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Pinyin Lesson 4 Spelling rules 2

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Pinyin 04

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Pinyin Lesson 4 Spelling rules 2

  1. 1. Pinyin Lesson 04 Spelling rules (2)
  2. 2. Spelling rules for compound vowels If “üe” and “ün” are used as an individual syllable, the consonant “y” is added in front of them, and the two dots above “ü” are omitted. For example: yuè (=yüè) 月 moon yún (=yǘn) 云 cloud
  3. 3. • When “üe” and “ün” are placed after the consonants j, q, and x, the two dots above “ü” are omitted and the ü appears as u. For example: xué(=xüe) 学 learn, study jūn(=jǖn) 军 military quē(=qüē) 缺 lack Spelling rules for compound vowels
  4. 4. • If “in” or “ing” is used as an individual syllable, “y” is placed in front of it. For example: yìn (=ìn) 印 seal yǐng (=ǐng) 影 shadow Spelling rules for compound vowels
  5. 5. Spelling rules for compound vowels • There is only one retroflex final “er” in Pinyin. When pronouncing “er”, first pronounce “e ” (like ‘ir’ in ‘dirty’), then raise and retract the tongue backwards. èr 二 (two) ěr 耳 (ear)
  6. 6.  Exercises
  7. 7. Exercise 1 Listen and circle the correct pinyin
  8. 8. á ì è ǔ ù ī ǐ uì ǒu uō uò Exercise 2 Listen and write down the vowels with tonal marks
  9. 9. jǐ qù jī kē kǔ jǔ gù xú yuè Exercise 3 Listen and tick if true, cross if false
  10. 10. shǔjì lù chōu lǘ xī zhuì Exercise 4 Listen and tick if true, cross if false
  11. 11. Exercise 5 Write down the Pinyin you heard 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9- 10- 11- 12- jiāng lùn kāi gěi shuǐ ēn yīng yuè wáng ěr sōng lüè
  12. 12. Words for Kungfu-training Extension
  13. 13. wǔ shù 武 术 martial arts gōng fu 功 夫 Kungfu, Chinese martial arts
  14. 14. wǔ shù lǎo shī 武 术 老 师 martial arts teacher shī fù 师 傅 master
  15. 15. liàn wǔ shù 练 武 术 to train martial arts quán shù 拳 术 fisticuff gùn shù 棍 术 cudgel play
  16. 16. zhǔn bèi 准 备 ready kāi shǐ 开 始 start hū qì 呼 气 breathe out xī qì 吸 气 breathe in jì xù 继 续 continue tíng 停 stop zhuǎn shēn 转 身 turn xiū xī 休 息 take a break
  17. 17. xiàng shàng 向 上 xiàng zuǒ 向 左 xiàng yòu 向 右 xiàng xià 向 下 zhōng jiān 中 间 xiàng qián 向 前 forward xiàng hòu 向 后 backward
  18. 18. tóu 头 (head) liǎn 脸 (face) bó zi 脖子 (neck) méi máo 眉 毛 (eyebrow) tóu fà 头 发 (hair) yǎn jīng 眼 睛 (eye) bí zi 鼻子 (nose) zuǐ bā 嘴 巴 (mouth) ěr duo 耳 朵 (ear)
  19. 19. 肩(jiān) shoulder 手(shǒu) hand 肘(zhǒu) elbow 臂(bì) arm 胸(xiōng) chest 肚子(dù zi) belly 膝盖(xī gài) knee 大腿(dà tuǐ) thigh 小腿 (xiǎo tuǐ) calf 腿(tuǐ) leg 脚踝(jiǎo huái) ankle 后背 (hòu bèi) back 臀部 (tún bù) buttock 屁股(pì gu) ass 脚(jiǎo) foot脚趾(jiǎo zhǐ) toe

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