Eco Computing Green IT


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Eco Computing Green IT

  1. 1. Eco Computing – Public Sector Perspective <ul><ul><li>Charles Mok </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet Society Hong Kong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2008.0 7 .0 7 </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. First, IT is Green <ul><li>UK Dept for Communities and Local Government: 'An e-Government Truth: Potential CO2 efficiencies from online provision of local government services' (2008.01.17)‏ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The project examines the carbon footprint of five services provided by local government, based on data provided by a Sunderland City Council case study, and assesses whether this carbon footprint can be reduced by greater online provision of these services. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. IT Can Reduce Carbon Footprint <ul><li>Studies include an estimated hourly CO2 impact of the energy and materials required to support a member of office staff: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electricity, heating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stationery, office equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commuting, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aspects where CO2 emissions can be reduced by a shift to online provision: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel to council offices by users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electricity use </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. IT Can Reduce Carbon Footprint
  5. 5. Towards Greener IT <ul><li>But there is no carbon footprint measurement in Hong Kong government </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of awareness and support </li></ul><ul><li>But it is important to measure in order to build commitment and quantifiable goals </li></ul><ul><li>Yet, how to make IT even Greener ? </li></ul>
  6. 6. IT is Green But Not Enough: What Then Is 'Green IT' ? <ul><li>IT in Use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electricity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cooling </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More Electricity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More Heat </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduce Energy Consumption </li></ul><ul><li>IT after Use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heavy Metal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carcinogen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pollution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source of Precious Metal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recycling </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduce Use of Toxic Substances </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling </li></ul>
  7. 7. Green IT Survey <ul><li>Green IT is a growing, global phenomenon, with customers seeking out IT suppliers whose offerings are more energy-efficient, more material-efficient, less hazardous, designed for greater recyclability, and supported by end-of-life recycling programs. </li></ul><ul><li>According to IDC's Green IT Survey: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 50% of customers consider IT vendors' &quot;greenness&quot; when selecting a supplier. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One-third of customers already consider it &quot;important&quot; to &quot;very important&quot; that IT suppliers have green offerings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost 80% of executives say that Green IT is growing in importance for their organization. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The #1 driver for Green IT adoption is economic - to reduce operational costs. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. How to Contribute for Green IT ? <ul><li>Corporate/Personal Effort </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Choice of Products/Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best Practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Saving </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recycling </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Government Effort </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrative Measures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When In Use vs. After Use </li></ul>
  9. 9. Are You Ready? <ul><li>Computerworld's Green IT Quiz </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have top executives (e.g., the CEO) made an explicit, vigorous commitment to energy efficiency? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does your organization have purchasing practices that favor energy-efficient products? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does your organization have a program to recycle unused/discarded high-tech equipment (e.g., old PCs and monitors)? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does your organization explictly encourage telecommuting and provide the necessary equipment & support? </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Are You Ready? <ul><ul><li>Has your organization installed energy-efficient HVAC and building automation controls in the past 12 months? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has your organization reduced IT equipment energy consumption by at least 5% in the past 12 months? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has your organization improved IT equipment energy efficiency by at least 5% in the past 12 months? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has your organization implemented server virtualization to reduce the number of servers needed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has your organization revised its data center layout (or design) to reduce power demand? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does your organization use alternative energy supplies (e.g. solar, wind) to provide power to IT facilities or systems?? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Green IT : In Use <ul><li>Electricity Consumption of a PC </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>around 200 W </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Electricity can end up costing more than the hardware, over overloading supply </li></ul><ul><li>What’s the math? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Working Hours per Year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>45 hrs x 52 weeks = 2340 hrs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon Emissions of Power Plant in HK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>0.84 kg CO 2 /kWh </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CO 2 Emission for a Single Office PC per Year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>0.2 x 2340 x 0.84 = 393.12 kg </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>10 Tree Seedlings grown for 10 Years </li></ul>
  12. 12. Green IT : In Use <ul><li>The Solution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtualization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consolidation of Machines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power Saving Functions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power Saving Practices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Efficient Products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government Effort: Energy Label </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Green IT : In Use <ul><li>Energy Labels </li></ul>(adopted by US, Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, Taiwan, the EU)‏ Energy Star EU Energy Label Hong Kong Energy Label
  14. 14. Green IT : In Use <ul><li>Hong Kong Energy Label </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Efficiency Labelling Scheme (EELS)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Since 1995, as a Voluntary Scheme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administered by the Electrical and Mechanical Services Department (EMSD)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Covers 18 Products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Market Penetration vary from 0% to 82% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saves 200 GWh electricity pa. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Green IT : In Use Selected Products and their Penetration Rates Under Voluntary EELS Market Penetration Room Coolers 82% Refrigerators 65% Compact Fluorescent Lamps 14% Multifunction Devices 50% Photocopiers 20% Laser Printers 15% Television Sets < 15% Petrol Passenger Cars < 5% LCD Monitors < 5% Electronic Ballasts < 5% Fax Machines < 5% Computers 0%
  16. 16. Green IT : In Use <ul><li>Mandatory EELS </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Efficiency (Labelling of Products) Ordinance </li></ul><ul><li>Passed by LegCo on April 30, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Covers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Air Conditioners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refrigerating Appliances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs)‏ </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Green IT : In Use <ul><li>Mandatory EELS </li></ul><ul><li>Covers White Appliances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inline with other Jurisdictions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Estimated Environmental Implications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Saves 150 GWh electricity pa. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces 105,000 tonnes CO 2 pa. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>However : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IT products NOT covered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Should introduce second phase of the Scheme </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Climate Savers Computing Initiative <ul><li>Climate Savers Computing Initiative member companies commit to purchasing energy-efficient PCs and servers for new IT purchases, and to broadly deploying power management. By publicly declaring their support for this important effort, companies demonstrate their commitment to the “greening” of IT and join other industry-leading companies and organizations blazing new trails in corporate social responsibility and sustainable IT. </li></ul><ul><li>Mission: Possible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By 2010, we seek to reduce global CO2 emissions from the operation of computers by 54 million tons per year1, equivalent to the annual output of 11 million cars or 10–20 coal-fired power plants. With your help, this effort will lead to a 50% reduction in power consumption by computers by 2010, and committed participants could collectively save $5.5 billion in energy costs. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Green IT : After Use <ul><li>What’s in a computer? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Toxin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lead </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mercury </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cadmium </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carcinogen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)‏ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>In US, e-Waste = </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2% Total Trash </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>70% Toxic Waste </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Green IT : After Use <ul><li>The Solution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Toxic Free Components </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycling Computers and Electronic Products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government Effort: Producer Responsibility Scheme </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>European Union </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (WEEE Directive)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>California </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic Waste Recycling Act of 2003 (EWRA)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Covers : CRT, LCD, Plasma Display… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restrict Material Contents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cadmium, Hexavalent Chromium, Lead, Mercury </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collection of Electronic Waste Recycling Fee </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Green IT : After Use <ul><li>Hong Kong </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Voluntary PRS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile Phone Rechargeable Batteries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other Rechargeable Batteries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voluntary Computer Recycling Programme </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. Green IT : After Use <ul><li>Hong Kong: Legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Target: PRS for 6 types of products </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle tires; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plastic shopping bags; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrical and electronic equipment; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Packaging materials; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beverage containers; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rechargeable batteries. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Product Eco-responsibility Bill </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st Stage -- Only covers Plastic Bags </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The way to go -- Covers IT Products? </li></ul></ul>
  23. 24. Thank You! <ul><li>Charles Mok </li></ul><ul><li>Chairman </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Society Hong Kong </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>