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  2. 2. IMIDACLOPRID Imidacloprid based insecticide formulations are available as dustable powder, granular, suspension concentrate, wettable powder. seed dressing (owable slurry concentrate), soluble concentrate, It is a systemic insecticide with translaminar activity and contact and stomach action. Readily taken up by the plant and further distributed acropetally, with good rootsystemic action Chloro-nicotinyl insecticide with soil, seed and foliar uses.
  3. 3. PESTS AND CROPS For the control of sucking insects including rice hoppers, aphids, thrips, whiteies, termites, turf insects, soil insects and some beetles. It is most commonly used on paddy, cotton, wheat, maize, potatoes, sugarcane, vegetables, fruits. It is especially systemic when used as a seed or soil treatment The application rates are considerably lower than older, traditionally used insecticides. It can be phytotoxic if it is not used according to manufacturer's specications. It has been shown to be compatible with fungicides when used as a seed treatment to control insect pests.
  4. 4. MODE OF ACTION The chemical works by interfering with the transmission of stimuli in the insect nervous system. It causes a blockage in a type of neuronal pathway (nicotinergic) that is more abundant in insects than in warm-blooded animals (making the chemical selectively more toxic to insects than warm-blooded animals). This blockage leads to the accumulation of acetylcholine, an important neurotransmitter, resulting in the insect's paralysis, and eventually death. It is effective on contact and via stomach action.
  5. 5. TOXICITY Imidacloprid is moderately toxic. It is considered non-irritating to eyes and skin, and non-sensitizing to skin. Some granular formulations may contain clays as inert ingredients that may act as eye irritants
  6. 6. QUALITIES OF SUPER IMIDA Super Imida is an insecticide formulation in suspension Concentrate. Super Imida is systemic with translaminar activity, acts by contact and stomach action. Readily taken up by the plant and further distributed in upward direction. It Has instant dispersion when it added to water and does not allow the spray solution to settle down for a longer period, thereby no frequent agitation required during the spray. It reduces surface runoff and provides uniform coverage over the foliages with enhanced penetration & stability. Super Imida found to be very effective up to 10 - 14 days after application. The MRL of SUPER IMIDA in Rice & Cotton seed oil has already been xed by Central Committee for Food Standards [CCFS] as 0.05 ppm. It does’nt have any adverse effect on the population of common natural enemies like Coccinella, Chrysoperla, etc.
  7. 7. METHOD OF USE Shake the SUPER IMIDA bottle vigorously for 2 - 5 minutes to form a homogeneous mixture before dilution. Mix the homogeneous mixture formed in water as per recommendations. The prepared mixture should be sprayed within 30-40 minutes after preparing the mixture.
  8. 8. RECOMMENDATIONS Crop Segment Crop Cereals Rice, Maize, Wheat Vegetables Cucumber, Tomato, Okra, Water Melon, Pumpkin, Bottle Gourd, Carrot, Onion Fruits Mango, Citrus, Grapes Oilseed Sunower Roots and Tubers Potato Sugar crop Sugarcane Fibre Cotton Ornamentals Marigold Spices Chilli Others Tobacco
  9. 9. MAJOR PESTS Aphids It is active in May to November. Life cycle - 8 - 10 days Damage: Both young and adult suck plant sap so the plant becomes weak Tender shoots and leaves become yellowish and then dries up. Insecticide Dosage/ acre Super Imida 30-50 ml
  10. 10. APHID – LIFE CYCLE
  11. 11. MAJOR PESTS Attacks through out crop life, Eggs hatch in about 4-11 days Young nymphs feed on leaf sap for 7-12 days the winged adults live for 35-50 days feeding constantly on plant sap. It completes 7 generations in a year Damage: The adults and nymphs suck sap from leaves which turn yellow or reddish brown The leaf curls downwards, dries up and falls Insecticide Dosage/ acre Super Imida 30-50 ml Jassids
  13. 13. MAJOR PESTS It is found through out the year. It breeds on cotton from May to September. Damage: The thrips and its nymphs lacerate the surface tissues of the foliage and suck the exuding sap in severe infestation, the plant appears blighted and occasionally dries up Insecticide Dosage/ acre Super Imida 30-50 ml Thrips
  15. 15. MAJOR PESTS Brown Plant Hopper Nymphs and adults congregate at the base of the plant above the water level. The insect sucks the sap and the leaves turn brown. Affected plant dries up and gives a scorched appearance called “hopper burn”. Circular patches of drying and lodging of matured plant. It is vector of grassy stunt, ragged stunt and wilted stunt diseases.
  16. 16. MAJOR PESTS Brown Plant HopperCharacteristics of Discrete period of seasonal appearance Low initial density Steep and steady population growth Clumped spatial distribution Violent density uctuations from year to year
  17. 17. BPH – LIFE CYCLE
  18. 18. MAJOR PESTS White backed Plant Hopper Nymph - White in colour and pronotum is pale yellow. Adult - Possess a diamond like marking on the thorax and ovipositional site is black streaks. Suck the sap and cause stunted growth. “Hopper burn” is caused in irregular patches.
  19. 19. MAJOR PESTS White y Whiteies cause stunting of plants and curling and mottling of leaves. They may also transmit plant viruses. They excrete a sticky sugar substance called honeydew on which may grow sooty mold fungus.
  20. 20. MAJOR PESTS Termites Poor germination of setts (After Planting).Characteristic semicircular feeding marks on the leaves in the standing crop. Entire shoot dries up and can be pulled out easily. Setts hollow inside and may be lled with soil.Sugarcane collapses if disturbed. Rind lled with mud.
  21. 21. THanKYOU ENRICHING LIVES, YIELDS PROSPERITY HPM Chemicals & Fertilizers Ltd.