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THE CONSEQUENCES OF THEKOREAN WARChapter 4Prepared by:HAFIDZ HAKIMI BIN HARONLLB (Hons.) IIUMAdvocate and Solicitor ,High ...
KEY QUESTIONS;What was the impact on Korea?What was the impact on Japan?What were the consequences for China?What were...
THE IMPACT OF THE WAR ON KOREA   Devastating causalities;   10 Percent of the entire Korean    population reported as ki...
THE IMPACT ON JAPAN   Basically Korean war was beneficial    to Japan’s economic and    democratic development.   Korean...
THE IMPACT ON THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF                    CHINA   Human Cost        150,000 troops were killed and many ...
THE IMPACT ON THE UNITED STATES   Human and economic cost       33,651 Americans died in combat,        and 103,284 woun...
THE IMPACT ON THE UNITED STATES   Eisenhower ‘ I will go to Korea’        Korea had undoubtedly helped Eisenhower to    ...
THE IMPACT ON THE UNITED STATES   American commitments in Asia      American commitments multiplied      Taiwan, Japan ...
   Thank you
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Topic 4 the consequences of the korean war

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Berkongsi ketika hari lahir... Bab 4 ini menceritakan tentang kesan-kesan perang Korea kepada negara-negara terbabit; China, Jepun, AS, Kesatuan Soviet, dan Korea Utara serta Korea Selatan itu sendiri.. Perlu ditegaskan bahawa perang Korea juga adalah batu loncatan kepada Perang Vietnam - yang akan dibincangkan mulai topik 5. Semoga perkongsian ini bermanfaat!

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Topic 4 the consequences of the korean war

  1. 1. THE CONSEQUENCES OF THEKOREAN WARChapter 4Prepared by:HAFIDZ HAKIMI BIN HARONLLB (Hons.) IIUMAdvocate and Solicitor ,High Court of Malaya
  2. 2. KEY QUESTIONS;What was the impact on Korea?What was the impact on Japan?What were the consequences for China?What were the consequences for the USA?
  3. 3. THE IMPACT OF THE WAR ON KOREA Devastating causalities; 10 Percent of the entire Korean population reported as killed, wounded or missing. 600,000 homes were destroyed The population in the North declined from 9mil to 7 mil. Korea peninsula remained divided. The two Koreas from then had developed differently;  North Korea: remained as what it is in 1950, with primitive dictatorship regime and low standard of living. Its patrons ; China and Russia had already abandon communism, but North Korea still freeze in time.  South Korea: remained authoritarian state for many years. The US agreed to offer South Korea protection, but insisted there will be no attacks on the North. Democracy slowly developed in South Korea. Could be argued as justified war, as it fulfilled hopes of the UN and Truman to install a democratic country in the South Korea.
  4. 4. THE IMPACT ON JAPAN Basically Korean war was beneficial to Japan’s economic and democratic development. Korean war brings establishment of the new Japan’s allies ; South Korea. Japan benefited from the US military spending during the Korean war. As the key based of all operations, Japanese defense industry earned USD 3 Billion from the sales by 1954. – helped Japanese economic recovery after WWII The USA also signed a security pact with Japan in 1951 and had persuaded the Japanese to begin at least a partial rearmament as a defense to the Soviet and Chinese power. – before this Japan had abolished its military capability because of the WWII
  5. 5. THE IMPACT ON THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA Human Cost  150,000 troops were killed and many wounded. – as a result of US-led coalition bombings.  It changed the Chinese Army perception that war cannot only won by numbers and political enthusiasm alone, but also must be parallel with technological advancement. Economic Cost  Even though there was some aid from the soviet, it has burdened the poor country.  Had slowed the regime drive to modernize China.  The war had prevented them from totally wiped out the Nationalist hiding in Taiwan.  Because of the war, China had been further excluded from the UN’s membership. Success for China  The Communist had stood up against outside world as Mao had promised in 1949.  War had helped consolidating the regime’s power and authority in China, as it has justified repression and removal of whoever challenge the regime.
  6. 6. THE IMPACT ON THE UNITED STATES Human and economic cost  33,651 Americans died in combat, and 103,284 wounded.  It is very expensive in economic terms too. – 14% of their GNP (gross national income) in 1953. (which was very expansive for a “police action”)  US army also suffers humiliating military setback in 1950, retreating 300 miles in the face of under-armed Chinese soldiers – a disaster for the US. Anti-Communist paranoia  Brings McCarthyism- alleging existence of communist plot in the US.  Senator McCarthy became a feared presence in American politics. – then supported by many senior Republican party figures during Truman’s era.  But Senator McCarthy soon faded after Eisenhower became a President as he became an embarrassment to the Republican party.
  7. 7. THE IMPACT ON THE UNITED STATES Eisenhower ‘ I will go to Korea’  Korea had undoubtedly helped Eisenhower to win the US presidential election.  During his campaign, he had spell out that he would ended the Korean war, which the war itself had became unpopular during 1952.  But, he never specifically pointed out how he would ended the war.  Luckily, as Stalin died on 6 march, just weeks after Eisenhower’s inauguration, the Korean war soon ended. Increase in defence spending  It had transformed the US from economic superpower into a military one.  The US had decided to carry out NSC 68 from the National Security council to increase military spending. – before the Korean war, the President was reluctant to spend on military.  It has helped to increase military capabilities in numbers and technologies and also boost the expansion of the CIA to conduct covert operations.  Defence industry was booming back home in the US, which help to stimulate the economy and prosperity. – even though it had forced the US to cut its welfare-related programmes.
  8. 8. THE IMPACT ON THE UNITED STATES American commitments in Asia  American commitments multiplied  Taiwan, Japan and South Korea were all now guaranteed by treaty and US troops stationed appropriately. UN credibility  UN had gained credibility, as many of the countries had joined the fight against North Korea under its banner.  Truman’s administration had shown to resist aggression but did it under the International umbrella – shows sense of morality.  The US possibly can even bringing down the Communist regime in China, but this plan by McArthur had been rejected. Containment of Communism  It has served as an instrument to contain the spread of communism.  Helped began to flow to the French in Indo-China and the seeds were planted for what became the USA’s involvement in Vietnam.
  9. 9.  Thank you

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