ESA Basics


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  • Answer: Nation’s native plants and animals
  • Answer: 1,967 species worldwideas endangered or threatened; 1,372 in the U.S.
  • Such an act may include significanthabitat modification or degradationwhere it actually kills or injures wildlifeby significantly impairing essentialbehavioral patterns, including breeding,feeding, or sheltering.
  • Answer: FWS biologists
  • Answer: False.
  • Critical habitats are geographic areas that contain the physical or biological features that are essential to the conservation of the species and may need special management. Only applies to Federal agency actions or federally funded activities.
  • ESA Basics

    1. 1. Endangered Species Act
    2. 2. When Congress passed the Endangered Species Act (ESA) in 1973… …it expressed concern that native WHAT were in danger of becoming extinct?
    3. 3. The purpose of the ESA is to protect and recover what? Answer: Imperiled species and the ecosystems on which they depend
    4. 4. Terrestrial and fresh Marine wildlife water organism
    5. 5. Answer: Endangered or Threatened
    6. 6. “Endangered” means: Answer: a species is indanger of extinction throughout allor a significant portion of its range.
    7. 7. True or False? All species of plants andanimals, including pest insects, are eligible for listing. Answer: FALSE. “Pest” insects are not eligible for listing as endangered or threatened.
    8. 8. In March 2011, the FWS listed _____ species worldwide as endangeredor threatened, of which ____ occurred in the United States.
    9. 9.  1)damage to, or destruction of, a species’ habitat 2) overutilization of the species for commercial, recreational, scientific, or educational purposes 3) disease or predation 4) inadequacy of existing protection; and 5) other natural or manmade factors that affect the continued existence of the species.
    10. 10.  The FWS also maintains a list of “candidate” species. These are species for which the FWS has enough information to warrant proposing them for listing but is precluded from doing so by higher listing priorities. While listing actions of higher priority go forward, the FWS works with States, Tribes, private landowners, private partners, and other Federal agencies to carry out conservation actions for these species to prevent further decline and possibly eliminate the need for listing.
    11. 11. The ESA protects endangered and threatened species and their habitats by prohibiting the “____” of listed animalsand the interstate or international trade in listed plants and animals, including theirparts and products, except under Federal permit.
    12. 12. The ESA makes it unlawful for a person to take a listed animal without a permit. “Take” is… ? …defined as “to harass, harm, pursue, hunt, shoot, wound, kill, trap, capture, or collect or attempt to engage in any such conduct.”
    13. 13. The term “____” is defined as “an actwhich actually kills or injures wildlife.”
    14. 14. Who writes and implements these plans with the assistance of species experts; other Federal, State, and local agencies; Tribes; nongovernmental organizations; academia; and other stakeholders?
    15. 15. True or False? It is extremely rare that a project ends up being withdrawn orterminated because of jeopardy to a listed species.
    16. 16. The ESA also requires the designationof “________ _______” for listed species.
    17. 17. Options:
    18. 18.  Landowners may receive a permit to take such species incidental to otherwise legal activities, provided they have developed an approved habitat conservation plan (HCP).
    19. 19.  Assessment of the likely impacts on the species from the proposed action Steps that the permit holder will take to avoid, minimize, and mitigate the impacts Funding for HCP
    20. 20.  Non-Federal landowners voluntarily aid in the recovery of listed species by improving or maintaining wildlife habitat. Under SHAs, landowners manage the enrolled property and may return it to originally agreed-upon “baseline” conditions for the species and its habitat at the end of the agreement.
    21. 21.  Conservation agreements (CCAs) are voluntary agreements between landowners and one or more other parties to reduce or remove threats to candidate or other at- risk species.
    22. 22. Conservation Banks
    23. 23. International Efforts to Protect Species U.S. is a party to C.I.T.E. S. -Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora – 175 nation agreement
    24. 24. Search Endangered Species Database Access the latest publication of listed animals and listed plants as published inthe Government Printing Offices Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants 50 eCFR 17.11 and 17.12, which is updated daily.