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Views and attitudes regarding the
reporting and communication about
suicide held by journalism and public
relations studen...
About the research
• Within the suicide literature, there has been extensive research
investigating the relationship betwe...
About the research
• This research is complemented by further studies that assess the
knowledge and attitudes of media pro...
Acknowledgements
• This research forms part of Jaelea Skehan’s PhD study supervised by
Professor Brian Kelly (University o...
The Australian context
• In Australia, evidence-based guidelines for media reporting of suicide have
been developed and di...
Research methodology
• People were eligible to participate in the research if they were: (a) over
the age of 18 years; and...
The survey instrument included five sections:
1. Participant demographics, including age, gender, university, year of
stud...
PART A: Summary of results for
journalism students
A1. Participant demographics
Participants: 117 journalism students
attempted the survey, of which 113
(97%) met the inclus...
A1. Participant demographics
Most participants were studying
journalism at a Sydney University
(UTS = 39%; USYD = 38%) – s...
A2. Reporting of suicide
Journalism students were asked rate their level of agreement with a range of
statements about rep...
A2. Reporting of suicide:
Alignment with principles high (>70%)
Strongly
Disagree
or
Disagree*
Somewhat
Disagree
Neutral
S...
Strongly
Disagree or
Disagree*
Somewhat
Disagree
Neutral
Somewhat
agree
Strongly
agree or
agree*
Stories that involves peo...
A2. Reporting of suicide:
Alignment with principles low (<50%)
Strongly
Disagree or
Disagree*
Somewhat
Disagree
Neutral
So...
A2. Reporting of suicide:
Alignment with principles low (<50%)
Strongly
Disagree or
Disagree*
Somewhat
Disagree
Neutral
So...
A2. Reporting of suicide: general
Strongly
Disagree or
Disagree*
Somewhat
Disagree
Neutral
Somewhat
agree
Strongly
agree o...
A3. Stigma of Suicide
Respondents (n=224) were asked to complete the 16-item Stigma Of Suicide
Scale (SOSS), that measures...
Stigma
Isolation/
Depression
Glorification/
Normalisation
Journalism students (this research-unpublished) 1.73 3.85 2.03
P...
A4. Exposure to suicide (personal)
Half of the participants who answered the question (n=97) reported having
known someone...
A4. Exposure to suicide (university studies)
YES
NO
Coverage of reporting on
suicide was most
commonly reported to
occur i...
YES
NO
* Participants could select more than one option
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
40%
45%
Not
important
Somewhat
impor...
A5. Awareness of Mindframe resources
YES
NO
Of the participants who
were aware of Mindframe,
they reported exposure via
th...
PART B: Summary of results for
public relations students
B1. Participant demographics
Participants: 103 participants
attempted the survey, of which 93
(90%) met the inclusion crit...
B2. Communication about suicide
Public relations students were asked rate their level of agreement with a
range of stateme...
B2. Communication about suicide:
Alignment with principles high (>70%)
Strongly
Disagree
or
Disagree*
Somewhat
Disagree
Ne...
Strongly
Disagree or
Disagree*
Somewhat
Disagree
Neutral
Somewhat
agree
Strongly
agree or
agree*
It is important to issue ...
B2. Communication about suicide:
Alignment with principles moderate (>50%)
Strongly
Disagree or
Disagree*
Somewhat
Disagre...
B2. Communication about suicide:
Alignment with principles low (<50%)
Strongly
Disagree or
Disagree*
Somewhat
Disagree
Neu...
B2. Communication about suicide:
Alignment with principles low (<50%)
Strongly
Disagree or
Disagree*
Somewhat
Disagree
Neu...
B2. Communication about suicide
Strongly
Disagree or
Disagree*
Somewhat
Disagree
Neutral
Somewhat
agree
Strongly
agree or
...
B3. Stigma of Suicide
Stigma was measured using the 16-item Stigma Of Suicide Scale (SOSS).
The SOSS scale measures three ...
Stigma
Isolation/
Depression
Glorification/
Normalisation
Public relations students (this research; unpublished) 1.79 4.09...
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
B4. Exposure to suicide (personal)...
B5. Exposure to suicide (university studies)
YES
NO
0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40%
Usual lectures
Guest lectures
Tutori...
