Foundations of Educational Theory for Online Learning


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Chapter 1 from Theory and Practice of Online Learning

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Foundations of Educational Theory for Online Learning

  1. 1. To obtain Use of the support during internet to learningaccess learning process materials To interact with content, instructor and peers
  2. 2. Learners Instructor Can access online  Tutoring can be done material anytime. anytime and anywhere.  Online materials can be Can use internet for up- updated. to-date and relevant  Easier to direct learners learning materials. to appropriate Can communicate with information. experts.  In asynchronous Flexible time of learning, allow real time interaction between learning depending on learners and the the learners schedule. instructor.
  3. 3. Skinner Thorndike Pavlov Behaviorism discuses behaviors that can be observed. Behaviorism focuses on a new behavioral pattern being repeated until it becomes automatic. Behaviorism is applied in different educational areas including systems approach, computer-assisted learning, development of objectives etc.
  4. 4. Feedback Learners Learners Learning must bemust know must be material must provided tothe result tested be sequenced learners To set To determine To monitor learners To promoteexpectation the achievement learning outcomes performance
  5. 5. Psychologist and educators who established the early theory of cognitive learning.
  6. 6.  Cognitive theory focuses on what is going on inside the mind. It is more concerned with cognition (the process of thinking and learning)—knowing, perceiving, problem-solving, decision-making, awareness, and related intellectual activities—than with stimulus and response. Learning is not just a change in behavior; it is a change in the way a learner thinks, understands, or feels.
  7. 7. Long Term Memory Preconscious : imaging information is relatively easily recalled Rhyming Unconscious Initial letter data that is not available during normal consciousness Sensory Memory Imaging, rhyming, initial lettersExternal Less 1/2 second: vision 3 seconds: hearing). Initialstimulus Elaboration pay attention to : processing interesting feature Retrieval And coding known pattern Short Term Memory •Working memory •Conscious memory •15 to 20 seconds Repetition •20 minutes •Organization and repetition RESPONSE Forgotten Forgotten
  8. 8. David Kolb’sLearning StyleInventory:This theory impliesthere are four basicways to learn:through experience,reflection, abstractthinking, andexperimentation.
  9. 9. How you learn a new software? Active experimentation (DO) Learn by DOINGJust do, try and error focus on what’s work & what’s not
  10. 10. How you learn a new software? Reflective observation (WATCH) Learn by WATCHING Watch other friends demonstrated to you.
  11. 11. How you learn a new software? Abstract conceptualization (THINK) Learn by THINKING Read manual book to get the overall idea of what the software is all about
  12. 12. How you learn a new software? Concrete experience (FEEL) Learn by FEELING Read the “HELP” features to understand more and apply what you understand about it in your practice at that time
  13. 13.  Constructivist believe that people actively construct ‘new knowledge’ as they interact with their environment. Social constructivism takes this to a new level where people collaborate share and learn from each other. Here people engage in knowledge building and sharing in small groups and in these groups they are constantly learning and evolving as new individual. Learning is an active, contextualized process of constructing knowledge rather than acquiring knowledge. Each person has a different interpretation and construction of knowledge process.
  14. 14. Level ofInteraction in Online Learning
  15. 15. Components of Effective Online Learning
  16. 16. Thank you HAFIDZAH ABDUL AZIZ