: Communist Tool of Deception" ________________________________________________________________________ The following two Chapters are taken from It's Very Simple: The True Story of Civil Rights (Published by Western Islands, Belmont MA., 1965) ________________________________________________________________________ Chapter Nine: Life Among the Eskimos By Alan Stang ________________________________________________________________________ [I am] sick and tired of people saying this movement has been infiltrated by Communists and Communist sympathizers. 37
  38. 38. There are as many Communists in this freedom movement as there are Eskimos in Florida.1 ----The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. William Z. Foster and Gus Hall and other leading Communists have gone to great trouble to make clear not only that there is no contradiction between the two tactics the Communists in Moscow have developed for use in the United States--"self-determination" and "civil rights"--but that the two complement and reinforce each other and are in essence one and the same: Let me sum up on this general point [says Foster], that is, the orientation of the Negro people is first, toward full participation and full equality in American life, and second, toward the development of their national consciousness. Comrade Ed Strong made a good contribution when he stressed the basic harmony between these two streams of courses of development . . . 2 . . . Each influence the other [says Gus Hall] . . . Thus, the struggles for full equality of the Negro national minority and the struggle for national liberation of the oppressed nation are very closely interlinked.3 In the North the slogan for equal rights will be the basic slogan [explains Communist official William L. Patterson]. A major feature of the program in the North must be the struggle to destroy the ghetto. . . We must smash the ghetto. The ghetto is tied to the South and to the issue of the right of self-determination.4 (Italics added) How, one wonders? ". . . These are the people who are ready for revolution--any kind of revolution . . ." says Professor Lincoln about the Black Muslims. "Furthermore, in the segregated Black Ghetto, the illusion of a 'Black Nation' within a surrounding and hostile 'white nation' takes on a semblance of reality . . ."5 So what is the nature of "the basic harmony between these two streams of courses of development," as Foster so clearly puts it? 38
  39. 39. The vast bulk of American Negroes merely aspire to precisely the same rights as other Americans [says C. L. Sulzberger] . . . North American extremism is of real danger only if existing injustices are not rectified in time. However, should there be no prompt reform, the United States could see hideous racial quarrels on a scale hitherto unimaginable.6 ". . . On fund-raising missions to corporate boards, Whitney Young, Jr., executive director of the National Urban League, poses these alternatives; invest in positive assistance--or risk hostility and growing strength for the Muslims . . ."7 In 1963 he made the same prediction. "Unless we do something, the Negro in the future will no longer react with resignation but with bitterness and hostility." And those are the ingredients of trouble. "We're liable to get some real violence--in Chicago, in Detroit, in New York," Young predicts gloomily. .8 So what should we do? The white leadership must be honest enough to grant that throughout our history there has existed a special privileged class of citizens who received preferred treatment. That class was white. Now we're saying this: if two men, one Negro and one white, are equally qualified for a job, hire the Negro.9 "The fundamental policy of a Soviet Government with regard to the Negro generally would therefore be to create even relatively greater opportunities for advance and progress for the Negro than for the white. Special emphasis would be placed upon training more Negro skilled workers . . . A Soviet Government must confer greater benefits upon the Negroes than upon the whites, for the Negroes have started with less . . ."10 As long as we are not allowed to establish a state or territory of our own [says Mr. Muhammad] we demand not only equal justice under the laws of the United States, but equal employment opportunities-- NOW! 39