YES
NO
Participants felt that university coverage of professional communication about
suicide was both important (see Figu...
Support services
Services are available to anyone needing immediate support.
Contact Us:
Email:
mindframe@hnehealth.nsw.gov.au
himh@hnehealth.nsw.gov.au
Twitter:
@HInstMH
@MindframeMedia
Websites:
ww...
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Research: Views and attitudes of journalism and public relations students on communicating about suicide

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Today, new research has been released that examines attitudes towards the reporting and professional communication about suicide held by journalism and public relations students in Australia.

This report forms part of a PhD and was supported by staff at the Hunter Institute of Mental Health working on the Mindframe National Media Initiative.

For more information about the research visit www.mindframe-media.info

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Research: Views and attitudes of journalism and public relations students on communicating about suicide

  1. 1. Views and attitudes regarding the reporting and communication about suicide held by journalism and public relations students in Australia Report prepared by Jaelea Skehan, Ross Tynan and Renate Thienel for the Hunter Institute of Mental Health and the Mindframe National Media Initiative.
  2. 2. About the research • Within the suicide literature, there has been extensive research investigating the relationship between news reporting and suicide. This research has been used to develop evidence-based recommendations regarding how to safely report on suicide. • There has been very little research, however, looking at how the media, public relations and communication professionals or students’ view these recommendations. • This research aimed to measure the attitudes of journalism and public relations students towards the reporting of and professional communication about suicide; their previous exposure to suicide; and their attitude towards suicide in general.
  3. 3. About the research • This research is complemented by further studies that assess the knowledge and attitudes of media professionals and public relations and communication professionals. • The research has been approved by the University of Newcastle’s Human Research Ethics Committee, Approval No H-2014-0369. • This is a summary report based on preliminary results, which have not yet been peer-reviewed. It has been developed for broader communication through the Mindframe National Media Initiative. • Further analysis will be included as part of a peer-reviewed publication.
  4. 4. Acknowledgements • This research forms part of Jaelea Skehan’s PhD study supervised by Professor Brian Kelly (University of Newcastle), Professor Jane Pirkis (University of Melbourne) and Associate Professor Myfanwy Maple (University of New England). • The research was supported by a team of staff from the Hunter Institute of Mental Health, including Dr Ross Tynan, Dr Renate Thienel and Mr Marc Bryant. • Universities in Australia and the project team working on the Mindframe National Media Initiative supported recruitment for this study.
  5. 5. The Australian context • In Australia, evidence-based guidelines for media reporting of suicide have been developed and disseminated by the Hunter Institute of Mental Health under the Mindframe National Media Initiative (Mindframe). • Mindframe is a comprehensive and multi-faceted strategy that targets media organisations and media professionals as well as the mental health and suicide prevention sectors, police, courts, film and television, and universities offering programs in journalism, communication and public relations. It also offers a StigmaWatch program delivered by SANE Australia. • Mindframe provides a number of practical resources for universities offering journalism and public relations programs including case studies, lecture notes, student resources and other supporting material at www.mindframe-media.info
  6. 6. Research methodology • People were eligible to participate in the research if they were: (a) over the age of 18 years; and (b) were currently studying journalism, communications or public relations at a university in Australia. • The survey was promoted by the Hunter Institute of Mental Health and nominated champions from a number of universities. • Participation was voluntary and all surveys were completed online. At the end of the survey, participants were provided with an option to go into a draw (with contact details entered into a separate independent survey) to win one of ten $50 vouchers.
