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Kapitel 02
Independent characters (1)
Pictograms
Independent characters and combined characters
• Chinese characters can be divided into two categories:
independent charac...
Chinese characters
hàn zì
汉 字
combined character
hé tǐ zì
合 体 字
independent characters
dú tǐ zì
独 体 字
Pictograms
xiàng xín...
xiàng xíng
Pictograms (象 形 )
• Pictograms represent in stylized form the
things they refer to (such as animals, a person,
or objects, etc.)
• Only 5% o...
rén
人 people, person
fū
夫 man, husband
fù
父 father
zǐ
子 child,baby
nǚ
女 woman, girl
mǔ
母 mother
kǒu
口 mouth
shēn
身 body
mù
目 eye
ěr
耳 ear
shǒu
手 hand
zú
足 foot
zhǎo
爪 claw
xīn
心 heart
rì
日 sun
yuè
月 moon
huǒ
火 fire
jǐng
井 well
shān
山 mountain
shí
石 stone, rock
shuǐ
水 stone, rock
yǔ
雨 rain
tián
田 field, farm
zhōu
舟 boat
chē
车 cart ,vehicle
dāo
刀 knife, sword
yī
衣 clothes
gōng
弓 bow
gé
革 leather
mén
门 door, gate
mù
木 tree, wood
hé
禾 grain
guǒ
果 fruit
shí
食 food
niú
牛 ox, bull
yáng
羊 sheep, goat
yú
鱼 fish
bèi
贝 shell
chóng
虫 worm, insect
mǎ
马 horse
niǎo
鸟 bird
Takk for i
dag!
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Kapitel 02 Independent characters _ pictograms

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Kapitel 02 Independent characters _ pictograms

  1. 1. Kapitel 02 Independent characters (1) Pictograms
  2. 2. Independent characters and combined characters • Chinese characters can be divided into two categories: independent characters and combined characters. • Independent characters can subdivided into two kinds: pictograms and indicative characters,and combined characters can be subdivided into two kinds: associated characters and pictophonograms.
  3. 3. Chinese characters hàn zì 汉 字 combined character hé tǐ zì 合 体 字 independent characters dú tǐ zì 独 体 字 Pictograms xiàng xíng zì 象 形 字 indicative characters zhǐ shì zì 指 事 字 associated characters huì yì zì 会 意 字 Pictophonograms xíng shēng zì 形 声 字
  4. 4. xiàng xíng Pictograms (象 形 )
  5. 5. • Pictograms represent in stylized form the things they refer to (such as animals, a person, or objects, etc.) • Only 5% of all Chinese characters belong to the pictographic kind - stylized drawings of the objects they represent. • They are of crucial importance to the mastery of the structure of Chinese characters.
  6. 6. rén 人 people, person
  7. 7. fū 夫 man, husband
  8. 8. fù 父 father
  9. 9. zǐ 子 child,baby
  10. 10. nǚ 女 woman, girl
  11. 11. mǔ 母 mother
  12. 12. kǒu 口 mouth
  13. 13. shēn 身 body
  14. 14. mù 目 eye
  15. 15. ěr 耳 ear
  16. 16. shǒu 手 hand
  17. 17. zú 足 foot
  18. 18. zhǎo 爪 claw
  19. 19. xīn 心 heart
  20. 20. rì 日 sun
  21. 21. yuè 月 moon
  22. 22. huǒ 火 fire
  23. 23. jǐng 井 well
  24. 24. shān 山 mountain
  25. 25. shí 石 stone, rock
  26. 26. shuǐ 水 stone, rock
  27. 27. yǔ 雨 rain
  28. 28. tián 田 field, farm
  29. 29. zhōu 舟 boat
  30. 30. chē 车 cart ,vehicle
  31. 31. dāo 刀 knife, sword
  32. 32. yī 衣 clothes
  33. 33. gōng 弓 bow
  34. 34. gé 革 leather
  35. 35. mén 门 door, gate
  36. 36. mù 木 tree, wood
  37. 37. hé 禾 grain
  38. 38. guǒ 果 fruit
  39. 39. shí 食 food
  40. 40. niú 牛 ox, bull
  41. 41. yáng 羊 sheep, goat
  42. 42. yú 鱼 fish
  43. 43. bèi 贝 shell
  44. 44. chóng 虫 worm, insect
  45. 45. mǎ 马 horse
  46. 46. niǎo 鸟 bird
  47. 47. Takk for i dag!

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