Map of the country In the North with TAJIKISTAN: STATE BORDER KyrgyzstanIn the West with Uzbekistan In the East with China In the South with Afghanistan
Country Facts COUNTRY FACTS Official name: Republic of Tajikistan Area: 143,100 sq km Population: more than 7.5 mln (2011) Capital: Dushanbe Major languages : Tajik/Persian, Uzbek, Russian Major religion: Islam Political structure: Presidential Republic Flag and emblem
Official Definition of the flag OFFICIAL DEFINITION OF THE COLORS OF TAJIK FLAG The red represents the unity of the nation and the symbol of the sun and victory. The white represents purity, cotton, the snow on the mountains and the unity of the people. The crown represents the Tajik people and means “crowned”. According to Tajik Legend, Islamic Heaven is composed of seven beautiful orchids, separated by seven mountains each with a glowing Star The green stands for the spiritual meaning of Islam and represents the generosity of nature of the country.
Historical Information HISTORICAL INFORMATION Tajiks has history of more than 2700 years The first Tajik nation was founded in 875 C.E. by Ismoli Somoni Empire In 1929 Tajik Soviet Republic (TJK USSR) was established as a part of USSR countries. Tajikistan declared its independence in 1991 after collapse of Soviet Union Buddah statue In 1992-Anti-government demonstrations in Dushanbe escalate into civil war between pro- government forces and Islamist and pro- democracy groups which eventually claims 50.000 to 100.000 lives, displaces 1,2 million and devastates the economy Civil war ended in 1997 with a United Nation brokered Peace Agreement. Tajik warrior during civil war
Geography GEOGRAPHY Tajikistan has 3 oblasts Sugd, Khatlon, Gorno Badakhshan/Pamirs and 1 region of Republican subordination (Dushanbe region) Mountains cover 93 percent. The highest pick is Somoni in Pamirs (7,954 meter) Over 900 rivers. Long rivers are Amu Darya– 2,400 km and Syr Darya – 2,200 km Lakes cover 1% of the country’s area. The greatest lake is Kara Kul – 380 km2 ; deepest is Sarez (505 m). Both are located in Pamirs. Climate is continental, subtropical, and semiarid
Dushanbe DUSHANBE IS THE CAPITAL Area - 124.6 km2 Population – 679,400 Elevation - 706 m Climate - continental and subtropical Dushanbe is commercial, cultural, scientific and Palace of Nation in Dushanbe industrial center of Tajikistan. It is the largest city of Tajikistan Production: silk, machinery, electrical appliances, clothing, leather goods, tractor parts, and foodstuffs. Home to a number of modern telecommunications, aeronautic and other business corporations. Coat of Arms of Dushanbe
HOUSING NEED Lack of housing. Overcrowded housing = invisible homelessness Vulnerability of housing - country is prone to various natural disasters: between 2000 and 2009, at least 2,000 people were affected by disasters each year. Unaffordable housing - Building costs increase due to import of building materials and housing is becoming beyond the reach of the majority of the population. Water and sanitation - Only 58% of 7,000,000 population in Tajikistan has access to improved water. Of 699 centralized systems of water supply available nationally, 16% do not function and 51% do not meet basic requirements.