  7. 7. The survey instrument included five sections: 1. Participant demographics, including age, gender, university, year of study; 2. A 20-item rating scale assessing participants’ level of agreement with statements about reporting of suicide (for journalism students) or professional communication about suicide (for public relations students) suicide; 3. The 16-item Stigma of Suicide Scale (SOSS); 4. Questions relating to participants’ personal and professional exposure to suicide; 5. Questions about participants’ prior exposure to the Mindframe program and resources. Research methodology
  8. 8. PART A: Summary of results for journalism students
  9. 9. A1. Participant demographics Participants: 117 journalism students attempted the survey, of which 113 (97%) met the inclusion criteria. Gender: 94 participants identified as female (83%), 18 identified as male (15%) and 1 (0.9%) did not complete the open field. Culture: Two participants (1.8%) identified as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander. Age: Most participants (92%) were under the age of 25 years- see Figure 1. 15% 83% 25 years or younger 26 - 35 years 36 - 45 years 46 - 55 years 56 - 64 years 65 years or older Figure 1. Age of participants (%)
  10. 10. A1. Participant demographics Most participants were studying journalism at a Sydney University (UTS = 39%; USYD = 38%) – see Table 1. Table 1. University where participants were studying journalism (n), n = 113. University N University of Technology Sydney (UTS) 44 University of Sydney (USYD) 43 Griffith University 5 Queensland University of Technology (QUT) 4 University of Newcastle (UoN) 3 University of Adelaide 3 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) 2 Deakin University 1 1st 2nd 3rd 4th Masters PhD Most participants were within their first (26%) or second (26%) year of study – see Figure 2. Figure 2. Year of degree (%)
  11. 11. A2. Reporting of suicide Journalism students were asked rate their level of agreement with a range of statements about reporting and communicating about suicide, using a 7-point Likert scale from strongly disagree to strongly agree. • Tables 2 provides a summary of responses to 16 statements that relate to current evidence-informed recommendations provided through Mindframe, and the expected direction of responses based on the current recommendations, indicated by a green, yellow or red box. • Table 3 provides a summary of responses to four more general statements about the frequency and value of reporting about suicide. • To simplify the reporting of results, the strongly agree and agree as well as the strongly disagree and disagree categories were combined, with results in Table 2 and Table 3 presented on a 5-point scale.
  12. 12. A2. Reporting of suicide: Alignment with principles high (>70%) Strongly Disagree or Disagree* Somewhat Disagree Neutral Somewhat agree Strongly agree or agree* Journalists should ensure information about suicide (including suicide statistics) is accurate and confirmed. 2.0% 0% 0% 1% The media should involve suicide prevention experts or services in any story about suicide. 2.0% 1.0% 2.0% 13.1% Adding help-seeking information to stories about suicide is not helpful. 8.5% 5.6% 1.7% 4.3% It is important to report about a suspected suicide quickly, stating it is a suicide or suspected suicide even if the cause of death has not yet been confirmed. 12.7% 4.9% 2.9% 4.9% Table 2: Level of agreement with statements about reporting of suicide, with high (>70%), moderate (>50%) or low (<50%) alignment to Mindframe recommendations. 97.0% 81.8% 84.7% 74.5%
  13. 13. Strongly Disagree or Disagree* Somewhat Disagree Neutral Somewhat agree Strongly agree or agree* Stories that involves people who have been suicidal in the past can be helpful. 4.0% 3.0% 13.0% 17.0% People in the media can be adversely impacted when reporting on suicide. 3.1% 4.1% 15.5% 25.8% The best time to interview people bereaved by suicide is soon after the death. 13.8% 17.1% 6.7% 1.7% Reports should show images of an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander person who has died by suicide. 10.3% 16.5% 2.1% 3.1% A2. Reporting of suicide: Alignment with principles moderate (>50%) 63.0% 51.5% 62.6% 68.0%
  14. 14. A2. Reporting of suicide: Alignment with principles low (<50%) Strongly Disagree or Disagree* Somewhat Disagree Neutral Somewhat agree Strongly agree or agree* Reports should include the location of a suicide death in public communication, especially if it occurs in a well-known location. 17.5% 24.7% 9.3% 7.2% If a celebrity dies by suicide, then it is important to report the death in detail. 18.3% 9.2% 14.7% 9.2% When reporting on a story that involves suicide, it is appropriate to use the word “committed suicide”. 10.1% 23.2% 11.1% 37.4% 41.2% 48.7% 18.2%
  15. 15. A2. Reporting of suicide: Alignment with principles low (<50%) Strongly Disagree or Disagree* Somewhat Disagree Neutral Somewhat agree Strongly agree or agree* Suicide deaths should always be reported by the media. 20.0% 6.4% 20.0% 32.7% Reporting on individual deaths by suicide can increase the risk of suicide in other members of the community. 28.4% 8.8% 10.8% 32.4% Stories about suicide should not use the word ‘suicide’ in the headline, lead or online search terms. 26.6% 18.3% 16.5% 18.3% Reports about suicide should not mention specific details about the method of suicide. 10.9% 8.2% 7.3% 24.5% Suicide deaths should only be reported when there is a clear public interest to do so. 17.0% 6.0% 8.0% 21.0% * Strongly disagree/disagree and strongly agree/agree options have been combined in this report. 20.9% 19.6% 20.2% 41.9% 48.0%
  16. 16. A2. Reporting of suicide: general Strongly Disagree or Disagree* Somewhat Disagree Neutral Somewhat agree Strongly agree or agree* Having a regular ‘suicide toll’ in the media would help reduce suicide. 51.5% 16.5% 19.6% 9.3% 3.1% Reporting on the broader issue of suicide will help to reduce suicide. 4.0% 4.0% 9.0% 22.0% 61.0% Media should report on suicide more often than they currently do. 18.7% 11.2% 20.6% 25.2% 24.3% Reporting on individual deaths by suicide will help to reduce suicide. 23.0% 23.0% 34.0% 14.0% 5.0% * Strongly disagree/disagree and strongly agree/agree options have been combined in this report. Table 3: Level of agreement with general statements about reporting of suicide.