  40. 40. . . . The United States government should provide, free, all necessary text books and equipment, schools and college buildings . . .11 So what Mr. Muhammad wants is more and more civil rights, until he gets the "separation." In fact, once he gets the separation--from a government that has been grabbed by civil rights— ". . . We believe that our former slave masters are obliged to maintain and supply our needs in this separate territory for the next 20 to 25 years--until we are able to produce and supply our own needs."12 "Thirdly, there would be even greater aid from the Central Soviet Government of the United States. . ." The Negroes in a Soviet America So it turns out that even Mr. Muhammad isn't completely opposed to civil rights. Muhammad Speaks for January 31, 1964, hails the CORE attempt to "integrate" the staff of the Jefferson Bank and Trust Company in St. Louis.14 And in an editorial in July, 1962, we read: Muslims certainly have no opposition to the program and policies of the NAACP . . . There is much to be admired in the heroic struggle waged by the NAACP since the days of its formation against incalculable odds. Many NAACP leaders, nationally and locally, are men and women of high intelligence and integrity.15 "If one can't gain objectives through mediation, if one can't gain objectives after a riot," explains the Rev. Milton Galamison, leader of the New York school boycott, "then all these things may become a Sunday school picnic by comparison to what people are going to do in order to get their grievances remedied."16 And so the point is, as Professor Lincoln suggests, that "Muslim extremism may even rebound and actively assist the forces of integration. It may, for example, force a white reappraisal of other protest organizations, such as the NAACP which are now widely resisted as 'too pushy' or 'radical.' . . ."17 40
  41. 41. Let's sum up: There are in the United States two kinds of "Negro Leaders": the violents, and the "nonviolents." The violents want to destroy the Unted States and set up their own nation on part of it. All the nonviolents want is integration. Americans of all colors are going to get one or the other, they are told, so they'd better take the integration. If they don't, they'll get the self- determination, and that's bound to be unpleasant. In other words, if the violents make a riot, and the nonviolent Rev. Galamisson doesn't get what he wants, the violents will probably make a bigger riot. If you wanted to define in one word you'd pick the word "extortion." What is important to observe is that the two strategies advance like legs on the same man. Left to themselves, the violents would probably fall on their collective face just because they are violent, and it's therefore easier to tell what they are actually all about. And the nonviolents would collapse because they would lack the violence to back threats. But notice that when you put the two together, they both get progressively violent, or less and less nonviolent--but the nonviolents in comparison always look like moderates. Roy Wilkins begins to sound like President McKinley, because a Malcom X sounds like Attila the Hun. And Jesse Gray begins to sound like Malcolm X. On June 28, two weeks before he arrived in Cairo to attend that meeting of the Organization for African Unity, Malcolm formed a revolutionary group called the Organization of Afro-American Unity, with himself as chairman. As members of the OAAU brain trust, Malcolm named Rev. Albert Cleage, leader of the Michigan Freedom Now party; Gloria Richardson, leader of the Freedom Now movement in Cambridge, Maryland; Lawrence Landry, Chicago school boycott leader; John Lewis, head of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee; and Jesse Gray--all practicing non-violents.18 As we have seen, Malcolm X has become the leading symbol of the violents. And the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. has become the leading symbol of the non-violents. 41
  42. 42. In fact, we are told, the Rev. Dr. King is the only man who can save us from Malcolm X. And so the question arises: What was the relationship, if any, between Malcolm and the Rev. Dr. King? What sort of person is the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.? In November of 1938 the Communist party formed an organization called the Southern Conference for Human Welfare.19 Rob Hall, then secretary of the Alabama Communist party, tells how "our comrades . . . naturally watched the conference preparations closely and helped wherever possible."20 SCHW was what is known as a Communist front. Early in their movement, the Communists came boldly out as Communists--possibly because they assumed that other people couldn't wait to join up. But it turned out that other people were not interested. In fact, it turned out that most people by far of every race and country are thoroughly decent and want no part of criminal communism. As Political Affairs said: To the extent that we aroused enthusiasm among the Negro people, it was largely in spite of, not because of our over-simplified presentation of the right of self-determination. Anyone who has worked in the South must realize that our presentation of this right for the most part had only the effect of puzzling and confusing the Negro people who followed our movement. They generally listened politely to our exposition of this right, but treated it as some strange idiosyncrasy to which we were addicted, but which could be forgiven in friends. The most damning thing of all was that those Negroes who took the trouble to ascertain exactly what we were driving at generally voiced very decided opposition.21 So the Communists realized, as Jesse Gray reportedly remarked, that in order to put people to use, they would have to develop some sort of trick. Consequently, they developed the strategy of the Communist "front." The front is operated in two ways: either the Communists infiltrate an organization, work inside it (in Communist language, "bore from within"), and eventually capture it; or they form their own organization--and simply 42
