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I'm being followed by drones

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I'm being followed by drones

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I'm being followed by drones

  1. 1. © 2015 Cognizant © copyright 2015 Cognizant June 2016 I’m Being Followed by Drones The Impact of IoT and Big Data on the Future of Unmanned Aerial Systems Ken Kranz Director, Emerging Big Data Technologies Cognizant Corporation
  2. 2. © 2015 Cognizant An overview of the emerging commercial UAS market from the standpoint of software applications development
  3. 3. © 2015 Cognizant Should you be in this market? If so, when should you enter? what services should you provide? Objective
  4. 4. © 2015 Cognizant 1. What is a drone? 2. Use Case Review 3. Example Product Deployment 4. State and Federal Limitations 5. Where, What, When? Overview
  5. 5. © 2015 Cognizant What’s in a Name?
  6. 6. © 2015 Cognizant6 What was a Drone (circa 2014)? • Lethal Killing Machine • Remote warfare • Unchecked Killings • Eyes in the sky sent to spy • Big Brother • For the consumer market: Please don’t call it a drone!
  7. 7. © 2015 Cognizant7 What is it now? Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Optionally Manned Aircraft Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) Quadcopter Hexacopter Remotely Piloted Aircraft Drone First Person View (FPV) Microcopter Highly Regulated by the FAA
  8. 8. © 2015 Cognizant8 What do these have in common? All require FAA registration
  9. 9. © 2015 Cognizant9 Registration?
  10. 10. © 2015 Cognizant10 And these?
  11. 11. © 2015 Cognizant11 ?
  12. 12. © 2015 Cognizant12 Drone or an airplane? Optionally manned aircraft Requires N number
  13. 13. © 2015 Cognizant13 Hint: Trick question…
  14. 14. © 2015 Cognizant14 1. Handful of industries – commercial 2. Most growth in commercial/civilian 3. Legacy manufactures have “no natural advantages” 4. Significant work outside the US 5. Easing of US airspace regulations likely to happen in 2017 6. Technology barriers are both a roadblock and a huge business opportunity Market Forecast – Business Insider (May 2016)
  15. 15. © 2015 Cognizant15 • 4 million consumer drones sold worldwide 2015 • DroneDeploy marks 3 million acres mapped • Physical “garage” startups thriving • Drone vendors starting to roll out direct drone to cloud interfaces Too Big to Ignore? • Agra scanning is happening today. Dusting imminent! • Cinematography is happening today! • Real estate imaging is happening today! • Roof inspections are happening today! • Infrastructure inspections are happening today!
  16. 16. © 2015 Cognizant16 Most involved in the industry today generally are… Industry Makeup 1. Well versed in their specific domain (arga, real estate, utilities…) 2. Learning drone pilotage 3. Learning about shared airspace issues / FAA regulations So, what’s missing? Most have little to no large scale SW appdev or Big Data/cloud experience Instead downloading to laptops and manually completing the process
  17. 17. © 2015 Cognizant Being followed by drones? 17
  18. 18. © 2015 Cognizant18 1. Open source 2. Internet 3. Machine to Machine Interchange 4. Personal Devices 5. Enhanced Location Awareness 6. Online and App Stores 7. Cloud Computing 8. Big Data / CEP / IoT … 9. Drone Technologies Drones are one of the first disruptive technology to follow Big Data Significant Disruptive Technologies past 20 years
  19. 19. © 2015 Cognizant19 1. For any one commercial drone, data collection can be voluminous 2. Drone/Drone and Drone/Aircraft potential is large 3. While the commercial market is potentially large, the startup businesses is possibly even larger 4. Both commercial and startup’s need ready-to-go tailored infrastructure and processing support 5. Cloud enablement is the last technical roadblock to enable Big Data, CEP and IoT infrastructure support Big Data tie-in
  20. 20. © 2015 Cognizant20 What can you build that can be leveraged for this market? and should you be building it now?
  21. 21. © 2015 Cognizant Drone Uses
  22. 22. © 2015 Cognizant22 Survey: What’s hot right now!