  17. 17. A3. Stigma of Suicide Respondents (n=224) were asked to complete the 16-item Stigma Of Suicide Scale (SOSS), that measures three underlying constructs: Stigma (8 items); Depression/Isolation (4 Items); Glorification/Normalisation (4 items). Participants were asked to rate how much they agreed with a series of descriptions of people who take their own lives (suicide) on a 5-point Likert Scale ranging from ‘Strongly disagree’ to ‘Strongly agree’ and a mean score (between 1 and 5) was calculated for each construct as indicated in Table 4. • For the Stigma construct higher scores indicate higher levels of stigma. • On the Depression/Isolation scale, higher scores indicate respondents are more likely to attribute suicide to depression/isolation. • On the Glorification/Normalisation scale, higher scores indicate that respondents are more likely to glorify or normalise suicide.
  18. 18. Stigma Isolation/ Depression Glorification/ Normalisation Journalism students (this research-unpublished) 1.73 3.85 2.03 Public relations students (unpublished) 1.79 4.09 1.98 Public relations professionals (unpublished) 1.58 3.67 1.98 Journalism professionals (unpublished) 1.61 3.54 1.91 Australian community* (published research) 2.19 4.11 2.45 Medical students* (published research) 2.06 3.50 1.85 Table 4: Mean Stigma of Suicide construct scores and comparative research. In general, journalism students had comparatively low scores on the stigma construct, and higher scores on the depression construct, based on responses from other published (and unpublished) research, however caution should be exercised when comparing different research samples. A3. Stigma of Suicide
  19. 19. A4. Exposure to suicide (personal) Half of the participants who answered the question (n=97) reported having known someone who died by suicide, with 35% of these people reporting that they were ‘close’ to at least one person who died by suicide. Figure 4. Have you been close to someone who died by suicide (%)?Figure 3. Do you know anyone who died by suicide (%)? 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Yes No 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Yes No
  20. 20. A4. Exposure to suicide (university studies) YES NO Coverage of reporting on suicide was most commonly reported to occur in tutorials (>50%), but also discussed in lectures and class assessments. Participants could select more than one option – see Figure 5. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Guest lectures Assignment Usual lectures Tutorial Figure 5. Exposure to reporting of suicide and guidelines (%)?
  21. 21. YES NO * Participants could select more than one option 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% Not important Somewhat important Important Very important 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% Not relevant Somewhat relevant Relevant Very relevant A4. Exposure to suicide (university studies) Figure 6. Importance of university coverage (%)? Figure 7. Relevance of university coverage (%)? Participants felt that university exposure to reporting on suicide was very important (see Figure 6) and at least somewhat relevant (see Figure 7) to the journalism course.
  22. 22. A5. Awareness of Mindframe resources YES NO Of the participants who were aware of Mindframe, they reported exposure via the journalism course (53%) or through a website search (47%). People could select more than one option – see Figure 8. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Journalism/Communications course Guest lecture at university Work in the media Social media Website search Figure 8. Exposure at University to Mindframe principles and resources (%)?