HIGHLIGHTS Habitat Tajikistan is active in three regions of Tajikistan since 1999 It has built, repaired and renovated 2,000 homes, trained 3,500 individuals in DR, construction and health and hygiene, provided access to clean and safe drinking water for 2,500 families in rural areas. HFH Tajikistan is among 5 HFHI/ECA focus program countries
WHAT WE DO New house construction, repairs and renovations. Disaster Response and Preparedness – green housing, innovative technologies for safe housing. Water & Sanitation – Water Filters Housing finance – partnership with microfinance institutions Habitat Resource Center/Building Training Center – capacity development and material production
HOUSING SOLUTIONSHFH-Tajikistan is using a combination of variousapproaches to help families in need to get out ofpoverty housing:1. Renovation of apartment buildings left unfinished since Soviet times.2. Completion of half-built homes3. New house construction4. Rehabilitation of existing homes5. Reconstruction and redesign of old type and abandoned dormitories6. Disaster response model house construction7. House reinforcement project in earthquake prone/affected areas.8. Habitat Recourse Centers9. Water and sanitation
REINFORCEMENT OF HOMES Fact: Earthquakes of 2006 and 2007 in Rasht and Kumsangir districts hit 26 villages killing 6 children, completely destroying 1,376 homes and severely damaging poor infrastructure. Project Location: Rasht and Kumsangir districts Type of Houses: Anti-seismic houses built and reinforced using locally available and sustainable materials- wood, clay, straw and mulberry branches So far more than 500 homes reinforced Environmentally sustainable, low-cost, innovative “sinj technology” and “mulberry” house reinforcement technology. Partners: Institute of Seismology of Tajikistan, UNWFP, Oxfam, UNDRMP, Caritas, Global Partners, Acted, UNISDR
BIO SAND WATER FILTERS Fact: - Annually 50% of Tajik population contracts one or more water-borne diseases. - A 2005 survey showed 150 cases of typhoid, 107 of hepatitis, 500 of diarrhea & 152 cases of dysentery Project Location: Kumsangir and Konibodom districts Partners: Micro Finance Institution “Arvand” and Sanitary-Epidemiological Stations. Sustainable, innovative , low tech, requires no chemicals or electricity to use and can be produced with locally available materials. Eliminates almost 90% of water-borne parasites and produces up to 60 liters of clean water per hour Produced more than 1,500 filters, 42 reservoirs and served more than 2,500 families
HABITAT RESOURCE CENTER Fact: According to UNIFEM problems for young men and women in Tajikistan are unemployment (26%), poverty (16%), shortage of land and resources for house building (16%) and financial constraints for obtaining education and health care services (15%). Established in 2009 with, funded by CIDA and HFH Canada. Project goal Serves as production center of alternative and cost-effective products as well as training center for unemployed and unskilled young women and men Train population on construction and disaster response practices Affordable loans to low-income and earthquake affected families through provision of construction materials produced in the center
Production: Concrete blocks, school, home and office furniture, school uniforms, plastic doors and windows Vocational Education: Trained over 500 unemployed and unskilled individuals on welding, carpentry, general construction, electrician, computer and sewing courses, 70% of graduates get employed . Disaster Preparedness: Almost of 2,000 people trained in earthquake-prone zones on locally affordable and applicable earthquake safer construction practices. All HRC graduated students educated on HIV/AIDS prevention through seminars provided in collaboration with UNFPA/YPEER.
WINTERIZATION OF HOMES Fact: - July 2006 earthquake measured at 5.5 Richter scale damaged 1,484 houses and made 15,000 people homeless. - In 2007-2008 winter temperature reached -22 C and people suffered from lack of proper house insulation, doors and windows. Project Location: Kumsangir district Project goal: provide low income families with doors, windows and train them on safe construction techniques So far HFHT winterized 400 houses in Kumsangir More than 1,000 individuals trained on safe construction techniques Hosted 3 GV teams from US, GB and UAE
NEW HOUSES IN KHUJAND Fact - Civil war and economic collapse has left thousands of families without access to decent housing - Due to high construction costs people can’t afford to build or repair their homesProject Location: Khujand city Project goal: Improve living conditions of Khujand population through affordable housing Partners: Local Government So far HFHT built 36 new homes for low income families in Khujand Hosted 6 GV teams from US, Canada and Tashkent including 1 Women Build team
HALF-BUILD COMPLETION Fact: - Around 30% of the households in Asht district (700 homes) have 2-3 families living under one roof - Due to unemployment 15,000 men migrate annually to Russia from Asht district Project Location: Asht district Project goal: Complete half built homes of low- income young families Equip families with essential construction skills to complete their half built houses So far more than 150 families provided with More than 150 families finished their half completed houses and gained necessary construction skills
RELOCATING VULNERABLE COMMUNITIES FROM LANDSLIDE PRONE AREAS Fact: - Around 85 % of the Khatlon region is threatened by mudslides - Mudslides occur annually and in last 6 years 40 homes destroyed killing 4 people in Nurek. Project Location: Norak district Project goal: Relocate families from high risk mudslide areas providing decent housing and train the wider community on the risks of natural disasters So far 45 new homes built in a safer location Enabled 70 vulnerable “at-risk” households relocate to safe area through provision of access to decent housing, water and electricity system Hosted 10 GV teams from US and Canada
HABITAT VILLAGE Project start: 2000 Partners: Local Government and Shelter for Life International Almost 100 houses built for low income families In September 30, 2005 the Habitat 100th house in Tajikistan was dedicated in Habitat village, Khujand
KHUJAND STATE UNIVERSITY PROJECT Fact: Khujand State University (KSU) is one of the biggest universities in Tajikistan, with more than 12 000 students studying in 15 faculties The university is suffering from the severe “brain drain” – the loss of the qualified professors and teaching staff seeking opportunities outside Tajikistan. Over the last 14 years, due to low salaries and inadequate housing, nearly 400 staff have left the university. Project goal: Stem the tide of professor migration by renovating university dormitory and thereby increase educational opportunities for thousands more students over the coming decades Directly 52 faculty members and their families, or 270 people, have benefited from this partnership.
