CHAPTER 4
Carbohydrates
Nutrition HO-15
Vegetables
Fruits
Legumes
Brown rice
Quinoa
Dairy
Glucose
Monosaccharide
Simple sugar
Basic unit of carbohydrates
Link sugar units
Form glycogen
Storage form for
carbohydrates
Linked
sugar units
Starch Fiber
Starch
Glucose
<5%
Carbohydrates: 45-65%
Fiber: 25 g F 38 g M
Added sugar: < 5%
25-35 g of sugar/day (upper limit)
Husk
• Toxic
Bran
• Fiber
Endosperm
• Starch
Germ
• Protein
• Micronutrients
Sugar
Cane sugar
Corn sugar
Dextrose
Brown sugar
Honey
Fructose
Sucrose
High fructose corn syrup
Corn syrup
Brown rice syr...
Images from Wikipedia
Sugar
- ose
Syrup
Sweetener
Concentrated juice
NATURAL
Naturally
occurring
Fructose
Lactose
(glucose/sucrose)
ADDED
Added to foods
Sugar
HFCS
Corn Syrup
Fructose
Honey
It’s About
The Package
It Comes In!
Micronutrients
Phytochemicals
Fiber
Micronutrients
Phytochemicals
Fiber
Iron: 8-18 mg
Calcium: 1000 mg
Potassium: 4700 mg
Magnesium: 400 mg
Iron: 8-18 mg
Calcium: 1000 mg
Potassium: 4700 mg
Magnesium: 400 mg
Good Source (10%):
18 tablespoons (1150 calories) of h...
Added
Natural
Milk ~ 8-10 grams
Added Sugar
Corn Starch
Yogurt + 8 ounce coke?
+
Whole Wheat Bread
Whole Wheat Bread
Natural
Sugar?
Added
Sugar?
HighFructoseCornSyrup
Eat Real Food!
THE END
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
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Chapter 4 Carbohydrates

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  • treated with potassium bromate to improve dough elasticityBleached flour is subject to subjected to a chlorine gas bath
  • Agave sugar has much more fructose than sugar, much higher amounts than HFCS. It depends on the production/ manufacturer. Sweeter than sugar, but more dense and therefore more caloric.
  • Sugar cane produces a juice. The water is evaporated to make crystals (clarified, concentrated and crystalized). The sugar is further refined to remove impurities to result in white table sugar. Two ways to make sugar into refined white sugar from brown crystals, one way is to mix the sugar solution is clarified by the addition of phosphoric acid and calcium hydroxide, which combine to precipitate calcium phosphate.
  • The further away the product is from it’s original form in nature, the less healthy it is.
  • Whole foods come with micronutrients and fiber!Phytochemicals are biologically active compounds which naturally occur in plants – main action is as antioxidantsInsoluble fiber is the lattice, the soluble fiber
  • Whole foods come with micronutrients and fiber!Phytochemicals are biologically active compounds which naturally occur in plants – main action is as antioxidantsInsoluble fiber is the lattice, the soluble fiber
  • 18 tablespoons (54 teaspoons and 1150 calories) of honey for it to provide 10% of your daily value of iron for a woman. 100 tablespoons of honey (6400
  • 18 tablespoons (54 teaspoons and 1150 calories) of honey for it to provide 10% of your daily value of iron for a woman. 100 tablespoons of honey (6400
  • treated with potassium bromate to improve dough elasticityBleached flour is subject to subjected to a chlorine gas bath
  • Chapter 4 Carbohydrates

    1. 1. CHAPTER 4 Carbohydrates Nutrition HO-15
    2. 2. Vegetables Fruits Legumes Brown rice Quinoa Dairy
    3. 3. Glucose Monosaccharide Simple sugar Basic unit of carbohydrates
    4. 4. Link sugar units Form glycogen Storage form for carbohydrates Linked sugar units Starch Fiber
    5. 5. Starch Glucose
    6. 6. <5%
    7. 7. Carbohydrates: 45-65% Fiber: 25 g F 38 g M Added sugar: < 5% 25-35 g of sugar/day (upper limit)
    8. 8. Husk • Toxic Bran • Fiber Endosperm • Starch Germ • Protein • Micronutrients
    9. 9. Sugar Cane sugar Corn sugar Dextrose Brown sugar Honey Fructose Sucrose High fructose corn syrup Corn syrup Brown rice syrup Agave sugar Dehydrated cane juice Maltodextrin
    10. 10. Images from Wikipedia
    11. 11. Sugar - ose Syrup Sweetener Concentrated juice
    12. 12. NATURAL Naturally occurring Fructose Lactose (glucose/sucrose)
    13. 13. ADDED Added to foods Sugar HFCS Corn Syrup Fructose Honey
    14. 14. It’s About The Package It Comes In!
    15. 15. Micronutrients Phytochemicals Fiber
    16. 16. Micronutrients Phytochemicals Fiber
    17. 17. Iron: 8-18 mg Calcium: 1000 mg Potassium: 4700 mg Magnesium: 400 mg
    18. 18. Iron: 8-18 mg Calcium: 1000 mg Potassium: 4700 mg Magnesium: 400 mg Good Source (10%): 18 tablespoons (1150 calories) of honey for iron 100 tablespoons (6400 calories) of honey for calcium 2.4 tablespoons (130 calories) of molasses for calcium 1.6 tablespoons (86 calories) of molasses for potassium 0.8 tablespoons (44 calories) of molasses for magnesium
    19. 19. Added Natural
    20. 20. Milk ~ 8-10 grams Added Sugar Corn Starch
    21. 21. Yogurt + 8 ounce coke? +
    22. 22. Whole Wheat Bread
    23. 23. Whole Wheat Bread Natural Sugar? Added Sugar?
    24. 24. HighFructoseCornSyrup
    25. 25. Eat Real Food! THE END

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