  43. 43. invite the gullible in. In either case, many unsuspecting Americans wind up working to further some specific Communist objective. "Comrades, you remember the ancient tale of the capture of Troy. Troy was inaccessible to the armies attacking her, thanks to her impregnable walls. And the attacking army, after suffering many sacrifices, was unable to achieve victory until with the aid of the famous Trojan horse it managed to penetrate the very heart of the enemy's camp. "We revolutionary workers, it appears to me, should not be shy about using the same tactics with regard to our fascist foe . . ."22 But what is essential, in either case, is that since the overwhelming majority of people of any kind are thoroughly decent, the front must not only avoid mentioning, but actively deny that it has anything at all to do with communism. Once the secret gets out, the Communist front has lost its value-- because most people are decent. "Everything should be done to bring wide masses of Negroes into these partial struggles. This is important--and not to carry the various partial demands to such an ultra-radical point that the mass of working Negroes are no longer able to recognize them as their own. Without a real mobilization of the mass-movements . . . even the best Communist partial demands get hung up . . ."23 In other words, keep the Negroes under the impression that the campaign has something to do with what they want, when all along it has only to do with communism. But comrades let remarks slip. In speaking of the Southern Conference for Human Welfare and other southern fronts, Communist James W. Ford boasted in an article entitled "The Struggle for the Building of the Modern Liberation Movement of the Negro People, that "the Communists, through their pioneering work in the South, may justly claim to have laid the foundation for these great social movements."24 43
  44. 44. So the secret was out: Careful examination of its official publication and its activities will disclose that the conference is being used in devious ways to further basic Soviet and Communist policy. Decisive and key posts are in most instances controlled by persons whose record is faithful to the line of the Communist Party and the Soviet Union.25 The Southern Conference for Human Welfare was conceived, financed, and set up by the Communist Party in 1938 as a mass organization to promote communism throughout the Southern States.26 And so the Communists abolished the Southern Conference for Human Welfare. Immediately thereafter, there appeared on the scene an organization known as the Southern Conference Educational Fund. The Southern Conference Educational Fund's business address was 822 Perdido Street in New Orleans.27 The Southern Conference for Human Welfare's business address had been 822 Perdido Street in New Orleans. The Southern Conference Educational Fund published--and continues to publish--a paper called the Southern Patriot. The paper published by the Southern Conference for Human Welfare had been called the Southern Patriot. Both organizations used the same telephone, and both had generally the same officers. SCHW and SCEF, in short, are the same organization. Nothing has changed but the last two letters. Who exactly is running SCHW-EF? Mr. Carl Braden of Louisville, Kentucky, who serves as field director of SCEF, has been named under oath as a member of the Communist party.28 Mrs. Anne Braden, also of Louisville, Kentucky, and editor of the Southern Patriot, has also been named under oath as a member of the Communist party: ". . . Alberta Ahearn . . . swore both in Court and later before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee that Carl and Anne Braden had recruited her into the Communist Party, and that she knew them as Communist Party members."29 44
  45. 45. Mr. Braden is a former convict. While in Louisville, he was convicted of a felony--a matter involving some dynamite. And Mrs. Braden was indicted for sedition.30 It seems she doesn't like our form of government. Carl Braden is also listed on its letterhead as one of the "national sponsors" of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee--which sponsored member Lee Harvey Oswald, the "lone fanatic"--and which is a Communist front. Braden was one of the main speakers at the FPCC dinner in New York on April 28, 1961.31 Benjamin E. Smith and his law partner, Bruce Waltzer, take part in the "overall management" of SCEF.32 Both are under indictment "for multiple violations of the Louisiana Subversive Activities and Communist Control Act."33 At a closed meeting of the Southern Conference Educational Fund on February 3, 1964, at the Roosevelt Hotel in New York, Benjamin