  23. 23. PART B: Summary of results for public relations students
  24. 24. B1. Participant demographics Participants: 103 participants attempted the survey, of which 93 (90%) met the inclusion criteria. Gender: 81 participants identified as female (87%), 12 identified as male (13%). Figure 9. Age of participants (%) Culture: No participants identified as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander. Age: Most participants (95%) were under the age of 25 years – see Figure 9. 13% 87% 25 years or younger 26 - 35 years 36 - 45 years
  25. 25. B2. Communication about suicide Public relations students were asked rate their level of agreement with a range of statements about reporting and communicating about suicide, using a 7-point Likert scale from strongly disagree to strongly agree. • Table 5 provides a summary of responses to 15 statements that relate to current evidence-informed recommendations provided through the Mindframe Initiative in Australia, and the expected direction of responses based on the current recommendations, indicated by a green, yellow or red box. • Table 6 provides a summary of responses to five more general statements about the frequency and value of reports and professional communication about suicide. • To simplify the reporting of results, the strongly agree and agree as well as the strongly disagree and disagree categories were combined, with results in Table 1 and Table 2 presented on a 5-point scale.
  26. 26. B2. Communication about suicide: Alignment with principles high (>70%) Strongly Disagree or Disagree* Somewhat Disagree Neutral Somewhat agree Strongly agree or agree* Public relations and communication professionals should ensure information about suicide (including suicide statistics) is accurate and confirmed. 0% 0% 1.2% 4.8% Public relations and communication professionals should involve suicide prevention experts or services in any communication or campaign about suicide. 0.0% 0.0% 4.7% 10.6% Adding help-seeking information to communication involving suicide is not helpful. 9.5% 7.1% 4.8% 1.2% Table 5: Level of agreement with statements about communication and reporting about suicide, with high (>70%), moderate (>50%) or low (<50%) alignment to Mindframe recommendations. 94.0% 84.7% 77.4%
  27. 27. Strongly Disagree or Disagree* Somewhat Disagree Neutral Somewhat agree Strongly agree or agree* It is important to issue public communication about a suspected suicide quickly, stating it is a suicide or suspected suicide even if the cause of death has not yet been confirmed. 17.4% 11.6% 4.7% 3.5% Public communication that involves people who have been suicidal in the past can be helpful. 0.0% 3.5% 11.6% 23.3% People working in public relations and communication can be adversely impacted when reporting on suicide. 0.0% 2.4% 14.6% 37.1% B2. Communication about suicide: Alignment with principles moderate (>50%) 62.8% 61.6% 51.2%
  28. 28. B2. Communication about suicide: Alignment with principles moderate (>50%) Strongly Disagree or Disagree* Somewhat Disagree Neutral Somewhat agree Strongly agree or agree* The best time to interview/communicate professionally to people bereaved by suicide is soon after the death. 19.5% 9.2% 9.2% 2.3% There are no specific cultural considerations to apply when communicating about suicide. 21.7% 6.0% 8.4% 8.4% Professional communication, including media reports, about suicide should not mention specific details about the method of suicide. 4.4% 11.0% 15.4% 18.7% 59.8% 55.4% 50.5%
  29. 29. B2. Communication about suicide: Alignment with principles low (<50%) Strongly Disagree or Disagree* Somewhat Disagree Neutral Somewhat agree Strongly agree or agree* Suicide deaths should always be reported by the media. 24.2% 13.2% 27.5% 7.7% Reporting on individual deaths by suicide can increase the risk of suicide in other members of the community. 22.1% 15.1% 16.3% 27.9% When developing digital content that involved suicide, public relations and communication professionals should follow similar guidelines to those used by the media. 15.6% 5.6% 16.7% 25.6% * Strongly disagree/disagree and strongly agree/agree options have been combined in this report. 27.5% 18.6% 36.7%
  30. 30. B2. Communication about suicide: Alignment with principles low (<50%) Strongly Disagree or Disagree* Somewhat Disagree Neutral Somewhat agree Strongly agree or agree* It is important to include the location of a suicide death in public communication, especially if it occurs in a well-known location. 20.5% 15.7% 14.5% 7.4% If a celebrity dies by suicide, then it is important to communicate about the death in detail. 24.4% 13.3% 14.4% 7.8% When communicating about an issue that involves suicide, it is appropriate to use the word “committed suicide”. 14.1% 37.6% 20.0% 20.0% * Strongly disagree/disagree and strongly agree/agree options have been combined in this report. 41.0% 40.0% 8.2%
