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Bagian 4 PTI

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Bagian 4 PTI

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Bagian 4 PTI

  1. 1. MANUFACTURING SYSTEM
  2. 2. 2 SASARAN Memahami sistem manufaktur sebagai sistem integral yang menjadi kerangka acuan dalam pendidikan Teknik Industri baik yang terkait dengan aspek struktural, aspek fungsional maupun aspek perancangan dan pengoperasiannya serta permasalahannya yang terkait dengan profesi Teknik Industri
  3. 3. 3 What Does IE Do ? Production Management Corporate Operation System Services * Product &Services * Information System * Comprehensive Planning * Manufacturing Process * Financial &Cost System * Policies & Procedures * Facilities * Personnel * Performance Measurement * Work Methods & Standards * Analysis * Production Planning & Control
  4. 4. 4 Materi • Concept of Manufacturing System • Manufacturing System Design • Operation & Management System
  5. 5. 5 CONCEPT OF MANUFACTURING SYSTEM
  6. 6. 6 Sasaran Memahami manufactring sebagai kerangka acuan dalam pendidikan teknik industri baik aspek struktural maupun fungsionalnya
  7. 7. 7 Materi • Manufacturing as a Production System • Transformation Process • Manufacturing Function • Manufacturing Cycle
  8. 8. 8 Manufacture as a Production System Input Transformation Output Extraction Physical Service Feedback
  9. 9. 9 Systemic Aspect • Structural Aspect – Man, Machine, Material • Functional Aspect – Man-Man, Man-Material, Man-Machine, Feedback • Boundary • Environment – Stakeholder and Societal • Objective – Unitary, pluralist, coercive
  10. 10. 10 Factor of Production »Man »Machine »Material »Management »Modal
  11. 11. 11 Performance Criteria • Quality • Cost(harga/biaya) • Delivery(pengiriman) • Flexibility(flexibel) • Safety(keamanan)
  12. 12. 12 Competency »Technnical »Managerial . Cooperation . Leadership . Adaptive . Creative
  13. 13. 13 Structural Aspect MachineMan Mat Boundary Environment Input Out-put : Interaction Feed-back Transformation
  14. 14. 14 Transformation System 1. Classical • Project • Job Shop • Flow Shop 2. Emerging • Variable Production Line • Manufacturing Cells • FMS • CIM
  15. 15. 15 Transformation Process Form: Order: – Manufacturing ( Discrete ) - Job Shop – Process ( Continue) - Flow Shop – Services - Project Project Job Shop Flow Shop Volume Skill Worker Equipment General Special Lay Out Fix Process Product
  16. 16. 16 Product Lay-out Peletakan Mesin Berdasarkan Atas Urutan Proses Produksi Potong Obras Jahit Kancing Finishing Packing
  17. 17. 17 Process Lay-out Peletakan Mesin Berdasarkan Atas Kesamaan Jenis Mesin X Y A F CB ED
  18. 18. 18 Fix Lay-out Benda Kerja Diam Mesin, Peralatan, Material Dan Karyawan Mendatangi Benda Kerja Contoh: • Galangan Kapal • Assembling Pesawat • Dll
  19. 19. 19 Automated Lay-Out Berdasarkan Atas Kesamaan Fungsi Dan Kemampuan Proses Produksi
  20. 20. 20 Equipment and Physical Layout Characteristics Project Job Shop Flow Shop Size of Facility Varies Small Large Process Flow Circumference Num, Pattern Rigid Equipment General General Specialized Capital Ints. Varies Low High Capital Add. Incremental Small Large Chunk Speed of Process Varies Slow Fast Control Worker Worker & Process Design Tech. Change Slow Average Fast
  21. 21. 21 Direct Labor and Work Force Characteristics Project Job Shop Flow Shop Labor value added High Average Very Low Job content scope Large Average Small Skill level High Average Low Wage rate High Average Low Worker training V. High High Low
  22. 22. 22 Material and Information Control Characteristics Project Job Shop Flow Shop Material Requirement Varies Unpredictable Predictable Vertical Integration None Limited Back&Forwd Inv. Raw Material None Small Large WIP Large Large Small Finished Goods None Small High QC Responsibility D. Labor D. labor QC Specialist Prod/Serv, Information V. High High Low Scheduling Uncertain Changes Inflexible
  23. 23. 23 Process Management Characteristic Project Job Shop Flow Shop Challenges Estimating Lab.Utilization Avoid Downtime Sequencing Debottlenecking Time Expansion Pacing Learning Curve Cost Minimizing Tools PERT/ Load Chart Line Balancing CPM Optimization
  24. 24. 24 Product/Service Start-up Growth Stable Decline Volume Low Increasing High Declining Variety Unique Inc.Standard Emergence HighStandard Dom. Design Process Technology Organization Project Small Batch Line flow Line flow Job shop Assembly Assembly Innovation High Medium Medium Low Integration Low Medium Medium High Industry Structure Small Consolidation Few large Survivor competitor and fallout competitor Competitive Flexibility Quality and Price(cost) Price(cost) Priority Flexibility Delivery Product/Service and Process Technology Life Cycles
  25. 25. 25 Variable Production Line Dedicated High Volume Lines That Are Reconfigured to Permit Some Process Variation and Thus Several Different Products or Service
  26. 26. 26 Manufacturing Cell (MC) Dedicated Subset of Manufacturing System Designed to Process Part Families or Product Group Economies of Set-up Employee Learning Reduced WIP Shorter Throughput Time Improved Responsiveness to Customer
  27. 27. 27 Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS) Integrates and Enhances the Flexibility of Manufacturing Cell Through the Use of Centralized Control Systems Flexibility Approaching Job Shop With Material Handling Capability of a Flow Lines
  28. 28. 28 Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) Application of a computer system to link several separated information systems and technologies at different functional level Simplify, Automate and Integrate
  29. 29. 29 Stage Toward A CIM Batch/Lot Process MRPII/SPC JIT &MC Focused factory Stable Flow FMS CAD/CAM Robotics AMH/GT CIM Information System Integration Traditional Mfg. Variable Line Stage 3 Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 4 To CIM Process Technology Process Control System
  30. 30. 30 Manufacturing Function Marketing Engineering Fabrication Production Management
  31. 31. 31 Marketing • Need Identification • Type of Product/Service • Customer • Specification • Purchasing Power • Volume • Distribution Channel • Product/Service Delivery • Marketing Mix
  32. 32. 32 Engineering Design Product’s Blue Print According To Customer’s Demand • Product Design • Process Planning • Product Planning • Method Engineering
  33. 33. 33 Fabrication Make Product According to the Blue Print From Engineering Production Control Process Control Quality Control Facilities Control
  34. 34. 34 Production Management Support Manufacturing In Order To Fulfill the Customer’s Demand • Production Planning And Control • Inventory Control
  35. 35. 35 Manufacturing Cycle Marketing/ Sales Product Design Process Design Inventory Control Production Planning and Control Work Method , Time Standard & Productivity Improvement Fabrication Receiving Receiving Shipping S u p pl i e r C u s to m e r Quality Control Production Control Process Control Facilities Control

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