  23. 23. © 2015 Cognizant23 Package Delivery • Amazon • Google • UPS/DHL • Dominos • Taco Bell • Others… • International…
  24. 24. © 2015 Cognizant24 Precision Agriculture • Land Survey • Near Infrared Sensor • Crop Monitoring • Irrigation Equipment Monitoring • 3D Mapping • Thermal Imaging • Crop Dusting/Augmentation
  25. 25. © 2015 Cognizant25 Land Use / Efficiency
  26. 26. © 2015 Cognizant26 Yield Defender - RTF 3 million mapped acres
  27. 27. © 2015 Cognizant27 Infrastructure Inspection Flare Stack Inspection Wind Turbine Inspection Power Line Inspection Pipeline Inspection Bridge Inspection Crane Inspection Stack Inspection Cell Tower Inventory Aircraft/Ship Inspection
  28. 28. © 2015 Cognizant28 Real Estate Cinematography FPV/Drone Racing
  29. 29. © 2015 Cognizant29 Other Popular Uses • Insurance Claim Validation • Organ Transplant • Emissions Monitoring • First Aid • Wildlife Monitoring • Railway & Road Safety • Construction Site Management • Home Sales • Security • Flash Flood Warnings • Oil Spill Monitoring • Search and Rescue • Beach / Shark Patrol • Journalism • Fast Food Delivery • Sports Broadcasting • Support Vehicles
  30. 30. © 2015 Cognizant30 1. Reduces Dangerous Situations 2. Reduces Work Related Injuries 3. Significantly Reduces Inspection Times 4. Significantly increases number of inspections per day 5. Heavily data driven 6. Current bottleneck? Manual Intervention / Analytics Commonality?
  31. 31. © 2015 Cognizant31 1. Last mile Stream images and video directly to the cloud 2. Automated / RT analytics Remove the person from the workflow 3. Real-time decision making Streaming & Complex Event Processing 4. Intercommunication with immediate surrounding airspace Internet of Things What is needed today?
  32. 32. © 2015 Cognizant Example Opportunity
  33. 33. © 2015 Cognizant33 Pole Dry Rot Inspection Poles can rot from the top down Poles need to be inspected on a rotating basis Current inspections are a subjective process Current inspection place employees in harms way
  34. 34. © 2015 Cognizant34 Example: Pole Dry Rot Inspection – current state • Dispatch truck • Cordon off area • Extend stabilizers • Safety vest, shielding, gloves, etc • Connect harness to bucket • Ascend to pole top • Inspect, document • Lower bucket • Stow equipment • Move to next pole Number of poles inspected: 1 Estimated inspection time: 45–60 min People in jeopardy: 1-2
  35. 35. © 2015 Cognizant35 Pole Dry Rot Inspection – future state • Plan mission • Dispatch truck(s) • Cordon off area • Review/modify mission plan • File Flight Plan (DROTAM) • Launch, inspect, cloud store, analyze, generate report • Stow equipment • Move to next neighborhood Number of poles inspected: 50-100 Estimated inspection time: 45-60 min People in jeopardy: 0
  36. 36. © 2015 Cognizant36 Plan the Mission (first inspection) 1. Call up the area in a maps enabled flight planning tool 2. Identify the individual poles as points-of-interest 3. Identify a flight path that crosses each pole 4. Plan altitude to avoid know object: trees, wires, bridges, etc
  37. 37. © 2015 Cognizant37 Execute Mission 1. Arrive on site 2. Review area for safety and obstacles against plan 3. Update plan as necessary 4. Secure the area 5. Fly the mission
  38. 38. © 2015 Cognizant38 Mission As mission is flown, image data and geo location uploaded directly to Big Data storage Data Sourcing Drone Data drone1 drone2 drone3 Other Data Records Social Media RFIDs Logs Streams Data Acquisition IoT APIs ESB Real Time CDC DB Replication SQL Extracts Data Virtualization Other Data Acquisition Push / Pull Raw Data Store Landing Staging Data Integration Data Integration Data preparation Metadata Services Reject Reprocessing Notification Data Certification Layer Certification Repository Rules Engine Rules Repository Data Repository Data Lake Consumption No SQL Data Layer In Memory Analytics Data Marts Reporting Analytics BI & Visualization Global BI KPI Insights Visualization Other BI Analytics SAS Predictive Advanced Analytics Sandbox SOA Data Security @ Rest – Data Encryption, Obfuscation & Masking Metadata Management Archiving Data Governance & Stewardship Enterprise MDM
  39. 39. © 2015 Cognizant39 Automation Each image automatically compared to an array of known “good” and “bad” poles
