CHAPTER 13&14
Lifecycle Nutrition
Mother is
Underweight
Infant is
Underweight
Poor Future
Health
Mother is
Underweight
Infant is
Underweight
Poor Future
Health
LowBirthWeight Lower IQ
Short Stature
40X more likely to
die 1st year
HighBirthWeight
Larger size
2X more likely to
have NTD
Folate
deficiency
Abnormal
spinal cord
development
Neural Tube
Defect
Spinal Bifida Abnormal spinal cord development Neural Tube Defect
Anencephaly
Spinal Bifida
Calcium Absorption
Doubles
During Pregnancy
Fetus needs a store of iron for
the first 3-6 months of life
Fetus needs a store of iron for
the first 3-6 months of life
Supplementation is
recommended
FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME
Irreversible brain damage
Growth retardation
Mental retardation
Facial abnormalities
Vision abnorma...
Pregnancy
Alcohol
Moderate
British Medical Journal, June 2013
Got Breast Milk?
Carbohydrate
Lactose
Easy to
digest
Enhance Ca
absorption
Lipids
Main energy
source
EFAs
Protein
Easily
digested
Lactoferr...
Vitamins
Vitamin C
High
Vitamin D
Low
Minerals
Ca highly
absorbable
Low in
sodium
High in zinc
and iron
Vitamin D
Supplementation
recommended
Iron
Infant Stores
Breast Milk
Supplements?
At 4-6 months, an
exclusively breast fed
infant is at risk of iron
deficiency.
Immune Factors
Anti-viral agents
Anti-bacterial agents
Less prone to GI disorders
Colostrum contains antibodies
Toddler
Nutrient
Needs
Protein
Carbs
Fiber
Fatty
acids
Vitamins
Minerals
Limit sat
fat
Not a Low
Fat Diet
Iron
Deficiency
Behavior
problems
Food
Allergy
Recognized
as foreign
Immune
response
Food
Intolerance
Not an
allergy
Unpleasant
symptom
Food
Aversion
Intens...
ADHD
3-5% of school
children
Inability to pay
attention
Poor impulse
control
ADHD
Food
dyes?
Sugar?
Oils?
Salt?
ADHDor?
sugar
lack of sleep
poor diet
lack of exercise
Too Little Too much
• Recommendation stays the same
Protein
• Same: adequate amounts are important!
Fiber
• AHA diet
Fat
• Recommendation decr...
THE
END
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Ch13&14

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  • Single most potent indicator of infant’s future health
  • A study in the British Medical Journal in June of 2013 found the maternal iron supplementation decreased risk for low birth weight.
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
  • Researchers assessed 7,000 10-year-olds on their balancing abilities, which reflects fetal neurodevelopment. There was no association between moderate (3-7 drinks a week) alcohol intake and impacts on neurodevelopment. June 2013 British Medical Journal
  • Breast Milk. Lactoferrin is an iron-gathering protein
  • Vitamin C from cow’s milk is a poor source. Supplementation with Vitamin D is recommended
  • Supplementation with Vitamin D is recommended
  • Infants have a store of iron for 4-6 months. Breast Milk provides an ample source. At 4-6 months, an exclusively breast fed infant is at risk of iron deficiency.
  • Infants have a store of iron for 4-6 months. Breast Milk provides an ample source in conjunction with the infant stores. At 4-6 months, an exclusively breast fed infant is at risk of iron deficiency.
  • One USDA food study found that 30% of American children eat at least one meal or fast food snack on a typical day.
  • The diet changes more in life between 12-24 months than in any more period in life.
  • Protein needs are covered by a regular diet, need for carbohydrates is the same as an adult. To figure out fiber, use age + 5 grams. For example, a 3 year old needs 8 grams of fiber. A 1-3 year old needs 30-40% of their diet from fat. Not a low fat diet!
  • Example of food intolerance is lactose intolerance.
  • Genetics have a significant effect on the development of ADHD
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. A 2007 study published in The Lancet found someartificial food colors plus the preservative sodium benzoate aggravated hyperactivity in children without ADHD. Difficult to study the association between food dye and ADHD because most foods have additives and some candies have up to 10 food dyes. No conclusive evidence linking sugar or dyes, but reasonable to eliminate dyes from a diet of a child with ADHD.
  • No food dyes in whole foods
  • Iron is particularly important for women as they begin menstruation. Iron deficiency is prevalent among adolescent girls. Peak bone mass develops by age 18 so it’s important to have adequate calcium intake.
  • Too much iron or other heavy metal minerals, iron, zinc, copper, may be associated with memory impairment
  • Too much iron or other heavy metal minerals, iron, zinc, copper, may be associated with memory impairment
  • Ch13&14

    1. 1. CHAPTER 13&14 Lifecycle Nutrition
    2. 2. Mother is Underweight Infant is Underweight Poor Future Health
    3. 3. Mother is Underweight Infant is Underweight Poor Future Health
    4. 4. LowBirthWeight Lower IQ Short Stature 40X more likely to die 1st year
    5. 5. HighBirthWeight Larger size 2X more likely to have NTD
    6. 6. Folate deficiency Abnormal spinal cord development Neural Tube Defect
    7. 7. Spinal Bifida Abnormal spinal cord development Neural Tube Defect Anencephaly Spinal Bifida
    8. 8. Calcium Absorption Doubles During Pregnancy
    9. 9. Fetus needs a store of iron for the first 3-6 months of life
    10. 10. Fetus needs a store of iron for the first 3-6 months of life Supplementation is recommended
    11. 11. FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME Irreversible brain damage Growth retardation Mental retardation Facial abnormalities Vision abnormalities
    12. 12. Pregnancy Alcohol Moderate British Medical Journal, June 2013
    13. 13. Got Breast Milk?
    14. 14. Carbohydrate Lactose Easy to digest Enhance Ca absorption Lipids Main energy source EFAs Protein Easily digested Lactoferrin - iron
    15. 15. Vitamins Vitamin C High Vitamin D Low Minerals Ca highly absorbable Low in sodium High in zinc and iron
    16. 16. Vitamin D Supplementation recommended
    17. 17. Iron Infant Stores Breast Milk Supplements? At 4-6 months, an exclusively breast fed infant is at risk of iron deficiency.
    18. 18. Immune Factors Anti-viral agents Anti-bacterial agents Less prone to GI disorders Colostrum contains antibodies
    19. 19. Toddler Nutrient Needs Protein Carbs Fiber Fatty acids Vitamins Minerals
    20. 20. Limit sat fat Not a Low Fat Diet Iron Deficiency Behavior problems
    21. 21. Food Allergy Recognized as foreign Immune response Food Intolerance Not an allergy Unpleasant symptom Food Aversion Intense dislike Grow out
    22. 22. ADHD 3-5% of school children Inability to pay attention Poor impulse control
    23. 23. ADHD Food dyes? Sugar? Oils? Salt?
    24. 24. ADHDor? sugar lack of sleep poor diet lack of exercise
    25. 25. Too Little Too much
    26. 26. • Recommendation stays the same Protein • Same: adequate amounts are important! Fiber • AHA diet Fat • Recommendation decreases Vitamin A • Recommendation increases Vitamin D • Same: adequate hydration important! Water • Recommendation decreases – iron status improves. Iron • Recommendation increases – absorption decreases Calcium
    27. 27. THE END

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