FINANCIAL SERVICES FOR RURAL AREAS OF TAJIKISTAN Fact: - Due to unemployment in Tajikistan, 1,5 million of its population migrated to Russia and Kazakhstan to seek for better employment – - The majority of families rely heavily on remittance income and it accounts for up to 60% of the their income Project location: Rasht district Project goal: Increase the utilization of remittance system by migrant workers through educational outreach, and development of a housing loan linked to the remittances Project partners: FMFB and IFAD Provided affordable social housing for 30 low- income families and enhanced financial literacy and capacity to target groups by building family savings and effective investment of remittances
HOUSING FINANCE/MFI PARTNERSHIPConstruction technical assistance with Micro Lending Organization “IMONInternational” “IMON” provides housing improvement loan of $100 - $2800 USD and HFHT provides Construction Technical Assistance (CTA) to target group CTA service include: home survey, development of estimation and construction schedule, recommendation to family and monitoring of construction. The pilot project target area: Sughd and Khatlon oblasts Starting from March 2011 project served over 1000 families.
CONDOMINIUM RENOVATION Fact: In the post-Soviet period, the quality of water supply, sanitation, and housing services in Tajikistan has deteriorated due to lack of government funding. Routine maintenance work for the buildings either did not exist at all or was not carried out frequently enough. There are around 8,000 Soviet era apartment blocks, home for more than 2 million people, which had poor or no maintenance over the last 3-4 decades. Project goal : The project will improve the living conditions of families living in aged condominiums through renovation of roofs, sewage/sanitation system and entrances. A total of 112 families will be served through this project in FY2012.
FAMILY SELECTION CRITERIA1) Families in need who can’t improve their housing condition on their own,2) Willing to partner with Habitat and3) Able to repay non-profit Habitat loan. All repaid funds are used to build more houses for other families in need. The new construction creates jobs for local tradesman and stimulates local business.
TYPE OF TYPICAL HOUSES IN TAJIKISTANThe main types of houses which Habitat builds inTajikistan are 2-3 room one storey homes. Thewalls of the houses are made of either mud-bricksor concrete blocks. Walls of exterior plasteredwith straw clay or mortar. Straw and clay are maincomponents for insulation the houses from colds.The foundation of the houses is made of cement,stones and gravel. Mainly iron roof or slate is usedfor roofing of homes. Windows and doors of thehouses are made of wood.
HABITAT TAJIKISTAN GLOBAL VILLAGE PROGRAM Habitat Tajikistan hosted its first ever Global Village (GV) team in early summer of 2005 consisting of 10 volunteers form US under leadership of Wanda Smith. The team worked and built houses alongside families in Khujand in the north of Tajikistan. Do date Habitat Tajikistan Global Village program hosted 22 GV teams with more than 250 volunteers from different countries as US, Canada, GB and UAE The first GV team in Tajikistan in Khujand
GET INVOLVED! You will experience the sights, sounds and adventure of living and working with people from different culture and tradition You will have a unique chance to experience and see one of the ancient Central Asian countries Somoni monument in Khuajdn with the opportunity to gain a greater understanding of development issues, to learn more about culture and about yourself. Hissor Fortress You can make friends with other volunteers and the homeowner families You will see old historical places and beautiful mountains of the country Habitat homeowner and GV volunteer And of course you will learn about poverty Habitat homeowner’s kid housing firsthand and bring hope to a family in and GV volunteer need
JOIN US IN A JOURNEY OF ADVENTURE, LIFE ENRICHMENT AND JOY! CHOOSE TAJIKISTAN AND START MAKING A DIFFERENCE NOW