Smith, Treasurer of the Southern Conference Educational Fund, stated: "Come June, armies will take the field," "These armies are coming to strike. The Southern Conference Educational Fund is one of those armies.” "The Southern Conference Educational Fund occupies a unique place in the South, it furnishes a staff organization supervising others." "There will be strikes, sit-downs, movements, we must play our part." . . . "Revolution is on its way."34 Mr. Aubrey Williams was president of the SCEF until 1963, when he became so busy as chairman of the National Committee to Abolish HUAC-- which is a Communist front--that he decided to make himself president emeritus. As director of the National Youth Administration under President Roosevelt, Mr. Williams was Lyndon Johnson's boss. He also held other important jobs in the New Deal. ". . . In 1945, however, the U.S. Senate rejected his appointment as administrator of the Rural Electrification Administration, after his affiliations with the Communist apparatus had been placed in the record . . ."35 On March 19, 1954, Mr. Williams testified before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee that he had made the following statement in a speech in New York on September 11, 1947: 45
  46. 46. ". . . It is my belief that it is precisely at this point that we take our stand and defend the right of any Communist to maintain his position as an employee of the Government of the United States . . ."36 (italics added) Aubrey Williams in April of 1954 at Hearings held in New Orleans by the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, was identified as a Communist Party member by one witness who had been in the Party, and was identified by another witness at the same time as one who had accepted Communist Party discipline . . .37 Yet, note this carefully: President Johnson called on Aubrey Williams at his home just after the assassination of President Kennedy! That's right. A man who has been authoritatively identified as a Communist agent, and whose goal therefore is the complete destruction of the United States, received a personal visit from the president of the United States. The new president of the SCEF is the Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth. Fred Shuttlesworth "has been affiliated with several communist-front organizations,"38 and is a former convict.39 The next document is a letter dated September 21, 1960, from Carl Braden to James A. Dombrowski. It shows that the Rev. Fred L. Shuttleworth, ex- convict leader of the "Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights" . . . was using the Bradens to write his news releases, obviously because the Bradens were, and are, highly skilled professional propagandists . . . We offer the letter.40 Dr. James A. Dombrowski was executive director of SCHW. Dr. James A. Dombrowski is executive director of SCEF. At the SISS Hearings in March of 1954, John Butler, former Alabama Communist party official, testified that in July, 1942, he attended a meeting of Communist party leaders in the Thomas Jefferson Hotel, in Birmingham, Alabama, at which Alton Lawrence introduced James A. Dombrowski as a member of the Communist party.41 Butler said this meeting of Communist party leaders was held in Dombrowski's own hotel room. It seems that Dr. Dombrowski has many friends. In 1932, along with a man named Myles Horton, he was running an outfit called Commonwealth 46
  47. 47. College in Mena, Arkansas. Commonwealth College was controlled by the People's Institute of Applied Religion, which had been organized by the Communist party.42 The idea behind the college was that since communism in the South couldn't beat religion, the Communists would use religion by, among other things, comparing texts taken from the New Testament and Karl Marx. But the college--run by Dombrowski and Horton--was convicted under the laws of Arkansas of displaying the hammer and sickle and openly teaching communism, 43 whereupon Arkansas levied a fine of $2,500.00. The college couldn't come up with the cash, so the state took over the property, sold it at public auction and used the money to cover the costs. A detailed Communist plot to use the college as a chief instrument for Communist propaganda in the South is outlined in a secret report on communism which was reprinted by the House Committee on Un-American Activites.44 And on April 27, 1949, the U.S. attorney general cited Commonwealth as a Communist front.45 Commonwealth College lived on, however, for the faculty moved to the town of Monteagle, Tennessee, where, with the assistance of a man named Don West, they organized the Highlander Folk School.46 Don West was district director of the Communist party of North Carolina.47 It was probably all right, though, because Aubrey Williams, President Johnson's friend, was also involved.48 Of course the Highlander Folk School was tax-exempt. A school leaflet advertising the 1949 winter term claims that the "purpose of Highlander Fold School is to promote the progressive labor movement in the South." Among the courses announced in the same leaflet is one in union problems that "deals with definite problems of the students as Labor Board procedure, education in unions, race relations are some of the things discussed . . ."49 " . . . It is necessary . . . to go the whole length of any sacrifice, if need be, to resort to strategy and adroitness, illegal proceedings, reticence and subterfuge, to anything in order to penetrate into the Trade 47