  31. 31. B2. Communication about suicide Strongly Disagree or Disagree* Somewhat Disagree Neutral Somewhat agree Strongly agree or agree* Public relations and communication professionals have an important role to play in suicide prevention. (n=263) 0.0% 1.2% 12.8% 25.6% 60.5% Reporting on individual deaths by suicide will help to reduce suicide. (n=262) 33.7% 15.1% 26.7% 15.1% 9.3% Reporting on the broader issue of suicide will help to reduce suicide. (n=262) 2.3% 1.2% 9.3% 30.2% 57.0% Having a regular ‘suicide toll’ in the media would help reduce suicide. (n=260) 45.1% 24.4% 17.1% 6.1% 7.3% Media should report suicide more often than they currently do. (n=268) 29.9% 9.2% 14.9% 20.7% 25.3% * Strongly disagree/disagree and strongly agree/agree options have been combined in this report. Table 6: Level of agreement with general statements about communication and reporting about suicide.
  32. 32. B3. Stigma of Suicide Stigma was measured using the 16-item Stigma Of Suicide Scale (SOSS). The SOSS scale measures three underlying constructs: Stigma (8 items); Depression/Isolation (4 Items); Glorification/Normalisation (4 items). Participants were asked to rate how much they agreed with a series of 16 single-worded items describing someone who takes their own life (suicide). Agreement was measured on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from ‘Strongly disagree’ to ‘Strongly agree’. Mean agreement scores for each construct are shown on Table 7. • For the Stigma construct, higher scores indicate higher levels of stigma. • On the Depression/Isolation scale, higher scores indicate respondents are more likely to attribute suicide to depression/isolation. • On the Glorification/Normalisation scale, higher scores indicate that respondents are more likely to glorify or normalise suicide.
  33. 33. Stigma Isolation/ Depression Glorification/ Normalisation Public relations students (this research; unpublished) 1.79 4.09 1.98 Journalism students (unpublished) 1.73 3.85 2.03 Public relations professionals (unpublished) 1.58 3.67 1.98 Media professionals (unpublished) 1.61 3.54 1.91 Australian community* (published research) 2.19 4.11 2.45 Medical students* (published research) 2.06 3.50 1.85 Table 7: Mean Stigma of Suicide construct scores and comparative research. In general, public relations students had comparatively low scores on the stigma and glorification constructs, and higher scores on the depression construct, compared to other research, however caution should be exercised when comparing different research samples. B3. Stigma of Suicide
  34. 34. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% B4. Exposure to suicide (personal) More than a half of participants (58%) who provided a response to this question (n=81) reported that they had known someone who died by suicide. Of these, almost one-third (32%) indicated that they were ‘close’ to at least one person who died by suicide. Figure 11. Have you been close to someone who died by suicide (%)?Figure 10. Do you know anyone who died by suicide (%)? YES NO YES NO
  35. 35. B5. Exposure to suicide (university studies) YES NO 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% Usual lectures Guest lectures Tutorial Assignment Participants reported that professional communication about suicide was most commonly covered in tutorials (38%), but also discussed in lectures and class assessments. Participants could select more than one option – see Figure 12. Figure 12. Exposure to communication about suicide and reporting guidelines (%)?
  36. 36. YES NO Participants felt that university coverage of professional communication about suicide was both important (see Figure 13) and relevant (see Figure 14) to the public relations course. 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% Not important Somewhat important Important Very Important 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% Not relevant Somewhat relevant relevant Very relevant Figure 13. Importance of university coverage (%)? Figure 14. Relevance of university coverage (%)? B5. Exposure to suicide (university studies)
  37. 37. Support services Services are available to anyone needing immediate support.
  38. 38. Contact Us: Email: mindframe@hnehealth.nsw.gov.au himh@hnehealth.nsw.gov.au Twitter: @HInstMH @MindframeMedia Websites: www.himh.org.au www.mindframe-media.info

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