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Youth Risk Behavior Survey 2016 by Dr. Anne Frankel

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Dr. Anne Frankel from Temple University presented the results of the most recent Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) in Philadelphia at the March 2016 meeting of the Philadelphia HIV Prevention Planning Group.

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Youth Risk Behavior Survey 2016 by Dr. Anne Frankel

  1. 1. The Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) in Philadelphia, 1991-2015 Anne Frankel, Ph.D. Temple University College of Public Health Judith Peters, M.B.A. H.H.S.A. The School District of Philadelphia 1
  2. 2. 2 Presentation Scope
  3. 3. Overview of YRBS
  4. 4. YRBS Categories
  5. 5. YRBS Methodology • A scientifically selected, carefully documented probability sample of schools. • Random classrooms within the schools are selected. • With approximately 70% completion, the sample is representative of all 9th -12th grade students in the district 5
  6. 6. • The survey results for years 1991 to 2003 and 2007 to 2015 were representative of all Philadelphia public high school students, grades 9 to 12. • 2005 YRBS data were unweighted, due to a return rate of only 55%. Therefore, the 2005 results represent only those students who took the survey and cannot be generalized to other students. 6 YRBS Methodology
  7. 7. 7 YRBS Methodology
  8. 8. Participant Characteristics of 2015 Responders 8
  9. 9. 9 YRBS 2015 Demographics
  10. 10. 10 10th Grade YRBS 2015 Demographics
  11. 11. 11 YRBS 2015 Demographics
  12. 12. Tobacco Use 12
  13. 13. Lifetime History of Smoking: Have You Ever Smoked a Cigarette? 13
  14. 14. Current Tobacco Use: Students who smoked one or more cigarettes in the past 30 days 14
  15. 15. Current Tobacco Use: Gender Differences
  16. 16. Tobacco Use: Percentage of students who tried to quit in the past year 16
  17. 17. Electronic vapor products 17
  18. 18. Summary: Tobacco Use • Since 1991, the percentage of students who have ever smoked a cigarette has declined from 76% to 34% • Current smoking continues to decline (5.9%), and males report slightly higher rates than females • Rate of students trying to quit (55%) in 2015 is up from 2013 (45%) • Almost 40% of students report ever using electronic vapor products 18
  19. 19. Alcohol and Other Drug Use 19
  20. 20. 20 Current Alcohol Use: Have You Had an Alcoholic Drink in the Last 30 Days?
  21. 21. Binge Drinking: Have You Had More than 5 Drinks in a row in the Last 30 Days? 21
  22. 22. 22 Drug Use: Current Marijuana Use
  23. 23. 23 PercentageofStudents Drug Use: Incidence of Cocaine, Heroin, Methamphetamine, and Ecstasy Use
  24. 24. Drug use: Illegal drugs offered, sold, or given on school property 24
  25. 25. Summary: Alcohol and Other Drug Use • Both prevalence of current alcohol use and rates of binge drinking have decreased slightly • Rates of current marijuana use have decreased in Philadelphia since 2013 • Between 2013 and 2015, rates of cocaine (3.1% to 4.6%) and heroin (1.8% to 3.3%) lifetime use have increased. • Illegal drugs bought or sold on school property stable 25
  26. 26. Body Weight, Nutrition and Physical Activity 26
  27. 27. Body Weight: Prevalence of Obesity and Overweight 27
  28. 28. 28 Nutrition
  29. 29. 29 Physical Activity
  30. 30. 30 Screen Time
  31. 31. Summary: Body Weight, Nutrition and Physical Activity • Rates of obesity and overweight have been stabilizing • Overall physical activity rates remain stagnant, while rates of sedentary lifestyle increased slightly (from 22% to 25%) • High rates of TV watching have decreased slightly to 33%; recreational computer use rates have increased to 48% 31
  32. 32. Sexual Risks 32
  33. 33. 33 Lifetime sexual activity: Have you ever had sexual intercourse?
  34. 34. Current Sexual Activity: During the past 3 months 34
  35. 35. 35 Condom Use: in Sexually Active Students
  36. 36. 36 Prevalence of Risky Sex Behaviors
  37. 37. 37 Alcohol Consumption: Prior to Sexual Activity
  38. 38. Inter-partner Violence: Those who Report being Physically Forced to have Sexual Intercourse 38
  39. 39. 39 Sexting: Prevalence and Gender Differences
  40. 40. Summary: Sexual Risks • Half (50%) of students have ever had sex, and 30% report having sex during the past 3 months • About 9% have had sex before age 13 • About 1 in 4 report having 4 or more sex partners • Condom rates are decreasing slightly: from 58% in 2013 to 54% in 2015 • About 1 in 5 students used alcohol before having sex • Girls are slightly more likely than boys to be a victim of forced sexual violence 40
  41. 41. Injury and Violence 41
  42. 42. Injury: Seat belt use 42
  43. 43. Violence: Weapon carrying and physical fighting 43
  44. 44. 44 Mental Health: Suicidal Ideation
  45. 45. 45 Mental Health: Suicide Attempts
  46. 46. 46 Mental Health: Persistent sadness for 2 or more weeks within past year
  47. 47. Summary: Injury and Violence • More than ¾ of students report wearing seatbelts • In 2015, physical fighting (35.2%) and carrying a weapon (12.3) remained steady since 2013 • Thoughts of suicide decreased throughout the 1990s but have remained stagnant recently • Reports of attempted suicide in Philadelphia remain higher than national reports • Persistent sadness over the past 15 years has been consistent, but a spike has occurred in 2015 (up 4%) 47
  48. 48. This work is made possible by the generous help and cooperation from the participating faculty and students from the School District of Philadelphia.. 48

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