  48. 48. Unions, remain in them, and carry on Communist work inside them, at any cost . . ."50 V. I. Lenin What the school was actually doing was teaching the superiority of the Soviet form of government and advocating revolution to bring it about in the United States, and recruiting young students into the Young Communist League: . . . I have seen these YCL cards in the possession of Ralph Tuffytaller, Myles Horton, James Dombrowski, and Bill Marlowe and have heard them all talk in favor of the Young Communists League. I have also heard all of the above mentioned people speak in favor of the Russian form of Government. I have heard Myles Horton and James Dombrowski make the following remarks ("Only a revolution will bring about a change from our present form of Government to the Russian form of Government"). I have heard them make this remark on several occasions and they would be in the Highlander Folk School building. I have also heard Myles Horton talk about the Commonwealth College with reference to the friendly relations between Highlander Folk School and this Commonwealth College. I also know that several students from Commonwealth College have visited the Highlander Folk School from time to time.51 And this disturbed the authorities of the American state of Tennessee. So in 1960, through court action, they succeeded in closing the organization known as the Highlander Folk School at Monteagle. On August 30, 1961, an organization called the Highlander Research and Education Center, of Knoxville, Tennessee, was incorporated, and immediately received tax-exempt status from the U.S. government, since the Internal Revenue Service had declared Highlander "a recognized educational institution with government approval." The director of this new organization turns out to be Myles Horton. In a form letter dated May 15, 1963, Mr. Horton explained that: ". . . In the words of board of directors chairman, Dr. B. R. Brazeal, 'The Highlander idea, like a Phoenix rising from the ashes, has truly been born again in the Highlander Center.'" 48
  49. 49. Also of interest is the career of the Rev. Andrew Young, as recorded in the Atlanta Constitution: The administrator of the Dorchester Center in nearby Liberty County played a leading role in the desegregation activities of the Chatham County Crusade for Voters. The administrator, the Reverend Andrew Young . . . received training at the old Highlander Folk School at Monteagle, Tenn. Before its charter at Monteagle was revoked, the Highlander School received support from the International Union of Mine, Mill & Smelter Workers. An officer of the union, now under indictment on a charge of filing a false non-Communist affidavit, was one of the directors of the Highlander School. The Reverend Young has been headquartered rent-free in Savannah in the offices of the International Union of Mine, Mill & Smelter Workers. The Subversive Activities Control Board, an agency of the Federal Government, has found the union to be Communist infiltrated. The Mine-Mill Union has appealed the finding to a Federal court of appeals."52 Then there is the interesting case of a gentleman who is sometimes known as Mr. Hunter Pitts O'Dell: The Senate Internal Security Subcommittee declared today that "a smoothly coordinated" Communist underground was operating in New Orleans as late as last spring [1956]. The panel made public in support of its finding the transcripts of hearings held in that city in April. The subcommittee said that American Communists “sought to infiltrate labor unions, churches, farmer organizations, parent-teacher organizations, channels of public opinion, and other streams of influence in our society... 49
  50. 50. Much of the Senate panel's case was built up at New Orleans from material found by New Orleans policemen in the abandoned apartment of one Hunter Pitts O'Dell. Mr. O'Dell had been identified in previous testimony as being the district organizer of the Communist party in New Orleans.53 On April 12, 1956, identifying himself as Hunter Pitts O'Dell, a New Orleans waiter, he testified before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee. He invoked the Fifth Amendment and refused to say whether he was a southern district organizer for the Communist Party. Robert Morris, counsel for the subcommittee, said information had been received that O'Dell was, in fact, a district organizer for the Communist Party in New Orleans; that O'Dell gave "directives to the professional group" in that city, and that he operated under three different names--the two other names being John Vesey