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Plastics in the Circular Economy


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Infographic about the current sitiation of Plastics in the Circular Economy in the Netherlands (2015)

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Plastics in the Circular Economy

  1. 1. Sources: 1 Plastics recycling: challenges and opportunities (2009) 2 Plastics – the Facts 2014/2015 - Plastics Europe (2015) 3 Treatment of post-consumer plastics waste 2012 (EU-27 + CH/NO) - Consultic (2013) 4 Monitoring Verpakkingen Resultaten Inzameling en Recycling 2013 - NEDVANG (2014) 5 Kunststofrecycling in Nederland Van 42% in 2012 naar 52% in 2017 - Plastic Heroes (2015) 6 Biobased plastics, Fostering a resource efficient circular economy - European Bioplastics (2015) Logos en illustrations: VINÇOTTE Biobased label Plastic Heroes ARN Wecycle BIS VKG The Seedling is a registered trademark of European Bioplastics e.V. in the EU Commisioned by: NRK & RVO Nederland© PARTNERS FOR INNOVATION Plastic products are of great value to society. Plastics have put in motion many positive developments and facilitate safety, health, comfort, food and welfare. Most plastics are made from fossil fuels such as oil. Plastic products or plastic packaging are often incinerated (with energy recovery). This is a linear economic model. In a circular economy plastics and plastic products maintain their value by re-using, repairing and eventually recycling. The basic principle is that products and materials are specifically designed for this purpose. The illustration below shows the current situation of plastics in the circular economy in the Netherlands. PLASTICS IN THE CIRCULAR ECONOMY BIOBASED Currently less than 1% of the plastics are procused from renewable feedstock5 . ENERGY 3 to 4% of all extracted oil in the world is used as energy to produce plastics1 . Sustainable energy sources could be used in order to reduce environmental impact. PRODUCTION OF PLASTICS2 12.1% 10.4% 18.9% 7.1% 27.1% PLASTIC HEROES Nearly 50% of plastic packaging waste offered for re-use is household packaging waste. This is mainly collected with the Plastic Heroes collection system (2013)4 . PLASTIC LITTER As a result of abuse, poor logistics and misuse there still is created a lot of plastic litter. This partly ends up in the soil, but a lot of plastic is also accumulated in the gyres in the ocean. PLASTIC COLLECTION Many sectors have their own (plastic) waste collection organizations. There is Wecycle for electronic devices and lamps, ARN for vehicles, VKG for window frames and there are several private collection systems. 12.1% DEPOSIT BOTTLES 49.1% HOUSEHOLD PACKAGING 38.8% INDUSTRIAL PACKAGING 214kton plasticpackagingwaste offeredforre-use(2013)4 . biobased 66% of the collected plastics are not yet re-used as raw material for new plastics. The majority is used for energy recovery. A small percentage is still landfilled2 . Both mechanical and chemical recycling offer opportunities to use plastics as raw material for new plastic products. 34% of the collected plastics are recycled or exported to be recycled2 . FOSSIL RAW MATERIALS The vast majority of plastic products or components are derived from fossil raw materials. Approximately 4 to 5% of all oil and gas production in the world is used as raw material for plastics and synthetic rubber1 . Chemicalrecycling Mechanicalrecycling La ndf i l l E ne rg yrecovery A small part of the plastics is processed by means of composting or fermentation. Household appliances Sport and leisure Safety Furniture Medical 21.6% OTHER 8.1% CONSTRUCTION 4.0% AUTOMOTIVE 4.8% AGRICULTURE 6.1% ELECTRONIC & ELECTRICAL 55.4%3 PACKAGING In the Netherlands 463kton of plastic packaging has been introduced. This is more than 27 kilo per capita (2013)4 . PLASTICS IN THE CIRCULAR ECONOMY PRODUCTION COLLECTION USE PROCESSING