  40. 40. © 2015 Cognizant40 Scoring • Pole score calculated • Reports generated • Ad-hoc Analysis • Ambiguous Pole Identification
  41. 41. © 2015 Cognizant41 Unable to compute Indeterminate poles sent for human analysis – with the results being used for future “known” pool
  42. 42. © 2015 Cognizant42 During Scan… …other analytics performed – limb distance measurements, insulator failure, bracket failure, etc. Information sent to CEP where other actions contemplated and notifications issued
  43. 43. © 2015 Cognizant43 During flight… …other IoT communications (drones, aircraft, trucks, transformers, smart meters, etc) take place, helping to coordinate safe flight and plan for additional actions
  44. 44. © 2015 Cognizant44 Required Infrastructure Drone upload interface Cloud based data store Known “good” and “bad” pole image database Image comparison best fit analytics Report generation Ability to add new pole image data
  45. 45. © 2015 Cognizant Limitations / Hindrances
  46. 46. © 2015 Cognizant46 • When do they apply? The moment you take off outdoors • Registration Requirements? Section 333 Exemption, COA, pilots license Part 107 + Knowledge Exam (coming) • Preflight Check local airspace before you fly Call local towers for approval Monitor local tower or CTAF frequencies File “DROTAM” with Flight Services • Private property rights 83’ (US v Causby) 500’ general lower limit to manned aircraft numbers could change • Use Limitations Line of Sight 400’ limit ¼ Mile limit Daylight Operations Flight Plans Safety Observers Log Books • Other FAA Class B, C, D restrictions 5 mile airport restrictions 3 mile heliport restrictions 2 mile seaport restrictions FAA Regulations
  47. 47. © 2015 Cognizant47 1. New Part 107 registration process to replace existing 333 exemptions knowledge test now live on FAA Safety sight 2. State and Local Law Conflict Courts have (generally) upheld FAA dominance Continuing attempts to add new privacy laws Near-term future cloudy 3. Minimum privacy height Expected the courts will have to add clarification to existing case law Anticipated Changes / Unintended Consequences
  48. 48. © 2015 Cognizant48 1. Privatization of ATC Impact unknown? Drone pushback? Fee for use? 2. Future Tracking Options NextGen / ADS-B out (2020) FlightAware, FlightRadar, etc Optical based Radar based Geo based 3. International Adoption Some countries significantly faster than the USA Designated UAS testing facilities Anticipated Changes / Unintended Consequences
  49. 49. © 2015 Cognizant49 1. Bad Actors Reckless operations Aircraft strikes Clueless operations Terrorism 2. FAA Test Facilities 3. Shared Sky's Historic Anti Pilot Sentiment Line of Sight Limitations Class B, C, D restrictions 5/3/2 mile restrictions 4. International Adoption Some countries significantly faster than the USA Designated UAS testing facilities Wild Cards
  50. 50. © 2015 Cognizant50 Average person on the street: • 51% against use of Drones • 74% have safety concerns • 75% have privacy concerns • 76% welcome tighter enforcement • 40% feel poses more risks than rewards • Yet only 18% say they have a good understanding of what the rules are Perception is Reality* * http://home.bt.com/news/uk-news/action-urged-to-ensure-drone-sector-can-flourish-as-industry-takes-flight-11364068191311
  51. 51. © 2015 Cognizant51 1. Lightbridge 2, DJI Live Stream 2. Facebook Live Stream 3. YouTube Live Stream 4. Fusion 360 IoT APIs Enabling Technologies
  52. 52. © 2015 Cognizant52 1. DroneDeploy* 2. Yield Defender* 3. AgVault 2.0, Sentera LLC 4. AgDrone 5. eBee Ag 6. Lancaster 7. Crop Mapper 8. AG550 9. Quad Indago 10.AgEagle Existing Competition (just Ag)
  53. 53. © 2015 Cognizant53 All the big Aero guys plus… 1. Accenture, Cognizant, Wipro, etc. 2. IBM, Oracle, HP, SAP, etc. 3. Forge Initiative • Autodesk (3D Printing) • 3D Robotics (Drones) • Seebo: • IoT as a Service • Fusion IoT APIs Other Well Positioned Vendors
  54. 54. © 2015 Cognizant Conclusion
  55. 55. © 2015 Cognizant55 1. Market is taking off with or without the United States 2. Time to build solution infrastructure is now 3. If your market is limited to the US, near term future is unknown 4. Ultimately UAS adoption is inevitable 5. Historically slow moving FAA is being very aggressive/pro UAV 6. Due to overseas adoption, if you do not act now, you most likely will be shut out. Conclusion