and Ben Jones”.54 In 1958, when O'Dell was living in Montgomery, he again declined to answer questions about his Communist party activity. In 1962, the House Committee on Un-American Activities published a two-volume study entitled Structure and Organization of the Communist Party of the United States. On page 576, there is a list of those elected to the national committee of the Communist Party, U.S.A., as known to the committee in November, 1961. Among the names was that of Hunter Pitts O'Dell. Mr. O'Dell apparently also found time to do some work for the Dorchester Center, near Savannah, Georgia, which is operated out of Mine, Mill & Smelter by the Rev. Andrew Young, who is operated out of the Highlander School, of Monteagle, Tennessee. The name of Bayard Rustin has long struck fear into the heart of every segregationist. Mr. Rustin said that in 1938 or 1939 he had joined a Young Communist League group at City College in New York. But he 50
  51. 51. insisted that he, like many members of the youth group, never became a member of the Communist Party because the party was ultra- suspicious of young college students and had little confidence in their reliability.55 Mr. Rustin knows best of course, but the peculiar thing is that one of the major reasons for the existence of the YCL was to recruit young college students into the Communist party. This record, based on FBI and police reports, is as follows: As a student at the College of the City of New York in 1936, Rustin joined the Young Communist League and was active in its operations on the campus and elsewhere. In World War II, he was arrested several times for making speeches advocating resistance to the conflict against Hitler and Mussolini. As a professed conscientious objector, he served 26 months in the federal prisons at Ashland, KY., and Lewisburg, Pa.56 (italics added) He says he resigned from the YCL in 1941. . . . Rustin worked closely, often as an office holder, with: the War Resisters League, the World Peace Brigade, Liberation magazine, the Medical Aid to Cuba Committee, the second General Strike for Peace, the Monroe (N.C.) Defense Committee, the Committee for Non- Violent Action . . . the Greenwich Village Peace Center, and any number of other groups, ad hoc committees, petitions, etc., few of which are arrestingly wholesome . . .57 ". . . The Young Communist Leagues must strive in every way to unite the forces of all non-fascist mass organizations of the youth, including the formation of various kinds of common organizations for the struggle against fascism . . .58 Mr. Rustin has also been active in a group called the American Forum for Socialist Education, which is Communist dominated.59 Early in 1957, he spoke at the City College of New York to some four hundred students: 51
  52. 52. The students . . . applauded heartily when Rustin appealed for a student campaign to ban the H-bomb. Other speakers were Joseph Clark, foreign editor of the Daily Worker; Eric Haas, of the Socialist Labor Party . . . and Myra Tanner Weiss, of the Socialist Workers Party. . . . Rustin strongly supported the non-violence tactics of the Montgomery movement. He contrasted the democratic reforms in Poland with the "retrogression to Stalinism in Hungary," and attributed the difference to the fact that in Poland the workers pursued non-violent tactics while in Hungary they resorted to violence . . .60 Observe that Mr. Rustin believes that what happened in Poland was good-- and somehow equates it with the Montgomery movement. It is interesting to note that he was fresh from the sixteenth national convention of the Communist party of the United States, in which he participated, in February 1957, as an official "non-Communist" observer. The observers observed in a signed statement that the sessions of the convention were democratically conducted with vigorous discussion of all matters brought to the floor. There were many indications that no individual or group was in a position to control the convention. . . . Finally, we wish to protest vigorously against the continuance by Senator Eastland's Senate Internal Security subcommittee of the un- American practice of governmental inquisition into political opinions and activities, as instanced by the summons to Eugene Dennis [a Communist official] to appear next Monday before the subcommittee . . .61 In 1958, Mr. Rustin was one of five Americans who went to Russia under the sponsorship of a group known as the Nonviolent Action Committee Against Nuclear Weapons.62 The January, 1963, issue of Fellowship reveals Mr. Rustin to be a "friend" of Kwame Nkrumah, the Communist dictator of Ghana. In the same issue 52
