Foundations of Grammar 3: What is a verb?

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Foundations of Grammar 3: What is a verb?

  1. 1. FOUNDATIONS OFGRAMMARPodcast 3: What is a verb?
  2. 2. What is a verb?Verbs are one of the most important components of language and it isimpossible to write a complete sentence without a verb.
  3. 3. What is a verb?Verbs are one of the most important components of language and it isimpossible to write a complete sentence without a verb. The otheressential element of a sentence is a subject (which you will learn moreabout in Podcast 5: What is a subject?)
  4. 4. What is a verb?Verbs are one of the most important components of language and it isimpossible to write a complete sentence without a verb. The otheressential element of a sentence is a subject (which you will learn moreabout in Podcast 5: What is a subject?): the verb gives us informationabout the subject.
  5. 5. What is a verb?Verbs express actions or states of being: - Action: La Trobe University language students revise after each lesson The verb “revise” describes the action performed by La Trobe students - State of being: La Trobe University language students are very diligent “are” is a form of the verb “to be”, and describes La Trobe University language students’ state of being
  6. 6. What is a verb?Verbs can be:
  7. 7. What is a verb?Verbs can be:a) simple (made up of one word)I eat, we play, he runs, she talked
  8. 8. What is a verb?Verbs can be:a) simple (made up of one word)I eat, we play, he runs, she talkedb) compound (made up of more than one word – for example, anauxiliary or “helping” verb, and another verb)he was talking, they were reading, I am laughing, he would go
  9. 9. What is a verb? TERMINOLOGY:•Infinitive: The name of the verb – to eat, to play, to read, to be. Dictionaries contain theinfinitive form of the verb (without the “to” preceding it – eat, play, read, be).
  10. 10. What is a verb? TERMINOLOGY:•Conjugate: To change a verb from the infinitive so that it agrees with relevant subject/sand/or tense. Refer to Podcast 4: What does it mean to conjugate a verb?
  11. 11. What is a verb? TERMINOLOGY:•Transitive: Transitive verbs require direct objects (NB: Direct objects can be implicit ratherthan specified). Refer to Podcast 8: What is a direct object?
  12. 12. What is a verb? TERMINOLOGY:•Intransitive: Intransitive verbs are unable to take direct objects
  13. 13. What is a verb? TERMINOLOGY:•Intransitive: Intransitive verbs are unable to take direct objectsNB: Some verbs can be used both transitively and intransitively. The verb “to burn” is one example: Transitive use: I burnt the toast Intransitive use: The candle burns brightly
  14. 14. Thank You Example presentation title Page 14

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