  56. 56. © 2015 Cognizant56 The UAV Digest Podcast www.theuavdigest.com/ UAS Operations: Drone Operator Ground School https://www.udemy.com/uas-operations-study-course/?couponCode=Hadoop FAA 333 Exemption Process www.faa.gov/uas/legislative_programs/section_333/how_to_file_a_petition/ AUVSI 333 guidelines www.auvsi.org/blogs/auvsi-news/2015/04/30/howtosection333 FAA Docket www.regulations.gov/#!home NUAir Test Sites www.faa.gov/uas/legislative_programs/test_sites/ UAS Registration Site www.faa.gov/uas/registration/ Somewhat Humorous Roof Inspection https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5zHEeMpborI ADS-B and IoT https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RFpJId3vPMo Suggested Material Use Coupon Code: “Hadoop”
  57. 57. © 2015 Cognizant References
  58. 58. © 2015 Cognizant58 http://aviationweek.com/commercial-aviation/faa-nightmare-million-christmas-drones http://dronelife.com/2015/01/24/drone-sales-figures-2014-hard-navigate/ http://www.vision-systems.com/articles/2013/12/the-future-is-here-five-applications-of-uav-technology.html http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/12/131202-drone-uav-uas-amazon-octocopter-bezos-science-aircraft-unmanned-robot/ https://www.visiongain.com/Report/1437/Small-Unmanned-Aerial-Vehicle-(UAV)-Market-Forecast-2015-2025 http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/wireStory/drones-passing-fad-36217634 http://blog.luxresearchinc.com/blog/2014/11/more-than-1-million-drones-will-be-sold-in-2025-just-how-many-more-is-in-the-hands-of-regulators/ https://www.faa.gov/nextgen/programs/adsb/ http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2016/jan/16/officials-warn-drones-causing-problems-with-milita/?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS http://www.precisioneverything.com/unmanned/ces-drone-guide-2016.pdf http://dronemanufacturersalliance.org/ http://www.expouav.com/roi-with-uavs-drones-set-to-enable-an-evolution-in-agriculture/?utm_source=exacttarget&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=uav16-newsletter- mar3&utm_content=newsletter Drones and the Internet of Things in the cybersecurity equation | IBM Big Data & Analytics Hub https://www.oreilly.com/ideas/chris-anderson-on-the-future-of-drones-and-the-open-source-hardware-movement http://trendintech.com/2016/05/29/get-ready-for-the-drone-nation-the-market-is-expending-rapidly/ http://caselaw.findlaw.com/us-supreme-court/328/256.html http://www.airtractor.com/news/2016/05/air-tractor%C2%AE-makes-entry-uas-market-acquires-yield-defender http://sdtimes.com/developers-care-drone-industry/ http://www.inforum.com/news/4046353-nd-uas-test-believed-be-worlds-first http://digiday.com/publishers/eye-sky-fox-sports-bringing-drones-sporting-events/ http://www.bbc.com/news/blogs-news-from-elsewhere-36434414 http://blog.ventureradar.com/2015/12/29/20-commercial-drone-use-cases-and-leading-innovators/ http://www.agweb.com/mobile/article/drone-payloads-advance-the-possibilities-naa-ben-potter/ http://m.themalaymailonline.com/tech-gadgets/article/the-drone-market-takes-off http://unmanned-aerial.com/dronedeploy-hits-3-million-mark-for-mapped-acres/ http://www.businessinsider.com/uav-or-commercial-drone-market-forecast-2015-2 https://www.asdreports.com/news-3132/advanced-metering-infrastructure-ami-market-worth-2003-billion-2019-according-new-study-asdreports http://unmanned-aerial.com/sentera-brings-autonomous-drone-route-planning-to-precision-ag-app/ http://www.marketwatch.com/story/should-you-be-allowed-to-keep-drones-from-flying-over-your-property-2016-06-09 http://unmanned-aerial.com/senteras-new-fixed-wing-uav-provides-growers-with-precise-grid-patterns/ http://www.syracuse.com/business-news/index.ssf/2016/06/upstate_ny_wants_to_be_leader_in_emerging_drone_industry_cny_to_host_convention.html https://apple.news/ALaYpheDeMTSS6ZQcYA6-Zg https://apple.news/AVCJwrgDENxysk6v1osY7Eg http://unmanned-aerial.com/upcoming-drone-world-expo-to-feature-beefed-up-education-program/ http://techcrunch.com/2016/06/15/autodesk-invests-in-future-with-3d-robotic-drones-and-smart-iot-platforms/ http://unmanned-aerial.com/dronedeploy-offers-new-ag-functionalities-in-time-for-growing-season/ http://home.bt.com/news/uk-news/action-urged-to-ensure-drone-sector-can-flourish-as-industry-takes-flight-11364068191311 References

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