Name: haider ali Class: bs 1st (English) Roll no: 11 Subject: history of English Presentation: Elizabethan drama, Ben Jonson & Given by :sir irfan ullah
Introduction (1554-1637)Elizabethan drama refers to the plays produced while Queen Elizabeth reigned in England, from 1558 until 1603. Elizabethan plays about histories of England’s rulers, but revenge dramas & comedies. Shakespeare most famous of the Elizabethan dramatists
Before Elizabethan, Plays tended religious themes. Elizabethan dramas focused secular issues. Tragedies of the era focused on creating a sense of both terror and pity in the audience. Shakespeare was the master of tragedy (Hamlet, Othello), Historical play Edward II, Richard III and Henry V. English patrons period could go to the Globe theater (1599), by Shakespeare &Ben Johnson (The Alchemist). Enjoyed poking fun & good Laugh.
Ben Jonson: (11 June 1572 – 6 August 1637) An English Renaissance dramatist, A contemporary of William Shakespeare, Satirical & comedy writer(The Alchemist). Classicist. Moralist & Reformer of Drama. 1st time introduced HUMOUR.(mean peculiar trail in character). Realist; believe in real & practical works.
Every Man in His Humors, comedy Every Man out of His Humors, comedy The Alchemist, comedy Sejanus His Fall, tragedy A Tale of a Tub, comedy The Poetaster, comedy Epicoene, or the Silent Woman, comedy Volpone, comedy Catiline His Conspiracy, tragedy Barclays Argenis, translated by Jonson
Widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world. English poet and playwright. Englands national poet He created 38 plays, 154 sonnets, 2 long narrative poems, Several other poems
Shakespeares total work can be divided into 4 periods.1. Immature Period2. Creative Period3. Highly Proffiosnal Period4. Down fall Period
Generally This period called experimental work. because he experimented the revision In this period his style was technically immature. Plays written in this period are; Comedy of error, Henry VI (part I, II, III), Midsummer night dream, Romeo Juliet , Two gentlemen of Verona etc.
2nd period known for great comedies. Now mature. Style less technically rigid, more creative. Plays including in this period are; All’s well that ends well, Hamlet, Othello, Twelfth Night .
This period belongs to his great tragedies. This period is characterized by thehighest development of his thoughts and expressions. He expressed life from every angle. In this period he created a great work; Julius Caesar, King Lear, Antony &Cleopatra, Macbeth, Measure for measure.
This period belongs to his later comedies and dramatic romance. There was the decline of thoughts and expressions. The Evil is now controlled and Conquered by Good. In this period he did not gave any literature alone. Cymbeline, Henry VIII, The winters tale and The Tempest are the part of last period.
Tragedies: Romeo and Juliet Coriolanus Titus Andronicus † Timor of Athens † Julius Caesar Macbeth † Hamlet Troilus and Cressida ‡ King Lear Othello Antony and Cleopatra Cymbeline *
o Twelfth Nighto The Comedy of Errorso Loves Labors Losto Measure for Measure ‡o The Merchant of Veniceo The Taming of the Shrewo The Tempest * III. Historieso Richard IIo Henry IV, Part 1o Henry IV, Part 2o Henry Vo Henry VI, Part 1 †o Henry VI, Part 2o Henry VI, Part 3
Shakespeares sonnets Venus and Adonis The Rape of Lucerne The Passionate Pilgrim The Phoenix and the Turtle A Lovers Complaint
The period has the great variety of almost unlimited creative force; it includes works of many kinds in both verse and prose. Ranges in spirit from the loftiest Platonic idealism or the most delightful romance to the level of very repulsive realism. It was mainly dominated, however, by the spirit of romance. It was full also of the spirit of dramatic action. It was in part a period of experimentation, when the proper material and limits of literary forms were being determined. It continued to be largely influenced by the literature of Italy, and to a less degree by those of France and Spain.