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Pinyin lesson 10


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Pinyin lesson 10

  1. 1. Pinyin Lesson 10
  2. 2. Change of tone
  3. 3. • The tone of a word sometimes changes when used in a sentence, depending on the tone of the word that precedes or comes after it.
  4. 4. Rule 1• If a 3rd tone is followed by a 3rd tone, the first 3rd tone becomes a 2nd tone (3+3 → 2+3).
  5. 5. Example: nǐ hǎo → ní hǎo (hello) hěn hǎo → hén hǎo (very good) hǎo jiǔ → háo jiǔ (good wine) shuǐ ɡuǒ → shuí ɡuǒ (fruit)• Note: The word is still written with two third tones, although the first syllable is read in second tone.
  6. 6. Rule 2• The word bù 不(no; not) has the 4th tone, but when it is followed by another 4th tone, it becomes 2nd tone. (4+4 → 2+4)
  7. 7. Example: bù cuò → bú cuò (not bad) bù qù → bú qù (not go) bù duì → bú duì (wrong) bù dàn → bú dàn (not only)• Note: To simplify, “不” is marked in the fourth tone “bù” in Chinese dictionary entries. In Chinese textbooks, on the other hand, it is marked according to the actual pronunciation.
  8. 8. Rule 3• Rules concerning the word yī 一 (one):
  9. 9. 1. The word yī 一 (one)is 1st tone when:①yī comes at the end of a word. Example: wàn yī : in case wéi yī : only②it acts as an ordinal number to indicate the number “one.” Example: yī bān : Class One yī nián jí : Grade One yī hào : the first day of month dì yī mínɡ : the first place
  10. 10. 2.yī is pronounced with 4th tone when preceding 1st, 2nd, or 3rd tones.(yī → yì) Example: yī tiān → yì tiān (one day) yī zhí → yì zhí (always) yī bǎi → yì bǎi (hundred)
  11. 11. 3.yī is pronounced with 2nd tone when preceding a 4th tone. (yī → yí) Example: yī cì → yí cì (one time, once) yī ɡònɡ → yí ɡònɡ (altogether) yī wàn → yí wàn (ten thousand)