  53. 53. Rustin is credited with having worked to establish a center for nonviolence at Dar es Salaam, Tanganyika, where, as we have seen, Communist troops are now in training. In September of the year, he was in Richmond, Virginia, where he suggested "that bloodier Negro suffering should be encouraged so that squeamish Northern Negroes would be horrified into line . . ."63 He was fresh from the march on Washington, which he conducted on August 28th, for the ostensible purpose of helping to pass the civil rights bill, the day after which he urge that the only hope for Negroes was to "go left."64 On February 3, 1964, Mr. Rustin successfully conducted the New York City school boycott. On the next day, photographers recorded his departure from a cocktail party at the Russian mission to the United Nations. "Rustin said his presence stemmed from his activities in the Committee for Non-Violent Action, a civil rights group, and his pre- occupation with artistic freedom in Russia."65 "He has denied ever having been a member of the Communist Party . . ." Notes 1. New York World-Telegram (July 23, 1964), p. 2. 2. As quoted in "The Communist Position (1947)," pp. 14-16. See footnote 16, chapter 3. 3. Gus Hall Marxism and Negro Liberation (New York, New Century Publishers, 1951), p. 19. 4. As quoted in "The Communist Position (1947)," p. 60. 53
  54. 54. 5. C. Eric Lincoln, The Black Muslims in America (Boston, Beacon Press, 1961), p. 25. 6. New York Times (May 29, 1963), p. 32. 7. Newsweek, vol. 61 (May 6, 1963), pp. 27-28. 8. Ibid. 9. New York Times (August 1, 1963), p. 16. 10. James S. Allen and James W. Ford, The Negroes in a Soviet America (New York, Workers Library Publishers, June 1935), pp. 37-38. 11. Elijah Muhammad, "The Muslim Program," See footnote 9, chapter 4. 12. Ibid. 13. Allen and Ford, p. 44. 14. Muhammad Speaks, vol. 3, no. 10 (January 31, 1964), p. 5. 15. Ibid. 16. New York News (August 3, 1964), p. 5. 17. Lincoln, p. 251. 18. New York Journal-American (July 1, 1964), p. 8. 19. Report 592 on the Southern Conference for Human Welfare, House Committee on Un-American Activities, 80th Congress, first session (Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office, June 16, 1947). Also, Testimony of Walter S. Steele, Hearings, House Committee on Un-American Activities (July 21, 1947), pp. 136-141. 20. Rob F. Hall. "The Southern Conference for Human Welfare," Communist, vol. 18, no. 1 (January 1939), p. 61. Also see William A. Nolan, Communism Versus the Negro (Chicago, Henry Regnery Company, 1951), p. 115. 54
  55. 55. 21. Francis Franklin, "The Status of the Negro People in the Black Belt and How to Fight for the Right of Self-Determination," Political Affairs, vol. 25, no. 5 (May 1946), p. 451. As quoted by Nolan, p. 55. 22. Georgi Dimitroff, The United Front (New York, International Publishers, 1938), p. 52. Also see Nolan, p. 12. Quoted from a report to seventh world congress (August 1935). 23. Resolutions of the Communist International on the Negro question in the United States (October 1930). As quoted in "The Communist Position (1934)," p. 54. See footnote 6, chapter 3. 24. James W. Ford, "The Struggle for the building of the Modern Liberation Movement of the Negro People," Communist, vol. 18 (September 1939), p. 828. As quoted by Nolan, p. 115. 25. Report 592, p. 1. See footnote 19 of this chapter. 26. Southern Conference Educational Fund, Inc., report of the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee (Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office, 1955), p. v. 27. Activities of the Southern Conference Educational Fund, Inc. in Louisiana, part 1 (November 19, 1963), p. 12. See footnote 14, chapter 6. 28. Ibid., p. 13. 29. Ibid., part 2 (April 13, 1964), p. 19. 30. New York Times October 2, 1954), p. 6; also New York Times (December 14, 1954), p. 26. 31. Activities of the Southern Conference Educational Fund, Inc. in Louisiana, part 2, pp. 16-17. 32. Ibid., part 1, p. 13. 33. Ibid., part 2, p. 124. 34. Ibid., p. 120. 55
  56. 56. 35. J. B. Matthews, testimony before the Florida Legislation Investigation Committee, vol. 1 (February 10, 1958, available in two volumes from Georgia Commission on Education, 19 Hunter Street. S.W., 220 Agriculture Building, Atlanta 3, Georgia), p. 21. 36. Ibid., p. 22. 37. Activities of the Southern Conference Educational Fund, Inc. in Louisiana, part 1, pp. 13-14. 38. Ibid. 39. Ibid. 40. Ibid., part 2, p. 85. 41. Southern Conference Educational Fund, Inc.., report of the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, p. 45. 42. William A. Nolan, Communism Versus the Negro (Chicago, Henry Regnery Company, 1951), pp. 129-131. 43. Activities of the Southern Conference Educational Fund, Inc. in Louisiana, part 1. p. 25. 44. Investigation of Un-American Propaganda Activities in the United States, appendix IX, pp. 1466-1467. 45. New York Times (April 28, 1949), p. 6. 46. "I would like to mention in this connection that the Highlander Folk School at Monteagle, Tennessee, was a school organized by Myles Horton and Don West, and which Mr. Dombrowski shortly thereafter joined." Testimony of Paul Crouch, report of the House Committee on Un-American Activities (May 6, 1949), p. 193. Paul Crouch was the top Communist party official in the South. Also, Activities of the Southern Conference Educational Fund, Inc. in Louisiana, part 1, pp. 26-28. 47. Testimony of Paul Crouch, p. 191. 56