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Youth Risk Behavior Survey Presentation, Antonio Boone

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At the May 9, 2016, meeting of the Positive Committee, Antonio Boone presented on the 2015 Philadelphia Youth Risk Behavior Survey.

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Youth Risk Behavior Survey Presentation, Antonio Boone

  1. 1. YOUTH RISK BEHAVIORAL SURVEY UPDATE 2015
  2. 2. PhiladelphiaYRBS 2015 Data ■ Monitors six types of health risks – Tobacco use – Alcohol and Drug use – Body weight, nutrition and physical activity – Sexual Risks – Safety andViolence – Asthma ■ Carefully documented probability sample of schools ■ Local data for 2015 was used for presentation (national data not yet available). ■ Collaborative effort betweenTemple University and School District of Philadelphia
  3. 3. Methodology ■ Administered to 1896 high school students from 29 random schools ■ Data is representative of all 9th and 12th graders in the district. – 70% completion rate – Students were asked to complete 99 item self report survey ■ The School District of Philadelphia is funded to conductYRBS every other year. – Conducted annually since 1991 – Random classrooms within chosen schools are selected. ■ School response rate was 100% and student response rate was 65%
  4. 4. Student Demographics ■ Random classrooms within the schools were selected ■ Data is representative of all 9th and 12th graders in the district. ■ School response rate was 100% student response rate was 65% –54% Male –46% Female –9th grade: 31% –10th grade: 25% –11th grade: 24% –12th grade: 20% –Black: 46% –White: 13% –All others: 15% – Hispanic: 20% –Multiple: 6% ■ Survey only included students who were in school on the day the survey was administered.
  5. 5. Tobacco Use ■ Since 1991 the percentage of students who ever smoked declined from 76%(1991) to 34%(2015). ■ Current smoking declined by 5.9% – 40% in 2013 ■ Rates of students trying to quit in 2015 (55%) is up from 2013 (45%). ■ 40% of students ever report using e-vapor products. ■ Lifetime use of electronic vapor products – Yes: 38.7% – No: 61.3%
  6. 6. Alcohol and Drug Use ■ Prevalence of alcohol use and binge drinking have decreased slightly – Binge drinking is considered 5 drinks in a row in the last 30days – Nearly 15% in 2013 – Slightly above 10% in 2015 ■ Rates of marijuana have decreased in Philadelphia since 2013 – 25% in 2013 – Slightly above 20% in 2015 ■ Between 2013 and 2015 rates of cocaine (3.1%-4.6%) and heroin (1.83-3.3%) lifetime use have increased. ■ Current alcohol use has declined from more than 30% in 2013 to 25% in 2015.
  7. 7. Body weight, Nutrition and Physical Activity ■ Rates of obesity and overweightness have stabilizing ■ Overall physical activity rates remain stagnant while sedentary lifestyle increased from 22% to 25% ■ High rates ofTV watching have decreased to 33% recreational computer use rates have increased to 48% ■ 17% of students reported being overweight ■ 13% reported being obese. ■ Schools adhere to USDA nutrition requirements
  8. 8. Sexual Risk Activity ■ 50% of students have ever had sex and 30% report having had sex during the past three months. ■ 9% have reported having sex before age 13. ■ 1 in 4 report having more sex partners. – Less than 20% reported having more than 4 sex partners. ■ Condom rates have slightly decreased 58% (2013) to 54% (2015). ■ 1 in 5 students used alcohol before having sex. ■ 14% of students consumed alcohol prior to sexual activity. – 22% reported in 2013.
  9. 9. Injury andViolence ■ More than ¾ of students report wearing seatbelts. ■ 2015 physical fighting (35.2%) and carrying a weapon (12.3%) remained steady since 2013. ■ Thoughts of suicide decreased throughout the 1990’s ■ Reports of attempted suicide in Philadelphia remain higher than national reports. ■ Persistent sadness over the past 15 years, but a spike in occurred in 2015 (up to 4%). ■ 8% reported that they’d been physically forced to have sexual intercourse. – 11% females – 5% males ■ Girls are more likely to be victims of forced sexual violence.
  10. 10. Mental Health ■ Reported rates of suicidal thoughts were rising. – 15% of students reported having these thoughts – Particularly higher among 9th graders ■ 12% of students reported attempting suicide – Philadelphia rates are higher than national average. ■ 34% of students reported persistent sadness for 2 or more weeks. – Rates of persistent sadness over the past 15 years have been consistent

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