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S SEA E-E leaflet


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S SEA E-E leaflet

  1. 1. June 2013 South East Asia update: Energy and Environment - Market opportunities for Norwegian companies Countries in South East Asia region (including UAE and South Africa) are different in terms of natural energy resources and electricity generation pattern. Hydropower potential has been developed in South Africa, Vietnam, Laos and Malaysia. All of countries in the region, except Singapore and UAE, are enriched with bio-energy resources, which is potential for generation of heat and electricity. Solar radiation is good in the whole region. A common interest of developing waste to money is seen in the region. Only Thailand and Singapore have special mechanism to provide financial support to renewable energy. Malaysia is going to apply feed-in-tariff in the near future. Vietnam currently applies avoided cost tariff, which is not sufficient to encourage renewable energy development except small hydropower and biogas- electricity. INDIA (*) India is the third most attractive country for renewable energy financing in the world (according to Ernst & Young Report). Opportunities are seen across a spectrum of technologies—biomass, solar PV, solar thermal, wind, hydropower, solid and industrial waste-to-energy, geothermal, and tidal energy, which is supported by one of the world’s largest renewable energy programs. This has resulted in an established infrastructure in terms of institutions (finance, research etc.), trained manpower and supply of equipment. Furthermore, expanded financial support for renewable energy and energy efficiency from local and international financial institutions, multilateral agencies, donor organizations, and others are seen. (**) Further information can be seen in the separate leaflet of India. MALAYSIA Solar Energy: Malaysia now ranked fifth in the world for solar megawatt output. The opportunities within solar energy include: (i) Local production of solar energy equipment; and (ii) providing equipment and consultant service for Solar energy pilot projects. Local main players: local solar energy equipment producers (First Solar, Q-Cells, Sunpower, Elpion Silicon, etc.), local project investors (Berjaya Solar Sdn Bhd, TNB Energy Services Sdn Bhd, etc.). Biogas and Biomass: electricity generation from biogas and biomass has been developed in Malaysia recently. The opportunities within biomass/biogas include: (i) providing technology, equipment and consultant service for power projects fueled by biogas/biomass; (ii) providing technology, equipment and consultant service for landfill and gas recovery projects. Local main players: Felda Global Group, FTJ Bio Power Sdn Bhd, Cypark Resources Berhad, etc. THAILAND (**) Thailand has huge renewable energy potential as well as governmental incentives given to renewable energies. Thailand solar energy market is vibrant and is predicted to approach commercial viability in the near future. Photo: The “Korat 2” solar farm project in Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand. Source: SPCG Public Company Limited Contact Hai Anh, Tran Telefon (+84) 903463318 Innovation Norway. Akersgata 13, P.O.Box 448 Sentrum, NO-0104 Oslo, Norway We give local ideas global opportunities
  2. 2. Together with favorable support mechanisms from the government, opportunities in waste to energy are seen. Potential support organizations: (i) Thailand Board of Investment (BOI); (ii) ESCO Revolving Fund; (iii) Ministry of Energy; (iv) Asian Development Bank (ADB) (**) Further information can be seen in the separate leaflet of Thailand. SINGAPORE Solar Energy: Singapore has good solar radiation and favorable financial mechanism to support solar energy development. The opportunities within solar energy include: (i) cooperation on pilot and demonstration projects which generate electricity from solar energy; and (ii) cooperation on pilot and demonstration projects which use solar energy for buildings. Potential local partners: Energy Market Authorities; Singapore Economic Development Board, Clean Energy Research and Test Blending, Electricity Vehicle Taskforce, etc. Biofuel: Singapore has solid foundation to develop R&D within biofuel. The opportunities within biofuel include: (i) Cooperation on trading biofuel; (ii) Cooperation on producing biofuel from none-food feedstock; (iii) Cooperation on biofuel pilot projects. Main local players: Finland’s Neste Oil; Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, TLL, Institute of Chemical and Engineering Science (ICES), Institute of Environmental Science and Engineering (IESE), etc. Hydrogen and Fuel Cells: Singapore has engaged in fuel cell’s R&D development. The business opportunities include: (i) Cooperation on fuel-cell pilot projects; (ii) Collaborate in Fuel Cells Research and Development projects Main local players: Rolls Royce Fuel Cell Systems Pte. Ltd.; Singapore Consortium Enertek, etc. SOUTH AFRICA (***) South Africa’s energy sector is predominantly reliant on coal, with nuclear and hydropower providing small contributions. There is a strong need for new technologies in order to reduce the emissions of CO2 and other pollutants and increase the reliance on renewable energy. Renewable energy is an important focus as South Africa faces a shortfall of electricity supply. The following opportunities are seen: • Solar energy: Scatec Solar is already operating in South Africa and has won a few tenders. • Energy efficiency for buildings; • Water and waste water treatment. An amount of R75 billion has been allocated between 2012 and 2015 for investment in water infrastructure, quality management, resource planning and support to local government to address the water problem. • Carbon capture. (***) Further information can be seen in the separate leaflet of South Arica UAE (****) In the Middle Eastern countries, the opportunities within Energy and water are seen in: (i) utility scale PV expected to dominate installations; (ii) Cleaning / dust removal with low-water input.; (iii) technologies that perform better at high temperatures / high humidity / high diffuse light (low DNI) conditions; (iv) receivers, pipes, insulation, thermal storage media for CSP; (v) smart-grids / smart-building applications have a strong potential; (vi) Insulation materials, coatings, water-saving metering infrastructure. Waste water treatment is often done with large centralized plants for major city centers. There is a strong potential for smaller plants for large communities/resorts that are being developed away from the main cities as well as for the refurbishing of existing plants. Non-thermal desalination will need to be installed to match the rate of substitution of thermal electricity generation by renewables and nuclear. Due to low costs and the availability of land, landfill is the primary means of waste disposal. However, policy-makers and stake holders are keen to promote sustainable waste management strategies & innovative technologies as the following: (i) Initiatives to improve waste management; (ii) waste to Energy technologies; (iii) wastewater treatment facilities under strain; (iv) processing of used materials and conversion to new products including composting; (iv) Well designed and managed landfills compliant to national legislations. (****) Further information can be seen in the separate leaflet of UAE VIETNAM (*****) Vietnam energy sector is driven by the fastest – growing demand in the region. To meet the rapidly growing energy demand, renewable energies, especially affordable renewable energies, are given priority by the Vietnam government. The affordable renewable energies include small hydropower, bioenergy (biogas, biomass and biofuel). Vietnam also has a potential of using LNG as an alternative to coal and natural gas for power generation as well as the potential of switching from FO/DO to LNG. Especially, Vietnam has huge potential of converting waste to money. Valuable wastes are Aquaculture processing by-products for producing fish mill, fish oil, pharmaceutical materials; animal husbandry waste for CH4 generation as well as agricultural residual also to be used as fuel for heat and electricity generation. Furthermore, opportunities have also seen in drinking water production, waste water treatment and energy efficiency/demand side management. (****) for detail information, please refer to the separate leaflet of Vietnam. We give local ideas global opportunities 2